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Can you improve "P.W."?
IN for Schoolmasters and
THE EDITOR of PEARSON'S WEEKLY invites suggestions_for_improving the paper. Would you alter "make-up," or insert articles of a different kind, or have more or less-fiction, or start new features . . .?
Carefully read a copy of the paper, and then send along your idea. Three prizes of £10 each will be awarded to the senders of what the Editor considers to be the best constructive suggestions, and £1 will be awarded to each sender of the twenty next best suggestions. All suggestions must be addressed to PEARSON'S, 16 Henrietta Street, London, W.C. 2, marked "Suggestion" on the top left-hand corner, and arrive by Tuesday, November 29, 1927. The result will appear only in
study of, and insight into, human nature. It is the modern educator who is often not up-to-date.
Rousseau, Pestalozzi, and Dr. Montessori, though having definite ideals about the perfection of man as such, are predominatingly engaged in developing already in the child those industrial requirements, that skill, which belong to manhood's stage; with Fröbel this side of the work was of secondary consideration; first came the development of the child as a human being. We plead, therefore, to concentrate on the best means of giving the child a good general, all-round education -considering him as a growing person full of possibilities, unknown to us as well as himself, leaving his industrial training out of direct consideration until he has reached his fourteenth or fifteenth year. Then, if he has received the right kind of education by the right kind of people, the child will be ready not only to choose his own vocation, but to satisfy such requirements as his life's work demands, and thus only will he reach true joy and happiness.
Then let the training of our parents and teachers receive full and all-round consideration; this is the important matter.
One solution to the above ideal is to be found in the establishment of free kindergartens, not nursery schools, as in the South of England, but free kindergartens, developing the work by private enterprise, progressively in different centres of towns and counties; each one with its own financial centre and responsibility, but all amalgamated with one central organization, with one central training college, as has been done so very successfully during the last thirty years in Sydney, Australia. The pioneer-worker, who commenced the work there, is anxious to form a Kindergarten Union of Yorkshire and TeesSide, if helpers will come forward in assisting to arrange for drawing-room and public meetings. The headmistress of the Sydney Training College of the Kindergarten Union of N.S.W. would, no doubt, be willing to answer inquiries about her work if requested to do so.
CO-OPERATIONISM IN SCHOOLS
If children were taught to co-operate instead of competing in the acquisition of knowledge during their school-days, they would insist upon co-operating instead of competing in the acquisition of wealth in after-life, and so end competition on the battlefield.
Teachers are invited to join the Society for Substituting Co-operation for Competition in Schools (no subscription), primary teachers if possible as honorary secretaries of branches co-terminous with branches of the National Union of Teachers. Secondary teachers will find it more difficult to substitute co-operation for competition in their schools, since secondary schools have for long been identified with the anti-social principle of competition; but difficulty is not impossibility, and I do not despair of enrolling some of them as members of my Society. The recruiting of primary school teachers from the secondary schools has resulted in the formation of competition groups in the primary schools competing in the matters of attendance and attention. Had this Society been started before this development originated, much harm to the primary schools might have been prevented. However, what can no longer be prevented can and must be cured, and in the vast majority of primary schools it can happily still be prevented.
The true line of political cleavage to-day is exclusively economic, with the Competitionists (Conservatives and Liberals) on the one side and the Co-operationists (Socialists and Communists) on the other.
The child is parent to the adult, and what it becomes at school it will be in after-life. Teachers can train a generation of competitionists for war, or a generation of co-operationists for peace. Which is it to be? S. CLAUDE TICKELL, Vicar of Latton, Swindon, Wilts, and Hon. Sec., Society for Substituting Co-operation for Competition in Schools.
THE E.S.A. Stationery is distinctive in quality, style, and finish. The superior esparto paper that is used in its manufacture helps the pupil to do better work. Much of the paper used to-day is made from wood, and consequently the surface is irregular and positively harmful to the young beginner who is endeavouring to acquire the difficult art of penmanship. The small difference in the price of the better stationery is very small, while the pleasure and results derived from the better work is considerable. The E.S.A. Manufacture School Stationery of all kinds to suit every requirement. Exercise Books from 10s. 9d. per gross. Samples and Catalogues will be gladly forwarded to Principals. Complete Satisfaction assured. THE EDUCATIONAL SUPPLY
"The little more,
and how much it is!
The little less,
and what worlds away"
All Persons interested in Phonetics are recommended to join the
INTERNATIONAL PHONETIC ASSOCIATION.
Subscription, 8s. per annum. Entrance fee, 45.
