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provisions, though he was no friend to He implored them to compare the printechnical distinctions. The discussing the ciple with the mealure, and to judge for conduct of public men and public mea themselves and all the Commons of Brie fures was the foundation of British Free- tain. dom; and this the Bill entirely Tapped. The House divided: No one would deay but much corrupt For the second reading influence existed in the Lords and Com Against it
43 mons; and the liberty of discussing and complaining of this was the soul of Libere
170 ty, which was loft by the Bill,
Nov. 18. The House resolved itself inMr Pitt roso and said, he certainly was to a Committee of the whole House, on not disposed to detain the House unne the high price of corn, Mr Ryder in the cessarily, especially as he had before Chair. spoke pretty largely upon the subject. Mr Pitt said, that in confideration of If we were ready to imitate the glorious the · Report of the Select Committee, conduct of our ancestors, in the exposure it became the principal object to enof our lives and fortunes for the defence courage the importation of corn, by leof our country, surely we must be equal. veral bounties, from different paris of Jy ready to follow their wisdom in legi- the world. slative precautions ; let the fame princi The Resolutions of the Select Comple be applied to pass fome salutary law, mittee were read by the Chairman. Prowhich fhould have a preventative effect. gress reported, and leave given to fit fure They, under the pressure of like circum- ther. Atances, framed new laws to the exigen 19. The order of the day being read for cies of the times. Gentlemen muft re- the second reading of the Bill for the betmember, while even that Bill of Rights, ter security of his Majesty's Person and which now was said to be violated, was Government, fresh in their memories, they passed laws Mr Fox rose. He said that he hoped against those who should, by advised it would not be understood, from his despeaking, or writing, dispute the title of clining to enter into a debate on the fethe then possessor of the Throne, under cond reading of the Bill, that he did not no less penalty than that of being guilty mean to persevere in his opposition, to it of High Treason. He admitted and re in every stage ; he perceived also that cognized the principle, that even the a considerable number of Members were lowest and poorest had a right to affem- absent, who would have an opportunity ble to discuss their grievances, and to pe- of debating it more fully when the Motition either the Throne, or either of the tion fhould be made for the Speaker 10 two Houses of Parliament, and this right leave the chair: he should theforç defer remains, provided public notice of luch saying more on it at present. Meeting be given. "Here arose the ques The House then divided on the second tion of the presence of the Magistrate. reading : His presence was required to prevent its For it
64 becoming a Seditious Meeting, under the Against it pretence of considering grievances. It biad been objected to submitting this to Majority the discretion of a Magistrate more than The Bill was then read a second ihe other ; but in point of fact, the o time. ther was called by a Magistrate, and un 20. General M Leod moved for a rea der bis direction. The subjecting the lat- turn of all the General or Staff Officers ter to the discretion of a Magistrate, was that served under the Earl of Moira, aslimilating it in its conftitution to the o. whether natives or foreigners, up to the ther Meeting called by the Sheriff. The firit of August last;---and for the same other point related to the dispersing such under the Count D'Artois and Prince of Meeting at the difcretion of the Magis. Condé, employed in the service and pay trate. He addressed bimself to the House of his Britannic Majefty :--which were upon a subject which they liad often de- agreed to. cided--Did they feel the danger of cer The House resolved itself into a Comtain Meetings! If they did, they must mittee of Supply of the whole House on agree to the neceffity of tome such regu- the Army Estimates ; Mr Stanley in the lation, and it was éxercised as all other Chair. duties, subject to a respondibility in the Mr Windham (Secretary at War) said, Cxecution of it.
that the amount of all the forces was
229 207,000 men, of all descriptions. The the House agreed unanimously, and the general result of the whole was, that the Clerk proceeded to read it. number was lefs by 25,000 men than laft After the reading of the Pamphlet was year, which was a faving of 800,0171. concluded, it was moved, that it should odd. This was what appeared to him; be taken into farther confideration on but if any thing else occurred to any Hon. Thursday next.-Agreed. Gentleman, he was ready to give every 24. This day came on the call of the information in his power.
House, which was of course moft numerA long and defuitory debate now took ously attended. place between the Opposition Members On re-admission into the galleries, the and the other side of the Housa. A ftrong House was occupied in receiving Petitions opposition was made to the Fencible Car for and against the Bills for preserving valry, which being put to the vote, there his Majesty's person, and for suppressing appeared,
Seditious Meetings, and in discussing their For continuing them
6% admiffibility: Against it
Adjourned at half past two o'clock.
