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Remarks. From the table it appears tbat the number of postoffices, the amount of postages, and the extent of post roads bas increased about thirty-fold it thirty years. This great increase in the extent of the post roads has been one cause of the rapid improvement of our country. Much of the commercial prosperity of nations is owing to be despatch and safety of well regu. lated post office establishments.

The post-office establishment was not inten'' originally as a source of revenue to the government, and as the amount of pog. tages bas increased, nearly all the surplus has been employed in the extension of the posi routes, and he establishment of new post-offices. In December, 1814, however, the rates of postage were increased 50 per cent, and the revenue o! !815 was in consequence, very considerable. In February, 1816, the postage was restored to the former rates.

Questions. 1. How much bas the amount of postages and the extent of post roads increased since 1790? 2. lo what year was the nett revenue from the post-office establishment the greatest ? 3. What was the occasion of the unusual revenue in 1815!

TABLE III. Showing the expense of building and completely equipping vessels of war, of different rates, in the United States, together with the annual expense of each wben in actual ser vice, according to the estimate of the Secretary of the Navy in 1811.

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GENERAL VIEWS OF EUROPE.

I. GENERAL TABLE. Showing the extent, population, density of population and chief city of the principal countries in Europe.

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Norwin's
Sweden,
Riissia,
Denmark,
Great Britain,
Ireland,
Netherlands,
France,
Switzerland,
Austria,
Prussia,
Bavaria,
Wirtemberg,
Hanover,
Sarony,
Sardinia,
Tvo Sicilies,
Spain,
Portugal,
Turkey,

101,000 930,000 6 Bergen

188,433 2,407,206 13 Stockholm. 1,891,000, 41,773,000 22 St. Petersburg.

21,615 1.565,000 72 Copenhagen. 88.573 | 12,552,144 141 London. 32,000 6,500,000 203 Duhlin. 25,565 5.235.000 206 Amsterdam. 200.000) 29,290,370 | 146 Paris,

19,000 1,750,000 92 Geneva. 267,674 27,972,000 105 Vienna. 105,770 9,901,519 94 Berlin, 31,966 3,560,000 111 Munich.

8,118 1,395,403 172 Stuttgard. 15,004 1,305.351

87 Hanover. 7,136 1,200,000

161 Dresden. 27,400 3,994,000 146 Turin. 43,600 6,618,000 152 Naples. 182,000 10,350.000 57 Madrid.

40.875 3,683,000 90 Lisbon. 206,000 9,600,000 46 Constantinople!

Questions. 1. Which state in Europe has the largest territory 2. Mention the states which contain more than 100,000 square miles, in their order. 3 Mention the four principal states i. the order of their population. What states contain more than 7,0)),-)J0 inhabitaats? 5, Which is the most thickly settled country in Evrope? 6. Which is most thioly settled ? 7. Which states have more than 100 on a square mile ?

II. RELIGION AND GOVERNMENT. The following table shows the religion and government of the various states of Europe.

States.

Religion.

Government Russia,

Greek Church, Monarchy.. Sweden,

Protestant,

Limited Monarchy. Norway,

Protestant, Denmark,

Protestant,

Absolute Moparchy. Great Britain,

Protestant,

Limited Monarchy. Ireland,

Catholic, Prussia,

Protestant,

Absolute Monarchy. Saxony,

Protestant,

Limited Monarchy. Hanover,

Proiestant,

Limited Monarchy. Wirtemberg,

Protestant, Limited Monarchy. Bavaria,

Catholic, Limited Monarchy. Smaller German States. Prot. and Cath, Austria,

Prot. and Cath. Monarchy. Netherlands,

Prot. and Cath. | Limited Monarchy. Switzerland,

Prot. and Cath. Republican. France,

Catholic, Limited Monarchy. Spain,

Catholic, Limited Monarchy. Portugal,

Catholic, Limited Monarchy, Sardinia,

Catholic, Alisolute Monarchy. Two Sicilies,

Catholic, Monarchy.
Smaller Italian States, Catholic,
Turkey,

Mahometan, Absolute Monarchy.

