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A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.
the rest were in a very weak condition. On the 5th of November, CHAPTER I.
which was the beginning of summer in those parts, the weather being
very hazy, the seamen spied a rock within half a cable's length of the THE AUTHOR GIVES SOME ACCOUNT OF HIMSELF AND FAMILY: HIS FIRST
ship; but the wind was so strong, that we were driven directly upon INDUCEMENTS TO TRAVEL. HE IS SHIPWRECKED, AND SWIMS FOR HIS
| it, and immediately split. Six of the crew, of whom I was one, having LIFE; GETS SAFE ASHORE IN THE COUNTRY OF LILLIPUT ; IS MADE A
let down the boat into the sea, made a shift to get clear of the ship PRISONER, AND CARRIED UP THE CCUNTRY.
and the rock. We rowed, by my computation, about three leagues, till
we were able to work no longer, being already spent with labour, My father had a small estate in Nottinghamshire ; I was the third of
while we were in the ship. We, therefore, trusted ourselves to five sons. He sent me to Emmanuel College in Cambridge at fourteen
the mercy of the waves; and, in about half an hour, the boat was years old, where I resided three years, and applied myself close to my
overset by a sudden flurry from the north. What became of my studies; but the charge of maintaining me, although I had a very
companions in the boat, as well as those who escaped on the rock, scanty allowance, being too great for a narrow fortune, I was bound
or were left in the vessel, I cannot tell, but conclude they were all apprentice to Mr. James Bates, an eminent surgeon in London, with
lost. For my own part, I swam as fortune directed me, and was whom I continued four years; and my father now and then sending
pushed forward by wind and tide. I often let my legs drop, and me small sums of money, I laid them out in learning navigation, and
could feel no bottom; but, when I was almost gone, and able to other parts of the mathematics useful to those who intend to travel, as I always believed it would be, some time or other, my fortune to do.
struggle no longer, I found myself within my depth ; and, by this
time, the storm was much abated. The declivity was so small, that I When I left Mr. Bates, I went down to my father ; where, by the
walked near a mile before I got to the shore, which I conjectured was assistance of him and my uncle John and some other relations, I got forty pounds, and a promise of thirty pounds a year, to maintain me at Leyden. There I studied physic two years and seren months, knowing it would be useful in long voyages.
Soon after my return from Leyden, I was recommended by my good master, Mr. Bates, to be surgeon to the Swallow, Captain Abraham Pannell, commander; with whom I continued three years and a half, making a voyage or two into the Levant, and some other parts. When I came back I resolved to settle in London ; to which Mr. Bates, iny master, encouraged me, and by him I was recommended to several patients. I took part of a small house in the Old Jewry; and, being advised to alter my condition, I married Mrs. Mary Burton, second daughter to Mr. Edmund Burton, hosier in Newgate-street, with whom I received four hundred pounds for a portion.
Gulliver Bound. But my good master, Bates, dying in two years after, and I having few friends, my business began to fail ; for my conscience would not about eight o'clock in the evening. I then advanced forward near suffer me to imitate the bad practice of too many among my brethren. half a mile, but could not discover any sign of houses or inhabitants ; Having, therefore, consulted with my wife, and some of my ac- at least, I was in so weak a condition, that I did not observe them. I quaintance, I determined to go again to sea. I was surgeon was extremely tired, and with that, and the heat of the weather, and successively in two ships, and made several voyages, for six years, to about half a pint of brandy that I drank as I left the ship, I found the East and West Indies, by which I got some addition to my myself much inclined to sleep. I lay down on the grass, which was fortune. My hours of leisure I spent in reading the best authors, very short and soft, where I slept sounder than ever I remembered to ancient and modern, being always provided with a good number of have done in my life, and, as I reckoned, about nine hours ; for, when books; and, when I was ashore, in observing the manners and dis- I awaked, it was just day-light. I attempted to rise, but was not able positions of the people, as well as learning their language, wherein I to stir : for as I happened to lie on my back, I found my arms and had a great facility, by the strength of my memory.
legs were strongly fastened on each side to the ground; and my hair, The last of these voyages not proving very fortunate, I grew weary which was long and thick, tied down in the same manner. I likewise of the sea, and intended to stay at home with my wife and family. I felt several slender ligatures across my body, from my arm-pits to my removed from the Old Jewry to Fetter-lane, and from thence to thighs. I could only look upwards, the sun began to grow hot, and the Wapping, hoping to get business among the sailors ; but it would light offended my eyes. I heard a confused noise about me ; but, in not turn to account. After three years' expectation that things would the posture I lay, could see nothing except the sky. In a little time, I mend, I accepted an advantageous offer from Captain William Prichard, felt something alive moving on my left leg, which, advancing gently master of the Antelope, who was making a voyage to the South Sea. forward over my breast, came almost up to my chin ; when, bending We set sail from Bristol, May 4, 1699; and our voyage at first was my eyes downward, as much as I could, I perceived it to be a human very prosperous.