25. Several Petitions were presented Majority
48 for the Bills now pending in Parlia
ment, and a considerable number against The different Resolutions, with the them. number of men annexed, and the sums The Chancellor of the Exchequer movto be applied, were then put and agreed ed the Order of the Day for the House
to resolve itself into a Committee on the 23. Several Petitions were presented Seditious Meeting Bill. for and against the two Bills now pend Mr Curwen rose. He admired the ing in Parliament, viz. Bills for the bet. candour of the Secretary of State in adter Security of his Majesty's Person, &c. mitting fu readily the Call of the House and the Seditious Meeting Bill.
it was now clear, that in consequence, On the return of the Speaker, Mr more Addresses had found their way to Sturt presented a Petition from the Lon- that House against these Bills. He theredon Corresponding Society, signed by fore called on the House to grant farupwards of 10,000 names; among these, ther time to collect the sentiments of the he said, were the names of many citizer's people on these Bills, and concluded by of respectability. Mr Sturt introduced moving, " That this House will, on the Petition with observing, He would this day fe'nnight, resolve itfelf into the read to the House what was truly a bit said Committee," which being put, there of Treason, viz. an Extract from a pamph. appeared, let entitled “ Thoughts on the English Againft it
269 Government," and said to be written by For it
70 a Mr Reeves, in which he said, " that the Monarchy of England was like a Majority
193 goodly tree, of which the Lords and Commons were merely branches ; that The next motion was for the Speaker they might be lopped off, and that the to leave the Chair. Constitution of England would still go on For it
273 without their aid."'-This, he faid, was Against it
72 a most infamous libel on the Constitution of this country, and every man who did Majority his duty in that House, ought to resent 26. The order of the day being moved fo gross a violation of the Privileges of for resuming the debate on the Pamphlet that House, and profecute fo daring an atributed to Mr Reeves, offender.
Mr Sheridan rose, and moved, That A long and defultory debate ensued, this Pamphlet was a " false, scandalous, in which Mr Whitbread, Mr Lambton, wicked, feditious, and malicious libel, Mr Sturt, Mr Martin, Mr Grey, the tending to subvert the Constitution, and Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr Fox, highly derogatory to the Privileges of Mr M. Robinson, Mr Powis, General Parliament," and as the charge against Tarleton, General M-Leod, Mr Jekyll, Dr Sacheverel was not frong enough, &c. took a part; after which a Motion he would move, as an Amendment to the was made, whether the order of the day, original Motion, to add the words "highor the reading in toto the Pamphlei, ly reflecting on the Revolution.” Thould take place; to the latter of which The Motion paired without a division.
He then moved for a Committee to in 3. The order of the day having been quire and find out the Author of the moved for the third reading of the Sed?Pamphlet, which was also agreed to, nem. tious Meeting Bill, a very long debate
took place, in which the arguments for 27. The House having resolved itself and against the Bills were nearly the into a Committee on the Bill for suppref- fame as advanced in the former stages of fing Seditious Mectings, Mr Serjeint in the business ; after which a division took the Chair,
place, when there appeared, Upon the claufe for enacting the pu For the third reading of nihment upon those who should not dif the Bill
266 perse after a Proclamation by the Magif Againftit trates, a long conversation arose. Sir Peter Burrell said, that if the crime
215 was made less than Felony with benefit of Clergy, it would be inconsistent with The Bill was then read a third time, that empowering the Magistrate to if. passed, and ordered to the Lords. perse by force.
4. The Report of the Army Estimates On a division the numbers were, being brought up, For Felony with benefit
Mr Sheridan "moved, that out of the of Clergy
80 2,600,000l. that were intended for the Againit it
13 use of the army, 300,000l. intended for
the purposes of barracks, be left out: Majority
67 Mr Pitt opposed the Motion in a few
words. The Solicitor General rose to propose Mr Fox supported it in a speech of the following Amendment: That the fome length ; after which the House diMagistrales Mould in the first instance be vided on it, when there appeared, empowered to leize the person making a For it
28 proposition which he conceived as tend Against it
74 ing to endanger the Constitution, &c. and that it should only be upon refiftance Majority
46 being made, that he Mould make the Pro ciamation, and in order to protect the Mr Grey. then made a Motion, That Magistrate in the discharge of this duty, there be laid before the House an acthat any person refifting him by force count of all sums expended in erecting of should be guilty of Felony.
barracks, and the places where crected, The Solicitor General moved, that the from the ift of January 1790 to the Ift of blank in the laft clause, relative to the December 1795. duration of the Act, be filled up with the Ordered. words "S three years.”
