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the South American states. From the seventh colomp it appears that more than one fourth part of the whole produce exported during the period mentioned in the table, went to the British dominions. ln 1816 and 1817 the proportion was about one half.

Questions. 1. Which foreign nation received the largest amount of our domestic produce between 1802 and 1812 ? 2. Which three nations stood next to the British? 3. Which nation received the greatest amount of foreign produce from the United States? 4. Which two nations stood next to the Dutch ? 5. How large a portion of our exports between 1802 and 1819. was destined to the British dominions ?

A List of the principal Articles Imported.

Table VI. Showing the annual value of the several species of merchandize imported into the United States, the value of what was exported with allowance of drawback, and the value of that portion on which duties were actually collected, together with the net duty paid on each article, calculated on the average of the three years ending September 30, 1804.

Exported On which

with allow-duties were

Imported. ance of actually Net Duts.

drawback. collected. Merchandize pagiog ad va Dollars. Dollars. Dollars. Dollars. lorem duties,

39,489,590 4,411,33035,078,258 4,617,542 Coffee,

8,372,712 6,837,690 1,535,022 393,232 Sugar,

7,794,254 3,821,965 3,972,289 1,337,605 Ruin,

3,881,089 125,568 3,755,521 1,800,214 Wines,

2,962,039 810,348 2,151,691 726,068 Teas,

2,360,507 963,028 1,397,479 475,249) Brandy,

2,077,601 313,918 1,763,683 547,975 Molasses,

1,930,592 8,112 1,922,480 320,460 Hemp,


919,443 102,160 Cotton, .

804,125 748,831 55,294 9,730 Salt,

771,996 6,283 765,713 561,953 Geneva,

675,430 91,083 584,347 279,700 Pepper,

633,0411 512,383 120,658 75,595 Nails and Spikes,

479,041 34,982 444,059 70,401 Indigo,

436,941 279,2711 157,670 27,908 Cocoa,

310,773 132,289 178,484 24,166 Lead & manufact'rs of lead. 227,002 12,750 214,252 23,812 Steel,

147,957 4,145 143,812 9,595 Boots and Shoes,

101,300 11,331 89,969 13,610 Cheese,

77,150 40,767 36,383 10,586 Beer Ale and Porter,

76,020 2,118! 73,902 13,448 Pimento,

71,927 35,227 36,700 12,498 Coal,


185 36,222 20,127 lall other articles,

680,000 166,493 513,507 77,386


175,316,937 19.370,09955,946,838 /11,551,100


Remarks. The goods paying duties ad valorem, (that is, a cer. tain per cent. on the value of the article) constitute commonly more than one half of our imports. They consist principally of manufactured goods, particularly woollens and cottons. The cof. fee, sugar, rum, and other articles above enumerated, pay specitic duties: that is, a certain sum on every pound or gallon of their weight or measure.

of the goods paying duties od valorem, more than three quarters came from the British dominions, and the rest chiefly from China, Germany, Russia, and France. From the table it appears, that nearly all these goods were consumed within the United States, only one tenth part being re-exported. The coffee came

entirely from the colonies of the European powers in America and the East Indies; particularly from the French West India possessions. Very little of the coffee was consumed in the United States, more than three quarters having been re-exported, as appears from the third column. The sugar came also from the East and West Indies, and about one half of it was re-exported. The run was imported principally from the British and Danislı West Indies, ani was almost wholly consumed in the United States. The wines came chiefly from France, Spain, Portugal, Maleira and the Canary islands; the teas almost entirely from China ; the brandy from France, Spain and Italy; the molasses, from the West Indies; and the hemp from Russia. The cotton came principally from ihe Spanish American colonies and was almost wholly re-exported. The pepper was from the Dutch East India possessions, and was also principally re-exported. The nails and spikes, lead and inanufuctures nf lead, boots and shoes, beer, ale and porter, and the coal came chiefly from Great Britain. 'The s!cel and the cheese came almost wholly from Great Britain and the Netherlands. The sult came principally from Great Britain and her West India colonies, but Portugal, Spain, and the Cape Verd islands furnished also considerable quantities.

Questions. 1. What are the principal articles included in the merchandize paying ad valorem duties to the United States ? 2. What are the seven principal articles imported inio the United States, exclusive of the merchandize paying duties ad valorem ? 3. Which imported article, exclusive of the merchandize paying duties ad valorem, yields the greatest amount of revenue to the United States ? 4. Which next? 5. Which next? 6. From what parts of the world was the coffee, consumed in the United States between 1801 and 1804, imported ? 7. From what parts, the sugar ? the rum ? &c.

Balance of Trade. TABLE VII. Showing the amount of the export and import trade of the United States with each foreign nation, calculated on the average of the three years 1802, 1803 and 1804.

(From Seybert's Statistical Annals.)

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per. c.


per. c. G.Britain& dependencies, 23,707,988 34.6235,737,030 47.44*12,029,042 Russia,


24,573 0.03 2,105,3461 2.90*2,080,773 Prussia,


552,220 0.08 127,834 0.16 424,386 Sweden,

410,900 0.59 587,513 0.78 *176,613 Denmark, do. 2,320,334 3.38 2.392,774 3.99 72,450 Germany,

do. 4,661,410 6.80 1,779,109 2.36 2,882,301 Holland & dependencies, 9,312,566 13,60 6,265,585 8.45 3,046,981 France,

do. 11,832,513 17.2812,356,390 16.46 *523.877 Spain,

do. 7,496,507 10.95 6,196,940 8.36 1,299,567 Portugal, do. 2,321,035 3.39 1,052,358 1.39 1,268,677 Italy and Trieste, 2,014,156 2.94 669,896 0.88 1,344,260 China & other native Asiatic ports,

431,507 0.63 4,856,156 6.44 -4,424,649 All other countries, 3,385,389 4.94 713,418 0.94 2,671,971 Total,

168,471,098 100.00l74,840,349 *6,369,251

* Those marked with a star are balances against the United States ; the

rest are in favor.

Remarks. From the last column it appears that the balance of trade on the whole, during the period referred to in the table, was against the United States ; particularly with Great Britain, China, and Russia. With these countries the balance is always against us. From Great Britain we receive vast quantities of woollen and cotton goods, and manufactures of iron, steel, brass, copper, glass, earthen ware, silk, linen, &c. and although, in return, we send a large amount of cotton, tobacco, lomber, pot and pearl ashes, and other produce, yet still the balance is always greatly in favor of Great Britain. From China we receive tea and silks, and she takes scarcely any thing in return but specie. From Russia we receive iron and hemp, and articles magfactured of those materials, while she has occasion for very little of our surplus produce. The trade with Germany, Holland, Spain and Italy was very favorable to the United States during the period referred to in the table, because the carrying trade of these countties was at that time in our bands.

Questions. 1. How large a proportion of the exports of the United States from 1802 to 1804 went to the British dominions ? 2. How large a proportion of the imports came from the British dominions? 3. In whose favor is the balance of trade between Great Britain and the United States ! 4. Is the balance of trade with Chioa for or against the United States ? 5. Is the balance of trade with all foreiga nations, taken collectively, for or against the United States ? 6. Why is the balance against us in the case of China ? 7. Why is it against us in the case of Russia ?

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