creature, not six inches high, with a bow and arrow in his hands, and It would not be proper, for some reasons, to trouble the reader with a quiver at his back. In the meantime I felt at least forty more of the the particulars of our adventures in those seas. Let it suffice to inform same kind (as I conjectured) following the first. I was in the utmost him, that, in our passage from thence to the East Indies, we were driven astonishment, and roared so loud that they all ran back in a fright; by a violent storm, to the north-west of Van Diemen's Land. By an and some of them, as I was afterwards told, were hurt with the falls. observation, we found ourselves in the latitude of 30° 2' south. they got by leaping from my sides upon the ground. However, they Twelve of our crew were dead by immoderate labour and ill food ; soon returned, and one of them, who ventured so far as to get a full
sight of my face, lifting up his hands and eyes by way of admiration, right, and of observing the person and gesture of him that was to speak. cried out in a shrill, but distinct voice, bekinab degul; the others repeated He appeared to be of a middle age, and taller than any of the other the same words several times, but I then knew not what they meant. three who attended him, whereof one was a page that held up his train, I lay all this while, as the reader may believe, in great uneasiness ; at and seemed to be somewhat longer than my middle finger; the other length, struggling to get loose, I had the fortune to break the strings, two stood one on each side, to support him. He acted every part of an and wrench out the pegs, that fastened my left arm to the ground; orator, and I could observe many periods of threatenings, and others of for by lifting it up to my face, I discovered the methods they had promises, pity, and kindness. I answered in a few words, but in the taken to bind me, and at the same time, with a violent pull, which gave most submissive manner, lifting up my left hand, and both my eyes, to me excessive pain, I a little loosened the strings that tied down my the sun, as calling him for a witness : and, being almost famished with hair on the left side, so that I was just able to turn my head about hunger, having not eaten a morsel for some hours before I left the ship, two inches. But the creatures ran off a second time, before I could I found the demands of nature so strong upon me, that I could not forseize them ; whereupon there was a great shout in a very shrill accent, bear showing my impatience (perhaps against the strict rules of decency) and after it ceased, I heard one of them cry aloud, tolgo phonac; when, by putting my finger frequently to my inouth, to signify that I wanted in an instant, I felt above an hundred arrows discharged on my left food. The burgo (for so they call a great lord, as I afterwards learned) hand, which pricked me like so many needles; and, besides, they shot understood me very well. He descended from the stage, and commanded another flight into the air, as we do bombs in Europe, whereof many, that several ladders should be applied to my sides ; on which above an I suppose, fell on my body (though I felt them not), and some on my hundred of the inhabitants mounted, and walked towards my mouth, face, which I immediately covered with my left hand. When this laden with baskets full of meat, which had been provided and sent shower of arrows was over, I fell a-groaning with grief and pain, and thither by the king's orders, upon the first intelligence he received of then striving again to get loose, they discharged another volley larger
me. I observed there was the flesh of several animals, but could not than the first, and some of them attempted with spears to stick me in distinguish them by the taste. There were shoulders, legs, and loins,
shaped like those of mutton, and very well dressed, but smaller than the wings of a lark. I ate them by two or three at a moutu. 'ul, and took three loaves at a time, about the bigness of musket bullets. They supplied me as fast as they could, showing a thousand marks of wonder and astonishment at my bulk and appetite. I then made another sign that I wanted drink. They found by my eating that a small quantity would not suffice me ; and being a most ingenious people, they slung up with great dexterity, one of their largest hogsheads, then rolled it towards my hand, and beat out the top: I drank it off at a draught ; which I might well do, for it did not hold half a pint, and tasted like a small wine of Burgundy, but much more delicious. They brought ine a second hogshead, which I drank in the same manner, and made signs for more ; but they had none to give me. When I had performed these wonders, they shouted for joy, and danced upon my breast, repeating, several times, as they did at first, hekinah degul. They made me a sign, that I should throw down the two hogsheads, but first warning the people below to stand out of the way, crying aloud, borach mevola ; and, when they saw the vessels in the air, there was an universal shout of hekinah degul. I confess, I was often tempted, while they were passing backwards and forwards on my body, to seize forty or fifty of the first that came in my reach, and dash them against the ground. But the remembrance of what I had felt, which probably might not be the worst they could do, and the promise of honour I made them (for so I interpreted my submissive behaviour), soon drove out those imaginations. Besides, I now considered myself as bound, by the laws of hospitality, to a people who had treated me with so much expense and magnificence. However, in my thoughts I could not sufficiently wonder at the intrepidity of these diminutive mortals, who durst venture to mount and walk upon my body, while one of my hands was at liberty, without trembling at the very sight of so prodigious a creature, as I must appear
to them. After some time, when they observed that I made no more A Lilliputian Orator.
