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gretted, as much as any man, the necel- It was important to let the country fee firy which called for a change in their their anxiety and solicitude for their conhabits, or for any innovation on their en. ftituenis-but not to be proclaiming defjoyments ; though he was convinced, if pondency, when there was no reason to there was time for example and perfe- be apprehenfive. If, on the contrary, verance to operate, the change, lo far Members would employ themselves in from being a disadvantage, would turn giving a just picture of the state of the out a great benefit and a great conveni- business, they would take away those
For it was well known that there false impressions which magnified the were many kinds of bread which it evil, and enabled the people to bear would be to the last degree mortifying the pressure of it, till the return of the to the people of some parts of the realm seafon should make all apprehensions vato make use of, and it would equally
nith.' mortify those of other parts to renounce; After some further observation, Mr it was unwarrantable, therefore, and Buxton's motion for the Chairman to cruel, as respecting the people, while a- leave the chair was put, and carried nem. bundance of such corn was in the coun- con. and Tuesday next appointed for the try; to confound the partial scarcity of Committee to fit again. wheat with actual famine, and agirate 3. Mr Wilberforce moved for the sea the minds of the people with the terrors cond reading of the Slave Abolition Bill; of a diftress which cannot possibly betal
to which General Tarleton moved an ther.
amendment, “. That it be read a second He lamented that there was such dif- time this day three moths." ficulty in prevailing on the poor to adopt A division then took place on the the substitutes ; but their prejudices and question of its being read now a fecond enjoyments with him were sacred, and he tine, when there appeared, for the sewould never consent to use compulsory cond reading, 64 ; against it 31; Majomeans their own common sense would rity 33. point out to them the neceffity of adopt
4. Mr Curwen rose to make his moing it. They would see it was their in- tion for a repeal of the Game Laws. He tereft. Experiment would show them went through an historical account of how groundless their dislikes were, and them, and infifted that they were tye the prejudices which stand in the way of rannical and unconftitutional, and that, their interest would gradually be over- if repealed, the country would be filled come by example. Already, in many with an abundance of game never before parts of the country, that had been ac- known, complished. With respect to the high In what he had to propose, however, price of wheat, however, it was in gene- he did not mean to take away all penalties. ral to be lamented; it at least diminish. He would fix a penalty of sl. on every ed the consumption of that article, with head of game killed by any person after out breaking in on the fubfiftence of the a discharge, that is, after notice given people. Ar all events, he thought the by the owner of the ground to quit it; price enormous, and out of all propor. and the penalty for killing on waftes he tion with the scarcity; and he hoped, would not altercohe meant only to give nay he believed, that those who kept it the right to men to kill on their own up with a view of getting a greater property. price, would sooner or later find them- He therefore moved for leave to bring Ielves materially disappointed. At the in a Bill to repeal the Game Laws, or same time, he would say, those who kept so much of them as the House Tould up their corn, did it not from any mis- think proper ; and to substitute, in the chievous view, but merely on that prin- place thereof, such provisions as to the ciple of commerce which every man has wisdom of the House should seem expea right 19 exercile, namely, getting the dient. best price he can.
This produced a long debate, or raIt might be asked then, If the distress ther conversation, in which several Genbe not owing to real scarcity, or to a frau- tlemen delivered their opinions. It dulent scarcity, whence then does it feersed the general sense of the House, arise? or what can it be? He would an. that the system of the Game Laws reswer, “ It is that which attends such dif- quired some regulation and amendment. cussions as the present-such endeavours, Mr Fox and Mr Wilberforce thought, if to inflame the minds of the people; which there was no alternative between their by increasing the alarm, increase the evil. existence in the present form, and their Ed. Mag. June 1796.
abfolute of ine Slave Trade was delayed ; Right The House then refolved itself into a will be denied when the Legislature of Committee, Mr Elliot in the Chair, this country Niall refuse to put an end to
absolute repeal, the latter was preferable Mr Wilberforce moved, to fill up the and necessary.
blank in the first claufe, for the dura. Air Buxion proposed to make game tiou of the trade till the ift of March private property:
1797: Mr Francis thought great care ought Mr Dent confiered this period as to be taken not to decrease the motives much too short ; the amount of the exwhich mighe induce Genilemen of pro. portation and importation of this trade, perty to reside on their eitates : and ihis and on that which it was connected with, argument Mr Windham enforced, as ap- was not less than ten millions of moitey. plicable to all fudden alterations in laws, The House ought to take great care upwhich might be attended with unthought- on this subject, not to do any thing that of consequences.
might be injurious to the West India Mr Jenkinson was against all inquiry. Trale, fuch as he was confident this Though he admitted there was something meafure would be, if adopted by the Letyrannical in the laws, yet they were gislature. mildly administered ; and he moved the Sir William Dolben did not see what question of Adjvurnment; which, on a reason the friends of this trade had to division, was negatived-Ayes 27- complain of hafte in the abolition of it. Noes 50mm-Majori'y 23.
