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have seen it so impressive, that old warriors (who are remarkably averse to feelings) have sprung on their feet in time of a song, clapt their hand on their breast, and in the Cherokee language exclaimed, “my heart sing too.” I am yours, &c. G1 DEoN BLAckau RN.

P. S. You will be able to form a judgment of their progress in literature, and their submission to disipline, by the report of a committee of the Presbytery #. Union, and a certificate politely anded by a respectable attorney and merchant, who had spent some time in the school, both which I take the liberty to enclose. Jan. 1, 1807. To the Presbytery of Union, We your Committee beg leave to report, that we attended at and examined the Highwassee Indian school, and do highly approve of the progress the children have made in every branch of literature they have attempted: reading, writing, cyphering, spelling off the book, and singing spiritual songs. Their progress is really flattering in those different branches, and perhaps is not exceeded in any school amongst ourselves. They appear to understand the things they have attempted to learn, as well as they are generally understood by white children. We highly approve the method of teaching and the order of the school, and the children appear to have as just conceptions of order, and as cheerfully to submit to discipline, as any children. Josh. B. LApsley, Is AAG AND ERso N. N. B. The School contains from 45 to 50 Scholars.

Marysville, Feb. 25, 1807. It is hereby certified, that on the 3d of January, 1807, I spent some time in the Highwassee Indian School, established by the Rev. Gideon Blackburn. The number of the scholars was near fifty. Their progress in literature, and their advancement in civilization exceed all beiief. The modesty of their deportment, the ease and decorum of their manners, is not surpassed by any school of white children I have ever seen, nor have I ever witnessed greater docility, or submission so discipline, in the course of my life.

It is my decided opinion, if the institu. tion should be continued, it will event. ually, not only be the highest means of their national civilization, but a saving to the United States, as they must very soon become a branch of the Union.


Extract of a Letter from the Rev. Dr. William Carey, dated at Calcutta, jan. 20, 1897, to the Rev. Dr. Staughton, of Philadelphia. My de AR BRother, By the return of Mr. M'Farlane, I take the opportunity of sending a few hasty lines, to inform you of the changes which have taken place since I wrote you last. Through a severe affliction brother Biss has been obliged to leave his station here and return to Europe. I hope, that the Lord, who knows the wants of all his churches, will eventually overrule, this very afflicting providence for the good of his church, and for the furtherance of the gospel. He will probably arrive in America before this reaches you. If he be still with you, give my, and all our brethren and sisters' love to him and sister Biss.” When captain Wickes was here we were directed to plan a mission to the Burman empire. I expected to have been able to say, that our brethren are gone thither; but the ship is delayed a day or two for a pilot. They came down this evening, thinking to on board to-morrow. I believe they will go the next day. May the Lord send prosperity When captain Wickes was with us he attended a meeting, which was held at a place (formerly an idol temple) belonging to the Rev. Mr. Brown, first chaplain of the presidency, on account of a pious clergyman being dismissed to his station. In that same place we this day met, and commend

* Mr. Biss died on his passage to America, about four weeks after his em off." Serampore; leaving a widow an M. children, who are noo in Philadelphia, and to whom, we doubt not, all that attention will be paid, which their situation requires. It is said, that Mrs. Hiss contemplates a return to India. As. Mag. ed our brethren Chater and Mardon to God, for the work to which they are called. Little did the builder of that edifice think to what purpose it would be appropriated. From thence have seven ministers of the gospel been dismissed to their various stations within a few months ; and in these services churchmen, independents and baptists, have united as brethren in the most cordial manner: I think with a cordiality unknown in England. Two baptists, two independents, and three churchmen, have been from thence sent to their work. This day we heard a long letter from a minister, who has lately gone to visit the Christian churches and the Jews in the south. He has found much real Christianity among some in those parts, and has just visited a number of Syrian Chiristian churches hid among the mountains of Malabar, which, it is supposed, were planted in the fourth century. These Christians had never seen a printed Bible, but have the Syriac Bible in manuscript. Some of their manuscripts are very ancient. Some of them did not know that there were any other Christians in the world besides themselves and the Roman Catholics at Goa, whom they abhor, having been severely persecuted by them. Some of the bishops talked about the necessity of the religion of the heart, and I should hope the fear of God is among them. An order was sent out from the court of directors to new model the college of Fort William," and to make