The order of the day for considering Mr Stanley moved, to fubftitute “ two the Report of the Treason Bil being years."
read, the Opposition Members all left the The Committee divided :
House: afier which the Resolutions of For the Solicitor General's
the Committee were read and agreed to Motion
with Amendments, and the Report Against it
brought up, and the third reading fixed The Bill is made to commence in the for Thursday next. metropolis, and within 20 miles of it, the 7. A Message was brought from bis Maday after it shall have received the Royal jefty, expreffing his intention of applying Affent, and within seven days all over the to the public services the money arising kingdom.
from the fale of the prizes belonging to The Bill, as amended, was ordered to the United Provinces, after an adequate be printed.
reward had been allowed to the captors Dec. 1. Mr Sheridan brought up the for their services. Report of the Select Committee appoint
The Budget. ed to inquire who was the Author of the pamphlet intituled “ Thoughts on the According to the order of the day, the English Government.”-The result of House resolved itself into a Committee of the whole investigation was, that John Ways and Means of the whole House Reeves, Esq. of Cecil Street, in the Strand, on the Supplies ; Mr Hobart in the either was the Author, or acted as the Chair. Author of this Pamphlet.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer said,
WAYS AND MEANS.
231 that he was perfectly aware, at so early MISCELLANEOUS SERVICES, a period of the Seffion, of the difficulty Plantations, Eftimates, £360,616 8 6 ot forming an accurate account of the
&c. expences of the year, so as to enable Mem- Vote of Credit bers to give a satisfactory'account to their For replacing Exche
2,500,000 0 Conftituents of the burthens to be laid on
3,500,000 themi, and of the general articles on Annual Addition which those burthens were to be laid ; he had, however, powerful motives not Deficiencies of Grants 2,333,000.0
200,000 to delay laying this before them. He Ditto of Land and Malt
350,000 then recurred to the opening of the prefent Sellion of Parliament, and to the ap
fo. 27,662,083 12'6 proaching prospect of Peace, and said nothing was more defirable than the means to fulfil and obtain these ends ; he To make up this sum, the following was happy, however, that that House were the was prepared for all extremities, and to act vigorously until peace could be obtained on grounds that were good and Land Tax
£1,000,000 acceptable. He adverted next to he Malt
750,000 difficulties of the enemy to continue their Growing Produce of present enormous expence. He insisted Consolidated Fund on the necesity there was, that while we on sth Jan. 1796, were anxious for peace, we should conti
computed at £2,395,000 que our exertions for the next year to Money arising from carry on a war for the support of our li the sale of Dutch berties, until that period might arrive, Prizes
1,000,000 when it would be necessary for the
200,000 my to terminate the war on just and equitable grounds, and on terms accept
£3,595,000 able to us.
Deduct for one half We ought, faid Mr Pitt, to convince year's Interest on our enemies that we could, with vigour New Stock 360,000 and promptitude, profecute the war if
-3,235,000 necessary, and that our wonderful resour. Exchequer Bills
3,500,000 ces were as inexhaustible as our activity Loan
18,000,000 was unimpaired. Relying on the patient indulgence of
£27,485,000 the House, he would state with as much brevity as possible the whole Şupplies, He observed, that in the vote of laft together with the Ways and Means ne. year there had been provided taxes for ceffary to answer the exigencies of the one million more than there had been Nation.
any occafion far. This might suggest SUPPLY.
the propriety of borrowing for the ferNAVY--110,000 seamen
vice of the ensuing year, no more than £15,720,000 O O
17,000,000l. But he submitted, wheOrdinaryk,624,152 1 8
ther it would not be the fafer way to borExtraord..728,400 OO
row 18,000,oool. in order that the addias
tional million might meet any contingent 7,0729552 1 8
deficiencies. ARMY-Guards, Garrisons, &c.
The permanent taxes, independent of Chelsea, &c.
