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letter received by Mr. Jadownicky ? if it is so " gratifying and exhilarating," and its communication at this time so peculiarly seasonable, why are we stinted with so lean a portion as an extract? and why dress it so strangely in the Advocate? it appears like several extracts, not one.
We are next informed that Mr. and Mrs. Blank are very very pious people, of slender ability; that, notwithstanding, they will bring with them at their own expense twelve converts. "Now, if one individual should do so much, 1 believe that the 100 Societies in the United States would not do too much, if they should bear the expenses of the passage of 100 persons."
This sounds like a proposal coming from the Societies in Germany to the A. S. to pay the passage of the converts. The public have been hitherto led to believe the converts were to be brought here free of expense. Will the A. S. pay this importing expense? impossible! each convert will cost at least, by the time they arrive, fifty dollars, or five thousand dollars. This is too much for the Parent Society's funds. It is, however, proposed that the Auxiliaries shall pay this expense, a small tax of about fifty dollars on each auxiliary. But what appears strange is, that the proposal of the apportionment comes from the correspondent in Germany, and appears to be taken by the A. S. as the command of a superior.
It is strange, that the correspondent, the valuable correspondent at Stockhamp, on the 20th day of April, 1823, knew of the existence of the 100 societies in the United States. Is not this very unaccountable? I have not, neither can I have, any doubt but the case is as represented; but how it came so, is the puzzling question I cannot solve. The principal part of the societies were only since that time established. And is there yet 100 Societies in the United States? In the first yearly report of the Parent Society, published as presented May 9, 1823, I count about forty societies, including the A. S. How then could the correspondent in Stockhamp, near DiisseldorfF, on the Rhine, in Germany, on the 29th of April, four thousand miles from this, have known of the existence of the 100?
"You must call the attention of the Board to this fact, that they have to expect at FIRST mostly poor people." One hundred poor people! Suppose them arrived: they must be maintained. What will their maintenance cost, and how long will they remain a burthen? Will they cost less than five dollars per week? or, for the
the Board, in the " plans of the settlement?" It looks very much like it ;—indeed, I should not wonder if there was.
115, (since we must presume Mrs. and Mr. and the Doctor
W , having exerted themselves to the utmost, have become poor
also and must be maintained) at five dollars the week, or $575 per week.
"Let the world stumble at this, and condemn the new converts." What can this language mean? and who uses this language? Is not this a threat, or at least a defiance to the world to stumble if they dare? This again is very strange language:
"A young physician, out of love to his fellow converts, is willing to forsake his parents, of whom he is an only son, and his relatives— to submit to the inconveniences of a voyage, and to be satisfied in the colony with a moderate living. Besides his employment as a physician of the colony, he will cheerfully give lectures to the missionary students on physic," he.
What have we here? and how much will a gentleman of his abilities consider a moderate living? Will he be willing to show the converts the most scientific method of yoking up a pair of oxen? how to place the geers* to a span of horses? how to handle the axe, the hoe, the sythe? how to drive a team? does he know the difference between the land side of a ploughshare and the point of a coulter? does he in short know any thing of and about farming? if not, of what use will he be to an infant colony? But he is a convert, and wants an establishment. Be careful, gentlemen: farmers and mechanics do not want to be taught the science of physic, or receive lectures, except from the pulpit: neither will they need the languages. Perhaps a teacher of the first rudiments will answer for the present. The saddler and shoemaker, indeed, may answer a good purpose: carpenters would also answer much better than cabinet-makers.
Is it possible the whole original plan is given up, and the Jewish colony is about to dwindle to a manufactury of trumpery? What can be the meaning of all this?
"I would again advise the A. S., as soon as possible, to purchase a good, but not too large, piece of land, where there is a pure air, good water, and sufficient woodland; and to erect open it a simpie but spacious'building, which may serve for the Missionary Institution, and also for the establishment of certain workshops,' and for a temporary house of worship for the colony. For the colony must, at its foundation, be,,dedieated to God, for the diffusion of his gospel; for the glorification of his name, by co-operating for the conversion of the Jews. This must be, and remain the principal design of all such contemplated colonies. Yes, the whole colony must be entirely a religious institution, where it must never be forgotten that each individual, according to his talents, and all collectively, must harmoniously strive for the same object, the glory of God.
