Ending Medical Reversal: Improving Outcomes, Saving Lives

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JHU Press, 2015 - 264 páginas
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Medications such as Vioxx and procedures such as vertebroplasty for back pain are among the medical "advances" that turned out to be dangerous or useless. What Dr. Vinayak K. Prasad and Dr. Adam S. Cifu call medical reversal happens when doctors start using a medication, procedure, or diagnostic tool without a robust evidence base—and then stop using it when it is found not to help, or even to harm, patients.

In Ending Medical Reversal, Drs. Prasad and Cifu narrate fascinating stories from every corner of medicine to explore why medical reversals occur, how they are harmful, and what can be done to avoid them. They explore the difference between medical innovations that improve care and those that only appear to be promising. They also outline a comprehensive plan to reform medical education, research funding and protocols, and the process for approving new drugs that will ensure that more of what gets done in doctors' offices and hospitals is truly effective.

"Every doctor should read this book."—JAMA Internal Medicine

"[A]n excellent and realistic discussion of some of the horror stories that occur in medical practice... Highly recommended."—Choice

"Ending Medical Reversal goes far in teaching medical students and practicing physicians alike how to learn on our own."—The Lancet

"This has to be on the reading list for medical and nursing students."—Nursing Times

"Ending Medical Reversal presents persuasive evidence that many current standard-of-care treatments are probably ineffective or harmful, thoroughly explains how such treatments came to be accepted, and proposes a number of ways to address the general problem (only some of which involve avaricious companies and mercenary physicians) and minimize its impact on a specific patient."—Journal of Clinical Research Best Practices

"Dr. Prasad and Dr. Cifu offer a five-step plan, including pointers for determining if a given treatment is really able to do what you want it to do, and advice on finding a like-minded doctor who won't object to a certain amount of back-seat driving."—The New York Times

"When I describe Ending Medical Reversal as revolutionary, I don't use the term lightly. Go out and read it—right now."—Common Sense Family Doctor

"Should be considered for undergraduate reading lists. Keep a copy in the pharmacy or your briefcase as a great icebreaker or discussion point with other local healthcare professionals."—The Pharmaceutical Journal

 

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Índice

INTRODUCTION
1
MEDICAL REVERSAL Examples Frequency and Consequences
9
AN INTERLUDE ON EVIDENCE
97
THE ORIGINS OF REVERSAL
123
BEYOND REVERSAL
159
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
215
APPENDIX
217
REFERNCES
247
INDEX
257
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Sobre el autor (2015)

Vinayak K. Prasad, MD, MPH, is a practicing hematologist-oncologist and internal medicine physician. He is an assiciate professor of medicine and public health at Oregon Health & Science University. Adam S. Cifu, MD, is a professor of medicine at the University of Chicago. He is a practicing general internist, medical educator, and the coauthor of Symptom to Diagnosis: An Evidence-Based Guide.

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