demands for meat, there appeared before me a person of high rank from
his Imperial Majesty. His Excellency, having mounted on the small of the sides ; but by good luck I had on me a buff jerkin, which they my right leg, advanced forwards up to my face, with about a dozen of could not pierce. I thought it the most prudent method to lie still, his retinue : and, producing his credentials under the signet-royal, which and my design was to continue so till night, when, my left hand being he applied close to my eyes, spoke about ten minutes, without any signs already loose, I could easily free myself; and as for the inhabitants, I of anger, but with a kind of determinate resolution, often pointing forhad reason to believe I might be a match for the greatest army they wards, which, as I afterwards found, was towards the capital city, about could bring against me, if they were all of the same size with him half a mile distant, whither it was agreed by his Majesty in council that that I saw. But fortune disposed otherwise of me. When the people I must be conveyed. I answered in few words, but to no purpose, and observed I was quiet, they discharged no more arrows: but, by the made a sign with my hand that was loose, putting it to the other (but noise I heard, I knew their numbers increased ; and about four over his Excellency's head, for fear of hurting him or his train) and then yards from me, over against my right ear, I heard a knocking for to my own head and body, to signify that I desired my liberty. It apabove an hour, like that of people at work ; when, turning my head peared that he understood me well enough, for he shook his head by that way, as well as the pegs and strings would permit me, I saw a way of disapprobation, and held his hand in a posture to show that I stage erected, about a foot and a half from the ground, capable of hold must be carried as a prisoner. However, he made other signs, to let me ing four of the inhabitants, with two or three ladders to mount it; understand that I should have meat and drink enough, and very good from whence one of them, who seemed to be a person of quality, made treatment. Whereupon I once more thought of attempting to break my me a long speech, whereof I understood not one syllable. But I should bonds ; but again, when I felt the smart of their arrows upon my face bave mentioned, that before the principal person began his oration, he and hands, which were all in blisters, and many of the darts still stickcried out three times, langro debul san : (these words, and the former, were ing in them, and observing, likewise, that the number of my enemics afterwards repeated, and explained to me.) Whereupon immediately increased, I gave tokens to let them know, that they might do with me about fifty of the inhabitants came and cut the strings that fastened what they pleased. Upon this the burgo and his train withdrew, with the left side of my head, which gave me the liberty of turning it to the 1 much civility, and cheerful countenances. Soon after, I heard a general
feet wide, through which I could easily creep. On each side of the gate was a small window, not above six inches from the ground ; into that on the left side the King's smith conveyed four score and eleven chains, like those that hang to a lady's watch in Europe, and almost as large, which were locked to my left leg with six-and-thirty padlocks. Over against this temple, on the other side of the great highway, at twenty feet distance, there was a turret at least five feet high. Here the Emperor ascended, with many principal lords of his court, to have an opportunity of viewing me, as I was told, for I could not see them. It was reckoned that above an hundred thousand inhabitants came out
of the town upon the same errana ; and, in spite of my guards, I believe there could not be fewer than ten thousand, at several times, who mounted my body, by the help of ladders. But a proclamation was soon issued, to forbid it, upon pain of death. When the workmen found it was impossible for me to break loose, they cut all the strings that bound me ; whereupon I rose up, with as melancholy a disposition as ever I had in my life. But the noise and astonishment of the people, at seeing me rise and walk, are not to be expressed. The chains that held my left leg were about two yards long, and gave me not only the liberty of walking backwards and forwards in a semicircle, but, being fixed within four inches of the gate, allowed me to creep in, and lie at my full length in the temple.
shout, with frequent repetitions of the words, peplom selam, and I felt great numbers of people on my left side, relaxing the cords to such a degree, that I was able to turn upon my right, and to get a little ease. But, before this, they had daubed my face and both my hands with a sort of ointment very pleasant to the smell, which, in a few minutes, removed all the smart of their arrows. These circumstances, added to the refreshment I had received by their victuals and drink, which were very nourishing, disposed me to sleep. I slept about eight hours, as I was afterwards assured ; and it was no wonder, for the physicians, by the Emperor's order, had mingled a sleepy potion in the hogsheads of wine.
It seems that, upon the first moment I was discovered sleeping on the ground after my landing, the Emperor had early notice of it, by an express ; and determined in council, that I should be tied in the manner I have related (which was done in the night, while I slept), that plenty of meat and drink should be sent to me, and a inachine prepared to carry me to the capital city.
