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1781. of war... Delaware has not answered my letters. These

states have few men here, and those they have are daily
discharged.-North Carolina has got next to no regu-
lars in the field, and few militia, and thefe the worst in
the world, for they have neither pride nor principle to
bind them to any party, or to a discharge of their duty.
Generals Marion and Sumpter have a few people
who adhere to them, perhaps more from a desire and the
opportunity of plundering, than from any inclination
to promote the independence of the United States.--I
have been playing the most hazardous game to keep up
appearances in this quarter, until more effectual support
could be afforded. But our number is reduced to a
mere shadow. -The war to the northward is nothing.
It is a plain business. Here the war rages like a fire;
and the enterprise and activity of the enemy almost ex-
ceed belief. I have run every risk and hazard, and sind
the difficulties thicken upon me daily; and you know
I am not of a desponding spirit or idle temper.-If
our good friends the French cannot lend a helping hand
to save these finking states, they must and will fall.
Here we are contending with more than five times our
number, and among a people much more in the ene-
my's interest than ours." Greene complains in this let-
ter of the "Marylanders; but they had raised soo regu-
lars, who might have joined him in April, if proper
pains had been taken by the executive power.

On the 7th of May lord Rawdon received a consider-
able reinforcement by the arrival of the detachment un-
der Watson. With this increase of strength he attempt-
ed the next day to compel gen. Greene to another ac-
tion, which he found to be impracticable. Failing in

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his design he returned to Camden; and on the roth 1785. burned the jail, mills, many private houses, and a great io, deal of his own baggage. He then evacuared the post, and retired with his whole army to the south of the Santee, leaving about 30 of his own fick and wounded, and as many of the Americans. Greene's return to the southward being unexpected, the stores of the garrison were not provided for a siege ; but the evacuation was hastened, as Greene apprehended, from an alarm that a measure of his had given them. While in the neighbourhood of Camden, he hanged in one day eight soldiers, who had deserted from his army, and were afterward taken prisoners. This execution, according to the information given him, almost bred a mutiny in the garrison, which was composed very much of deferters, It had a strong effect on his own troops, from whom there was no desertion for three months. Rawdon had the honor of saving his men, though he lost the post, the country, and the confidence of the tories. He offered every assistance in his power to the friends of British government who would accompany him, which was the choice of several families.

The evacuation of Camden animated the friends of congress, and daily increased their numbers; while the British posts fell in quick fucceffion. The day after the evacuation, the garrison of Orangeburgh, consisting of

70 British militia and 12 regulars, surrendered to Sumpter. Marion and Lee, after the capture of fort Watson, crossed the Santee and moved up to fort Motte, which lies above the Fork on the south side of the Congaree, where they arrived on the 8th of May. The British had built their works round Mrs. Motte's dwel

I 2.

1981. ling house, which occasioned her moving to a neigh

bouring hut. She was informed that firing the house was the easiest mode of reducing the garrison : upon that she presented the besiegers with a quiver of African arrows, to be employed in the service. Skewers armed with combustible materials were also used, and with more effect. Success soon crowned these experiments, and her joy was inexpressible upon finding that the reduction of the post had been expedited, though at the expence of her property. The firing of her house com

pelled the garrison of 165 men, to surrender at discreMay

tion on the 12th, after a brave defence. Two days

after, the British evacuated their post at Nelson's ferry. 15. On the 15th, fort Granby, about 30 miles to the west

ward of fort Motte, was reduced. The preceding night Lee erected a battery within 600 yards of its out-works, on which he mounted a fix pounder hastily brought from fort Motte. After the third discharge from this field piece, major Maxwell capitulated. His force confifted of

352 men, a great part royal militia. Very advantageous terms were given them, in consequence of information that lord Rawdon was marching to their relief. They had the offer of security to their baggage, in which was included an immense quantity of plunder, This haftened the surrender. The American militia were much disgusted, that the garrison was so favored. They indicated an inclination for breaking the capitulation, and killing the prisoners. When Greene heard of it, he solemnly declared that he would put to death any one that should be guilty of so doing.

The day after the surrender of fort Granby, Lee began his march to join Pickens, who with a body of militia was in the neighbourhood of Augusta; and in 1781. four days completed it. On the 21st, the British post 21. at Silver Bluff, called fort Dreadnought, with fix commissioned officers and 79 staff, non-commissioned and privates, beside a field piece and a large quantity of stores, surrendered to a detachment of the legion under capt. Rudolph. Pickens and Lee had for their object the reduction of fort Cornwallis at Augusta, where col. Brown commanded. The approaches were conducted with judgment and rapidity; but no advantage could be gained over the brave and vigilant Brown. In the course of the fiege, several batteries were erected which overlooked the fort. From these the American riflemen shot into the inside of the works with success. The garrison buried themselves in a great measure under ground; and obstinately refused to surrender, till every man who attempted to fire upon the besiegers was instantly shot down. On the 5th of June, the fort with about 300 men surrendered by capitulation. The Americans had about 40 killed and wounded during the siege. Lieut. col. Grierson, who was greatly obnoxiouş to them, was after the surrender put to death by some unseen markfman. A reward of a hundred guineas was offered for the perpetrator of this perfidious deed, who notwithstanding remained undiscovered. Brown would probably have shared a similar fạte, had not his conquerors furnished him with an escort to the royal garrison in Savannah; for on his way he had to pass through the inhabitants whose houses he had burned, whose relations he had hanged, and some of whose fellow citizens he had delivered to the Indians, from whose hands



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22. ger.

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1785. they suffered all the tortures, which savageness has con

trived to give poignancy to the pains of death.

General Greene, the mean while, had proceeded with the main army to Ninety Six, which was of more confequence than the other posts, and was defended by a con

siderable force under the command of lieut. col. CruMay

Greene arrived before the town on the 22d of May, and two days after opened his first batteries. The approaches were carried on with unremitting assiduity, day and night. Greene's regular force was somewhat fuperior to that of the garrison *. The militia in that district abated their habitual ardor for destroying each other, and waited the event of the fiege. The Americans not finding the aid they expected from them; bút on the contrary being obliged to send large convoys with the waggons, that went only a few miles from camp for provisions or forage, the business became extremely irksome, and the event dubious : however the siege was prosecuted with indefatigable industry. The garrison defended themselves with spirit and address; and frequent rencounters happened with various success. Rifle

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* Mr. M.Kenzie in his strictures on Tarleton's history says, the American army amounted to upward of four thousand men-p. 146. The American deputy adjutant general, col. O. Williams, stated them thus in his return, present fit for duty, rank and file, Maryland brigade 427, Virginia ditto 431, North Carolina battalion 66, Delaware ditto 65, in all 984; and made no mention of militia. Mr. M.Kenzie states the garrison at about 150 men of Delancey's battalion, 200 Jersey volunteers, and about 200 loyal militia, in all 550, if full, and no more than about the number specified. But if a mistake in the account of the garrison, any wise similar to that of the American army, has been committed, the disproportion between both mult be much greater, than that of 550 and 984.


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