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one third of what the last campaign dalous anecdotes of the miftresses of cost this country!
that very contemptible and debauch.
ed monarch Louis XV. M. D'Ivernois
The French court being determis is not only a native, but a citizen, of ned upon revenge, sent over an exGenoa, terms not hitherto fynony.' empt, with orders to spare neither mous, but' which have become the trouble nor expence to secure the lio fame fince the last revolution in this beller, and convey him to the Baltile. little, but interesting republic; which, On bis arrival in England, in the during its troubles, has been likened, character of a gentleman
who had fled with more wit than liberality, to a from persecution, he found means to puddle in a storm! He afferts, that get introduced to M, Demorande, the depreciation of assignats will oc- and affecting to compassionate bis 6. cafion the' ruin of the republic, and tuation, as a person exposed to the she re-introduction of monarchy. malice and intrigues of the French
ministry, proffered him the loan of a Mirabeau, Miranda, Wilkes.
-sum of money. This was accepted These three very celebrated men by M. D. with many expressions of met one day by invitation at the house gratitude; but he completely out, of a respectable gentleman in Chester- witted his countryman, although feld-treet, May-fair. Mr H. after one of the most kilful officers bedinner, expected great entertainment longing to the police of Paris, for from his guefts; but, unfortunately he applied to Sir J. Fielding, and so for him, the orator and the general frightened this satellite of Madame had a violent dispute relative to fome Du Barrè, that he was happy to e-triling subject, which rendered the scape re infectu. early part of the evening uncomfort- Soon after the commencement of able.
the American war, M. D. received a To complete the mortification, pension from Lord North of about they both soon after attacked John 300l, a year, in consequence of which Wilkes on the barbarity and inhu- he resigned the editorship of the manity of the English nation, an in- French newspaper and retired to StarAance of which they gave, in the ex. more, in Middlesex, where he took a ocution of several young men for trifling small house in the cottage style, and offences, in the course of that very morn- cultivated a beautiful flower garden, ing! The hoary patriot retorted the which was furnished with a fine col. charge, and turning towards Mira- le&tion of foreign roots.. beau, (it was before the revolution) When the French revolution took farcastically asked him, what he place, he returned, after a long abthought of the very humane mode of fence, to Paris, and published a week. breaking on the wheel, as practised ly gazette, called /' Argus Patriote. at the Greve, when the noblese were He entertained a violent dilike la accustomed to be peak seats at parti. Briffot,whom he hated personally and cular windows, as if they had been politically, and endeavoured to ingoing to a comedy!!!
jure him in the esteem of his coun
trymen, but without effe&. This M. Demorande
circumstance, perhaps, and this alone, was formerly editor of the Courier de faved his life uoder the monarchy of Londres. He came over to this coun- Robespierre. He now repairs daily to try, and published a book that made the palace royale on crutches, and, great noise, called Le Gazetier Cui- being a man of eloquence, entertains raffe, containing a variety of scan- those around him with his opinion of
the events of the time, and the great stone, encircled, and supported by men of the day,
means of immense wooden ribs, and
maffy iron cramps. The scheme in Brifor.
part failed, but it was grand , and This very celebrated man, while France at the peace will undoubteda in England, lodged in Brompton- ly complete the original out-line. row, in the second or third house on
The Duke was a great favourite the right hand fide On his publish: at the court of Louis XVI. and pole ing a very able differtation on Crimia sefled the confidence of that Mo: Hal Law, he fent a copy to Mrs narch. Being a man of great knowMacauley Graham, who invited him ledge, and attached to literature, his to her house, had him often at her Majesty, with the Queen's consent table, and entertained a great esteem (for he never did any thing without for him. From that respectable lady, consulting her) appointed him go. he received a letter of introduction vernor to the Dauphin. He was to Gen. Washington, by whom he was lucky enough to escape with his well received, and so fond' was he of whole family at the beginning of the the Atlantic continent, that, to the troubles, and has remained in Engday of his unjust execution, he al-, land ever since. ways wished that he had been born the son of an American peasant.
The Duchess de Polignac. While in England, he wrote many
Gabrielle-Yellande-Martine de articles in the Courier de Londres. Palaftroo, afterwards to celebrated M. Briffot retained his ancient fim. as Duchess de Polignac, and conf. plicity of manners. He was never dante to the Queen, was one of the intoxicated with power, nor did he most beautiful women in France. ever suffer his mind to be debased by Marie Antoinette loaded her own avarice. Robespierre and his affo. and husband's family with honours, ciates, koowing what effect such a pensions, places, &c. and when in her charge would have upon the people, company, her majesty was accustomaccused him of wallowing in riches : ed to exclaim " Je ne suis plus la when bis wife was arrested, the was reine, je suis moi.!" employed in mending his linen. This beautiful woman, whose large The Duke de Harcours.