This resolution, perhaps, may appear very bold and dangerous, and I am confident would not be imitated by any prince in Europe, on the like occasion. However, in my opinion, it was extremely prudent, as well as generous ; for, supposing these people had endeavoured to kill me with their spears and arrows, while I was asleep, I should certainly have awaked with the first sense of smart, which might so far have roused my rage and strength, as to have enabled me to break the strings wherewith I was tied ; after which, as they were not able to make resistance, so they could expect no mercy.
These people are most excellent mathematicians, and arrived to a great perfection in mechanics, by the countenance and encouragement of the Emperor, who is a renowned patron of learning. This prince hath several machines fixed on wheels for the carriage of trees, and other great weights. He often builds his largest men of war, whereof some are nine feet long, in the woods where the timber grows, and has them carried on these engines three or four hundred yards to the sea, Five hundred carpenters and engineers were immediately set to work, to prepare the greatest engine they had. It was a frame of wood, raised three inches from the ground, about seven feet long and four wide, moving upon twenty-two wheels. The shout I heard was upon the arrival of this engine, which, it seems, set out in four hours after my landing. It was brought parallel to me, as I lay. But the principal difficulty was, to raise and place me in this vehicle. Eighty poles, each of one foot high, were erected for this purpose, and very strong cords, of the bigness of packthread, were fastened by hooks to many bandages, which the workmen had girt round my neck, my hands, my body, and my legs. Nine hundred of the strongest men were employed to draw up these cords by many pulleys fastened on the poles ; and thus, in less than three hours, I was raised and slung into the engine, and there tied fast. All this I was told ; for, while the whole operation was performing; I lay in a profound sleep, by the force of that soporiferous medicine infused into my liquor. Fifteen hundred of the Emperor's largest horses, each about four inches and a half high, were employed to draw me towards the metropolis, which, as I said, was half a mile distant.
About four hours after we began our journey, I awaked, by a very ridiculous accident; for, the carriage being stopt a while, to adjust something that was out of order, two or three of the young natives had the curiosity to see how I looked, when I was asleep; they climbed up into the engine, and advancing very softly to my face, one of them, an officer in the guards, put the sharp end of his half-pike a good way up into my left nostril, which tickled my nose like a straw, and made me sneeze violently ; whereupon they stole off unperceived, and it was three weeks before I knew the cause of my awaking so suddenly. We made a long march the remaining part of the day, and rested at night with Sive hundred guards on each side of me, half with torches, and half with bows and arrows, ready to shoot me, if I should offer to stir. The next morning, at sunrise, we continued our march, and arrived within two hundred yards of the city gates about noon. The Emperor, and all his court, came out to meet us; but his great officers would by no means suffer his Majesty to endanger his person, by mounting on my body.
At the place where the carriage stopt, there stood an ancient temple, esteemed to be the largest in the whole kingdom, which, having been polluted some years before by an unnatural murder, was, according to the zeal of those people, looked upon as profane, and therefore had been applied to common use, and all the ornaments and furniture carried away. In this edifice it was determined I should lodge. The great gate, fronting to the north, was about four feet high, and almost two
THE EMPEROR OF LILLIPUT, ATTENDED BY SEVERAL OF THE NOBILITY, COMES
TO SEE THE AUTHOR IN HIS CONFINEMENT. THE EMPEROR'S PERSON
When I found myself on my feet, I looked about me, and must confess I never beheld a more entertaining prospect. The country around appeared like a continued garden, and the enclosed fields, which were generally furty feet square, resembled so many beds of flowers. These fields were intermingled with woods of half a stang, and the tallest trees, as I could judge, appeared to be seven feet high. I viewed the town on my left hand, which looked like the painted scene of a city in a theatre.
I had been for some hours extremely tired, however, so I crept into my house and shut the door after me. But it was of no use to try to get rid of so much company. I had to come out again, and to get a little change by stepping backwards and forwards as far as my chains allowed. I soon found that the Emperor had descended from the tower, and advancing on horseback towards me, which had like to have cost him dear ; for the beast, though very well trained, yet wholly unused to such a sight, which appeared as if a mountain moved before him, reared up on his hinder feet. But that prince, who is an excellent horseman, kept his seat, till his attendants ran in and held the bridle, hors while his Majesty had time to dismount. When he alighted, he surveyed me round with great admiration, but kept beyond the length of my chain. He ordered his cooks and butlers, who were already prepared, to give me victuals and drink, which they pushed forward in a sort of vehicle upon wheels, till I could reach them. I took these vehicles, and soon emptied them all ; twenty of them were filled with meat, and ten with liquor ; each of the former afforded me two or three good mouthfuls; and I emptied the liquor of ten vessels, which was contained in earthen vials, into one vehicle, drinking it off at a draught ; and so I did with the rest. The Empress and young princes of the blood of both sexes, attended by many ladies, sat at some distance in
* An old word for a perch, sixteen feet and a half. These small woods were therefore eight feet