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RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.

provided with spinning -wheels and looms, we cannot yet make use of it. We wish to have a printing-press, and some glass for window*.'

The people of the sarrounding tribes bave expressed so great a desire to fcestr the gospel, that Mr. Albrerhl sajs, : W'e hav:- already, by the help of God, made 1 wo nations of the Namaijuas acquainted with the gospel; besides the Hottootols who live along the Orange Hiver; the-Ooriam, or more cultivated Hottentots; and the Bastards: bat Thwe Missionaries can by no means- supply them ail. If, therefore, the Directors could send us> Jtte-and-liscrrly mpre Missionaries, they would find work enough in- this country, where a Missionary may speak freely everywhere tiu religious subjects.

''Our congregation is now increased to seven hundred, whose names are written in our church-book ; and there are alsro many others, whose names are not yet inscribed: but all our scholars cannot remain constantly with us; they are obliged, for the sake of their cattle, to live near waters, and grass-fields. These come, occasionally, to hear the word of God ; or «ne of us goes to them, to instruct them and their children; for which reason also, more Missionaries are necessary to help us in our labours, for we have a large field before us. In my late journey westward, 1 found everywhere anions the Heathen an open.door; and that the people would rejoice if Missionaries would come and dwell among them. Biackmodder. Fountain, or a place a litfte north of it, would be very suitable for a Missionary station. Others might go to the sea-coast (west); where they night find the most advantageous place for a settlement; because their wants would probably be supplied by ships that touched there.'

[The Directors' are at this time taking measures for strengthening thi$ promising Mission to the Namaquas, by additional labpurertj.]

CUSTOMS OF THE CHINESE.

Extracted from the Journal of a
Missionary lately at Canton in
China.

1S08. An instance occurred of the Chinese attts.ing the truth of nu iiss.-rtioii, by cutting off" the head of a fowl. They consider it, however, very solemn; and do nut like to (To it but on special occasions. There is nothing similar to our oatH eiacjed by the magistrates v.hen taking evidence. Appeals to the gods aie or.iy made by private individuals, when they question the veracity of each other; and this is done, not oaly in the manner above slated, l>at in various ways; ss, by dtshing a potter's vessel to piece*, and wishing that if they speak'falsely.it way be done to them in like manner; by blowing out a candle, ami wishing that they, in likemaniier, may be extinguished, &c.

I walked out to the temple of Pakti.pv-saat (the great northern deity ) where a large concourse of people were assembled, and which was filled with the smoke of their offering*. They brought, in small baskets, fowls, pork, vegetables, and fish;

which, after the prostrations were? fini-ihed, they look away with them. They had als >-candles, the fragrant matches, and paper. These were entirely consumed; while only part of the wine >■ r.s poured into a trough before the alia'r, or thrown on the ground.. One poor woman came with an (.tVeiing of pork and green" peas; s-'ie had neither fowl nor fish.' When Ins worshipper throws his flaming paper on the metal altar, an attendant in the temple heats a large drinn, ami strikes a bell, as if to rouse the altenlioi of the god to what is •tiered. Several of the worshippers muttered a prayer on their knees, or standing, — taking up a crooked piece of wood, like a cow's horn divided lengthwise, and throwing it down again and again, till it fell in a manner that they wished, or thought ominous of good. There is nothing social in their worship, "nor any respect shewn by those who are not engaged. One is praying, another talking and laughing, a third cleaning ulens'ls, &c. As in every idolatrous country, thsre. appear to be favourite deities, as well a« particular times for their worship of one in preference to another.'

hence many of the temples arequite deserted, whilst that of Pak-ti-pusaat was crowded.

Ahout two in the morning, the noise of the fire-works announced the introduction of the New Year. The people dress id themselves on the preceding evening, and waited for its approach. I arose, and walked through the suburbs; which were thronged by persons repairing to the temples, carrying with them various offerings.

On this day the Chinese seed to the Europeans slips of red paper, on which they express a wish, that the person to whom it is sent may enj;>v health and prosperity.

I am informed, that at GO or 61 years of age, a person has the privilege of walking with a stick, and wearing a button of a peculiar kind on the top of his cap. At TO, be may walk where the Emperor is sometimes seen; and at 80, stand and look him in the face.

