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Thou, whose exterior semblance doth belie
Thy Soul's immensity;
Thou best Philosopher, who yet dost keep
Thy heritage, thou Eye among the blind,
That, deaf and silent, read'st the eternal deep,
Haunted for ever by the eternal mind,-
Mighty Prophet! Seer blest!
On whom those truths do rest,
Which we are toiling all our lives to find,
In darkness lost, the darkness of the grave;
Thou, over whom thy Immortality
Broods like the Day, a Master o’er a Slave,
A Presence which is not to be put by;
Thou little Child, yet glorious in the might
Of heaven-born freedom on thy being's height,
Why with such earnest pains dost thou provoke
The years to bring the inevitable yoke,
Thus blindly with thy blessedness at strife?
Full soon thy Soul shall have her earthly freight,
And custom lie upon thee with a weight,
Heavy as frost, and deep almost as life!



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O joy! that in our embers Is something that doth live, That nature yet remembers What was so fugitivel The thought of our past years in me doth breed Perpetual benediction; not indeed For that which is most worthy to be blest— Delight and liberty, the simple creed Of Childhood, whether busy or at rest, With new-fledged hope still fluttering in his breast:— Not for these I raise The song of thanks and praise; But for those obstinate questionings Of sense and outward things, Fallings from us, vanishings; Blank misgivings of a Creature Moving about in worlds not realized, High instincts before which our mortal Nature Did tremble like a guilty Thing surprised: But for those first affections, Those shadowy recollections, Which, be they what they may, Are yet the fountain light of all our day, Are yet a master light of all our seeing; Uphold us, cherish, and have power to make Our noisy years seem moments in the being Of the eternal Silence: truths that wake, To perish never; Which neither listlessness, nor mad endeavour, Nor Man nor Boy, Nor all that is at enmity with joy, Can utterly abolish or destroy!





Hence in a season of calm weather Though inland far we be, Our Souls have sight of that immortal sea Which brought us hither, Can in a moment travel thither, And see the Children sport upon the shore, And hear the mighty waters rolling evermore.

X Then sing, ye Birds, sing, sing a joyous song! And let the young Lambs bound 170 As to the tabor's sound! We in thought will join your throng, Ye that pipe and ye that play, Ye that through your hearts to-day Feel the gladness of the May! What though the radiance which was once so bright Be now forever taken from my sight, Though nothing can bring back the hour Of splendour in the grass, of glory in the flower; We will grieve not, rather find 180 Strength in what remains behind; In the primal sympathy Which having been must ever be; In the soothing thoughts that spring Out of human suffering; In the faith that looks through death, In years that bring the philosophic mind.


And O, ye Fountains, Meadows, Hills, and

Groves, Forebode not any severing of our loves! Yet in my heart of hearts I feel your might; I only have relinquished one delight 191 To live beneath your more habitual sway. I love the Brooks which down their channels

fret, Even more than when I tripped lightly as they; The innocent brightness of a new-born Day

Is lovely yet;

The Clouds that gather round the setting sun
Do take a sober colouring from an eye
That hath kept watch o'er man's mortality;
Another race hath been, and other palms are

Won. 200 Thanks to the human heart by which we live, Thanks to its tenderness, its joys, and fears,

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This City now doth, like a garment, wear
The beauty of the morning; silent, bare,
Ships, towers, domes, theatres and temples lie
Open unto the fields, and to the sky;
All bright and glittering in the smokeless air.
Never did sun more beautifully steep
In his first splendour, valley, rock, or hill;
Ne'er saw I, never felt, a calm so deep!
The river glideth at his own sweet will:
Dear God! the very houses seem asleep;
And all that mighty heart is lying still !


It is a beauteous evening, calm and free,
The holy time is quiet as a Nun
Breathless with adoration; the broad sun
Is sinking down in its tranquillity;
The gentleness of heaven broods o'er the Sea:
Listen! the mighty Being is awake,
And doth with his eternal motion make
A sound like thunder—everlastingly.
Dear Child!1 dear Girl! that walkest with me
If thou appear untouched by solemn thought,
Thy nature is not therefore less divine:
Thou liest in Abraham's bosom? all the year;
And worship'st at the Temple's inner shrine,
God being with thee when we know it not.


Once did She hold the gorgeous east in fee;
And was the safeguard of the west: the worth
Of Venice did not fall below her birth,
Venice, the eldest Child of Liberty.
She was a maiden City, bright and free;
No guile seduced, no force could violate;
And when she took unto herself a Mate,
She must espouse the everlasting Sea.f
And what if she had seen those glories fade,
Those titles vanish, and that strength decay;
Yet shall some tribute of regret be paid
When her long life hath reached its final day:
Men are we, and must grieve when even the
Of that which once was great, is passed away.