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General Remark. The Greek Religion prevails in Rossià, and the Mahometan in Turkey ; in the rest of Europe the most northern countries are Protestant, the most southern, Catholic, and those in the middle partly Protestant and partly Catholic,

Qisestions. 1. What forms of religion are most prevalent in Europe ? 2. Where does the Mahometan religion prevail ? 3. Where does the Greek religion prevail ? 4. Where, the Protestant ? 5. Where, the Catholic ? 6. What is the religion of Sweden ? 7. Of Spain ? 8. Of France ? 9. What is the government of France ? 10. Of Switzerland ? 11. of Sweden ?

III. Navy. The following table shows the Daval force of all the maritime states of Europe in 1808, according to Hassel.

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Remarks. The nuvy of Great Britain in 1808 was more 10:7. erful than all the other navies in the world taken together; in the above catalogue contains all except those of the United States, and the kingdom of Brazil, both of which were very small. The Drey o Mthe United States, in 1808, contained only 10 frigates, and 80 smaller vessels, including gun-boats. The navy of Brazil consisted of 10 ships of the line, and 10 frigates. The nations of Asia and Africa have no naries.

Questions. 1. Mention the eight principal naval powers in Europe. 2. How many seamen in the British navy in 1808 ? & How many ships of the line! 4. How many frigates ?

IV. Cities. The following table shows at one view all the cities in Europe which contain more than 100,000 inhabitants.

Cities Population Cities. Population 1. London, 1,011.546 15. Rome,

130,000 2. Paris, 715,000 16. Palermo,

130.000 3. Constantinople, 500,000 | 17. Adrianople,

180,000 4. Naples,

330,000 18. Liverpool, 120,000 B. Moscow, 300,000 19. Glasgow,

120,000 6. St. Petersburg, 285,000 | 20. Lyons,

120,000 7. Vienna,

240,000 21. Hamburg, 115.000 8. Lisbon,

230,000 22. Manchester, 110.000 9. Amsterdam, 230 000 23. Marseilles, 110,000 10. Dublin, 187,939 | 24. Venice,

109,000 11. Berlin,

182,387 25. Copenhagen, 105,000 12. Madrid

168,000 | 26. Edinburgh, 102,987 13. Barcelona, 140.000 27. Valencia,

100,000 14. Milan, 135,000 28. Seville,

100,000 Questions. 1. Which is the greatest city in Europe ! 2. Which next? 3. What is the population of London ? 4. What is the population of Paris ? 5. Mention the cities which bare more than 160,000 inhabitants in the order of their population!

V. Foreign PossessIONS. The following table presents at one view tę fireign pose esions of all the European nations, with their population and extent, so far as they have been ascertained.

GREAT BRITAIN.

Squure Miles. Population.

1. In Europe.

1. Malta,
2. Gibraltar,

170

90,000 13,000

II. In Asia.
1. British India,

476,000 53,500,000 2. Ceylon,

38,000 1,500,000 Note, The British have a settlement also on the island of Pulo Penang, lying off the west coast of the Malay Peninsula, and anothcr at Bentopien on the island of Sumatra. III. In Australasia. 1. New South Wales,

25,050 2. Van Diemen's land,

3,557 Note. Setements have also been commenced recently in New Zealand, IV. In Sorth Africa.

The colony of the cape of Good Hope, 120,000 81,000 v.

In West Africa. 1. Colony of Sierra Leone,

12,000 2. Knihursi, in Senegambia,

1,000 3. Cupe coast castle,

8,000 Note. The British also maintain forts at all the important points on the Guld coast. VI. African islands. 1. Mauritius or isle of France,

1,300 70,009 2. St. Helena,

50 2,000 VII. In North America. 1. Newfoundland,

70,000 2. Nova Scotia,

100,000 3. New-Brunswick,

60,000 4. Lower Canada,

335,000 5. Upper Canada,

83,000 6. Bermudas,

20 10,381 VIII. In the West Indies. 1. Jamaica,

6,400 360,000 2. The Bahamas,

5,500 14,319 3. Tortola,

90 10,000 4. Virgio Gorda,

80 8,000 5. Anguilla,

- 30

800 6. Barbuda,

90 1,500 7. St. Christopher,

• 70 25,000 8, Nevis,

20 11,000 9. Antigua,

· 93 $5,735

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