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iz81, hands of Timothy Pickering; efq; the American quaru

ter master general, to the amount of 21131. 6s. sterling, estimating the dollar at 4s. 8d. There being a manifest impropriety in the Americans ftipulating for the return of the negroes, while they themselves were avowēdiy fighting for their own liberties, they covered their intention of repossessing them, under these general terms with which the fourth article closed—“ It is understood, that any property obviously belonging to the inhabitants of these states, in the poffeffion of the garrison, shall be

fubject to be reclaimed.” of The posts of York and Gloucester were surrendered 39. on the 19th. The honor of marching out with colours

flying, which had been denied to gen. Lincoln, was now refused to lord Cornwallis; and Lincoln was appointed to receive the submission of the royal army at York Town, precisely in the fame way his own had been conducted about 18 months before. The troops of every kind that surrendered prisoners of war, exceeded 7000 men; but such was the number of fick and wounded, that there were only 3800 capable of bearing arms. The officers and soldiers retained their baggage and effects. Fifteen hundred seamen partook of the fate of the garrison. The Guadaloupe frigate of 24 guns, and a number of transports were furrendered to the conquerors : about 20 transports had been sunk or burnt during the siege. The land forces became prisoners to congress; but the seamen and ships were asiigned to the French admiral. The Americans obtained a numerous artil. lery, 75 brass ordnance and 69 iron, cannon, howitzers and mortars.

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Lord Cornwallis endeavoured to obtain permission "781. for the British and German troops to return to their respective countries, under engagements not to serve against France or America ; and also an indemnity for those inhabitants who had joined him: but he was obliged to consent, that the former should be retained in the governments of Virginia, Pennsylvania and Maryland; and that the latter, whose case lay with the civil authority of the states, should be given up to the unconditional mercy of their countrymen, His lordship however obtained permiffion for the Bonetta Noop of war to pass unexamined, which gave an opportunity of screening those of the royalists who were most obnoxious to the resentments of the Americans. He took care also to have it ftipulated, that no article of the capitulation should be infringed on pretext of reprisal. His lordThip, with all civil and military officers, except those of the latter who were necessarily left behind for the protection and government of the foldiers, were at liberty to go upon parole, either to Great Britain or New York. He acknowledged in his public letter, that the treatment which he and the army had received after the furrender, was perfectly good and proper. His lordship fpake in these warm terms of the kindness and attention shown to them, by the French officers in particular46 Their deliberate sensibility of our situation, their generous and pressing offers of money, both public and private, to any amount, has really gone beyond what I can possibly describe."

On the 20th of October, the American commander in chief, congratulated in general orders the army on the glorious event of the preceding day; and tendered

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1781•to the generals, officers and privates, his thanks in the

warmest language. He with gratitude returned his sin-
éere acknowledgments to gov. Nelson of Virginia, for
the fuccours received from him and the militia under
him.

To spread the general joy in all hearts, he
commanded that those of the army, who were under
arrest, should be pardoned and set at liberty. The or-
ders closed with—“ Divine service shall be performed
to-morrow in the different brigades and divisions. The
commander in chief recommends, that all the troops
that are not upon duty, do allift at it with a serious de-
portment, and that sensibility of heart which the recol-
lection of the surprising and particular interposition of
Providence in our favor claims.”

The British fleet and army destined for the relief of OA lord Cornwallis, arrived off the Chesapeak on the 24th; 24.

but on receiving authentic accounts of his surrender, they
returned to New York. A few days after their first return,
the feet was increased by four ships of the line: but
such was the superiority of the French by de Barras's
junction with de Grafse, that nothing short of desperate
circumstances could justify attempting a fresh engage-

These circumstances however existing, the Bri-
tilh naval commanders ufed all possible expedition in
refitting the ships, with the design of extricating Corn-
wallis and his army. The delay occasioned by this bu-
finess seemed to be compensated by the arrival of the
Prince William and Torbay men of war from Jamaica.
It was determined that every exertion should be used
both by the fleet and army, to form a junction with the

British force in Virginia. Sir Henry Clinton embarked -- with above 7000 of his best forces. It was neverthe

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