How low is the idea TrI-iioh the Chinese must entertain of the engagements of departed spirHs, when they suppose that they are pleased with the performances of strolling players, or the noise made by fireworks 1 Strings of crackers, proportioned in length lo (he gratitude and wealth of the person exploding them, are heard at all seasons, morning, noon, and midnight.

March 27, 1808. At this time serious apprehensions were entertained of scarcity, from ,he dryness of the season. Public prayer* were offered up in most of the temples. Papers were pasted up in them, reminding the individual worshippers of that which was desired. A fast for three days was in contemplation; but did not take place.

Conversing with a person, I mentioned, ' That if 1 should go to P. I would return, if life were spared.' I perceived he did not like the allusion to a possibility of dying; and on further enquiry, found that it is J>y no means pleasant to the Chinese in genera!, either to think or speak oftfeatk. Alas! to them the sting remains: 'they know not how to extract it; and, like thous nuts elsewhere, endeavour to forget the evil which they cannot avoid. G, to be

IVIC.

able to preach fully to them Jesns, and tbe resurrection!

My assiitant is of opinion, that the translation which I have of the Gospels and Episli-s (copied from the MS?, in the British Museum) was made by some Chinese,— the style being superior, he supposes, to that of any. foreigner.

Oct. 5 was a great holiday, on account of the harvest-moon, which was this evening full. Thousands bowed down and worshipped it, presenting at the sam< time offerings of fruit, fowli, wine, &c.

SWEDEN.

Tb tbe Editor. Rev. and dear Sir, An Account having appeared in

your Supplement for 1808, of the Tour of the Rev. Messrs. Paterson and Henderson thro' the northern parts of Sweden, for the purpose of procuring information concerningthe religious state of the country,, in which the scarcity and high price of Bibles is noticed,—it will, doubtless, be gratifying to your reader* to be informed. That, through the exertions of these devoted servaut* of Christ, a Society was formed at Stockholm, which, early in the last year, received tie royal sanction, under the deRominalion of The Evangelical Society, whose objacti* to print the Holy Scriptures and Religions Tracts (preserving the funds allotted to en.ch purpose separate); and this Society having been encouraged by pecuniary aid from the lirilisb and Foreign Bible Society,for the express purpose of printing the Swedish Bible on standing types, in order to furnish a perpetual supply; at a low price, are actually engaged in printing this work, which hassuffered littte or no interruption from the revolution that h;<s since taken place in Sweden, —although they found it necessary to suspend, for a short season, their proceedings in the other branch of their benevolent labours; but have again resumed them since they have had a settled government, — permission having been granted to them to proceed with' the printing and circulation of religious tracts; which moit G

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prove a Iastin_ country.

It will alio be interesting to some of year readers, to be furnished with some account of the Rev. John Pa'erson, and the Rev. Ebenezer Ecnderson, whose zealous exertions fcave proved so highly beneficial to the north of Europe. In the year 1805, they were seqt out by some of the churches in Scotland, with (he intension of going on a mission to India, by way of Denmark; but on their arrival at Copenhagen, She places in the packet being alt previously engaged, they were constrained to wait for a future opportunity. In the mean time, like St. Paul when waiting at Athens, their spirit was stirred within them, when they beheld the city given in a remarkable manner to irreligiou and the open profanation of the Sabbath, — they proceeded (with a Zeal worthy the imitation of other missionaries who may be detained at places short of their ultimate destination) to preach the everlasting gospel to the English, and to such Danes as understood the English language, both at Copenhagen and Elsineur: —they also distributed a number of religious tracts, and procured Danish translations of some of them, which they printed, and distributed among the natives.

Whilst they were thus employed, their attention was turned to the state of Iceland, and having procured accurate information as to the want of the holy Scriptures in that island, and the capacity and disposition of the inhabitants to read them,—they learned thrit the religious society • ;>t Fiinen were about to print 2000 copies of an Icelandic Testament) which appearing to be a very inadequate supply, they opened a correspondence with the committee of the British and Foreign Bible Society,■who added 3000 more at Ibeir expence, and encouraged them to make preparations for printing the whole Bible in I he Icelandic But this was prevented by the unhappy breach between th s country and Denmark. The New Testament, to tke execution of which, Messrs. Pa

RILIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.

blessing to their terson and Henderson gave the most

indefatigable attention, — and in which they were assisted by some of the most respectable characters in Copenhagen, was completed before thia unhappy era, and 1500 copies had been sent off to Iceland.

