Imágenes de página


No. 696.


JULY 1, 1927.



A cloth-bound Edition suitable for use in preparation for First and Second School Examinations. Introduction, notes, and other editorial matter are included in each volume.

LAMB Essays of Elia (First Series). 338 pages. 3s. Od. MACAULAY England in 1685 (Ch. III of History of England.) 176 pages. 2s. 6d. MACAULAY Essay on Addison. 146 pages. 2s. 3d. MILTON Paradise Lost, I and II, and Lycidas. 181 pages. 2s. 6d. POPE Rape of the Lock (also includes among other poems Essay on Criticism, Essay on Man, Epistle to Dr. Arbuthnot). 185 pages. 2s. 6d. TENNYSON Idylls of the King (including Coming of Arthur, Gareth, and Lynette, Lancelot and Elaine, Quest of the Holy Grail, and Passing of Arthur). 231 pages. 2s. 6d.




CORNEILLE Le Cid. 178 pages. 2s. 9d. HUGO Notre Dame de Paris. 446 pages. 5s. LA FAYETTE La Princesse de Clèves. 164 pages. 2s. 9d. MERIMÉE Colomba. 244 pages. 3s. 3d. MOLIÈRE L'Avare. 140 pages. 2s. 6d. MOLIÈRE Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme. 215 pages.





[blocks in formation]

2s. 9d.

MOLIÈRE Les Precieuses Ridicules. 238 pages. 3s. 3d. RACINE Andromaque. 172 pages. 2s. 9d.

[blocks in formation]


Prinz Friedrich von Homburg.

[blocks in formation]

ROBERTSON Correspondence between Goethe and Schiller. 259 pages. 4s. Od. SCHILLER Wilhelm Tell. 415 pages. 5s. Od. STORM Geschichten aus der Tonne. 139 pages. 3s. 6d.

Complete lists of English and modern language publications will be forwarded on application.

Books sent on approval to teachers.

GINN AND COMPANY LTD., 7 Queen Square, London, W.C.1


[blocks in formation]



A Guide to Literary Appreciation and Expression
By R. B. Morgan, M.A., M.Litt.,

and R. B. Lattimer, M.A.

A Course intended for the use of those who are preparing for Matriculation and the School Leaving Examinations. The questions included at the end of each chapter are drawn from a mass of material which has accumulated during many years of examining. 3s. 6d. THE GROUNDWORK OF ENGLISH By R. B. Morgan, M.A., M.Litt. An English Course on Modern Lines for Preparatory Schools and the Junior Forms of Secondary Schools. In Two Parts. 1s. 6d. each.

By R. B. Morgan, M.A., M.Litt.
Each year sees this wonderfully popular little book
more widely used. Probably the chief factors in its out-
standing success are that (being the work of a practical
teacher) it is written in the simplest of language, and takes
its examples from the literature with which nearly all
children are familiar.


This book can be used either independently or as a supplement to the " Junior English Grammar." 1s. 9d.

A SENIOR ENGLISH GRAMMAR By R. B. Morgan, M.A., M.Litt., and H. A. Treble, M.A.

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

JOHN MURRAY, Albemarle Street, LONDON, W. 1



The Approach to Painting. By T. BODKIN. (7s. 6d. net. Bell.)

There is one passage in this excellent book which may well serve as a summary of the author's outlook, and attitude to the philosophy of art. Referring to the enjoyment of the company of the Muses, he writes: "Undoubtedly, to know the Muses is to love them. But the road from knowledge to love is far longer and less pleasant to travel than is the road from love to knowledge."

The gulf between the public and the artist has never seemed wider than at the present time. Two phenomena claim our attention. The first is the widespread revolt among modern artists against the conception of pictorial art exemplified by the accredited masterpieces of the past; the second is the appearance of many books, like the present work, written to increase the public appreciation of the said works of the masters. These books have had a very definite and beneficial influence, judging by the really intelligent interest shown by the ever-increasing number of visitors to our great collections.

It is most puzzling to find that the gulf is widening between this great art-loving public and the modernist practitioner. The sad truth is that the young artist of to-day has preferred notoriety to sincerity. He has been encouraged in his decadence by a set of critics who have found that many modern journals ask for sensation rather than sanity. We, therefore, welcome this wholesome book, which is excellent among many good ones of its kind. It is likely to help the public to estimate at its true worth the vacuous word-spinning of much modernist criticism and it will help to a still wider understanding of true art.