Let us adhere to this maxim, with all our might, and the contemplated work will then, and only then, proceed gloriously, even beyond all our expectations. This I have always requested in my letters, that a missionary institution should be established at the beginning of the colony. If the society do this, the brethren in , throughout the whole world, will be satisfied, and co-operate. Next to this, they must erect a large shop for the cabinetmaking business. To prepare necessary and simple furniture for the future colonists. To afford useful employment for some time, especially in the winter, to those who have not learned a regular trade."
A simple but spacious building for the missionary institution; certain workshops; also, a temporary house of worship; next, a large shop for the cabinet making business. I was looking for log houses and barns, barracks and stacks of grain and hay, large fields and corn cribbs, orchards, cider mills and presses, healthy smiling cherubs, and a coun'ry schoolmaster: and behold the reverse—a puttering manufactory and a doctor. I can give no opinion: what, I however ask, will be the cost of all this?
If the manufacturing plan is to be acted on, I see no use of bringing the converts here: can they not learn trades in Germany? Has not the Count Van Der Recke already converted a saddler into a shoemaker? Can he not as easily make some carpenters, blacksmiths, tailors, Sic. when they have their trades perfect? Industry will give them a support either in Germany or in this country; ay, even in England. The advantage of this plan would be, should they emigrate to America with trades to their fingers ends, they will be no burthen either to the A. S. M. C. J. or to society in general. They will become good citizens, and useful members, immediately on their arrival. On the other hand, they will be a burthen to society as long as they live; for if in Germany they are given to understand they will be recommended as candidates for emigration to America, on being perfect masters of their trades, it may stimulate them to exertion to perfect themselves, which will be to their benefit always. Then perhaps their state will be truly meliorated; but should they be brought here and put into workshops and manufactories, the excitement will be lost. They will depend on being maintained in idleness, or worse; for being converted. Remember it was a plan of the London Society, they could make nothing of it; you'll do as they did, leave it, when dear bought experience has taught you wisdom.
The fault lays in the root of the matter not being sound. You want converts: that you may glory over them. You wish, to use your own language, to meliorate their condition spiritually, and you can get subjects in plenty who will allow you to glory, but then they will not work; you must pay them. The societies in Germany will supply you abundantly at your proper cost and their immediate relief.
There is another question which naturally presents itself in this state or condition of the case. Of what use is the nursery of the Count Van der Recke? Do all these 100 converts, proposed to be sent for, come from his nursery? And since the valuable correspondent recommends gardening and a manufactory, does it not appear that the principal part of the converts are entirely raw, uneducated and unnursed, in the preparatory schools? We read of a saddler, a shoemaker, a turner, and a cabinet maker. These men there can be no fear of; they can live any where. If these are industrious men, shonld you even pay their passage, you will not
endanger society. Again, your extract reports Mrs. , Mr.
, and Dr. W . What can they do but receive particular
attention! Your correspondent recommends them, for such as "deserve to have some attentions paid to them."J; The intention is palpable. A governant, a governor, and doctor to the institution and colony of manufactories, workshops, garden, &c.; with an attentive salary annexed to each.
There only remains to notice the missionary institution and the "two or three well informed converted men, that they may be educated in America for the gospel ministry."
If the intention is to educate these for the ministry generally, judge ye, if they are wanted in America, there can be no possible objection; but if they are proposed as missionaries to the Jews, particularly if you suppose they will have more influence on them
than ian preachers, be astured the labour is lost. A Jew
can never be persuaded such men are serious; nay, according to their own accounts, their appearance among Jews raises a feeling of horror! They consequently are not the proper persons to reason with, to persnade, to convince them; and therefore educating them for the ministry for that purpose, is worse than useless. Let me ask, how many Jews have been converted by the preaching of the Rev. Mr. Frey, in this country? Israel's Advocate continually solicits " accounts of conversions of any of that people, (the Jews,) which may have taken place in this country." None is communicated! And why? Would the Rev. Mr. Frey be remiss in an affair of that kind, if even a solitary case had happened to him? This shows such are never successful. In his late tour to the southward, who has he converted? There is but one way for you, if you are really serious; undertake it yourselves—publish those tracts, which you, in your paper promise us :—" Yea, do good or do evil, that we may see it, and be confounded together."
If Adam's dissolution only commenced after he had eaten of the forbidden fruit, of what purpose was his eating in his holy state?
The above question is sent by a ian subscriber to the Jew,
requesting an answer without a sermon. As a Jew, I allow all the consequences of the question in one part, but not the phraseology. Adam, I presume, did eat in the original state. Adam was subject to a change while in that state; consequently, Adam eat to lengthen his then state. On his eating of the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, he died from that state immediately, instantaneously; for if we are only to allow that he did not die