They had season to apprebend that abo· Mr Curwen then moved, that the Game lition seven years ago. Laws be fubmitted to a Committee of the Mr Dent said, this proceeding whole House, which was agreed to with disgrace to this country, and contrary, out a division,
to one of the express declarations of 7. General Smith moved, that the Or- Magna Charta ; the words of the Chara der for referring the Apothecaries Petiter were, as That right shall be neither tion to a Committee, for a Bill to prevent fold, delayed, nor denied." Now he Druggists and others from preparing me. would ask whether, if this Bill pafled, dicines, be discharged.
Right would not be fold, delayed, and After a few words from Mr Dent, Ce- denied? What was the Committee now neral Sunith moved that the Petition be doing? Selling, delaying, and denying sejected, which was agreed to without a the rights of the Wen India Merchants divilon.
ad Pianiers. The Houle of Commons The Black Rnd attended from the had palied several Refolutions on this Lords, defiring the attendance of the trade; Thiele Resolutions were now beCommons. The Speaker having in con- fore another lloule. Would the Com. fequence attended, inforined the Houle mitree reflect on the indelicacy of carry, on his return, that their Lordships had ing up to the Lords a Bill upon this subnotified the Royal Alent hy Com- jedt, before their Loroships came to any miffion to 20 public and 13 private Blis. determination upon the former Resolus Among the former were the Vote of tions ? Credia Bill, and the two Exchequer Loan Mr Serjeant ndair recollected per. Bills,
fiely well the passage in Magna Charta Mr Wilberfurce said, that he intended alluded to, and he thought the pasage to introduce in the Committee, for which applicable to the Biil now before the he was about to move, alterativas in the Committee. But before we talk of right, Slave Trade Abolition Bill. After paf- we must establish the existence of that fing through the Committee, he would right. move that it be printed with such altera- He denied the exiftence of our tions, and reconmitted.
right to enslave others; he knew He then moved, that the Speaker leave origin to the right of slavery in this the Chair.
country; he knew of no power that the General Smith opposed the Speakers Legislature of this country had to proleaving the Chair. The Ilon. Gentleman tect the Save Trade ; and he inuft proought, he laud, to delay the Committee test against the authority, if any fuch alrogether, and give the Bill with the al- there was, for that protection. He aterations he intended.
greed, however, thai right in this case The question then, for the Speakers was fold, delayed, and denied.-Right leaving the Chair, being put, the House was fold when the Africans were told; divided, and the numbers were, Ayes 76, Right was delayed when the Abulition Noes 31 ; M.jority 45.
that traffic which creates misery and pro- more than 19,500,ooo!. per annum; and notes murder,
ttiat of course it would be necessary to The questi n for the commencement provide two millions and a half of annual of the Bill on the rit of Maich 1797, was
He moved that the House should then put, and carried.
relolve itself into a Committee on the Mr Wilberforce afterwards proposed a state of the Nation. clause, to subject all who mail in due Mr Jenkinson spposed the motion. form of law be convicted of carrying on Notwithstanding the great exertion of this trade against this act, to die punithe the enemy who opposed us, who sent ment of filariy, by transpor: ion to Bo- out of their couotry five-fixths of theis tany Bay, or else whicre, for 14 years.-- fpecie, our Minister had borrowed moAgreed io.
ney on better terms than during the He also brought up a great number of American 'war, though much other claufes, which were agreed to. per annum was wanted; our commerce
The House being resumed, the re- and revenue were rapidly increasing : port was received immediately, and and he would verrure to affirm, confiordered to be taken into confidera- dering our state altogether, we never tion this day fe'nnight; and the Bill, had before us a greater prospect of profwith the amendmenis, was ordered to be perity, therefore the motion was unneprinted.