The Elements of General Zoology: a Guide to the Study of Animal Biology, Correlating Function and Structure, with Notes on Practical Exercises. By Prof. W. J. DAKIN. (12s. 6d. net. Oxford University Press.) Prof. Dakin approaches his subject in a manner that differs from that of other writers of text-books on zoology. His desire is to make zoology more experimental, and to give greater attention to function than is generally found in such books. He also aims at emphasizing the fact that the characteristics (physiological) that are common to all animals are nevertheless achieved in many diverse ways. Following the introduction, Section I deals with Protozoa; and here the usual course is adopted of taking structure first, and then function; a number of excellent experiments, such as students can themselves perform with "Paramecium" and others, being included. The greater part of Section II, however, gives us a cart-before-the-horse feeling. Nutrition, respiration, blood-circulation, and other physiological processes are taken in turn, and the modes whereby these are accomplished in various animals described. References to structure are of course inevitable; but, in the absence of preliminary study of structure, many parenthetical explanations become necessary; and, we imagine, the students' conception of the mode of life of any one species of animal rather vague.

[ocr errors]


We find it, too, somewhat difficult to picture the student for whom this book is intended. It certainly is above the heads of first-year students; and yet it frequently stops short, on the plea of the elementary character of the book, of matter which would be acceptable to students in their second and third years.

In spite of these somewhat adverse criticisms we congratulate the author on having brought together a very full account of animal life in almost all its aspects; geographical distribution is the only thing that appears to have escaped his net. Teachers will find in this book a

wealth of matter whence to enrich their lessons; while the admirable series of experiments, many of which are physiologico-chemical in type, should go far to remove all suggestion of "mere dry hones" from the study of zoology.


An Economic History of Modern Britain: The Early Railway Age, 1820-1850. By Dr. J. H. CLAPHAM. (255. net. Cambridge University Press.)


Dr. J. H. Clapham, of Cambridge, the eminent disciple of Marshall and Cunningham (to whom jointly he dedicates this monumental volume) has produced a work which may properly be described as a Domesday survey of social and economic Britain during the thirty years, 1820-50. represents many years' exhaustive research, the first chapter, indeed, having been written so long ago as 1914. No one can examine the masses of information contained in the text, or explore the long lists of references given in the footnotes without realizing that Dr. Clapham has made use of every available source of knowledge, and that he has drawn upon his sources with masterly skill.

The period under review has been studied by many previous economic historians, as, for example, Engels and Marx, the Webbs and the Hammonds, Dr. Cunningham, Prof. Lilian Knowles, and Mr. C. R. Fay. But though all have done good work upon it, none has approached it with so complete an equipment of historical knowledge, scientific spirit, and philosophical insight. Dr. Clapham's researches supplement and fill in the sketches of Cunningham, Knowles, and Fay; they correct and confute the prejudiced and one-sided pictures presented by the socialistic propagandists.

The great outstanding fact which Dr. Clapham establishes with complete demonstration is the same as that which Miss Buer made clear in her recent book on the preceding period, viz. that throughout the process of the industrial revolution, the lot of the working man was not growing steadily worse, but, on the contrary, steadily better. The solid array of indisputable evidence by means of which Dr. Clapham proves his thesis is most impressive, while the quiet manner in which he lets his facts speak for themselves (with the aid of a few pungent comments in footnotes) conceals the completeness with which the legends disseminated by the Hammonds are dissipated.

Dr. Clapham's volume is divided into two parts. The first describes Britain-England, Wales, and Scotland—on the eve of the Railway Age. It portrays the face of the country; discusses the causes of the startling increase in the population, showing that the increase was due rather to the decline of the death-rate than to the rise of the birth-rate; describes the means of communication, especially roads and canals; examines the agricultural, industrial, commercial, and financial condition of the country, and concludes with an inquiry into the economic activities of the State. The second part treats of the Railway Age itself; depicts the making of the railways, and shows how the new means of communication affected every department of social and economic life.

