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the Divine. Its emotion, though more intense and enduring than that of other men, is calmer, and therefore less observed. We have seen what susceptibility breathes in Milton's early poetry, not light or gay, indeed, but always healthful and bright. And later, in his essay on Education, he says:
In those vernal seasons of the year when the air is calm and pleasant, it were an injury and sullenness against Nature not to go out and see her riches, and partake in her rejoicing with heaven and earth.'
When old, tried, and sightless, he could turn from the stormy scenery of the infernal regions, and luxuriate in the loveliness of Paradise, the innocent joy of its inhabitants. There is no mistaking the fine sense of beauty and the pure deep affection of these exquisite lines, which the gentle Eve addresses to her lover in the shady bowers' of Eden:
Neither breath of Morn, when she ascends
Or glitt'ring star-light, without thee is sweet.' An Independent in politics and religion, a hero, a martyr, a recluse, a dweller in an ideal city, standing alone and aloof above his times, and, when eyes of flesh were sightless, wandering the more where the Muses haunt,'-- truly
* Thy soul was like a star, and dwelt apart.' Influence.- Such men are sent as soldiers of humanity. They use the sacred fire, divinely kindled within them, not to amuse men or to build up a reputation, but to awaken kindred greatness in other souls. What service Milton has rendered to mankind by his love of freedom and the high, brave morals he taught! On account of the learning necessary to their full comprehension, his works will never be popular in the sense in which those of Shakespeare are so, or Bunyan, or Burns, or even Pope and Cowper; but, like the Organum, they move the intellects which move the world. As culture spreads and approaches their spiritual heights, the more they will reveal their efficacy to purify, invigorate, and delight; the more will man aspire to emulate the zeal, the fortitude, the virtue, the toil, the heroism, of their author.
It is a Chinese maxim, that “a sage is the instructor of a hun.
dred ages.' Talk much with such a one, and you acquire his quality,- the habit of looking at things as he. From him proceeds mental and moral force, will he or not. He is of those who make a period, as well as mark it; who, without ceasing to help us as a cause, help us also as an effect; who reach so high, that age and comparison cannot rob them of power to inspire; who turn, by their moral alchemy,
Abelard, fame and influence, 87; and Arminius, theology of, 436.
Eloise, 111; on ethical good, 126; Arnold, Dr. Thomas, quoted, 1.
Art, sovereignty of, 145.
Arthur, legends of, 7, 105, 107; the
120; in Fairy Queen, 360.
Ascham, Roger, quoted, 292, 293; as
English prose, 117; biography and Asculanus, martyrdom of, 189.
Ask, myth of, 24.
Asser, quoted, 153, 156.
As You Like It, quoted and criti-
Atheism, foolishness of, 470.
Augustine, St., on total depravity, 125.
Bacon, Sir Francis, quoted, 157; in-
tion, 321; contributions of, to the
See Lan science of ethics, 328; biography
and criticism, 450–472.
Bacon, Roger, biography and criti-
Baker's Chronicle, 434.
Balder, the Good, 30.
Battle of Maldon, 91.
Beaumont and Fletcher, literary co-
partnership, 416; quoted and criti-
Beauty, vivid sense of. in the Re-
naissance, 287; true source of, 366,
Becket, Thomas à, pilgrimages to the
shrine of, 216.
Bede, Alfred's translations of, 117;
biography and criticism, 145-8.
Bedford, Duke of, quoted, 240.
Beowulf, quoted and criticised, 95;
Berenger, on transubstantiation, 190.
Berkin's Cases of Conscience, 437.
Bernard, St., quoted, 132.
Bible, influence upon English thought
and language, 326; translated by
Ælfric, 117; by Wycliffe, 200; by
sance, 174; allusion to, 287.
translated by Alfred, 150.
their costliness, 83, 173, 237.
climate, 2; political divisions, 2;
19; Anglo-Saxon, 21.
enervation under Roman rule, 6;
Ilydriotaphia of, 100; quoted and
nity and destiny of man, 442.
Canterbury Tales, quoted and criti-
as Britons, 3; environment, 13;
tionality, 18, 138; on English lan-
sense the father of English poetry,
printing, 244 (note); maxim, 494.
ence, 106, 167.
humanity. 82; Decker's characteri-
zation of, 425.
England, 36; influence on Saxon
lish Church, 3; commanding