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AN

ARRANGEMENT

OF

BRITISH PLANTS.

IN FOUR VOLUMES.

C. Baldwin, Printer, New Bridge-street, London, AN

ARRANGEMENT

OF

BRITISH PLANTS,

ACCORDING TO

THE LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

OF THE

Linnean System;

WITH AN EASY

INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF BOTANY.

ILLUSTRATED BY COPPER PLATES.

BY WILLIAM WITHERING, M.D. F.R.S. MEMBER OF THE ROYAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES AT LISBON; PELLOW OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY ;

HONORARY MEMBER OF THE ROYAL MEDICAL SOCIETY AT EDINBURGH, &c.

THE SEVENTH EDITION.

IN FOUR VOLUMES : INCLUDING THE MOST RECENT DISCOVERIES, AND NUMEROUS ENLARGED ANNOTATIONS

ILLUSTRATIVE OF THE VEGETABLE ECONOMY. BY WILLIAM WITHERING, Esq. LL.D. F.L.S. EXTRAORDINARY MEMBER OF THE ROYAL MEDICAL SOCIETY OF EDINBURGH; MEMBER OF TUE

ROYAL SOCIETY OF LITERATURE OF THE UNITED KINGDOM, &c. &c. &c.

“ Nor are the Plants, which Britain calls her own,
Few, or unlovely.” Mason.

VOL. II.

LONDON: PRINTED FOR C. J. G. AND F. RIVINGTON; J. NUNN; LONGMAN, REES,

ORME, BROWN, AND GREEN ; T. CADELL ; J. RICHARDSON ; J. M. RICHARDSON ; HATCHARD AND SON ; R. SCHOLEY ; P. W. AND G. WYNNE; S. BAGSTER; BALDWIN AND CRADOCK; HURST, CHANCE, AND CO.; HAMILTON, ADAMS, AND co. ; WHITMORE AND FENN; WHITTAKER, TREACHER, AND CO.; J. DUNCAN ; J. COCHRAN; SIMPKIN AND MARSHALL ; w. MASON; G. COWIE AXD co.; T. BUMPUS; G. WILSON; T. AND W. BOORNE; J. DOWDING; W. J. AND J. MAYNARD; SMITH, ELDER, AND co.; J. BAIN ; E. HODGSON ; HOULSTON AND SON; AND STIRLING AND KENNY, EDINBURGH ; AND G. AND J. ROBINSON, LIVERPOOL.

“ Flowers worthy of Paradise, which not nice art,
In bed and curious knots, but Nature boor
Pourd forth profuse, on hill, and dale, and plain."

MILTON

“ I cannot but think the very complacency and satisfaction which a man takes in these works of Nature, to be a laudable, if not a virtuous habit of mind.” ADDISON.

CLASS I.

MONANDRIA.

MONOGYNIA.

(1) (Seeds several. E.) CHA RA. (Berry with many seeds. Style none. E)* [Salix monandra.]

(2) (Seed one. E.) HIPPU'RIS. Calyr none.

Blossom none. SALICORNIA. Cal. one leaf, four-cornered, lopped, tumid.

Bloss. none. (Seed included in the calyx. E.) (Valeriana rubra, Alchemilla arvensis, Ophrys spiralis, & ovata.]

DIGYNIA.

CALLITRICHE. Cal. none. Bloss, two petals. Capsule

two-celled.
[Festuca myurus. ]

TETRAGYNIA.
ZANNICHEL'LIA. Invol, none.

Barren Flower. Cal. none. Bloss. none.
Fertile Flower. Cal. one leaf. Bloss. none.

Seeds four.

. (In vol. i. will be found the more detailed generic description, according to the views of a majority of older authors. We bere briefly introduce a character drawn from the observation of recent writers, that “the anther and pistil are mostly found together, rarely on separate plants ; so that the genus is not monoecious, though in one or two instances, occasionally dioecious.” Sm. E.) VOL. II.

B

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