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9« MEMOIR OF THE LATE T. HAWKES.
was chiefly divided between Tottenham Court Chapel and the Lock Chapel (more frequently the latter) till he became connected with Orange Street Chapel.
But the place or' his attendance is altogether unimportant, compared with the great question of how he lived and how he died. We know, by the evidence of incontrovertible facts, that there may be a long and a regular attendance upon the soundest and most impressive evangelical ministry, connected with great knowledge, ardent zeal, shining gifts, and unbounded liberality, where the life and power ot religion, and the personal exemplification of its purity, may all be wanting. He was not a professor of this description; he was a genuine Christian. He had a sound judgment as to what was truth; he felt the power of that truth upon his heart and conscience, and incessantly aimed to adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour, by abounding in all the fruits of holiness. He walked in his family as one that feared God, — as one that loved the souls of those who were round about him, — as- one who was determined t& ' show piety at home *.'
Such was the influence of religion upon his mind, that he was humble without the affectation of humility, — he was firm without being obstinate, —he was cheerful without levity, — he was serious without being either melancholy or morose; and, in his attention to the cause of God and the poor, he was liberal without being either ostentatious or imprudent. What is peculiarly worthy of notice is, that his liberality was of the most extensive and diffusive kind: it was free from ail that partiality and narrow-mindedness which discover themselves in too many wealthy Christians. The free-will offerings of his pious benevolence were not made to names, to forms, or to party: his soul was as free from bigotry as it was from, deceit and hypocrisy. It was to the cause of God, and the interests of religion in general, that he consecrated his beneficence. He listened to the calls of Humanity and Religion, whenever their voice was to be heard; the streams of his kindness flowed into every department of the Christian sanctuary. He did not stand disputing with himself whether he bhould assist the church, the chapel, or the meeting; — as fatas he could do it with a good conscience, he assisted them all; and embraced as brethren all who belonged to them, providedthey were sound in the faitSt, and lived in holiness. If the pure gospel of Jesus might be more'extensively spread, if the interests of genuine religion could be advanced, if human miscry were to be alleviated, you might reckon upon his aid.. He was deeply impressed with a sense of his obligation to, God: he did not esteem the gold or the silver his own, — he considered himself as a steward, and his heart was expanded
• t Tim. x* 4.
and warmed in the best of causes. He knew well that real misery and vital godliness belonged not exclusively to anyparty; and therefore, wherever he found these, he recognized them, and seemed desirous of imbibing the spirit and imitating the example of the good Samaritan. He observed the aspect of the times in which he lived; and rejoiced to see Christians of different classes foregoing their prejudices, and uniting with heart and band to do good to the souls of their fellow-men. He was nqt satisfied with looking on, or expressing a cold and reluctant approbation of their good intentions; but, knowing that God works by means, he assisted to provide ■them, and thereby stimulate to yet wider and more energetic operations.
There are but few, if any, institutions intimately connected with the diffusion of religious truth and the salvation of souls, to which he was not a cheerful contributor. It is now well" known that, in the most private manner, he presented 1000/. .to the Missionary Society only a few days before his death; nor was the name of the donor divulged till he was beyond the reach of human blame or praise. It is surmized by his friends, that if he had lived but a few days longer, some other useful and important institutions would have received proofs of his liberality. Few men ever felt or enjoyed the luxury of doing good more than he did *.
* Before I closs, I feel it a duty I owe'to the debased, lo this congregation, and to the ministers who officiate here, to notice the connexion he had with this place of worship, lam the more induced to this, on account of a scandalous report which has been published, and which impeaches the character of all who have any concern with it. Whilst this libellous charge was a mere newspaper tale, it was scarcely worthy of any notice ( but since the author of it has thought proper to place it in a book, which may possibly outlive newspaper scandal, he ought to be told that his information is altogether unfounded; and, of course, that if he has a spark of honour and honesty, he will contradict the calumny he has so wantonly propagated. Whalever blame or praise attaches to the pi oprietors and managers of Oraege Street Chapel, Mr. Hawkes must have his shara, as h?. not only occupied both these stations, but had actually made the place his own by purchase, and that from the most honourable and disinterested motives: but the writer alluded to tells the world, That the great object of the managers is worldly interest; and that it is indeed one of the most profitable concerns in the metropolis. So far is the representation from being true, the s'ate of things i.f precisely the reverse. The,sum of £ 1850, first advanced to purchase the Iepse and repair the place, slill remains unpaid; nor have the persons who advanced it reteivid auy interest for 19 years. Of the £600 expended for the last repairs, more than £ 100 is yet unpaid; and our departed friend, to whom the place belonged, had not received any rent for two years past. The fact therefore is, that the plate dues not pay its own expences; and if the proprietors'were so intent upon making money of it, would they have been satisfied with having only one collection-day in the year ? — a thing almost unprecedented.
