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by the sale of prizes captured by his majesty's ships of war. 1781. The one fact is as notorious as the other, and equally criminal.”

After the surrender of Eustatia, the Jews who were numerous and wealthy were the first sufferers. Several of them were torn from their habitations with many indignities, and banished without knowing the place of their destination; and were, in that state of wretchedness which followed the seizure of their property, transported as outlaws, and landed at St. Kitt's. The assembly, to their great honor, instantly passed an act for their present relief and future provision, until they should have time to recover from their calamitous situation. The Jews were soon followed by the Americans, fome of whom had been obliged to fly their native country, through the part which they had taken in support of the British cause. These also were sent to St. Kite's, in much the same state with the former; and were received and entertained with the same humanity and liberality by the people and legislature of that island. The French merchants and traders were next banished'; and at length the Amsterdammers met with the same fate. Mean while public sales were advertised, invitation given, and protection afforded to purchasers of all nations and classes; and the island exhibited one of the greatest auctions that ever was opened in the universe. Never was a better market for buyers. The goods were sold for a trifling proportion of their value ; and by report, the French agents made the greatest and most lucrative purchases. Most of the goods were conveyed to French and Danish islands; and left to find their way to those enemies, for having supplied whom, in the ordinary


1781.commerce, Eustatia suffered to severely. This whole

business, from beginning to end, has brought upon Great Britain the odium of all Europe.

A squadron of privateers, mostly belonging to Bristol, upon hearing of the rupture with Holland, boldly entered the rivers of Demárara and Issequibo, and with no fmail degree of courage and enterprise, brought out from under the Dutch forts and batteries, almost all the veffels of any value in either river. The prizes were considerable: but adm. Rodney, in his official letter of the 17th of March, observed in the postscript—" The Dutch ships seized by the privateers at Demarará are droits to the admiralty, the privateers having no commission to take them." He mentioned also the surrender of the French island of St. Bartholomew on the 16th.

The inhabitants of the two Dutch colonies of Dema. rara and Ifsequibo, sensible of their defenceless situation, had already made a tender of their submission to the governor of Barbadoes, requiring no other terms but a participation of those which had been granted to Euftatia and its dependencies. A deputation was sent to adm. Rodney and gen. Vaughan to learn what were these terms. The deputies found that the colonists had made an improvident demand, as in effect the terms which they required were, that they might be despoiled of all their goods, and banished from their habitations. But a nice line of distinction was drawn, between the honesty and good properties of Dutchmen inhabiting the continent, and of those living in Eustatia : and the continental colonists were accordingly fully secured in their property, and had every indulgence granted, which could have been fairly expected. However their coun


trymen, the Eustatian islanders, have been obliged to 1981. undergo the opprobrium, of having the atrocious crime of perfidiousness publicly charged and recorded against them in the London gazettes; and therefore of being unworthy of any degree of protection, much less of indulgence.

The Dutch war prevented the sending of the second French naval division to the aflistance of the United States of America as at first intended ; and put the court of Versailles upon the plan of augimenting their fleet in the West Indies, so as to secure it a superiority over the British. Accordingly count de Grasse failed

Mar. from Brest toward the end of March, with a fleet of 25 22. fail of the line, the Sagittaire of 54 guns, 6000 land forces, and a prodigious convoy, amounting to between 2 and 300 ships; the whole composing one of the largest and richest fleets that ever failed from France. Of this formidable armament, five ships of the line under Mr. de Suffrein, with part of the land forces, were destined for the East Indies; with a view likewise of intercepting commodore Johnstone's squadron and convoy on their way; the last failed from Spithead on the 13th ot the same month, in company with the British grand feet under adm. Darby.

The East India company received advice, about the middle of April, that in July of last year, Hyder Ally entered the Carnatic in different places; that some of their troops were afterward attacked and defeated; that Sir Eyre Coote left Calcutta and sailed with a reinforcement to Fort St. George, where he arrived the 5th of November, two days after Arcot had surrendered to Hyder. Their affairs in that quarter have but a threat

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1781. ening aspect ; but Sir Eyre is attempting all in his power

to retrieve them.
April Mr. John Adams presented to their high mightinesses,

the states general of the United Provinces of the Low
Countries, a memorial dated Leyden, April 19, 1781.
In which he informed them, that the United States of
America had lately thought fit to send him a commission
(with full powers and instructions) to confer with them
concerning a treaty of amity and commerce; and that
they had appointed him to be their minister plenipoten-
tiary to reside near them. Similar information was
communicated at the same time to the stadtholder, his
ferene highness the prince of Orange. Mr. Adams
meant to conciliate the affections of all parties; that so
they might-unite in supporting the measure he wished to

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Roxbury, Sept. 15, 1781.

ORD Cornwallis having crossed the Deep river,

gen. Greene resolved on carrying the war without delay into South Carolina ; thereby to oblige the enemy to follow him, or to endanger their posts in that state. He expected that if the former took place, North Carolina would not continue the seat of war ; if the latter,


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that they would lose more than they could gain in this 1781. last state ; and that did he remain in it, they would hold their poffeffions in both. He discharged all his militia; refreshed his regular troops ; collected a few days pro- April vision; marched on the 5th of April toward Camden; s. and in the morning of the 20th, encamped at Logtown within sight of the enemy's works. On this march lieut. col. Lee, with his partizan legion, was detached to join gen. Marion with a few volunteer South Carolina militia on a secret expedition. To secure the provisions that grow on the banks of the Santee and Congaree rivers, the British had erected a chain of posts in their vicinity. One of the most important was on Wright'sbluff, and called Fort Watson. To the surprise of the British it was closely invested on the 15th. Neither Lee nor Marion had any other means of annoyance or defence but musketry. The ground on which the fort stood was an Indian mount, 30 or 40 feet high: the beliegers however erected, in a few days, on an unusual plan, a work much higher. From thence the American rifleamen fired into the fort with such execution, that the besieged durst not show themselves. On the 23d, the 23. garrison of 114 men surrendered by capitulation.

Camden was covered on the south and east sides by the Wateree, and a creek which empties itself into that river: on the western and northern by fix strong redoubts. It was defended by lord Rawdon with about

The American army consisted of 843 continental infantry, beside 56 cavalry and 31 dismounted dragoons; together with 254 North Carolina militia

who had joined them by the 25th. It was unequal to • the task of carrying the place by storm, as also of comVOL. IV.


900 men.


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