6,104,452 145 the war, at an average
any new taxes imposed on account of Extraordinaries
of three end
years, 2,646,990 19 10. ing 1795, amounted to 13,933,000l. For Foreign Corps 300,000 Sardinian Sub
the year ending in 1795, to 13, 827,0col. fidy
and the taxes of the present year, ends. 200,000 Extraordinaries
ing in 1996, would probably amount to computed at 350,000
13,598,000l. only about 200,000l, less 850,000 0
than in the preceding year. He made QRDNANCE
this estimate on a supposition, that the 1,744,47! & I
taxes of the remaining wecks of the current year would be as productive as they
were in the corresponding weeks of the to show the probable amount of these last year : a fupposition not probably ex taxes. As to that on Legacies, he proceeding the truth, as the taxes in these posed that the present duties, producing last-mentioned periods were less produc. only 40,000l. per annum, fhould be retive than in any part of the year. pealed, and the new duty on Legacies of
During the next year he hoped there personal estate to collaterals of the firft would be several important. additions to degree, as far as firft cousins, should be the growing produce of the consolidated two per cent.--to second cousins, and fund. One of the principal would be the beyond, four per cent to absolute produce of several Dutch prizes, which strangers, fix per cent.-On real properhe estimated, from the best information, ty, two per cent. on devises to those in at one million.
the first degree of consanguity-to first He had already stated to the Commit. coufins, three per cent to remote rela. tee, that the Loan which it was nécessary tions and strangers, fix per cent. To to make 'for the service of the ensuing calculate the probable produce of this year, was eighteen millions ; 'the terms tax, Mr Pitt affumed that the landed upon which he had agreed for that Loan rental of the whole kingdom was twenwere, that the interest to be paid was ty - five millions per annum. Taking 41. 138. 6d. for every hundred pounds. this 'at 28 years purchase, the whole Parliament had rendered it necessary, that, landed property was 900 millions, or, at at the very moment when the debt was 30 years, 750 millions. The whole pere contracted, a fund bould be established fonal property of the kingdom, he estifor the payment: this, added to the mated at 600 millionsb-total, 1,300 or 41. ijs. 60. would render the interest for 1,359 millions. One third of this he every hundred pounds exactly 61. 38. 6d. calculated might be the subject of collaThe whole of the interest of the Loan, teral fucceffiong; and allowing that three or, in other words, the sum to the ex- persons in zoo died every year, and that tent of wirich taxes were to be provided the average of the tax would be three was 1,111,5 col. a fum undoubtedly very per cent. it would produce 294,000l. farge, but he trufted, that the means by from which deducting 40,000l. the prewhich the sum was to be raised were as sent amount of the legacy tax, he itato light in their nature as could pollibly be ed the produce in round numbers at devifed.
250,000l. The tax is to attach on refiThe Taxes.
duary legatees in cases of inteftacy.
With respect to Horses, he' ftated The two first and material Taxes that the present tax was 106. upon every which he meant to produce to the con- horse, and 20s. on all horses beyond fix. fideration of the Committee, were upon He proposed that the tax should be doubProperty, and such as from their nature led 'in every progreffive stage. The acould only fall upon the higher and rich- mount would be 116,000l. er ranks of the Community. They had He also meant, that it should extend to been frequently under confideration be. a description of horses not coming withfore, and had been, to a certain degree, in the above. taxhe meant thofe emadopted; he meant a Tax upon Collate- ployed for the purposes of Agriculture ; sal Succession by Legacy, or by relations on which he would propose à tax of onof intestates, to property, both real and ly 29. a horse. He calculated the number perfonal,
of horses employed in this way at one The next was an increase of 10 per million. cent. upon all assessed taxes.
The tax on Tobacco was to be 4d. : The next, an increase of the duty per lb. additional-on printed Cottons upon Horses, under certain regulations. 24d. per yardım making in the whole
The next article was Tobacco, which 60. by long perseverance had been freed The reduction of the Drawback upon from the frauds to which it used to be the Exportation of Sugar, appeared to liable,
him to have this singular advantage; that The other articles were, a reduction while it produced revenue to the Public, of the Drawback, on the Exportation it would, at the
same time, lower the price of Sugar; a reduction of the Discount of the article. Without, therefore, injuron the Payment of Salt Duties ; and an ing our foreign trade, he thought if oneAdditional Tax on Printed Cottons, Li- fourth of the Drawback was taken away, nens, &c.
there would be a saving to the Public of Mr Pitt then went into a calculation, 180,0ool. '