blue eyes, expressive features, ele
gant person, and refined wit, formed This nobleman, who has found a a central point, around which all friendly afylum at Nuncham, under those who wished to rise at court the hospitable roof of ap English (and this included the whole body of peer of the fame name, is descended the nobility, and all the dignified from one of the most ancient families clergy) rallied, as to a common cen. in France. Previous to the Revoly. tre, died at Vienna, of a broken heart! tion, le was Lieut.-Gen. of the pro. What terrible disaster could occafion yince of Normandy, and it is owing this catastrophe ?-It was the retreat. to his influence that Cherbourg, of the Pruffians from Champagne; a which was ftuated within his govern-' retreat that saved her native country ment, became a port of some confi- from subjugation and dismemberment. deration. He also patronised the A mezzotinto print of this unfore fyftem of cones, by means of which tunate lady was published in 1792. it was intended that the sea fhould The likeness is not badly hit off, but be shut out from the inner harbour, it is not flattering. What artist and the channel fleet of France ride could delineate the most lovely and in fecurity, within a gigantic mase of charming woman of the age ?
became respected in the army, and was born in Mexico; for his col. popular in the capital. . When the league Dumourier commits an error hero of Jemappe penetrated into Holwhen he terms him a Peruvian! Not. land, he was appointed to the im. withstanding the jealousy with which portant command of the army destinthe Spaniards were accustomed to ed to attack Maestricht; the attempt treat the native Americans, this gen- indeed proved abortive, but as this tlemán found means to obtain a co. evidently proceeded from negligence lonel's commission, and was employ. of the general at the head of the co. ed by the governor of Guatimala in vering army, his - laurels were not several confidential situations. He blighted by the event. is thought very early in life to have The conduct of Dumourier, as entertained the generous resolution soon as he began to experience a re. of emancipating his countrymen from verse of fortune, became fuspicious, thraldom, and to this is attributed and his frequent conferences with his precipitate retreat from New the Austrian general, which ended Spain. Since that time, he has been, at length in his entire defection, until of late, literally a WANDERER. rendered all the patriots in the army In the course of his travels, he has jealous of him. Miranda instantly visited every part of Europe, and communicated his fears to his friend been more than once in England. Petion, at that time a member of the Being poffefred of taste, learning, and committee of Public Safety, and ora classical style, he was enabled to ders were soon after issued to arrest collect, and to narrate a variety of the commander in chief. This cir. anecdotes and observations relative cumstance faved the life of Miranda, to the manners, policy, laws, learn. for Dumourier attributed the loss of ing, and above all, the military esta- the battle of Nerwinden to him, and blishments of
still blames him in his history. To No sooner had the French Revo- this the other has made a reply, equal. lution taken place, and a foreign war ly able and animated. become inevitable, than he repaired No sooner had the party of the to Paris from St Petersburg, where Gironde been overwhelmed by the he was in great favour with the Em. energy of the Mountain, an energy press, who endeavoured, but in vain, which, although often unjully die to attach him to her person and ser- rected, must be acknowledged to vices.
have saved France, than Miranda By means of Petion, he obtain- was imprisoned. He was liberated' ed the rank of Major General, and at the general goal-delivery on the very ably and effectually second. execution of Robespierre ; he took ed the efforts of Dumourier in Bel. an active part againit the sections of gium. Being an excellent engineer, Paris, during the last infurrection, he displayed great military science in and he has once more been put under the art of attack; in short, he foon arreft by order of the Directory.
ANECDOTE OF JOHN DUKE OF MARLBOROUGH. WHAT do you do with those by me with such summary and fuch
of your army who are guilty speedy justice, that they know they of marauding ?” said the celebrated have not the least chance of impuni. Prince Eugene one day to John Duke nity: they do not therefore think of of Marlborough in Flanders. “I committing that crime, so common have gone to punish,” replied the amongst armies of less rigid discip. Duke; " they have ever been treated line than mine,"
331 ON THE DIFFICULTY OF ASSIGNING THE REAL CHARAC.
TER TO ANTIQUE FEMALE STATUES.
FROM VARIETIES OF LITERATURE.