cessary. 8. Mr Ryder brought up the Report of On the fame grounds Mr Steele ope the Select Committee on the high price pored it. He pointed out several falla. of Corn. The Refolutions were read, cies in Mr Grey's itatement of finance which were as follow, viz.
and after some other Members had fpo" That it appears to this Committee, ken, the House divided--Against the Muthat every miller Mould be provided tion 207, for it 45.--Majority 162. with weights and scales, that those 15. The Houle being formed into a weights be liable to be inspected, and Committee on the Abolition of the Slave feized in case of deficiency. That mil. Trade, lers be obliged to return the same weight Sir W. Young rose to oppose the Bill. brought unless what is called in the act By its provisions, he observed, that genof grinding. That no miller do take tlemen of liberal education, refined mantoll in kind, unless at such mills as are ners, and ample fortunes, resident in authorized by law. That every miller England, were liable to an indiciment have fixed up in his mill a table of rates, for felony, aod the consequent punish. expreffive of the different prices of grind- ment of transportation, for crimes coming. That Magiftrates he authorized mitted in the Wen Indies by their agents to punish delinquents. That where any and overseers. Their property also person brings corn to grind, and has no would be equally affected by its operamoney, that the miller be permitted to tion. The Hon. Baronet took a come take a reafunable charge in kind.' prehenSve view of the state of the West
Mr Ryder moved, that leave be given India Illands, and enlarged on the loyalto bring in a Bill on these sundry Relolu- alty of the Planters, and their exertions tions.-Ordered.
for preserving ihe colonies to the mother 10. Mr Grey rose to make his motion country, on the state of the nation. He made a General Smith also opposed the Bill. long speech on the criminal prodigality The attachment the negroes had lately of the Minister of the public money, up- shewn to their matters, and the alacrity on his illegal modes of raising noney which they had manifefted to protect without the fandtion of Parliament, up- their property when they were embodied on the building of barracks which would and arms were put into iheir hands, comnow contain 40,000 men, separated from pletely controverted, le said, all the pathe mass of the people, and upon bis ihetic tales that had been invented of whole financial conduct; and be finally cruelty towards them. concluded by observing, that if Peace Mr Francis warmly defended so just were instantly to be concluded, such and humane a Bill, not withfianding ine had been the burdens incurred by the confiderable expectations he had from present war, that our peace establishment large plantations in the illes. could not be reduced to less than twen- Mr Secretary Dundas contended, that ty-two millions; that our income, include the Bill was absurd in its principle, and ing the new taxes, and fuppofing every ineffectual in its provisions.
All altax to be efficient, cannvi amount to tempts to abolih iz trade, and the ciie
cumfanues cumstances attending it, while it was ed further regulation. He could wish that carried on by any other country in Eu- the age of the save imported should be rope, would be impracticable. It would restricted to 20. This would increase be impossible for Great Britain, with their population in the country, fupersede all her maritime ftrength, to prevent the neceffity of fresh importations, and the smuggling of negroes from other prevent revolte, which arose from the inislands. The experiment had been veterate habits old negroes brought with tried. In the course of the present them. He concluded by giving bis moft war, twenty-eight ships of the line were decided negative to the motion. found unable to prevent a communica- Mr Fox was equally decided (as he tion between the negroes of the different had ever been) in favour of it. The abislands.
folute consent of the West India proprieHe gave it moreover as his opinion, tors to the abolition, he said, could never that ihe Parliament of Great Britain be obtained, and the Legislature of Great could not declare the abolition without Britaiu he maintained poffefled powers colonial co-operation ; that 'they could fully adequate to colonial regulation. not pals this Act without the consent of France, he observed, stood pledged againft the Colonies, and without making in the Slave Trade, and when Great Britain demnification to individuals, who had had abolished it, he did not know what been induced to embark their property other nation could take it up. He then in the trade on the authority of various went into a minute analysis of different Acts of Parliament. A property of arguments advanced by Mr Dundas twenty millions, he understood, was em- against the Bill, and concluded by faybarked in it, wbich, with the colonial in- ing, that they were now only perfos. terests, would amount to nearly eighty ming that duty to the public, which they millions.
decreed Mould take place on the ift of Some had pretended to say, that the January 1796 ; and that they ought to loss of the Weft Indies would not be efo let the world know that it was not the sentialiy felt by this country. He was
fault of that House, if the measure was astonished at such language, and would not now fully accomplished. controvert it by the following ftatement Serjeant Adair also spoke in favour of of the advantages derived by this coun.