LONDON, 1802:

Milton' thou should'st be living at this hour:
England hath need of thee; she is a fen
Of stagnant waters: altar, sword, and pen,
Fireside, the heroic wealth of hall and bower,
Have forfeited their ancient English dower
Of inward happiness. We are selfish men;
Oh! raise us up, return to us again;
And give us manners, virtue, freedom, power.
Thy soul was like a Star, and dwelt apart:
Thou hadst a voice whose sound was like the
Pure as the naked heavens, majestic, free,
So didst thou travel on life's common way,
In cheerful godliness; and yet thy heart
The lowliest duties on herself did lay.


The world is too much with us; late and soon,
Getting and spending, we lay waste our powers:
Little we see in Nature that is ours;
We have given our hearts away, a sordid boon!
The Sea that bares her bosom to the moon;
The winds that will be howling at all hours,
And are up-gathered now like sleeping flowers;
For this, for everything, we are out of tune;
It moves us not.—Great God! I’d rather be
A Pagan suckled in a creed outworn;
So might I, standing on this pleasant lea,
Have glimpses that would make me less forlorn;
Have sight of Proteus rising from the sea;
Or hear old Triton blow his wreathéd horn.


I thought of Thee, my partner and my guide,
As being past away.—Wain sympathies!
For, backward, Duddon, as I cast my eyes,
I see what was, and is, and will abide;
Still glides the Stream, and shall forever glide;
The Form remains, the Function never dies;
While we, the brave, the mighty, and the wise,
We Men, who in our morn of youth defied
The elements, must vanish;—be it so !
Enough, if something from our hands have
To live, and act, and serve the future hour;
And if, as toward the silent tomb we go,
Through love, through hope, and faith's tran-
scendent dower,
We feel that we are greater than we know.

1 Wordsworth's sister, Dorothy. 2 See Luke xvi, 22.

* Venice threw off the yoke of the Eastern Empire as early as 809 and remained a republic or an oligarchy until , conquered by Napoleon in 1797. At one time she had extensive possessions and colonies in the Levant.

t The ancient Doges annually, on Ascension Day. threw a ring into the Adriatic in formal #. of this espousal, or of perpetual dominion.

f Written in despondency over the inert attitude of England toward the ho and ideals of the revolutionists and the opponents of Napoleon.

§ The conclusion of a series of sonnets to the

river Duddon.

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But oh! that deep romantic chasm which
Down the green hill athwart a cedarn cover!
A savage place! as holy and enchanted
As e'er beneath a waning moon was haunted
By woman wailing for her demon-lover!
And from this chasm, with ceaseless turmoil
As if this earth in fast thick pants were
A mighty fountain momently was forced:
Amid whose swift half-intermitted burst
Huge fragments vaulted like rebounding hail,
Or chaffy grain beneath the thresher's flail:
And 'mid these dancing rocks at once and ever
It flung up momently the sacred river.
Five miles meandering with a mazy motion
Through wood and dale the sacred river ran,
Then reached the caverns measureless to man,
And sank in tumult to a lifeless ocean:
And 'mid this tumult Kubla heard from far
Ancestral voices prophesying war!


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f From the publication, in 1798, of the Lyrical Ballads, the joint production of Coleridge and Wordsworth. may be dated very definitely the recognition of the new spirit in English literature which is commonly spoken of as the Romantic Revival. See Eng. Lit., pp. 232-235. Coleridge, in the fourteenth chapter of his Biographia Literaria, writes of the occasion of the Lyrical Ballads as follows:

“During the first year that Mr. Wordsworth and I were neighbours, our conversations turned frequently on the two cardinal points of poetry, the power of exciting the sympathy of the reader by a faithful adherence to the truth of nature, and the power of giving the interest of novelty, by the modifying colours of the imagination. The sudden charm, which accidents of light and shade, which moonlight or sunset, diffused over a known and familiar landscape, appeared to represent the practicability of combining both. These are , the poetry of nature. The thought suggested itself (to which of us I do not recollect) that a series of poems might be composed of two sorts. In the one, the incidents and agents were to be. in part at least, supernatural ; and, the excellence aimed at was to consist in the interesting of the affections by the dramatic truth of such emotions as would naturally accompany, such situations, supposing them real. And real in this sense they have been to every human being who, from whatever source of delusion, has at any time believed

