Evolution’s Rainbow: Diversity, Gender, and Sexuality in Nature and People

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University of California Press, 17 may. 2004 - 474 páginas
In this innovative celebration of diversity and affirmation of individuality in animals and humans, Joan Roughgarden challenges accepted wisdom about gender identity and sexual orientation. A distinguished evolutionary biologist, Roughgarden takes on the medical establishment, the Bible, social science—and even Darwin himself. She leads the reader through a fascinating discussion of diversity in gender and sexuality among fish, reptiles, amphibians, birds, and mammals, including primates. Evolution's Rainbow explains how this diversity develops from the action of genes and hormones and how people come to differ from each other in all aspects of body and behavior. Roughgarden reconstructs primary science in light of feminist, gay, and transgender criticism and redefines our understanding of sex, gender, and sexuality. Witty, playful, and daring, this book will revolutionize our understanding of sexuality.

Roughgarden argues that principal elements of Darwinian sexual selection theory are false and suggests a new theory that emphasizes social inclusion and control of access to resources and mating opportunity. She disputes a range of scientific and medical concepts, including Wilson's genetic determinism of behavior, evolutionary psychology, the existence of a gay gene, the role of parenting in determining gender identity, and Dawkins's "selfish gene" as the driver of natural selection. She dares social science to respect the agency and rationality of diverse people; shows that many cultures across the world and throughout history accommodate people we label today as lesbian, gay, and transgendered; and calls on the Christian religion to acknowledge the Bible's many passages endorsing diversity in gender and sexuality. Evolution's Rainbow concludes with bold recommendations for improving education in biology, psychology, and medicine; for democratizing genetic engineering and medical practice; and for building a public monument to affirm diversity as one of our nation's defining principles.
 

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LibraryThing Review

Reseña de usuario  - setnahkt - LibraryThing

Very mixed feelings about this one. Biologist Joan Roughgarden (who used to be Jonathan Roughgarden and who therefore has some personal insight into the situation), probably annoyed at being preached ... Leer reseña completa

LibraryThing Review

Reseña de usuario  - MarthaJeanne - LibraryThing

As a transgendered woman, the author has a different take on the issues of gender and sexuality from most biology professors. Very interesting. I'm not sure I agree with all of her conclusions, but much of the time she makes a lot of sense. Leer reseña completa

Índice

Diversity Denied
1
PART ONE ANIMAL RAINBOWS
11
Sex and Diversity
13
Sex versus Gender
22
Sex within Bodies
30
Sex Roles
43
TwoGender Families
49
MultipleGender Families
75
Gender Identity
238
Sexual Orientation
245
Psychological Perspectives
262
Disease versus Diversity
280
Genetic Engineering versus Diversity
306
PART THREE CULTURAL RAINBOWS
327
TwoSpirits Mahu and Hijras
329
Transgender in Historical Europe and the Middle East
352

Female Choice
106
SameSex Sexuality
127
The Theory of Evolution
159
PART TWO HUMAN RAINBOWS
183
An Embryonic Narrative
185
Sex Determination
196
Sex Differences
207
Sexual Relations in Antiquity
367
Tomboi Vestidas and Guevedoche
377
Trans Politics in the United States
387
Policy Recommendations
401
Notes
409
Index
461
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Sobre el autor (2004)

Joan Roughgarden is Professor of Biological Sciences at Stanford University. She is the author of Primer of Ecological Theory (1998), Anolis Lizards of the Caribbean: Ecology, Evolution, and Plate Tectonics (1995), and Theory of Population Genetics and Evolutionary Ecology: An Introduction (1979).

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