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SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW-YORK, 58.

BE IT REMEMBERED, that on the 27th day of August, A. D. 1828, in the titty-third year of the Independence of the United States of America, E. & G. W. Blunt, of the said Districi, have deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof they claim as proprietors, in the words following to wit:

“The American Annual Register; for the years 1826–7, or, the fifty-first year of American Independence."

In conformity to the Act of Congress of the United States, entitled, "An Act for the encouragement of Learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the time therein mentioned;" and also, to an Act, entitled, “An Act, supplementary to an Act, entitled, an Act for the encouragement of Learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned, and extending the benefits thercof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints."

FRED. I. BETTS, Clerk of the Southern District of New York.

Page.

UNITED STATES. Character of American history--Controversies with Great Britain

North east boundary--Navigation of St. Lawrence-Disputes with Brazil-Papama mission.

Oganization of the opposition-soctional character-Machinery of pariy-Exceptions to first mes.

sage of Mr. Adams--Nomination of general Jackson--His address to the legislature of Tennes.

seo-Principles of opposiuon-Materials of opposition-Charge of corruption against the ad-

ministration-General Jackson's letter to the public--Mr. Clay's answer-General Jackson's

reply-Refutation of charge-Executive patronage-Internal improvemont--Manufactures-

Commerce-Indian affairs.

Colonial regulations of Great Britain-Condition of States after the revolution-Acts of first con-

gress-Sheffield's pamphlet-Convention of 1815--Acts of congress of 1818-Act of parlia-

ment of 1818-Negotiation-Law of the U. 8 of 1820—British Act of 1822-Proclamation

of the president in 1822–Negotiation continued-Act of U. 8. of 18%-Order in Council

of 1823-Acts of Parliament of 1&25-Principles of the two parties–British colonial ports

shut-Negotiation-Proceedings in senate-In house-Conclusion of session-Proclamation

of president-Ports of U. S. closed.

Opening of congress-Bankrupt system-Failure of law of 1800—State laws-Postponement of

bankrupt act of last session-Mr. Hayne's proposition-Discussion in senale,Mr. Branch's

amendment-Proceedings thereon-Defeat of bill-Vice president's appeal--Report of com-

mittee-Publishing the laws-Character of the debate-Creek controversy-Message of the

president thereon-Proceedings in senate-Debate in house-Report-Cession of land by

Croeks; and conclusion of controversy.

Deprossed condition of woollen manufactures-Tariff of 1824–Alteration of British tariff-

Frauds upon the revenue-Mr. Mallory's report and bill--Discussion in house-Proceedings

in senate-Harrisburg convention-Division of opinion.

Treasury report-Revolutionary pensions--Bill authorizing exchange of stock-Grant to suffer-

.ers at Alexandria--Salary of postmaster general-Appropriations for the support of govern-

ment- Army appropriations-Georgia militia claim--Indian appropriations-Appropriations

for internal improvement-Fortifications-Naval appropriations--Bill for the gradual im.

provement of the Navy-Public buildings Correspondence between Mr. Benton and tho

Mexican minister.

MEXICO. Congress of 1897-Foreign relations- Ecclesiastical affairs-Persecution of the Spa-

niards-Laws against them---Plot and execution of Areuas--Arrest of Negrete and Echa-

varri-Disturbances in Durango-Yaquis-Texas-State of parties-Expulsion of Esteva

from Vera Cruz- Attack on Mir Puingeit--Rincon's proceedings—The nevy.

CENTRAL AMERICA Constitution of the States-Origin of the civil wars-Meeting of an

extraordinary congress--President Arce convokes a convention-Disturbances in Guatamala

-New government organized-Salvador makes war upou Guatamala- The Salvadorenos

beaten and ropulsed-Arce marches against Salvador-The latter sunimits--Peace restored-

Canal of Nicaragua.

COLOMBIA. Government in 1827-Santander's message-Foreign relations-Treasury-Army

and navy-Capture of Benevides' party-Bolivar in Bogota-State of things in Venezucla.

Bolivar at Puerto Cabello-Paez sabinits---Bolivar at Caracciis-Renounces the presidency

-Mr. Watts and Bolivar--State of things in April and May-Bustamanto's return from Perú

- Proceedings at Guayaquil—Third division of the army-Their views and object--They sub-

mit-Bolivar prepares to march against them-Risintentions--Congress meets in May--San-

tander's resignation refused-Speeches in congress, of Solo and Uribe, concerning Bolivar-

His renunciation not accepted--Decree of amnesty-Re-establishment of public order-Grand

convention-Apprehensions entertained of Bolivar--Communication of the city of Panama--

Pretended conspiracy at Bogota-A groundless fabrication-Vindication of Santander-

Falsely accused by the Reform party-Concordat with Leo XII.-Insurrection at Guaya-

quil-Bolivar's message to the senate--Entry of Bolivar into Bogota--Swears to the Consti-

tution, Proceedings of congress-Decrees on the pross-Earthquake--Conclurling reflection s.

