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1781. They no more acted with their usual vigor. On the

Nightest appearance of danger, they discovered a disposition to flee, not much inferior to what was exhibited the year before by the American militia.

Such were the promising prospects prior to the battle at Eutaw, that John Rutledge esq; set out from Phila. delphia on the 28th of June, to resume the reins of

government in South Carolina. As soon as circumstances would admit after his arrival, in retaliation for Balfour's conduct in exiling such numbers from their homes, he ordered the brigadiers of militia to drive the families of all who adhered to the royal cause, within the British lines. The wives and children of those inhabitants who had retreated with the retreating British to avoid the resentments of their countrymen, were now compelled to take shelter within their posts. In exchange for their comfortable plantations in the country, many of them were reduced in a little tiine to the necessity of living in clay huts in the vicinity of Charlestown. In this forlorn situation, numbers speedily perished, being destitute of the comforts of life and overwhelmed with difeases. While

gen. Greene's troops were on the High Hills of Santee, a dangerous spirit made its appearance among the Maryland soldiers. They were uneasy that some of the old officers had been sent away, and wished for an opportunity of seeing their friends at home. They sent several petitions to Greene, complained of want of clothing, and recapitulated their services. In one of them they mentioned, that out of seven regiments there were scarce two hundred remaining, and that they had never received any pay, They became discontented, left off their usual sports, talked seriously in squads, and of 178r. their pay. All this did not pass unnoticed by the officers, who watched their conduct, and endeavoured to sooth them, but ineffectually. On the evening of the 21st of October, numbers were seen to go privately out Oct. of

camp with their arms, &c. The officers alarmed at 21. the circumstance, ordered their corps to parade, and called over their rollş. Old soldiers manage dexterously among themselves. They had put spies upon their officers while they were making an experiment, and the moment they discovered that they were likely to be detected and apprehended for mutiny, they stole into camp as secretly as they went out: some of them were obferved, but suffered to pass unnoticed. It is not alway best to punish intended faults before actually committed. A luckless incident which happened to a Timothy Griffin of the only South Carolina company then in the army, set all this affair right. While the officers were calling their 'rolls, and admonishing some of the men for apparent irregularities, Timothy came on the parade drunk; and having heard what the soldiers had previously whispered among one another, and supposing the officers were altercating with the men on that subject, very imprudently cried cuto...“ Stand to it boys. D-n my blood, if I would give an inch”-and other words to the same effect. Capt. M'Pherson of the Maryland line knocked him down, knowing the evil tendency of such language. He was instantly sent to the provost; the next day tried by a general court-inartial for enccuraging mutiny and defertion; was found guilty; sentenced to fufer death ; and shot about five o'clock in the afternoon in presence of the whole army. Ex

amples

1781. They no more acted with their usual vigor. On the

Nlightest appearance of danger, they discovered a disposition to flee, not much inferior to what was exhibited the

year before by the American militia. Such were the promising prospects prior to the battle at Eutaw, that John Rutledge esq; set out from Phila. delphia on the 28th of June, to resume the reins of government in South Carolina. As soon as circumstances would admit after his arrival, in retaliation for Balfour's conduct in exiling fuch numbers from their homes, he ordered the brigadiers of militia to drive the families of all who adhered to the royal cause, within the British lines. The wives and children of those inhabitants who had retreated with the retreating British to avoid the resentments of their countrymen, were now compelled to take shelter within their posts. In exchange for their comfortable plantations in the country, many of them were reduced in a little time to the necessity of living in clay huts in the vicinity of Charlestown. In this forļorn situation, numbers speedily perished, being destitute of the comforts of life and overwhelmed with difeases.

While gen. Greene's troops were on the High Hills of Santee, a dangerous spirit made its appearance among the Maryland soldiers. They were uneasy that fome of the old officers had been sent away, and wished for an opportunity of seeing their friends at home. They sent several petitions to Greene, complained of want of clothing, and recapitulated their services. In one of them they mentioned, that out of feven regiments there were scarce two hundred remaining, and that they had never received any pay, They became discontented, left off

their pay.

their usual sports, talked seriously in squads, and of 1781.

All this did not pass unnoticed by the officers, who watched their conduct, and endeavoured to sooth them, but ineffe&tually. On the evening of the 21st of October, numbers were seen to go privately out Oat. of

camp with their arms, &c. The officers alarmed at 21. the circumstance, ordered their corps to parade, and called over their rollş. Old foldiers manage dexterously among themselves. They had put spies upon their officers while they were making an experiment, and the moment they discovered that they were likely to be detected and apprehended for mutiny, they stole into camp as secretly as they went out: some of them were obferved, but suffered to pass unnoticed. It is not alway best to punish intended faults before actually committed. A luckless incident which happened to a Timothy Griffin of the only South Carolina company then in the army, set all this affair right. While the officers were calling their rolls, and admonishing some of the men for apparent irregularities, Timothy came on the parade drunk; and having heard what the soldiers had previously whispered among one another, and supposing the officers were altercating with the men on that subject, very imprudently cried cut-.-“ Stand to it boysa D-n my blood, if I would give an inch”--and other words to the same effect. Capt. M Pherson of the Maryland line knocked him down, knowing the evil tendency of such language. He was instantly sent to the provost; the next day tried by a general court-inartial for encouraging mutiny and defertion; was found guilty; sentenced to fuller death ; and shot about five o'clock in the afternoon in presence of the whole army. Ex

amples

errors.

1781. amples are never more necessary in an army than upon

fuch dangerous occasions; and no example was ever
more effectual. The general orders of Greene in con-
fequence of this, represented the crime of the sufferer
in such striking colours, as fully to justify the sentence
of the court. Greene at the same time passed over the
conduct of the Maryland troops (which was not pub:
lic) in such a manner as to exonerate them from any
participation of the crime. Speaking of unworthy cha-
racters he said =" One or two of artful dispositions are
sufficient to betray hundreds of well disposed men into

But the general is happy to find, that the Ma.
ryland line has nobly withstood the secret machinations
of such as have attempted to mislead them ; nor can
he believe that soldiers who have fought so bravely, and
whose character is universally admired, will ever tarnish
their glory by an improper conduct.”

The gen. wrote on the gth of November to gen. Gould I should betray my trust, and fail in my duty, was I to be silent upon the barbarous custom which prevails in your army, of burning houses and desolating the country. I am informed that a party under col. Brown and major Maxwell lately burnt all the buildings upon Hilton Head. The instances of burning which have taken place are no less favage than unnecessary, and cannot be justified by the general principles of modern war, nor by the particular circumstances that mark your military operations.--You have endeavoured to persuade the world, that the body of the people are in your interest. The cartel was an appeal to them, and it is from your disappointment, that the inhabitants feel the cruel strokes of pointed resentments.--I have made it my study

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