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himself under supernatural agency. For the
second class, subjects were to be chosen from
ordinary life; the characters and incidents were
to be such as will be found in every village and
its vicinity where there is a meditative and feel-
ing mind to seek after them, or to notice them
when they present themselves.
“In this idea originated the plan of the Lyrical
Ballads ; in which it was agreed that my en-
deavours should be directed to persons and char-
acters supernatural, or at least romantic; yet so
as to transfer from our inward nature a human
interest and a semblance of truth sufficient to
procure for these shadows of imagination that
willing suspension of disbelief for the moment,
which constitutes poetic faith. Mr. Wordsworth,
on the other hand, was to propose to himself as
his object, to give the charm of novelty to things
of every day, and to excite a feeling analogous to
the supernatural, by awakening the mind's atten-
tion from the lethargy of custom, and directing it
to the loveliness and the wonders of the world
before us ; an inexhaustible treasure, but for
which, in consequence of the film of familiarity
and selfish solicitude, we have eyes, yet see not
ears that hear not and hearts that neither feei
nor understand. With this view I wrote The
Ancient Mariner.”
The poem is here given in the revised text of 1829.
As first printed in the Lyrical Ballads, the
diction and follo; were considerably more

archaic, as the Argument, which was not retained in the later edition, shows. Wordsworth gives the following information :

“Much the greatest part of the story was Mr. Coleridge's invention, but certain parts I suggested ; for example, some crime was to be committed which should bring upon the Old Navigator, as Coleridge afterward delighted to call him, the spectral persecution, as a consequence of that crime and his own wanderings. had been reading in Shelvocke's Voyages a day or two before, that, while doubling Cape Horn, they frequently saw albatrosses in that latitude, the largest sort of sea-fowl, some extending their wings twelve or thirteen feet. “Suppose," said I, ‘you represent him as having killed one of these birds on entering , the South Sea, and that the tutelary spirits of these re#o take upon them to avenge the crime.” he incident was thought fit for the purpose .” Wordsworth also espe

“The ship was cheered, the harbour cleared,
Merrily did we drop
Below the kirk, below the hill,
Below the lighthouse top.

The sun came up upon the left,
Out of the sea came hel
And he shone bright, and on the right
Went down into the sea.

Higher and higher every day,

Till over the mast at noon—” 30
The Wedding-Guest here beat his breast,
For he heard the loud bassoon.
The bride hath paced into the hall,
Red as a rose is she;
Nodding their heads before her goes
The merry minstrelsy.
The Wedding-Guest he beat his breast,
Yet he cannot choose but hear;
And thus spake on that ancient man,
The bright-eyed Mariner. 40
“And now the Storm-blast came, and he
Was tyrannous and strong:
He struck with his o'ertaking wings,
And chased us south along.
With sloping masts and dipping prow,
As who pursued with yell and blow
Still treads the shadow of his foe,
And forward bends his head,
The ship drove fast, loud roared the blast,
And southward aye we fled. 50

And now there came both mist and snow,
And it grew wondrous cold:
And ice, mast-high, came floating by,
As green as emerald.

And through the drifts the snowy clifts
Did send a dismal sheen:
Nor shapes of men nor beasts we ken—
The ice was all between.

and adopted accordingly
furnished several lines of the poem,
cially 15-16, 226-227.

1 at once

13-21. The Wedding-Guest eye of , the old seafaring man, hear his tale. 21-30. The Mariner tells how the shi Southward with a good wind and fair weat it reached the line. $31-40. The Wedding Guest heareth the bridal music : but the Mariner continueth his tale. 41-50. . The ship driven by a storm toward the South pole. 51-62. The land of ice, where no living thing was

is spell-bound by the and constrained to

Sailed er, till

and of fearful sounds, to be seen.

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63-70. Till a

reat sea bird, called the Albatross, came throug

the snow-fog, and was received with great joy and hospitality. 71-78. And lo! the Albatross proveth a bird of good omen, and followeth the ship as it returned northward through fog and floating ice. 79-82. The ancient Mariner inhospitably killeth the pious hird of good omen. 83-96. His shipmates cry out against the , ancient Mariner, for killing the bird of good luck. 97-102. But when the fog cleared off, they justify the same, , and thus make themselves accomplices in the crime. 103-106. The fair breeze continues: the ship enters the Pacific Ocean, and sails northward, even till it reaches the Line. 2 swoon. dream 8 “The marineres gave it biscuit-worms” (1798 ed.) 4 nine evenings

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