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The Chelsea Seer.

THE silver snows and winter moons depart;

A warm spring wind wails in the empty wold,

Whilst great in death he lieth still and cold-
The hero worshipper, heroic heart,
Carlylewhose word struck home a deathless dart

Of grim prophetic truth, whose life is told

Among the stars ; sage of poetic mould, Thy fame shall live till earth and heaven part.

Mute mouth, death-sealed, that breathes no human breath,

Speak to us ever from that silent shore.
Eyes mortal, that are closed for evermore,

Immortal shine on heroes yet unborn;
Soul, that hath pierced the realms disclosed by death,

Be ever with us till th' eternal morn.


Burlingtou Babble.

An American copyright! The El Dorado of popular English authors at last! But is it so ? There are at least two objectionable clauses, one as to time limitation, which will exclude the more solid works from participating in the benefits proposed, and the other will practically hand over the manufacture of books to American publishers. This latter clause,

. and the suggestion, or rather concession, of the Board of Trade that American reprints may be imported here, are very unfair, alike to authors and publishers. The largest sum Miss Braddon ever obtained from an American publishing firm was £150 for a novel; and Mr George Augustus Sala was offered the magnificent sum of £5 by Messrs. Harper, for the right of re-publishing his American letters! We know of a popular novelist who was not so fortunate as Mr. Sala, as she got nothing for her last novel, which found a large sale in this country, and which she published for herself; but £150 each were, I think I am correct in saying, obtained for her first two novels by the publisher who bought the copyrights. Three well-known American firms wrote her saying that her great popularity in America was much against her (which, without explanation, seems paradoxical), because within a week a reprint at a few cents would deprive the purchaser of the American right of any substantial benefit. This may be so; but then why were the previous payments made ? The unpleasant, and let me hope incorrect, thought suggests itself, that the fact of the new novel being a private venture had become known across the ditch, and then the laugh at the impudent author who dared to publish for herself came in. Can there be trades-unionism in these matters? It looks very like it, and especially when coupled with the fact that the older circulating libraries scarcely ever take as many copies of a private venture as when the work is produced by a well-known publishing firm.


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So unabashed is Canadian literary piracy, that a Toronto paper in cordially welcoming THE BURLINGTON, suggested "that it would well repay some enterprising firm to reprint so excellent and cheap a publication."

The Grosvenor Gallery is, as everyone knows, a success, and the library is rapidly becoming one. The club privileges are of course a great advantage to town subscribers, and also to those who come to London for the season. Should the directors persist in their present course of supplying books on application, or as speedily thereafter as possible, there cannot be a doubt that the library will soon be, as a great success, un fait accompli. There is no vexatious and self-constituted press censorship here, the directors being fully alive to the fact that subscribers give their money in order to be supplied with whatever they choose to read. This healthy competition with Mudie's excellent library cannot but be beneficial.

Not in France, but in America they do, or talk about doing, these things better, or on a larger scale, than we do. The project for the submarine railway between England and France is totally eclipsed by Edison's idea to connect Liverpool and New York by an aërial service, and by the more recent idea of joining them by a submarine railway. The trifling cost of £160,000,000 sterling will be necessary to sink, in sections, to the bottom of the sea, a huge tube thirty feet in diameter, and this must be eighteen inches thick, so as to resist the pressure of the ocean. In this the rails would be laid, and Edison will construct an electric engine which would accomplish the journey in two days. Divers will, of course, be necessary to join together the various sections of the tube ; but this is a mere detail, and so is the money! Verily, the Americans are a go-a-head people, and the word impossible is not in their dictionary.