94 MEMQIR OF THE LATE T. HAVTKES.
But I must close with a word or two concerning our friend's1 dismission from the body. Having, from an early period of life, known the Saviour, experienced the power of his grace, and walked in the way of his commandments, he was enabled for many years to contemplate the approach of death without anxiety, though the subject of complicated and long-continued disease, and often apparently within a step of the grave. That religion, which had been the solace and support of hr* mind during this trying season, did not fail him in his last hours: it produced a settled tranquillity of mind, a cheerful resignation to the will of his heavenly Father. Thenight preceding his departure, he experienced great difficulty of respiration; but there were no symptoms which indicated speedy dissolution. He appeared to enjoy great inward peace, expressed an entire confidence in God; and said to the person attending upon him, that he hoped the Lord would preserve liirn from all murmuring and impatience. He had a very indifferent night; but rose on the Lord's Day morning much,
.■as usual, and came down to family-worship; which was corfducted by his friend Dr. Hawker, who was spending a few days with him. After making some arrangements concerning the different parts of the family going to worship, he retired to his own room while breakfast was preparing. A noise (something like a person falling) was almost immediately heard in
'the chamber which was over the room where the family were just sitting down. A servant at the same instant went up stairs, and ealled Mr. Hawkes; but no. answer being returned, and the door-being fastened, she came down again;,, and mentioned it. This exciting alarm, Mr. Walker and Dr.. Hawker both went up stairs. Mr. W. forced open the door; and, to their great astonishment and distress, they found him lifelessat the bed-side! The position in which he was found, plainly indicated that he had expired either in the act of kneeling down to private prayer, or while actually engaged in it.. When raised up by his afflicted friend and reiative, his countenance appeared entirely undisturbed; and presented an unusually pleasant smile, rather than any symptom of pain. Thus, instead of coming on that Lord's Dav morning to this house of prayer, and approaching the table of the Lord with his Christian friends, he was suddenly taken to a heavenly banquet above, and began a Sabbath which shall never end. His departure from this to a better world was at once so sudden and imperceptible, that it resembled being translated more than dying. He could hardly be said to pass through the darkr valley of the shadow of Death, — he rather stepped over it. Sudden death was to him, doubtlesss, sudden glory : —
4 Eis-pra jer scarce endrd ere his praise begun!'
Ws conclude this sketch of Mr.Hawkes's Character with the following List of his Charity-Legacies, which will long remain a noble monument of his Catholicism and his benevolence:— \
Missionary Society to Africa and tbe East, 1000 /. 3 per cent, reduced.
cent, corsols. Society for promoting Religious Knowledge among the Poor, 100/.st. A Society in the West of England, 1500 /. 3 per cent, reduced.
Ditto in the North, 1500/. 3 per cent, reduced. Cheshunl College, 1000/. 4 per cents.
Hoxton Academy, 500 /. 3 p T cent, reduced. . (
British and Foreign Bible Society, 1000/. 4 per cents. Naval and Military, ditto, 500/. 3 per cent, consols. Sunday-School Society, 200 /. sterling. Sick Man's Friend Society, 500/. 3 per cent, reduced. Stranger's Friend Society, 200 /. sterling. London Penitentiary (Pentnn>iile) 1080/. 3 per cant, consols. Plymouth Penitentiary, 2O0/. sterling. Lock Hospital, 500/. sterling. Lock Asylum, 500/. sterling. New Rupture Society, 500/- 3 per cent, reduced. Trustees for the Poor pf Bromigrove, in Worcestershire, 10007. , . 4 per cents.
£11 Debts owing on Account of the New Chapel* at Stourbridge and Wordsley, computed at about 850/.
ON CHRISTIAN TENDERNESS,
Notwithstanding there are persons of a kind disposition who are not serious, yet, as a change of heart is implied in Christian Tenderness, it is very superior to natural sensibility, sympathy, or compassion. This will be evident, if we first explain its nature, then shew how it particularly discovers itself, and conclude with some appropriate remarks.
This kind of tenderness is the opposite to selfishness, or an unfeeling disposition; and consists in being easily impressed with a deep sense of our duty to God and man. There may indeed he something peculiar in the formation of the bodies and the state of the minds of those who have tender feelings; however, in such as are serious, grace and experience have a great influence on them; but we may discern more of the
Sd ■ CHRISTIAN TENDERNESS.
true nature of Ithis disposition by the ways in which it is ma<r ■nif'ested, the'principal of which are the four following : —
1. In a peculiar fear of displeasing God. Jivery true Christian hates all sin, and consequently does not willingly displease the Lord; hut the tender-hearted believer is herein more particular than others. Mr. Hervey observes, that' as the puncture of a needle gives more pain to some than others, so the. least.deviation from a holy conduct makes a tender conscience uneasy. Besides avoiding all §in, such a one laments the-imperfections of his best duties, and is sensibly affected with the, remains of sin within him. He is afraid of displeasing God by the least abuse of his mercies, or by .n6t following- the, leadings of Providence; and his heart smites him in various other respects, which those of less sensibility never experience. '.
2. It is displayed in Suitable behaviour under trying draw stances. In this respect, the conduct of Kingjosiahis re- corded for our. imitation; for as he was truly humbled when he *ead the prophetical threatenings, the Lord said to him,' Because thine heart was tender, and thou didst humble thyseif, thine eyes shall not see the evil I will bring on this place *.'■ Inlike manner, although afflicted believers, having similar feelings with this good king, must have keener sensations than others, — yet at such times they are more remarkable for fervency in devotion. The histories of Job, David, Jeremiah, Nehemiah, ?nd Paul, afford examples of this; and their writings have been made so very useful to tender-hearted Christians in trying circumstances, that they can read their experience, confess tueir sins, and breathe their sorrows in the words of these. < inspired writers.
3. It is discovered in a great concern for the glory of God. .No djubt, every gracious person desires to see (Jod glorified; but one of a, tender disposition in a greater degree, as he is. more easily grieved with any thing that dishonours his holy n .me. A Christian with fine feelings, is so much concerned for the honour of the attributes of God, and the divinity of the Son and the Holy Ghost, that it hurts him exceedingly to he :r either of them degraded; and he has such a veneration for the operations of the Spirit, that he is fearful of doing any thing that maj cause those influences to be. withdrawn for a moment from his soul. He is ajso more actively engaged for the divine honour than others; for his feelings continually stimulate him to action; so that his property, his time, and his talents, are more fully, employed for the glory of God than t lose of others arc.
4. Jt is remarkably visible in exertions for the good of others. A believer of this disposition is doubly amiable and useful as,
* 2 Cbron. xxxiv.2T, .'