During the siege of Copenhagen, in 1807, the friends, in Britain, of these worthy men felt much anxiety for their safety : and it afterwards appeared, tbat Mr. Henderson had left that city previous to the siege; but Mr. Pateison thought it his duty to remain there, and visned the distressed people, from house to bouse, admin storing the balm of consolation afforded by the gospel. It becoming necessary after the siege for all British to leave Deumark, Mr. Pateison and his worthy colleague removed to Sweden; where the same spirit of ecquiry into the slate of religion, and the same disposition to be useful to the souls of meE, induced them to concert measures of the greatest importance:—here they circulated, at their own expenee, extracts from the publications of the Religious Tract Society in London; and of the British and Foreign Bible Society: and also an address which tbey prepared, in order to shew the necessity for similar institutions in Sweden (which they wen.: obliged to circulate in writing, as printing is not so readily allowed tterc as in this country); and sifter having travelled many hundred miles for the purpose ot obtaining information on the subject, they happily succeeded in rousing the latent energies of the religious people in Sweden; and convincing them of wants which had before escaped their notice. They, therefore, formed The Evangelical Society ahovementioneo,on a plan which, t'htre is reason to hope, will render it a permanent and active society . They have already printed and circulated a very considerable number of religious tine s in the Swedish and Finnish languages, which have been, I believe, chiefly {raiis'atiens. from the English.

Mestrs Palersjn and Ileoderson have also printed ij> Sweden, a con

siderahle number of Danish tracls, for Ihe benefit of the prisoners of war, at the charge of the Religious Tract Society in London, who have also contributed liberally to the funds of the Evan5elic.11 Society, to enable them to commence their operations in that department; and their example has been followed by a handsume subscription in Sweden.

Messrs Paterson and Henderson have als > turned their attention to the Finn's'.i Refugees; and having found soaie Finnish Testaments in Stockholm, they prevailed on the British and Foreign Bible Society to purchase then:, ior the purpose of dislribution among them; which ■was readily entrusted to their care. They have also discovered where a Lapland Bible was printia-j, and made an engagement for 5CC0 copit s of the New Testament in that language, on account of the British and Foreign Bible Society.

Whilst they were "busily engaged in the pursuit of these important objecls, End in preaching the gospel to their countrymen', they have uniformly conducted themselves with such propriety, and evinced such sound judgment in all their proceedings, ss to command the respect of U'eir superiors i who, in their correspondence, always speak of them iit'the Highest terms of peculiar regard.

When we consider the vast field which tbe continent of Europe presents, for'the cxerl'on of such talents us are given by the God of Kii grace to the#e devoled missionaries, may we not hope that their future labours will he of the same import, ant nature in other countries with those abovemenlioned i and the contemplation of the past events relating to them, should lead us to adore his inscrutable dispensations; who, when he disappoints his servants that have engaged in hiswork, and thwarts their purposes, is sverruling them fer h;s own glory, and often for the more extensive enlargement of the church of Christ, than would probably have been the «ffect of their labours in the line which they had proposed to themselves. Amicus.

Provincial Intelligtnce.

HIBERNIAN SOCIETY.

The Committee with pleasure submit to the Religious Public, the following extract of a Letter from Mr. T. G. one of the preachers sent over by this Society, dated October 4, 1809.

The box of Bibles, Testaments, and tracts, as mentioned in your letter of May 6, 1 received :—a very acceptable supply indeed. All the common Testaments, except two or three, are disposed of, and some Bibles. The desire for them I think coutinues to increase, and the means cf supply increase with the desire, which is a peculiar blessing. The Cork Bible Society docsgreat things, and the secretaries aie very zealous; they s^it a supply to this town yesterday. Thus the bread of life is offered to the starving Irish, and the living streams flow into their houses.

0 that they may cat, drink, aad live for ever!

One man, a Roman Catholic, to whom 1 gave a Testament, upon his earnest reqiust, carries it about in lis bosom. With another 1 have had much conversation; and I hope the' minds of both are opening to the truth. These are gincrallyat our place of woiship; seteral others occi.sonal'y attend, ai.d many more we should have, neie it not for fear of wearing the while sheet The congregation on the Sabbath evening, 1 think, iacreas s: we have generally between 2 anil ,"00 people.