the motion. try from her colonies in that quarter of Mr Pitt, in a long speech, went thro' the Globe:
all the clauses of the Bill. When he came
to that respecting which it had been askFor the year 1795, the im.
ed will you punish a man for what has ports were
£o.8,888,673 been fanctioned for a century? he would Net revenue (arising from
answer-certainly; after the Legislature thence)
1,624,176 has declared that to be a crime which it Vefleis
636 formerly thought to be a piece of policy. Tonnage
153,000 For his part, he had no apprehensions on Seamen employed
account of any unfortunate events that Exports for the same year, might arise by the passing of this Bill. Foreign and British
The evils resulting from the continuance Veftels
of the trade were much more to be dread
and not only justice and humanity, Seamen
but found policy, decided in favour of a Value of foreign produce
prompt and speedy abolition. imported, which was re
General Tarleton opposed the motion, exported through the me
and moved, That the confideration of dium of British vesseis €.3,773,000
the subject be deferred to that day four
months, which being seconded by Me Having thus fated the advantages de- Dent, the House divided for the sived from this country by the West Is- Amendment 74, against it 70-Majoridies, he gave it as his opinios, that in. ty 4. So that this Bill is of course loft itead of abolishing, the trade only require for this Scffion.
FOR JUNE 1796.
Accounts from the French Army in Italy. Head-Quarters at Cherasco, April 27. Sardinia to treat with the General ia
Chief of the French Army: The General in Chief to the Executive Directory.
Head Quarters at Oberesoo, April 28.
, ART. I. All hoftilities shall cease beenemy crossed the Sture, and
tween the French army in Italy and the took a position between Coni and Che
army of the King of Sardinia, from the salco: The latter place is not only ftrong day that the under mentioned conditions on account of its situation, at the conflu ence of the Sture and Fanaro, but also five days after the end of the negocia
shall be fulfilled until the expiration of well fortified.
tions, which are to be set on foot to at“ The 4th, we were employed in tain the conclusion of a treaty of peace crossing the Elero, and constructing new
bitween the two powers, viz. bridges across the Pefio; in the evening, The fortress of Coni thall be occupied i our van-guard reached Carru. On the by the French on the 28th of April, of following day, after some kirmishes, we
this present year; the fortress of Alef. entered the town of Bene.
fandria shall likewise be taken possession “ On the 6th, General Sernerier of by the French as soon as posible, and cannonaded the city of Foffano, the head
at latest the 30th of April, until the fortquarters of General Colli. The enemy, refs of Toriona can be surrendered to after having fired a few cannon shot, eva
them. cuated the place, and re-crossed the Sture.
II. The French army shall remain in This conquer is for us of the greatest pollefion of its conquests, that is to say, importance, as it supports our righi flank, of all the country situated between the and affords us great resources in point of right banks of the Sture, and its conflue provisions.
ence with the Tanaro, and from thence “ The enemy have retreated to Ca- along the right banks of the river as far rignon 10 cover Turin, which latter
as the point where it joins the river l'o, place is nine leagues from my head quar.
as long as the French Thall remain in the
pofTeslion of Alessandria, but after this “ Both Fossano and Alba are in our place shall have been restored to the King poffeffion, and I have ordered bridges to
of Sardinia, in consequence of the fortbe confructed across the Tanaro, which ress of Tortona being occupied by the is a very large and rapid river. We are
French, the boundaries Thall extend far. here in the finest country in the world."
ther from the confluence of the Sture and (Signed) Buonaparte. Tanaro, to the height of Alty, on the ARMISTICE.
right bank of the said river; From this
point, the high road which leads to NizHead Quarters of the Piedmontese Army, za de la Paille, and from that place to
April 26. 1796. Caffigny, is to ferve as a line of demarConditions of a Suspenfion of Arms, an 'cation ; from thence crossing the Bormi.
greed upon between the French and da under Calligny, the French army fall Piedmontese armies ; between Buon- remain in pofienion of the right bank of aparte, General in Chief of the French the Bormida to its discharge into the army in Jtaly, and Baron de la Tour, Tanaro, and from thence to the confiu. Lieutenant-General of horse in the ence of this river and the Po. service of the King of Sardinia, and III. The town and citadel of Coni, as the Marquis Cofta; Colonel in Chief of well as the town and citadel of Tortona, the Siaff, comn.illioned by the King of thall be furrendered up to the French,