PERU. Bolivar in Peru--Departs in Septeinber-His council-Congress of 1896-Their ad-

dress-Decrees thereon-Circular of the council-Acts of the province of Lima--Tarapaca

diesonts--Other provinces unanimous for the Bolivian code--Supreme court refuses to ratify

their votes --Counted by the municipality of Lima--Docree of the council, that the Bolivian

code is adopted, and Bolivar president for life-He is proclaimed, and the constitutiou sworn

to-Dissatisfaction—Third division of the Colombian army-Lara perceives their discontent

--Conspiracy of the patriots-Colombian troops declare against Bolivar-Conduct of the

council--Bustamante's proclamation-Citizens of Lima renounce the Bolivian code-Santa

Cruz provisional president-Pando-Old constitution rostored-Colombian troops leave Peru

-Congress meets--La Mar chosen president-His character-Proceedings of congress-Con.

clusion.

BOLIVIA Seanty accounts of Upper Peru--Sucre re-appointed by congress-Colombian

troops--Sucre's address on his election--Bolivian code sworn to-Movement of Fuento on

Pupo-Sucre stands neutral as to Peru-Iis address to the Colombian army-Cunspiracy in

Bolivia-Acquisition of Arica--Bolivia not recognised by Buenos Ayres--Sucre intends to

resign.

CHILE. Blanco's resignation--Chilian finances--Resignation of president Freire-Of vice pre-

sident Pinto---The latter not acceptel- Pinto's installation-War in the southern pro-

vinces--Constitution of Chile—Proceedings of the provincial assemblies--Arguments of the

federal party-Arguments of the centralists—State of parties, The present government.

BRAZIL AND LA PLATA. Folly of the war-Falso policy of the republic--Dissentions-

Bank of Buenos Ayres-Mines—State of the war--Invasion of Rio Grande-Battle of Itu-

zajngo-Consequences—Brown's successes-Both parties desire peace-Garcia's treaty-.

Rejected --And justly--Garcia's defence-Rivadavia resigns--Lopez elected--Government of

Buenos Ayres--Dissolution of the republic-Cordova and Buenos Ayres unite-State of the

var-Brazilian miuistry-Nr. Raguot's departure from Rio-Paraguay.

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GREAT BRITAIN. New Parliament--King's speecin--Indemnity to ministers---Joint Stock

Companies---Aid to Portugal-Death of tho duke of York--Parliament re-assembles-Mr.

Peel's bills for amending criminal laws--Catholic question--- Amendment of the corp lawn

Sickness of lord Liverpool-Mr. Canning appointed premier--Resignation of six cabinet mi-

nisters-New appointments. Popularity of Mr. Canning. The cabinet organized. Parlia-

ment in May. Debates in the house of commons on the ministry. And in the house of lords.

Mr. Canning's situation. Coalition with the whigs. Mr. Canning's budget. Bill for amend-

ing the corn laws. Disfranchisement of Pennryn. Parliament prorogued. Treaty for the

settlement of Greece. Death of Dr. Canning. His character. Lord Goderich's ministry.

Conclusion.

307

FRANCE. Views concerning Spain and Portugal. Opening of the chambers. Montlosier's

petition. Law concerning the press. Dissolution of the National guard Debate on the
budget. Hyde de Neuville. Censorship of the press. Maubreuil's assault on Talleyrand.
Burial of M. Manuel. Relations with Spanish Ainerica. War with Algiers. Dissolution of
the chamber of deputies. Elections unfavourable to the minisiry. Massacres of November.

Prosperity of France.

335

PORTUGAL. State of parties. Chaves. Views of Spain. Preparations in Spain for invading

Portugal. Negotiations at Madrid. Rising of the disattected. Session of the Cortes. In-

vasion of Portugal by Chaves. Military operations. English troops. Battle of Coruches.

Last effort of the rebels. Feelings of the Portuguese towards the British. Cortes prorogued.

Meeting at Elvas. Portugal in May. Changes of ministry. State of parties in August.

Return of Don Miguel determined. Preparations therefor.

353

SPAIN. State of parties. Views as to Portugal. Conduct of goveromeut. Submits to Great

Britain. Zambrano's circular. Inguanzo's exposition. Seditious Correspondence. Discur-

bances at Malaga. South American states. Colombian bishops confirined by the pope. Ca-

talonia. Carlists. Their progress. All Catalonia in rebellion. Demands of the insurgents.

Manifesto of the government. Junta of Manreso. Departure of the king for Tarragona.

