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40' and 18° 30' N. lat. and between 76° 18' and 78° 57' W. lop. It is of an oval form,about 150 miles long, and on an average more than 40 broad, containing 6,400 square miles, or 4,090,000 acres.

Divisions.] The island is divided into three counties as follows : Counties. Towns. Parishes.

Villages.
Cornwall
Middlesex

Surry

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Total

Face of the Country.) A range of lofty mountains called the Blue mountains, runs through the whole island from E. 10 W. and rises in some of its most elevated peaks to the height of more thap 7.000 feet above the level of the sea. The aspect of the country on the opposite sides of this range is widely different. On the N. side of the island the land rises from the shore into hills and swells, which are remarkable for their beauty, being all of gentle acclivity and commonly separated from each other by spacious vales, and romantic rivulets. As you proceed towards the interior the land becomes more elevated, and is clothed with almost boundless forests; and in the centre of the island it rises into lofty mountains whose heads are lost in the clouds. The southern front of the main ridge of the Blue mountains is generally rough and craggy ; but as you descend on the south side you meet with several lower ridges, running parallel with the principal one, the summits of which are more round and smooth, and at the foot of the lowest ridge lie rast plains or savannahs bounded only by the ocean, and displaying all the pride of the richest cultivation.

Soil and Productions.] A large portion of the soil in this island is unfit for coltivation. Out of 4,000,000 acres which the island contains, only about 2,000,000 have been granted to individuals by the crown, and even all of these are not improved. In 1791 the lands in cultivation were distributed nearly as foldows :

767 sugar plantations, averaging 900 acres each 690,000 1000 breeding and grazing farms, at 700 each 700,000 plantations of cotton, coffee, pimento, ginger, &c. 350,000

1,740,000 Edwards supposes that the remaining acres, amounting to 2,350,000, are chietly unfit for cultivation, not so much on account of the barrenness of the soil as of its mountainous situation. Indeed almost all of the waste land is covered by a rich, strong growth of timber. The land actually cultivated bas a deep and very fertile soil.

Rivers.] The island is well watered. There are about 100 rivers which take their rise in the mountains and run commonly with great rapidity to the sea on both sides of the island. None

ch disby him in his schools were Englishmen of the Episcop W. of The Wesleyan Methodists have also employed missi illatin Christophe's and Petion's dominions, special pern. been obiained for that purpose.

į Tilis Education.] Great efforts were made by Chris's where the king, for the education of his subjects. A royal ! "ve, is 800 established at St. Marks, and twelve public scho lso interior it pal towns of the kingilom, in which sereral thoiiis. miles from now taught the English and French languages...und about six of mathematics, under instructors sent out frust he level of the al college has also been established and libera' Henry, the capital of the kingdom, in whi mara, the capital made for instruction in all the languages, an amies from its entaught in European and American colleges 15000 40 scholars in the college, wbo were sele, mi, about 10 miles best in the common schools. Besides th. beautiful harbor. in · schools to be established in every villas anchor in safety. It

Government and Army.) Henry Chini of Port Royal by an Hayii, under the title of Henry the infruilt on a plain, which held his court at Sans Souci, a villas a gradual ascent to the Henry, where he built a spacious ar fince of about six miles. an absolute monarch. An heredi residences of the princiclass of his subjects, and all the pr. The population of the great authority over the cultivato. 5.000 are whites, 18,000 a species of slavery. The gor:

negroes. vision of the island was electis moly of the long and narrow trate, was styled President tror on the south, about 10 are now both dead and their , oh It has an excellent harbor, Various propositions have be, wchor with convenience. It government for the purpose n June 1692 a dreadful earthformer subjection, but ther! was buried pine tenths of it eight The regular army of eac! lowever, rebuilt, bot about 10 men.

į shes by a terrible fire, and in Commerce.] In 1789!. Nurricanes ever known, reduced Domingo 710 vessels, 19"

3. Though once a place of of the exports in 1791

le in the West Indies, it is now were coffee to the amo

anes, and about 200 houses. It casks; indigo, 3,957. o will wavy vard, the navy hospital, cotton 11,317,226 pa

hi viuers. The fortifications are has greatly decline.

ercellent order. only about 75 resti"

wart of the island, is a flourishing to about £150,00

wohn' bouses. In 1795 it was almost the Spanish part

w Puernah la Mer in the S. W. has which barem

***. It was almost destroyed by tered for their a

14on of the sea in 1780.

eveure to an othcial return there

eneraler of whites and free people w

, making a total of nearly Situation Cuba, ani :

of London claims this and the other nart of his diocese ; but his jurisInmaica. The governor, as

the various rectories,

thodists employ

mposed of the -a consisting of 12

43 members, who bles a law as soon as po royal disapprobation

o be valid. tists are sugar, rum, mo. 10), cotton, indigo, pimento orted has gradually increas100 in 1802. In 1791 the t 600,000 lbs.; in 1807 it had

"RTO RICO.