This brief summary is quite inadequate even to indicate the wealth of information and the profusion of new views which Dr. Clapham's magnum opus provides. The volume will at once take its place as the standard work of reference for all who wish to know what really was the condition of Britain at the time when Cobbett rode, and Chartists raged, and Chadwick reported, and Communists rose in rebellion.

The Newdigate Prize Poem by Gertrude Eileen Trevelyan of Lady Margaret Hall (the first woman to win the prize) has been published by Basil Blackwell, Oxford.

Minor Notices and Books of the Month ENGLISH, POETRY AND DRAMA

The Writer's Craft: A Manual of English Composition for the Middle and Upper Forms of Secondary Schools. By R. W. JEPSON. (2S. Dent.)

The title is an apt description of the work undertaken in this book. From exercises on the use of the appropriate word the pupil is led on through sentence making and paragraph building to the construction of narratives. The need for clear visualisation is insisted upon throughout and the exercises are set out in such an alluring way that the reader has been intrigued into experimenting with a number of them. Pupils whose education in English is conducted on these lines are to be envied, and teachers may be confidently recommended to consider the adoption of this book for form use.

Young 'Un. By HUGH DE SELINCOURT. (7s. 6d. Methuen.)

To be admitted into Paul Gauvinier's confidence is a pleasant experience, and if this is not an actual autobiographical study, it is a remarkable tour de force. Paul is as real as young David Copperfield or young Paul Kelver, and to our satisfaction he remains young much longer, and we are not called upon to extend our interest to him as an adolescent and as an adult. For those of us who grew up in mid-Victorian days the book has an added delight in that it provides a recapitulation of our own childish memories. We know that nursery, those pleasantly aloof elder members of the household, those family jokes, and those family prayers. We too suffered the carefully concealed terrors of the early first days at school, and were thrown into that awful confusion by our family's discovery of our devotion to attractive female members of the school staff. At the same time it may be suspected that Paul's thoughts and his attitude towards the private self and the conventional herdself which appeared to most people are those of the developing child whatever the time of his upbringing. As such they will appeal to those for whom the actual period of the book holds no reminiscent charm.

(1) The Owls. By KATE SEXTY. Chambers.)


(Paper, 4d.

(2) Bushy-tail and Bright-eye a Squirrel Story. SEXTY. (Paper, 6d. Cloth, 9d. Chambers.)

Cloth, 7d. By KATE

(1) Well printed and well illustrated, this pretty story of the Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire, conveys much useful knowledge about the food and the ways of living of the various kinds of owl. (2) Does the same for the squirrel, but it has here and there traces of that human-sentimental attitude, absent altogether from (1), which so often mars the animal story. The Year's Work in English Studies. Vol. VI. 1925. Edited for the English Association by F. S. BOAS and C. H. HERFord. (7s. 6d. net. Oxford University Press.)

This enterprise, begun by the late Sir Sidney Lee, is one of the most valuable services rendered by the English Association, and much gratitude is due to the distinguished scholars who, year after year, contribute, without any remuneration, careful analyses and reviews of all important critical works that bear upon the English language and literature. The volume is not merely learned; it is also remarkably readable. Sir E. K. Chambers, Dr. A. W. Reed, Prof. Grierson, Prof. Edith Morley, and Mr. H. V. Routh are among the contributors.

(1) The Life and Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby. By CHARLES DICKENS. Abridged and Edited by CHRISTINA F. KNOX. (IS. 9d. Macmillan.)


(2) Peg Woffington. By CHARLES READE. (Is. 6d. net. Nelson.) Mrs. Knox has achieved the difficult task of presenting "Nicholas Nickleby" (1) in a continuous narrative of 183 pages without mutilating the sentences of the original or greatly impairing its gusto. Peg Woffington (2) is the first, but also one of the best, of Charles Reade's novels. It should not fall into oblivion, and a cheap reprint in clear type is very welcome. The Story of Fanny Burney: Being an Introduction to the Diary and Letters of Madame d'Arblay. By MURIEL MASEFIELD (Mrs. C. Masefield). (5s. net. Cambridge University Press.) Neither "Evelina nor The Diary and Letters of Madame d'Arblay might be thought to require an 'introduction," being so attractive in themselves. But they do not get in these days all the readers they deserve, and if this introduction will win them some more, it is to be welcomed. In any case, there is always room for a fresh book on a member of Dr. Johnson's circle when it is written as lightly and gracefully as this. Moreover it is beautifully produced and well illustrated.