E 'ASY as it may be toian Italian decay, very frequently occasion the
cicerone, to provide the foreign. fame perplexity to the most expert er, whom he has taken under his tu- connoiffeurs. We have indeed genetion, with names for, the gods and ral characteristics, but the applica. goddesses, and to muster up a whole tion of them admits always of vari. Olympus in a moment; it is no less dif. ous exceptions. Thus, it is thoughts ficult for a man of real information that a quite naked figure, without to give his opinion of them directly, all other attributes, is rather a gladi. from the fallible characteristics of ator than a god; because the anci. attributes and adjuncts. He that has ents but feldom represented their di. feen the bone-house of antique ruins vinities without giving them a drapes and remains piled up by a Cavacep- ry thrown over their shoulders. Sitpi, and has observed the carelessness ting and recumbent figures are rare- i with which the maimed Aatues are ly met with. The generality are supplied with arms, heads; and feet, ftanding. It is therefore believed, and how the most indispenfibly visi. that the reclining figures rather bea ble muscles are often chiffeled away long to Olympus than others, as this to make them fit, will feel a great posture is given them for expressing want of confidence in this creative the sweet repose of the gods. This talent of the moderns, whereby they is said likewise to be particularly reraise heroes and gods again to life ac presented by the arm of the Apollo cording to their pleasure. No one and the Hercules thrown over their of the most celebrated ftatues was heads :, Lucian mentions a Mercury found in a state of perfect conserva- in the fame attitude. But the fretion, but was defective either in the quent figures in recumbent poftures legs, the head, an arm, or a hand. It on farcophaguíes, are manifefly fome. lay entirely with the artist, who first what other than gods, and only de. completed it for sale, or with the note the person at rest within. It poffeffor who had it restored by the was formerly thought, that every fiartist according to his own direc- gure which held a paiera in iis hand tions, what deity should be formed represented a priest or a priestess; but out of it, and with what attributes fince gods or goddesses have been this main idea fhould be supported. fouod with the patera in their hand,'
I suppose the case, that a ftatue this characteristic is become more were found unmutilated in all its doubtful. parts, or that these parts, though dis- Confider farther, that it was a ver persed, were yet easily brought to- rý usual custom with the ancients, to gether: it is nevertheless sometimes have themselves pourtrayed under the difficult to pronounce at once, wbe- habit and attributes of fome selected ther the image be that of a god or a god or goddefs, and that, in particu-hero, or, even if this be unquestion- lar, the little bronzes, which are reable, which of the gods or heroes it puted to be penates and lares, afford properly is. For, the representations convincing demonftration of it. So on antique monuments, as on coins, that even with the attributes the on cameos and intaglias, or on the most clearly exprefled, a queition ftill bas-reliefs of sarcophaguses and urns, will arise, whether the representation which are less liable to demolition or be the figure of a deity in general, 1. Ed. Mag. May 1796.
or be designed as a preservation of vestment in the galeria Giustiniana ; the likeness of some beloved person. again with flowing robes at Rome in
The well-trained eye of an artist, the Capidoglio. But the so very or of a connoisseur, become sagacious famous Diana at Versailles, deserves by his own labours and intercourse no notice here, on account of its ny with artists, will casily be able to merous and various restorations. The judge, from the character of the same must be said, alas, of the beau. Aeth, the expression of the muscles, tiful Diana Lucifera, which is admir. and the individualities of the visage, ed in the collection of the Campiwhether the statue may belong to a doglio. She has a veil on her head, Hercules, a gladiator, a Mercury, or blown out behind by the wind. It an Apollo. But the many shades of is much to be lamented, that we do strength, youth, and age, mellow or not know of what antiquity it is.strongly wrought muscles, which in The torch at least is modern. The male bodies are a guide to the eye, Ceres has usually a beautiful face, on the other hand refuse their office somewhat long. Her attributes are in female figures. They are, for the ears of corn, poppy-heads, and horns most part, either half or entirely of plenty. But, as these attributes cloathed, always young, and are ve. on the head, and in the hands, are ry much alike in the gentle fweep of generally found to be partly modern, the contour. Ashere the head is as fel. not much is to be concluded from dom seen to stand on its ancient trunk, them. Her cloathing, attitude, and as with the males, but is generally ei. attributes on coins, render her not ther wholly borrowed from another calily distinguishable from the Spes, figure, or is rellored in its prominent Abundantia, and Fortuna. It was, parts ; for example, the nose and the moreover, a character under which lips; or even entirely invented for the empreffes were very fond of ap. the purpose by a modern artist, the pearing, (of Livia we know it for physiognomy in this case will not de certain,) accordingly it is impossible cide a great deal. In like manner, to determine whether we fee before the other extremities, which denote us a portrait of some illustrious lady, the attributes, as they are nearly all or the ideal of a divinity. supplemental and modern, in moft Under the notion of Amazons, the cases are highly fallacious. Among' ancients drew young damsels, of a the whole troop of Diana, Ceres, Po. fierce and daring aspect, in Grecian mona, Fortuna, Abundantia, of Ata. habits. This seems to have been a lanta, of Bacchants, and Amazons, favourite idea of the artists, but more of nymphs and muses, there are but in bas-reliefs than in ftatues. That few which deserve to be celebrated which has been the longest famous is in as statues of the ancients, under these the orti Martelli with the quiver under adscriptitious properties.
The most beautiful figure Yet among them there are some of this kind, is said to have been which must be held remarkable a- brought from Italy, and is to be seen bove others, as well on account of in the Earl of Pembroke's collection. the intrinsic superiority of the work. She is represented lying under a horse, manship as the authenticity of their and defending herself against the riattributes, to all lovers of the re. der. It is affirmed to be the workmains of the ancient artists. For ex. manship of Cleomenes, whose chisel ample, there is a Diana Venatrix,with produced the famous Medicean Ve. beautiful drapery, at Florence; but nui. In the palace Celi, stands a the most beautiful is at Rome in the fine figure in long drapery, under villa Pamfila. She appears in a short this name. She is celebrated on ac.