The Prosody of Mandarin Chinese
University of California Press, 1 ene 1990 - 95 páginas
Through acoustic analysis of Mandarin Chinese intonation, the author finds that the intonation baseline moves up when intonation is shifted from assertive to interrogative; therefore, two baselines and two intonation layers must be reckoned with. Sentence intonation affects the tonal values and the tonal shapes of intrinsic lexical tones, though not beyond recognition. Tonal changes prove to be closely related to sentence intonation, which is superimposed simultaneously onto the utterance as a whole. The author's findings support the position of the movability of the intonation baseline and rectify some widely spread traditional claims concerning Mandarin Chinese prosody.
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3rd tone according acoustic analysis assertive Average basic Chao Chinese consists context contour contrastive curve duration effect ending point environment evidence exists falling falling ending falling tone Figure final Fo differences Fo values function fundamental frequency Group higher highest peak indentured laborer clean indicated interrogative intonation patterns language Lão lexical tones lines linguistic listeners lower mapping mean méi msec neutral tone occurs officer buy sake old senior officer overall particle phonetic phonological phrase pitch level pitch movement position preceding Tone prediction prominence question intonation range reduced rising tone senior officer buy sentence intonation sentence-final sentence-initial shape shows signal speaker speech starting point statement stress succession syllable Table takes terminal tonal change tonal value tone and intonation tone sandhi Tseng Tune Type unstressed upward utterance values in Hz various whole