[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]

Composition for Upper Classes. By E. J. S. LAY and ELLA BRAY. (2s. 3d. Macmillan.)

Intended for the upper classes of elementary schools, but quite suitable for continuation schools and the junior classes of secondary schools. It contains some very useful lists of Latin roots, words differently accented, words frequently mispronounced, words commonly confused, synonyms, &c.

An Introduction to Byron. Edited by G. N. Pocock. (Is. 4d· net. Dent.)

Kinglake's Eothen. Edited by H. G. SMITH. (Is. 6d. net. Dent.) Adventures Among Birds. By W. H. HUDSON. (IS. 4d. net. Dent.)


Admission to the Kings' Treasuries Series" stamps a book as at once of classic eminence and wide popularity, and that standard is certainly attained by these volumes. "Eothen


[ocr errors]


is a perennial favourite, and the present editor directs attention to its salient features. There is some cross-division in Mr. Pocock's Byron : Lord Byron the Poet" would surely apply to other sections as well as to the one that bears that heading. Avoidance of what some would deem the reprehensible is perhaps the only valid excuse for omitting quotations from The Vision of Judgment "'in illustration of the poet's satire. The subjects of these two volumes are probably better known than the delightful 'Adventures among Birds," by W. H. Hudson, the ornithologist. His adventures are totally unlike those of the sportsman and "the private collector," both of whom the author unweariedly denounces; but they were met with during long and patient observation of birds and their habits as disclosed in silent, remote places and often at uncanny hours. His book does not, indeed, give us the distilled quintessence of verse, but the writer is poet as well as naturalist. Lovers of Gilbert White and Izaak Walton will find in W. H. Hudson a good third, a remark which gives a true estimate of the character and quality of his book. (1) Delphos the Future of International Language. By E. SYLVIA PANKHURST. (2s. 6d. net. Kegan Paul.)

(2) Socrates or the Emancipation of Mankind. By H. F. CARLILL. (2s. 6d. net. Kegan Paul.)

(3) Lars Porsena, or The Future of Swearing and Improper Language. By R. GRAVES. (2s. 6d. net. Kegan Paul.) (4) Stentor, or the Press of To-day and To-morrow.

OCKHAM. (2s. 6d. net. Kegan Paul.)

By D.

(5) Rusticus, or The Future of the Countryside. By M. S. BRIGGS. (2s. 6d. net. Kegan Paul.)

(6) Apella, or The Future of the Jews. By a Quarterly Reviewer. (2s. 6d. net. Kegan Paul.)

(7) The Dance of Civa: Life's Unity and Rhythm. By COLLUM. (2s. 6d. net. Kegan Paul.)

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

At this late hour of the world's history no projector of a new series would easily establish a claim to have supplied a longfelt want." Perhaps no one consciously wanted the series entitled To-day and To-morrow till its ingenious promoters devised it. Be that as it may, success was immediate; but even more remarkable than that first success is the fertility in ideas shown in the choice of subjects for the later volumes which have followed in such rapid succession. Of the newest additions Delphos" (1) claims special notice as a survey of modern attempts at an international language; Stentor (4) for its exposure of the forces that tend to corrupt and degrade journalism; Rusticus" (5) for a clear diagnosis of the disease of the countryside and suggestions towards its recovery; and“ Apella (6) as a fascinating study of the future of Judaism.

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

The anecdotes of Hooker's meek behaviour under domestic trials to which his Xanthippe subjected him, sometimes given in text-books perhaps to counteract the ponderousness inseparable from notices of the Ecclesiastical Polity," have probably gone far to convey the charm associated with the author of The Compleat Angler." Walton's naturalness, his genius for anecdote, his chatty, if sometimes inaccurate, telling of incidents in his" Lives," make him one of our best biographers. This new issue of the " Lives is thus a specially welcome addition to The World's Classics." Prof. Saintsbury contributes an acceptable introduction, characteristic alike for its learning, insight, and style.

[ocr errors]

Sister Carrie. By T. DREISER. (7s. 6d. net. Constable.)