I have been discouraged by the conduct of some, of whom 1 had entertained loud hopes. However,

1 think this a very promising field of usefulness; and if the preacher had all that zeal, energy, faithfulness, and holin- s«, Ihe nature of litis* work demands, much might be expected j though, without the Holy Spirit's influence, all would be in vain.

That no (food has been done, I dare not say. 1 have 1he pleasure of kuowing that several persons are seeking Jesus ,• and, through the rich grace of the Saviour, the Society already begins to reap the fruit of their labours. It has been 40 RELIGIOUS

■with unspeakable delight that I have lately pointed to the Lamb of God some who came to complain, of their 'wicked hard hearts.'

I mentioned, 1 think, ill a former letter, that once a week 1 had preached in the HarracUs' in the town : — this 1 continue to lio, with a pleasing prospect of good iieit.g done. The Sunday Sciool and the Weekly Schools are tolerably ■well attended. The monthly sermon to the young people is always anxiously looked for. This is one' ©f the most pleasing exercises in which I engage. One of the first of these services was made useful ■to a young pewon, whose conversation aud conduct are becoming the gospel.

The above account must be very acceptable to the Society, demands their grateful praises, and I hope will stimulate them to greater exertions. I lament that this is such an out-of-the-way place, that ministers coming from England to supply the chapel at Dublin, can never visit us. If such a thing could be done, the betieiit might.be great; or, if any more'could come for the express purpose, at certain times, to make a tour, ' to visit the urethren, and see how they do,' it would be exceedingly refreshing aud useful.

P, S. I should have acknowledged the rcceipt-of the spellioghooks from the Sunday School Society ; and for which we are very thankful.

No sooner was the Hibernian Society instituted, than the ieaders among the Irish Catholics began to adopt mensurrs for counteracting their exertions, A pamphlet was published, which condemns all the means by which the object of the Society is to-be attained. A brief extract will sufiice ,to shew, that Popery is the same now that She was in the darkest aj,es.

'Your plan is (it is said in the pamphlet) to proline every poor family utith a copy of the Holy Scriptures. This mode of propagating religion, or of enlightening the mind with rclr^iou* truLh, appears so pre

INTELLIGENCE.

posleroui to the eye of reason and philosophy, aud bus been found so inadequate, by a Ion;; experience, that nothing hut that spirit of opposition to popery, which givss a sanction to every thing, could still induce any people to persevere in iis adoption.—To see this book of wonders, this book of mysteries, this book of prophecies, this book containing the earliest history of mankind,. laid before an ignorant peasant for ins edification and instruction! Can we seriously applaud the measure!'

Alter this we need not wonder that orders have been issued, not to accept a religious tract, nor to pick one up from the ground, unless to burn it, or to carry it to the priest!

We rejoice to hear that the British and Foreign Biwle Society are about to reprint the New Testament (Bishop Bedell's edition) is the Irish language. Such is the partiality of the Irish to their own tongue, that we, hope the most desirable effects' will be produced by this measure.

ORDINATIONS, &C.

The Rev. Mr. Fernie, of ttie

seminary at Hackney, was oWained t<» the care of the church recently formed at Brewood, in Staffordshire. Mr, Chesters, of Utloxeter, began the service as usual; Mr. Williams, of Stone, asked the questions, &e.; Mr. Wilts, of London, offered the ordination prayer; Mr. Collison, of Hackney, save the chargefrom Malachi ii. 6; Mr. MoFely, of iianley, preached to the people from Mark ii. 17; Mr. Salt, of Lichfield; Mr. Cooke, of Stafford; Mr. Smith, tf Wolverhampton ; .and Mr. Scarrot, of Shiffnal, engaged iu the other parts of the service.

July 12. The Hcv. Js. Cooper was ordained over the Independent Wiurcri assembling in the Old Meeting-house, West "Bromwlch, Staffordshire. Mr. Hudson, of West Dromwicb, began with reading the Scriptures and prayer; Mr. Phillips, Junior Tutor at itoiherham, delivered the introductory discourse, and askei the usual questions; Mr. Grovev of Walsall, prayed the ordination prayer; Dr. Williams, the Senior Tutor of Itolherhani, gave the charge; Mr. James, of iiirniiiuham, prsacued to the people; and Mr. Steele,

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