1 Porto Rico, called by the natives - Hispaniola, between 17° 54°and 18° 30' i jo' and 67° 45' W. lop. It is 115 miles whas a mean breadth of 36, containing 4,140

pe is nearly that of a paralellogram. try, Snil, d.c.] The country is pleasantly di- and vallies. The soil is generally fertile. gricultural productions are sugar, cotton, rice,

1000. Hurricanes are not unfrequent, and are 'iy destructive. nl St. Juan de Porto Rico, the capital, is on the

of the island, about 15 leagues west from cape St. mands on a peninsula in a spacious bay, and is connect'e main land hy an isthmus of considerable length. The in spacious and safe, and admits vessels of any burden, birance is less than half a mile wide, and the fortifications rong and commanding. The population is variously esti

from 10 to 30,000. I opulation.) The population in 1778 was 80,660. In 1795

received a large accession from St. Domingo, many of the mpanish inhabitants of that island removing hither. At present it in supposed to exceed 100,000,

Government.] Porto Rico is a captain generalship. Originally, with Cuba, it was a part of the viceroyalty of Mexico; then it was attached to the government of Cuba ; and finally made a distinct province.

by him in his schools were Englishmen of the Episcopal churchd The Wesleyan Methodists have also employed missionaries both in Christophe's and Petion's dominions, special permission having been obtained for that purpose.

Education.] Great efforts were made by Christophe, the late king, for the education of his subjects. A royal free school was established at St. Narks, and twelve public schools in the principal towns of the kingilom, in which sereral thousand children are now taught the English and French languages, and the elements of mathematics, under instructors sent out from England. A royal college has also been established and liberally endowed at Cape Henry, the capital of the kingdom, in which provision is to be made for instruction in all the languages, arts and sciences usually taught in European and American colleges. In 1818 there were 40 scholars in the college, who were selected from among the best in the common schools. Besides the above, the king caused schools to be established in every village in his kingdom.

Government and Army) Henry Christophe, the late king of Hayii, under the title of Henry the First, usually resided and held his court at Sans Souci, a village about 15 miles from Cape Henry, where he built a spacious and handsome palace. He was an absolute monarch. An hereditary nobility formed the first class of bis subjects, and all the proprietors of landed estates had great authority over the cultivators of the soil, who were beld in a species of slavery. The government of the southwestern division of the island was elective, and Petion, the chief magistrate, was styled President of Hayti. Petion and Christophe are now both dead and their dominions are in an unsettled state. Various propositions have been recently made by the French government for the purpose of bringing the inhabitants to their former subjection, but they have all been rejected with disdain. The regular army of each of the sovereigns was about 10,000 men.

Commerce.] In 1789 the French employed in the trade of St. Domingo 710 vessels, navigated by 18,466 seamen. The value of the exports in 1791 was £5,371,593; the principal articles were coffee to the amount of 84,617,328 pounds ; sugar, 217,463 casks ; indigo, 3,257,610 pounds ; cacao, 1,536,017 pounds; cotton 11,317,226 pounds. Since the revolution the commerce has greatly declined, From 1804 to 1808, according to Walton, only about 75 vessels arrived annually, with cargoes amounting to about £150,000. The principal article of exportation from the Spanish part of the island is the produce of horned cattle, which have multiplied to such a degree that they are slaughtered for their skins.

3. JAMAICA.

Situation and Extent.] Jamaica lies about 30 leagues south of Cuba, and the same distance west of St. Domingo, between 17*

40' and 18° 30' N. lat. and between 76° 18' and 78° 57' W. Ion, It is of an oval form,about 150 miles long, and on an average more than 40 broad, containing 6,400 square miles, or 4,090,000 acres.

Divisions.] The island is divided into three counties as follows:

Counties. Towns. Parishes. Villages.
Cornwall

3

5
Middlesex

1
8

13
Surry

7

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Face of the Country.) A range of lofty mountains called the Blue mountains, runs through the whole island from E. 10 W. and rises in some of its most elevated peaks to the height of more thap 7.000 feet above the level of the sea. The aspect of the country on the opposite sides of this range is widely different. On the N. side of the island the land rises from the shore into hills and swells, which are remarkable for their beauty, being all of gentle acclivity and commonly separated from each other by spacious vales, and romantic rivulets. As you proceed towards the interior the land becomes more elevated, and is clothed with almost boundless forests ; and in the centre of the island it rises into lofty mountains whose heads are lost in the clouds. The southern front of the main ridge of the Blue mountains is generally rough and craggy ; but as you descend on the south side you meet with several lower ridges, running parallel with the principal one, the summits of which are more round and sojooth, and at the foot of the lowest ridge lie vast plains or savannabs bounded only by the ocean, and displaying all the pride of the richest cultivation.

Soil and Productions.] A large portion of the soil in this island is unfit for coltivation. Out of 4,090,000 acres which the island contains, only about 2,000,000 have been granted to individuals by the crown, and even all of these are not improved. In 1791 the lands in cultivation were distributed nearly as ļollows :

767 sugar plantations, averaging 900 acres each 690,000 1000 breeding and grazing farms, at 700 each 700,000 plantations of cotton, coffee, pimento, ginger, &c. 350,000

1,740,000 Edwards supposes that the remaining acres, amounting to 2,350,000, are chietly unfit for cultivation, not so much on accoont of the barrenness of the soil as of its mountainous situation. Indeed almost all of the waste land is covered by a rich, strong growth of timber. The land actually cultivated has a deep and very fertile soil.

Riders.] The island is well watered. There are about 100 civers which take their rise in the mountains and run commonly with great rapidity to the sea on both sides of the island. None

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