Members receive free of charge Le Maitre Phonétique, the official organ of the Association (Editor: P. Passy, 20 Madeleine, Bourg-la-Reine, Seine, France; Assistant Editor; D. JONES, University College, London, W.C. 1). New Members receive in return for the Entrance fee: The Principles of the I.P.A., What is Phonetics? by H. E. Palmer, and La Phonétique appliquée à l'Enseignement de la Lecture, by P. Passy.-List of other publications and prices and back numbers of Le Maître Phonétique (from 1889) on application.
AIR ROUTE MAP OF THE WORLD
Issued under the auspices of the Air League of the British Empire (Size 69 × 45 in. Printed in Full Colours.) This new and up-to-date map is exactly what is required for turning to educational use the keen interest which every girl and boy shows in the wonderful triumphs of aviation and in this great new means of transport and intercommunication. The main map (on which the British Empire is coloured in red) shows Air Routes of all countries of the world by different colours and symbols. An inset map illustrates the chief great Pioneer Flights.
COLLEGE of TECHNOLOGY East London College
B. MOUAT JONES, D.S.O., M.A. (Oxon.). UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER (Faculty of Technology)
DEGREE COURSES IN TECHNOLOGY
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (Prof. DEMPSTER SMITH,
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (Prof. MILES WALKER,
MUNICIPAL AND SANITARY ENGINEERING
(G. S. COLEMAN, D.Sc.Eng., A.M.Inst.C.E., A.M.Inst.M.,
APPLIED CHEMISTRY, including General Chemical
Prospectus will be forwarded free on application to the
REGISTRAR, College of Technology, Manchester.
(University of London, E. 1.)
Scottish Educational Journal :-"This is emphatically a book to be added to the school library and one that is not likely to remain long undisturbed."
THE LEGACY OF THE MIDDLE AGES
By C. G. Crump and E. F. Jacob. With 41 illustrations. IOS. net.
Outlook :-" Here is one more book on the medieval period-and it is perhaps the best of the lot."
ENGLISH WOMEN IN LIFE AND LETTERS
By M. Phillips and W. S. Tomkinson. With 175 illustrations. 7s. 6d. net. Library edition, in blue. cloth with gilt lettering. 8s. 6d. net.
New Statesman :-"One could wish that a copy of it might find its way to every school."
ENGLISH MEN AND MANNERS IN
A SOURCE BOOK OF WELSH HISTORY
By M. Salmon. With 5 illustrations. 7s. 6d. net. Schoolmaster:-"This book can certainly be recommended to teachers of history. It is a mine of information."
BUILDERS OF THE EMPIRE
By J. A. Williamson. With 52 illustrations. (The World's Manuals.') 2s. 6d. net.
Times: The Oxford Press is setting a new standard in textbooks. This volume is a model of its kind. . . . It exactly fulfils its purpose."
By J. A. R. Marriott. (The World's Manuals.') 2s. 6d. net.
Journal of Education:-" In a singularly felicitous manner Sir John Marriott combines in this little volume non-controversial history with non-party politics."
By D. H. Lawrence. maps. 4s. 6d. net.
With 94 illustrations and Library edition in blue cloth
OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS
AMEN HOUSE, LONDON, E.C. 4
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Work and Play Out of School
BY ERNEST MAJOR, Superintendent of Physical Training, Manchester Education Committee.
UT of school hours the Officers' Training Corps, Boy Scout Troop, or Girl Guide Company, supplement the splendid work done within the school walls in the training and formation of character. For many years membership of the O.T.C. has been an important part of the life of the public schoolboy. Apart from the fact that many of these boys enter the Army and therefore receive, whilst still at school, an excellent preliminary military training, the disciplinary and character-forming values of the O.T.C. are unquestionably great.
During recent years the growth of the Boy Scout Movement has been most remarkable, and in a large number of public and secondary schools scouting has been taken up with enthusiasm. Similarly in girls schools, Guide Companies have been formed and are providing healthy training and useful occupations for the leisure hour.
Whilst the training given in the O.T.C. and the Scout Troop is very different in method, both have a marked effect on the physique and character of the boy. In the past the O.T.C. was the only organization of its kind in the public schools, but now many schools have a Scout Troop in addition to the O.T.C. There is much to be said for this arrangement, for scouting provides healthy activities, games and practices which appeal to a boy, and which at the same time develop in him character, skill, and handicraft. Scouting utilizes his love of adventure, trains his observation, develops his body, and impresses upon him the importance of cleanliness, not only of body, but of mind. It inculcates obedience, loyalty to God, and helpfulness to others. Through the team spirit he is taught to subordinate himself for the good of others, to be self-reliant, loyal, and honourable, " to play up and play the game." Together with this valuable character training, he learns many occupations which provide him with useful and interesting hobbies.