The American faster, Dr. Tanner, may retire to the rear. Poor Mrs. Lockwood, of Upper Orwell Street, Ipswich, lives without taking food of any kind. Her fast has been an enforced one of between two and three years' duration, while the Yankee's was a voluntary (if genuine) one of less than six weeks. She was twice an inmate of the East Suffolk Hospital, and was discharged as incurable. From that time her taste for food has steadily decreased, and for the last two years she has not eaten a piece of bread. Until three months ago she is said to have subsisted entirely on small portions of the hard-boiled yolk of an egg, at the rate of less than an egg a fortnight. The aggregate weight of the solid food eaten during 1880 would not amount


to more than a pound. Previously, life was sustained on a boiled potato. Only a few drops of weak tea, with which she moistens her mouth, have sufficed to sustain her since last September. Early last year she refused her usual piece of egg for several days, and was thought to be dying, her eyes remaining closed, and her breathing having apparently ceased. Her friends were, however, able to detect her breath on a glass. She remained in this comatose state for nine days, and since then she has been in a similar condition for more than a fortnight at

She faints at the least excitement, and does not regain her normal state for hours, or even days, The only sound that escapes her is a deep sigh, which calls attention to herself, but she appears to possess her mental faculties. The medical opinion is that Mrs. Lockwood is suffering from brain-pressure, as at times she endures great pain in the region of the right temple. She appears to be able to think and act, as far as her strength permits her, in an intelligent manner. The prolongation of life in her case is an extraordinary occurrence, and deserves the serious attention and investigation of physiologists and medical men. I recollect a case of catalepsy, in which life was sustained for three months on the smallest quantity of liquid food. The sufferer was a woman of thirty-five, and she finally recovered.

The Squire, a magazine for country gentlemen, has issued three numbers, all of them excellent. Its get-up is very good, and its illustrations admirable. Under the able conduct of Morgan Evans, the Squire should prove a formidable rival to Baily's Magazine.

Have you heard of posting proofs—the system which is to help to make the penny postage scheme more perfect, and to enable the public to be more accurate in their dealings with the Post-office, and with each other?

By a simple arrangement, anyone who desires it may obtain, at a very trifling cost, the knowledge that a letter, parcel, telegram, or, in fact, anything handed in at a post-office, has really been posted.

Small books, ready impressed with a farthing stamp on each slip, and in other respects somewhat resembling bankers' cheque-books, are to be purchased by the public, and on filling in the name and address of any letter, &c., in the book, tearing

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it out (the cheque, as it were) and sending it with the letter to be posted, the clerk will, before returning it to the messenger, stamp it at one blow with the name of the office and the day and hour it was posted : thus affording positive proof as against all the presumptive and, consequently, doubtful evidence in the world that such and such a letter, or whatever it may be, was handed in at a post-office. The fact thus obtained at so small a cost is both comforting and assuring, and it is needless to refer to the legion of instances where its utility would be unquestioned.

Carelessness, dishonesty, dispute, especially in courts of law, would be minimised, if not entirely put an end to, and the Government would be gainers both with regard to increased revenue (estimated, when fully established, at £200,000 per annum), and diminished expenditure in the missing letter department, which latter would also be relieved of much unpleasant complaints not properly due to it.

Mr. A. Clifford-Eskell has been urging Government for many years to give his plan a fair trial, offering to place £10,000 at the disposal of the Post-office as a guarantee of the first year's receipts, and now that the Administration have undertaken a preliminary trial at Glasgow, it is to be deeply regretted that they should have deviated so materially from the essential elements of success relied upon by the inventor, who says that a farthing for each acknowledgment is more than enough to cover the expense of working, and that to charge a halfpenny is not only making the scheme prohibitive, but in contrast to the labour, time, attention, and anxiety bestowed on the collection, despatch, and delivery of letters, post-cards, &c., is overweighting it beyond reason, and rendering it objectionable to all thinking minds. The public will decline to pay at the rate of 50 or 100 per cent. of their postage only to know that their letters, &c., have been duly handed in at an office. Even if the system did not prove remunerative, which is next to impossible, it would only be like some other departments of the Post-office, and should be carried on for the convenience of the public. Then, again, the forms now issued are inconvenient and illadapted to general requirements; and, finally, telegrams, as part of the same system (for which receipts at 2d. each are rarely demanded), are excluded altogether. It cannot, therefore, be said that the plan is being carried out in its integrity, or in a manner likely to attract the consideration of the public to anything like the extent expected, and a scheme of such general

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