It is strange to reflect that the force of public opinion compelled the withdrawal of this book from circulation upon its first publication in America, and that only an abridged edition appeared in this country. To the modern mind the story appears restrained in treatment, and unlikely to offend even the most susceptible temperament. In this respect it differs considerably from the author's An American Tragedy," recently published. Carrie Meeber, young, inexperienced and attractive, arrives in Chicago in search of work. Like Clyde Griffiths in " An American Tragedy," she craves fine clothes and social status, but finds that these are unobtainable through the daily grind of manual labour. There follows an alliance with a travelling salesman, and later with a prosperous saloon manager. The account of the moral and physical deterioration of Hurstwood, the saloon manager, after he is deprived of fortune and position, and later deserted by Carrie, is a masterpiece of description, and displays Dreiser's powers of intense, poignant writing at their utmost. Dreiser's world is not an attractive one. His characters are neither noble nor inspiring; they are moved by no heroic impulses. The achievement of material pleasures and the satisfaction of physical desires are to them the be all and end all of existence. Their one great merit, however, is that they live. "Sister Carrie" is better written and more compactly constructed than "An American Tragedy," and will, we think, not disappoint those readers who appreciated the remarkable powers of the latter book.

A First Book of Historical Novelists. Edited by W. MACPHERSON. (2s. 6d. Bell.)

The author has made commendable efforts to produce a book which shall interest pupils of 12 to 14 in the work of historical novelists. Abridgments are not generally tolerable, but there is much to be said for these extracts from the works of Lord Lytton and Harrison Ainsworth. In the first case, Harold' and "The Last of the Barons" have been chosen, and in the


[ocr errors]

second, Windsor Castle," The Tower of London,' ""The Star Chamber," and "Old St. Paul's." Thus the book forms a companion to the history lessons. The thread of each novel is given and oral and written exercises are included.

1. The Field Readers. By W. T. FIeld. Book I (Cloth, 9d. ; Paper, 6d.). Book II (Cloth, 11d.; Paper, 8d.). Book III (Cloth, Is.; Paper, 9d.). Book IV (Cloth, Is. Id.; Paper, Iod.). Book V (Cloth, Is. 3d.; Paper, Is.). Book VI (Cloth, Is. 4d.; Paper, Is. Id.). Teachers' Manual. (2s. Ginn.)

2. Blackie's English-Study Readers. (First Reader, Is. 6d. Second Reader, 2s. Blackie.)

(1) These are on somewhat the same lines as the now widelyknown Beacon Readers, published by the same firm, and may be used independently, or, all the reading matter being new, as supplementary to the latter series. The aim constantly kept in view is to ensure intelligent and rapid reading, and, from the beginning, the sentences are short enough for children to be expected to take them in and read them as wholes, while the horizontal cardboard " markers, recommended on page 20 of the Teachers' Manual, should discourage the habit of pointing at each individual word. All infant teachers would do well to sample this promising new series. (2) Provided with questions and exercises at the end of each lesson, and with some pages of phonetically arranged "Word Studies" to complete the volumes, these well-printed Readers, with their pretty covers, deserve a wide success. Many of the illustrations, particularly those by Florence Harrison, are very attractive.

1. Cousin Timothy : a Story of Cavalier and Roundhead. By MARGARET B. REED. (2s. 3d. Arnold.)

2. The Middle Country: a Chinese Boy's Adventures in his Own Land. By OLIVIA PRICE. (2s. Harrap.)

(1) Though nowhere very thrilling, unless, perhaps, when the hero descends by way of the cliff into the besieged castle, the interest of this story of Cavalier and Roundhead is nevertheless well kept up, and the author is careful to maintain an even balance between the points of view of the opposing parties. (2) Has the same note of tolerance and sympathy. The hero, a boy of 10, belongs to a poor family in the country where he shares the daily labours of the household. Then, adopted by a rich uncle, he goes to live in a city, takes part in many festivals, including that of his own betrothal, and visits some of the famous monuments of China. This change of scene enables the writer to describe customs and ways of living in both town and country-altogether a pleasant means of making children acquainted with the geography and history of a foreign land.

Fables from Aesop and Others. (10d. Blackie.)

The language of this translation, made by an Englishman of the seventeenth century, is a delight-colloquial, but how terse, neat and vigorous! The morals of the fables are omitted, which will not be accounted a loss by youthful, if, indeed, by any


The Heart of Emerson's Journals. Edited by B. PERRY. (7s. 6d. net. Constable).