Operations agaiost the rebels. Insurrection queiled

371

GREECE AND TURKEY. Janissaries. Attempts to reform them Resumed by Mahmoud.

The Topechis. The new rogulations Insurrection of the Janissaries How repressed.

Conflagration of Constantinople. New troops. State of Greece in 1897. Siege of Messo-

lunghi. Miaulis and the fleet. Events of the siege. Fall of Messolunghi. Summer of 1826.

Assembly of Epidaurus. Commission of government. Third national assembly. New go-

Verament. Capo d'Istria elected president. His character. Sir Richard Church and lord

Cochrane. Greek loans. Enterprises of the Turks. Samos. The Morea. Athens invest-

ed. Karaiskaki. Disturbance at Hydra. Frigate Hellas. Greek army in Attica. Turks

massacred. Karaiskaki's death. Batue of the Acropolis. Offors of capitulation. Surren-

der. Disturbances at Napoli. Cochrane's movements. State of Greece, July, 1827. Grock

piracies. Contributions. Protocol of St. Petersburgh. Negotiations at Constantinople.

Manifesto of the Porte. Treaty of London. Negotiations. Battle of Navarino. Effects on

Ibrahim. Upon the Turks. 'i'he ambassadors leave Constantinople.

393

Local History, and Domestic Occurrences.

435

Executive Officers of the United States. Diplomatic Corps. Army Promotions. Gover-

nors of the Blatci uud Teniturico. Hematon the Shuning fund. Summary statement

of the Exports of the United States, during the year ending September 30th, 1826. Sta-

tistical View of the Commerce of the United States. Statement of the Commerce of

each State.

502-19

(207

PUBLIC DOCUMENTS.

Message of the President of the United States' the 19th Congress, second Session,

(1

Convention between vir nited States and Creai intain,

(16

Proclumation by the Presis nt of the United States, cosing the Ports of the United States, 118

Convention between the United States and Great Britain,

(19

Instructions and Correspondence concerning the Trade between the United States and British

Colonies,

(22

Correspondence on the Navigation of the St. Lawrence,

137

Message of the President of Mexico,

174

Messages of tho Vice President of Colombia,

193

Address of Bolivar to the Constituent Congress of Bolivia,

197

Proclamation and Decrees of ditto,

203

Speech of Emperor of Brazil, to Constitutional Assembly,

205

Do. of Lieutenant Governor of Lower Canada to the Provincial Parliament,

Speech of King of Great Britain 10 Parliament,

(209

Address of Minister of the Interior to the States-General of Netherlands,

(210

Speech of King of France to the Chambers,

(210

Ordinance of ditto, establishing Censorship,

[212

Circular of the Director General of the Police of Spain,

1213

Royal Order respecting Commerce

Proclama ion of King

of Portugal, promulgating Constitution,

(215

New Constitution of Portugal,

216

Treaty of Ackerman between Russia and Turkey,

220

Treaty of London, for the Settlement of Greece,

LAW CASES.

Root vs. King and Verplanck. Libel,

(231

The State, vs. John Brewer. Perjury.

(270

His Majesty's Advocate, vs. David Landall. Killing his opponent in a duel.

274

Burckie, Brothers & Co. vs. ship Tapperheten,

282

United States, vs. Pepe, Mirando and Felix. Piracy and Murder,

Rex vs. W. E. Ball National Law,

297

The State, v. Hayward, et al. Abduction of William Morgan,

(307

OBITUARY,

Marquis of Hastings. Malic Brun. Duke of York. Pestalozzi. Christopher Gore. Rufus
King. Marquis de la Place. King of Saxony.

333.-48

1214

AMERICAN ANNUAL REGISTER,

TOR

THE YEAR 1826-7.

HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES.

CHAPTER I.

Character of American history-Controversies with Great Britain-North

East boundary-Navigation of St. Lawrence-Disputes with Brazil Panama mission.

In the preliminary chapter of resistance to colonial oppressions ; the last volume, a short account it became the rocord of discussions was given of the principles and and measures, all having in view pretensions of the European pow. the welfare and essential inde. ers, that appropriated the Ameri. pendence of this hemisphere, and can continent to their exclusive the abrogation of the novel princi. use ; and of the manner in which ples of international law, which most of the colonies established grew out of the colonial system. here, assumed the rank of inde. Other questions, too, were present. pendent powers. This change in ed, concerning disputed limits, and the character of those colonies the navigation of boundary rivers; essentially modified the policy of which, during the last year, were all those governments, which in brought under discussion. Such any manner were connected with are the materials of the present his. the destiny of the new world. A tory of America. When the inde. new era now commenced in its his. pendent states which now occupy tory. Instead of being the relation this portion of the globe, shall have of fruitless remonstrances against existed long enough to give an air partial commercial regulations, and of plausibility to claims founded on

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