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EXAMINATION OF ST. MATTHEW.
( Continued from page 265)
We will next examine the 13th, 14th, 15th, and 16th verses of the IVth chapter, where it is thus recorded :—
"And leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the sea-coast, in the border of Zabulon and Nephthalim; that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying, The land of Zabulon, and the land of Naphthalim, by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles: The people which sat in darkness, saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death, light is sprung up."
If there is any meaning in language, the ideas here conveyed are, that Jesus took up his dwelling in the town of Capernaum, which is situate by the sea, with the intention, and for the purpose of fulfilling what the prophet Isaiah said he should do: that the prophet Isaiah intended Jesus of Nazareth as the light: that he meant and intended Capernaum, when he said, "The people which sat in darkness, saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death, light is sprung up."
Capernaum was situate on the sea of Galilee, west of Jordan, Zabulon, and Naphthali, on the Mediterranean, and neither o. them beyond Jordan: how then could Jesus's residing in Capernaum be said to have fulfilled the words of Isaiah? Did Jesus choose this spot because it was near to the borders of Zabulon, and Naphthalim, and as near as possible to the country on the other side, (beyond, oreastof Jordan ?) and did the prophet say he should do so? Is not the whole merely an accommodation, and not at all a fulfilling of what was said by the prophet? Is the prophet Isaiah fairly quoted by the writer of St. Matthew? Is it not rather a wicked duplicity and perversion of the words of the prophet? which are these:
"And they shall look unto the earth; and behold trouble and darkness, dimness of anguish ; and they shall be driven to darkness.
voj„ it. 6
Nevertheless the dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation, when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulon, and the land of Naphthali, and afterward did more grievously afflict her by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, in Galilee of the nations. The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined.'"
Matthew begins his quotation not only in the middle of a subject, in the middle of a verse, in the middle of a sentence, but even in the middle of a member of a sentence: and then how does he quote? He leaves out—" and afterward did more grievously afflict her." The prophet says, " Walked in darkness :" St. Matthew has it—" Sat in darkness." The prophet wrote,—" has the light shined." St. Matthew quotes,—" Light has sprnng up." Does truth require such doings? Is not this witnessing the prophet said what in reality he never did say? neither did he intend any thing like it.
What does Isaiah say? and what does he mean? The history runs thus:—" In the three and twentieth year of Joash, the son of Ahaziah, king of Judah, (which answers to the first year of Jehoahaz, the son of Jehu, king of Israel) the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel, and he delivered them into the hands of Hazael, king of Syria, and into the hands of Benhadad, the son of Hazael, all their days; And Jehoahaz besought the Lord, and the Lord hearkened unto him, for he saw the oppression of Israel, because the king of Syria oppressed them: and the Lord gave Israel a saviour, so that they went out from under the hand of the Syrians. And the children of Israel dwelt in their tents aS aforetime." II Kings, xiii. 3. This is the light affliction of the land of Zebulon, and the land of Naphthali.
Again.—II. Kings, xv. 29. "In the days of Pekah, king of Israel, came Tiglath-Pulasir, king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abelethmaachah,and Janoah, andKedesh, andHazor,and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphthali, and carried them captive to Assyria. This was a more grievous affliction. History of the trouble, darkness, and dimness, foretold by Isaiah. II. Kings, xviii. 13. "Now in the fourteenth year of king Hezekiah, did Sonecharib, king of Assyria, come up against all the defenced cities of Judah, and took them; and Hezekiah, king of Judah, sent to the kingjof Assyria^to Lachish, saying, I have offended ; return from me: that which thou puttest on me, I will bear. And the king of Assyria appointed unto Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents of silver, and thirty talents of gold." But after receiving all this treasure, he (Senecharib) was not content, but sent his army and beseiged Jerusalem, while he was at Lachish.— This was the trouble, darkness, and dimness.
Now for the Great Light. History. II Kings, xix. 35.—"And it came to pass that night, that the angel of the Lord went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand; and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses. So Senecharib, king of Assyria, departed and went and returned and dwelt at Nineveh."' This was truly a great light to those who dwelt in Israel and Judah; for their enemy was destroyed, and they freed; and even for those of Israel who were taken captive into Nineveh, the land of the shadow of death, did the light shine. This is what Isaiah was speaking of, and this was his prophecy, and so was it fulfilled 5n his own time: and therefore it has not the leastdistant allusion to Jesus of Nazareth.
