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An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Volumen 3
Vista completa - 1801
An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Volumen 2
Vista completa - 1778
advantageous afford almoſt amount annual produce augment bank becomes bills Britain called capital carried caſe cent circulation coin commerce commodities conſequence conſiderable conſiſts conſumed conſumption continually cultivation demand effect employed employment England equal Europe exchange expenſe exportation farmer firſt five fixed foreign foreign trade France frequently give gold and ſilver greater hands hundred immediately importation improvement increaſe induſtry inhabitants intereſt Italy keep kind labor land leſs London maintaining maintenance manner manufactures materials means merchants metals moſt muſt naturally neceſſarily neceſſary never notes obliged occaſion paid paper money particular perhaps perſon pounds preſent profit proportion proprietor purchaſe quantity rent require returns revenue ſame Scotland ſeems ſhould ſmall ſociety ſome ſometimes ſtate ſtill ſtock ſuch ſum ſupport ſuppoſed themſelves theſe things thoſe thouſand town trade uſe wealth whole
Página 269 - Every individual is continually exerting himself to find out the most advantageous employment for whatever capital he can command. It is his own advantage, indeed, and not that of the society, which he has in view. But the study of his own advantage naturally, or rather necessarily leads him to prefer that employment which is most advantageous to the society.
Página 299 - ... and wealth render them of great importance. If he opposes them, on the contrary, and still more if he has authority enough to be able to thwart them, neither the most acknowledged probity, nor the highest rank, nor the greatest public services, can protect him from the most infamous abuse and detraction, from personal insults, nor sometimes from real danger arising from the insolent outrage of furious and disappointed monopolists.
Página 111 - ... comes with us from the womb, and never leaves us till we go into the grave.
Página 273 - By preferring the support of domestic to that of foreign industry, he intends only his own security ; and by directing that industry in such a manner as its produce may be of the greatest value, he intends only his own gain, and he is in this, as in many other cases, led by an invisible hand to promote an end which was no part of his intention.
Página 274 - ... would not only load himself with a most unnecessary attention, but assume an authority which could safely be trusted, not only to no single person, but to no council or senate whatever, and which would nowhere be so dangerous as in the hands of a man who had folly and presumption enough to fancy himself fit to exercise it.
Página 298 - To expect, indeed, that the freedom of trade should ever be entirely restored in Great Britain, is as absurd as to expect that an Oceana or Utopia should ever be established in it. Not only the prejudices of the public, but what is much more unconquerable, the private interests of many individuals, irresistibly oppose it.
Página 76 - It acts, not only as an ordinary bank, but as a great engine of state. It receives and pays the greater part of the annuities which are due to the creditors of the public, it circulates exchequer bills, and it advances to government the annual amount of the land and malt taxes, which are frequently not paid up till some years thereafter.
Página 274 - The statesman, who should attempt to direct private people in what manner they ought to employ their capitals, would not only load himself with a most unnecessary attention, but assume an authority which could safely be trusted, not only to no single person, but to no council or senate whatever, and which would nowhere be so dangerous as in the hands of a man who had folly and presumption enough to fancy himself...
Página 286 - When the act of navigation was made, though England and Holland were not actually at war, the most violent animosity subsisted between the two nations. It had begun during the government of the Long Parliament, which first framed this act, and it broke out soon after in the Dutch wars during that of the Protector and of Charles the Second.
Página 273 - As every individual, therefore, endeavours as much as he can both to employ his capital in the support of domestic industry, and so to direct that industry that its produce may be of the greatest value, every individual necessarily labours to render the annual revenue of the society as great as he can.