Confronting Aristotle's Ethics: Ancient and Modern Morality

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University of Chicago Press, 15 sep. 2008 - 328 páginas

What is the good life? Posing this question today would likely elicit very different answers. Some might say that the good life means doing good—improving one’s community and the lives of others. Others might respond that it means doing well—cultivating one’s own abilities in a meaningful way. But for Aristotle these two distinct ideas—doing good and doing well—were one and the same and could be realized in a single life. In Confronting Aristotle’s Ethics, Eugene Garver examines how we can draw this conclusion from Aristotle's works, while also studying how this conception of the good life relates to contemporary ideas of morality.

The key to Aristotle’s views on ethics, argues Garver, lies in the Metaphysics or, more specifically, in his thoughts on activities, actions, and capacities. For Aristotle, Garver shows, it is only possible to be truly active when acting for the common good, and it is only possible to be truly happy when active to the extent of one’s own powers. But does this mean we should aspire to Aristotle’s impossibly demanding vision of the good life? In a word, no. Garver stresses the enormous gap between life in Aristotle’s time and ours. As a result, this bookwill be a welcome rumination on not only Aristotle, but the relationship between the individual and society in everyday life.

 

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Índice

Introduction
1
1 What Aristotles Rhetoric Can Tell Us about the Rationality of Virtue
15
2 Decision Rational Powers and Irrational Powers
47
3 The Varieties of Moral Failure
69
4 Passion and the Two Sides of Virtue
95
5 Aristotles Ethical Virtues Are Political Virtues
124
6 The Ethical Dimensions of Aristotles Metaphysics
164
Choosing Ends and Choosing Lives
189
Notes
225
Name Index
277
Index of Passages in Aristotles Works
281
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Referencias a este libro

Ancient Ethics: A Critical Introduction
Susan Sauvé Meyer
No hay ninguna vista previa disponible - 2008

Sobre el autor (2008)

Eugene Garver is the Regents Professor of Philosophy Emeritus at St. John’s University in Minnesota. He is the author of three previous books, including, most recently, For the Sake of Argument: Practical Reasoning, Character, and the Ethics of Belief, also published by the University of Chicago Press.

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