Where was Zabulon and Naphthali in his time? There was no such a tribe or people known to exist: they had ceased to be known as tribes when Ephraim ceased to be a people; seven hundred years before Jesus of Nazareth is said to have lived in Capernaum. This prophecy never can apply to him, or to Capernaum. The position taken by St. Matthew is indefensible,
neither does any ian of information undertake to defend it.
They call it accommodation, while we think it an abominable perversion.
From Bell's Weekly Messenger, Dec. 27.
Spanish And Portuguese Hebrew Charity School, InstiTuted 1821, Foreducating, clothing, and apprenticing the sons of indigent and deceased persons.
The first dinner, for the benefit of the above truly excellent rharity, took place at the city of London tavern, Bishopsgatestreet, on Wednesday the 17th December. The chairman, Moses Mocatta, Esq. in a very able and impressive speech, described the utility and many advantages of this institution; stating that 76 boys were clothed and educated, and on quitting the school were apprenticed out to different trades. An Hebrew Hymn was chanted by the boys; after which one of the youngest, only 9 years of age, recited an English ode composed for the occasion.
The table was furnished under the direction of the stewards, in the most hospitable manner. Several distinguished noblemen honoured them with their company.
The company separated at a late hour, expressing themselves, highly delighted with their entertainment.
Independent of a great many new annual subscriptions, the sum collected amounted to 1152/. equal to .$•5114,88 cents.
TO CORRESPONDENTS. M. A. Having read No. 1 of the first volume of The Jew, had many questions to ask, and which he, no doubt, thinks unanswerable. Should he read what has been published, he would not pot such questions as are stated in his communication. I must apply to him a favourite saying of the Rev. Samuel H. Cox.— "If men do not know, and will not learn, they can never feel as they ought on any theme, much less on this."
Israel's Advocate, vol. I. p. 97.
Correspondents, who put questions to the Editor, must wait patiently, until the subject naturally produces its answer. We dare not leave our generally approved plan, and be led desultorily by the whim of any.
"Thoughts on Predestination," is under consideration.
"Isaiah's Message to the American Nation," is proposed to be considered in our next.
(£/* In consequence of the removal of the Printing Office of Messrs. Johnstone St Van Norden, the issuing of this number has been retarded.
Published by LEWIS EMANUEL, 265 Broadway. Price One Dollar Fifty Cents per ann. payable semi-annually, in advance.
BEING A DEFENCE OF JUDAISM AGAINST ALL ADVERSARIES,
JND PARTICULARLY AGAINST THE INSIDIOUS
: iai« Ojni cnnn • »S J>d»
: ipix vtxan o • *m 'Wt?n pD J»» Dk
: noun Issnki 2nnn • *t ana nnx • pn Dn
"Hearken unto me: be silent, and I will speak. If thou hast any wordi to answer me; then speak, for I desire thy justification. If not, hearken thou unto me: keep silence, and I will teach thee wisdom."
Job xxxiii. 31,32,33.
VOL.11. 2d month, EEYR, MAY, 5584. NO. 3.
After a twelve-month of sore travail, on the part of Israel's Advocate, during all which time our ears were continually stunned with its mortal throes and horrid cries, we have the pleasure to felicitate our readers on its accouchment, and safe delivery. Yes, the mountain labour has brought forth—a note of interrogation in the form of a communication signed CAMDEN, addressed to the Jews. This is as it should be. This is the only legitimate method ians can take to convince, and consequently to
convert Jews. We hail it as a promising sign of the commencement of a more liberal method of procedure on the part of our opponents; and as we shall review, and answer it, we consider it proper, first to lay the address before our readers, following the copy verbatim.
tuoM Israel's Advocate Op This Mouth.
TO THE JEWS.
Loved Friends—In the second and third persecutions of the Christians, under tha emperor Domitian, and under the emperor Trajan, when false Messiahs created civil contentions, all the lineal descendants of the stock of David were murdered, «ays history. Have vou any of the lineage of David still left? Have you correct