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EMBELLISHED WITH A PORTRAIT OF HIS SERENE HIGHNESS THE

PRINCE OF HESSE-HOMBURG.

MONTHLY MAGAZINES have opened a way for every kind of inquiry and information. The in.
telligence and discussion contained in them are very extensire and various; and they have been the
means of diffusing a general habit of reading througli the nation, whrh in a certain degree hath enlarged
the public understanding. HERE, too, are preserved multitude of useful hints, observations, and facis,
which otherwise might have wever appeared. -Dr. Kippis.

Every Art is improved by the emulation of Competitors.-Dr. Johnson.

LONDON:

Printed by J. Gillet, Crown-court, Flect-street.
PUBLISHED BY H. COLBURN, CONDUIT-STREET, HANOVER-SQUARE ;

BY WHOM COMMUNICATIONS FOR THE EDITOR (POST PAID) ARE RECEIVED.
SOS.D ALSO BY BELL AND BRADFUTE, EDINBURGH; AND JOHN CUMMING, DUBLIN.

[Price 12s. Boards; us 14s. Half-bound,]

1

PRE FACE

TO THE NINTH VOLUME. .

THAT a Free Press is essential to a free Constitution is a selfevident principle, and yet it is equally clear that no engine is capa. ble of more extensive mischief to society, by its continual activity and boundless influence. Hence a difficulty arises between the respect due to Liberty and a regard for Morals, between abstract Right and Legal Restrictions, since where the latter are in force Freedom is limited, and when the former is undefined it runs into licentious

ness.

How the security of the state may be best maintained in such an exigency is not easy to determine, without giving offence on one side or the other, and yet all must concede that if private judgement be a natural right, the exercise of it in the way of publication involves a serious duty.

In this country the right has been admitted to the fullest extent, till the periphery which bounds its operation has almost ceased to be perceptible, and the power of the press has in consequence become to a great degree independent of public authority. Under such circumstances numerous evils must necessarily occur which neither Government can prevent, nor Law correct. The same medium that conveys the light of Truth and Virtue to mankind, is perverted by the base and designing into an instrument for contaminating the moral principles of men, so that Liberty becomes like the polluted atmosphere when, charged with mephitic vapours,

It is not air, but floats a nauseous mass

Of all obscene, corrupt, offensive things. Where the press is thus abused, and the state of society exhibits the baleful effects in such a manner as to alarm the friends of order and religion, the disorder must be counteracted by publications calculated to awaken general attention to the common danger, to expose immoral principles, detect literary imposture, and to castigate the enemies of public tranquillity.

With these views the New MONTHLY MAGAZINE was instituted ; and the success wbich it experienced convinced the proprietors that they had neither erred in regard to the necessity of the

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saw, as well as many others who had the true interests of Literature at heart, that the dæmon of mis-rule employed the periodical press in spreading delusions over the land for the purpose of battening upon public credulity, and of triumphing in the increase of disloyalty. The impression made by the appearance of this Magazine was somewhat like that produced by the spear of Ithuriel, for the lurking spirit of Hypocrisy, writhing beneath the stroke, threw aside all disguise and sprang forth the confessed champion of Jacobinism, the apologist of Napoleon, and by consequence the daring libeller of all that is venerable, good, and great in this land of freedom, where ingrates curse the soil that gives them bread.

Besides unmasking knavery, which in these days is a service of no ordinary magnitude, the conductors of this Magazine enjoy the satisfaction of having opened a channel of communcation by which the ingenious who feel for their character may reciprocate inquiry and intelligence without running the hazard of having their principles suspected by being associated in the same vehicle with the enemies of order and the scoffers at religion.

An accession of literary strength is a sufficient proof of the propriety of this observation ; and the Proprietors, in a grateful sense of the favours they have received, pledge themselves by their exertions to render each succeeding number serviceable to the greatest of human pursuits--that of“ giving ardour to Virtue and confidence to Truth."

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THE NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE. No. 49.] FEBRUARY I, 1818.

[Vol. IX. ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

JOURNAL OF A Tour in ENGLAND, IN the English coast. Packets sail regularly 1815 and 1816,

every day for Dover, and this passage From the M. S. Notes of their Imperial is preferred to that of Calais. Highnesses the Archdukes John & LEWIS The remains of Napoleon's camp are of AUSTRIĄ.

still to be seen. On the east side of the ON our arrival at Boulogne, October harbour are fortifications and batteries 21st, 1815, we alighted at the Hotel which mutually flank each other, and d'Angleterre, and the first thing we did have occasioned this part to be called the was to enquire for the captain com- iron coast. At the extremity of the manding the royal yacht which was to heights to the north of Boulogne was convey us over. The yacht was in the the principal telegraph which correroad; the next day was fixed for our sponded with others, along the coast. departure ; but during the night a storm The scaffolding for the pyramid intended obliged all the vessels to leave the "to have been erected is still standing. harbour. We were therefore neces. It was on the strand that Napoleon sitated to postpone our departure for reviewed his troops. To the west the one day, and we availed ourselves of this heights are fortified. On either side interval to visit the environs of the there are forts, which at flood tide are town,

surrounded with water; they are built The port is formed by the small river of stone, and are placed upon different Liane, and by a basin of recent con- points of the coast. The basin of the struction. Two moles project into the harbour, and all the works that now exist sea; the eastern one is prolonged by a here, were the creation of Buonaparte ; dyke to a wooden battery upon piles, and but in spite of them all, the entrance upon the western there is a battery, into and departure from this port bare adjoining to the dyke.

continued to be difficult; and it is easy The coast is steep: it is formed by a to conceive how much time it would have series of hills which exhibit calcareous taken for so great a number of vessels as strata. A sand-bank projects into the were here collected, to get out one by sea, and this has rendered it necessary to one, as they would have been obliged to carry out the two stone dykes to facilitate do. All the boats were built in the the egress and prevent ihe mouth from basin, and along the river; here too they being choked up. At ebb tide the were stationed, and two hundred thousand vessels are left aground in the mud; the soldiers were encamped on the heights. sand-bank is then dry to the extent of Of all these preparations nothing is now more than 200 fathoms; and it is fre to be seen but the traces of the fortificaquented by women for the purpose of tions, the works of the port which are gathering the muscles deposited upon it no longer kept up, and two large halfby the sea. At flood there is 14 feet rotten Bat-bottomed boats. Such is all water in the port and against the that remains of the inmense enterprize eastern dyke. We witnessed the diffi- which cost France upwards of three culty there is in entering the barbour; hundred millions (12,500,000!). a vessel which had not sufficiently gained A great deal has been written both the wind for the purpose being obliged for and against the question whether the to stand out again to sea.

invasion of England would have been Boulogne contains 13,000 inhabitants. practicable or not. So much is certain, It is built on the slope of the hills on the that it must have been attended with right bank of the Liane. The town is very material difficulties. The embarkairregular, and the houses of a greyish tion could not have taken place without stone, whicb, together with the bareness being perceived ; the vessels must have of the surrounding eminences, gives it quitted the port one after another, and a dull and dreary appearance. The drawn up in line in the road to risk the inhabitants are chiefly engaged in com- passage ; during which they would have merce and the fisheries: the berring- bad to cope with the English feet, and fiswery is very considerable, and is said after all io land the troops on a coast to produce 1,500,000 francs per annum. lined with rocks. Whoever is acIt is carried on in the Channel towards quainted with the advantage's pose NEw MONTALY MAQ,-No, 49,

Vol. IX,

B

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