The lover of Emerson will resort to the full ten-volume edition of his "Journals," which appeared in 1909-14. For those whose time or interest is limited, this volume of selections may well prove a treasure. Many readers who are not attracted by the style of the finished "Essays," or who miss in them the sustained reasoning that they expected, will gain satisfaction from the freshness and charm of the original jottings that preceded the "Essays." It is always possible to find fault with selections and anthologies, but in this instance the editor has surely performed his task well.

Musa: Son of Egypt. By Mary Entwistle. (2s. Edinburgh House Press.)

This is an attractive little story for children at home or in Sunday school, and is charmingly illustrated.

The Man-Eaters of Tsavo. By Lt.-Colonel J. H. PATTERSON. Abridged Edition. (2s. Macmillan.)

In forty-one lessons is given a series of hair-raising adventures with lions, which the author underwent in 1898, while surveying for a section of the Uganda railway. The subject matter and the style of the author, to say nothing of the illustrations, are bound to prove attractive to young folks; and teachers will value the suggestive exercises that follow each section.


The Adventures of Deerslayer. Adapted from J. Fenimore Cooper's Deerslayer." By MARGARET N. HAIGHT. (IS. 9d. Harrap.)

The Diary of Mr. Pepys. Abridged and Edited by H. A. Treble. (2s. 6d. Harrap.)

Companionable Books. Series I. By Prof. G. GORDON. (2s. 6d. net. Chatto & Windus.)

Women of the Classics. By MARY E. STURGEON. New Edition. (2s. 6d. Harrap.)

In the Days of the Guilds. By L. LAMPREY. New Edition. (2s. 6d. Harrap.)

Graduated Exercises in English Grammar and Composition. By E. M. PALSER and R. T. LEWIS. (IS. Harrap.)

Junior Test Papers in English: For the Use of Pupils Preparing for Lower Certificate, County Scholarship, Oxford and Cambridge Locals, College of Preceptors, and Similar Examinations in the Junior Grade. By F. W. ROBINSON. (IS. 3d. Pitman.)

Rob Roy. By Sir WALTER SCOTT. (2s. Blackie.)
School Certificate Composition: Containing the Essentials of
English Composition. By A. E. ROBERTS. (IS. 6d. Russell.)
Spelling Preparation for Middle Forms. By A. A. HUGHES.
(IS. Longmans.)

Dictation for Middle Forms. By A. A. HUGHES. (2s. Longmans.) Tales from Dickens. Selected by J. WALKER MCSPADDEN. (1s. 6d. Harrap.)

The Phrase Readers for Infants and Juniors. By ED. J. S. LAY and E. MARY JONES. Books I, II, and III. (Is. 6d. each. Macmillan.)

Out in the Glare: A Cricket Story. By G. A. TERRILL. (2s. 6d. net. Chambers.)

Reading and Thinking. Edited by Dr. R. WILSON. Book IV. (2s. 3d. Nelson.)

Old Celtic Tales. By E. M. WILMOT-BUXTON. (Is. 6d. Harrap.) Jane Eyre. By CHARLOTTE BRONTË. (5s. net. New York: Macmillan.)

Gerard and Margaret.

Taken from the Novel entitled "The Cloister and The Hearth." By C. READE. (IS. Nelson.) Dotheboys Hall. Taken from the Novel entitled Nicholas Nickleby." By C. DICKENS. (Is. Nelson.)

Amyas and Ayacanora. Taken from the Novel entitled "Westward Ho! By C. KINGSLEY. (IS. Nelson.)

A Book of Ruskin. Compiled and Edited by E. M. HEWETSON. (IS. 9d. Nelson.)


The Defence of Ely. Taken from the Novel entitled
the Wake." By C. KINGSLEY. (IS. Nelson.)
Tourney and Siege. Taken from the Novel entitled " Ivanhoe."
By Sir W. SCOTT. (IS. Nelson.)


The Wellers. Taken from the Novel entitled I The Pickwick Papers." By C. DICKENS. (Is. Nelson.)

The Fables of Aesop. Selected, Told Anew, and their History Traced by J. JACOBS. (5s. net. New York: Macmillan.)

« AnteriorContinuar »