* The college of Fort William, in Bengal, was instituted in 1800, upon a *ggestiou by the marquis of Wellesley. He met with great opposition at first, but this was overcome by the cogent reasons urged in favour of the establishment, from which important advantages were expected. Suitable instructers are employed in teaching the languages of the country, with others adapted to be useful in India. Nor is English composition neglected; but, together with the study of oriental dialects, proper attention is paid to the language of the mother country, to the sciences, a ts, and improvements of Europe. The meritorious student is rewarded by a degree of honour, which the college confers ; by

very great reductions in the expenses. In the old state I was teacher of Bengalee, Sangskrit and Mahratta, with a salary of five hundred rupees per month. Last week I received a letter from government acquainting me, that I was appointed by the governor general in council professor of the Bengalee and Sangskrit languages, with a salary of one thousand rupees per month, or one hundred twenty five pounds sterling. Thus the earth helpeth the woman. This will enable us to do something more for our Lord.t

the attention of those in power, by promotion, &c. “Knowing, as I do,” says Mr. Carey, “the natives of thic country, and hearing, as I do, their daily observations on our government, character and principles, I am warranted to say, that the institution of this college was wanting to complete the happiness of the natives under our dominion : jor this institution will break down that barrier (our ignorance of their language) which has ever opposed the influence of our laws and principles, and has despoiled our administration of its energy and effects. Were the institution to cease from this moment, its salutary efjects would yet remain. Good has been done, which cannot be undone. Sources of useful Anowledge, moral instruction, and political utility, have been opened to the natives of India, which can never be closed; and their civil improvement, (ike the gradual civilization of our own country, will advance in progression for ages to come.” The gospels and New Testament, translated into several languages of the east, have been printed in this college.—Literary Panorama.

t . The missionaries disinterestedly resolved to devote nothing to private use. With what remains o }. income, af. ter so their necessary expenses, they form a common }. which is appropriated to promote the object a their mission. We were well iño. in September, 1804, that not less than 13,000l. sterling had then been expended: whereof only 5,740l. 17s. 7d. had been received from England in money, goods, &c. So that besides devoting themselves to the work, their pecuniary contributions to its support have been remarka&ly liberal. As. Mag.

Remarks respecting the Christians found in Malabar, mentioned in the foregoing letter. The information given in this letter is very interesting. We cannot but hope that Providence has separated these Christians from the rest of the Christian world, for the purpose of making them unsuspected depositaries of important truth; that from the mountains of Malabar new light may arise for the confirmation of Christian faith; that manuscripts will be discovered, which will afford additional proof of the uncorrupted preservation of the Scriptures, and assist in settling disputed passages of the sacred text. Among a people so long secluded in mountains, sufficient traces we hope may be found of ancient usages and modes of thinking to remove the obscurity in which some arts of the New Testament are yet involved. Perhaps not only the sacred writings, but other valuable works of antiquity may be found on this retired spot. We are also anxious to know what views these Christians entertain of the leading doctrines of the gospel. But the letter is not particular enough to gratify the curiosity which it excites. We are not informed of the evidence on which it is supposed, that these churches were planted in Malabar in the 4th century. It is probable that they have some traditions respecting their origin ; and their religious customs may help to fix the time when they were separated from the great body of Eastern Christians. It is well known that in the beginning of the 4th century, Christians were cruelly persecuted in the Eastern part of the Roman empire, under Diocletian and Galerius. This event may have driven these churches into the interior of India. We learn from ecclesiastical historians, that the Nestorians, a numerous sect of Christians, which arose in the 5th century, and which in two centuries overspread the countries of the East, introduced Christianity very early into India; and to this day, many Nestorians, or, as they are commonly called, Christians of St. Thomas, are found in Malabar. It may be supposed by some, that the churches mentioned in the letter are of this sect, especially as the Nestorians “bave

been severely persecuted by the Catholics at Goa.” But it is presumed, that our informant, who visited the other churches in Malabar, and who must have known the very obvious peculiarities of the Nestorians, could not have been deceived on this point. If no traces of the Nestorian controversy should be found in these churches, this will be an argument of their great antiquity, since the Nestorians after the 5th century filled the countries nearest to hidia, and penetrated India itself.

It is hoped that the missionaries in India will feel interested in obtaining all possible information respecting these Christians. They will naturally direct their first attention to the manuscripts of the Syriac Bible in their possession. It is well known that the Old Syriac holds the highest rank among the versions of Scripture. Biblical criticism will receive great assistance by a discovery of the state of this version in the 4th century.

Perhaps further o will disappoint the hopes we have here expressed. But let it be observed, that we have expressed not our belief, but only our hopes ; and where the heart is interested, how natural is it to indulge in hope


Had we not already expressed our sentiments at large on the subject of the following paper, we should have had much to say on this occasion. It is with peculiar pleasure we observe, that the reasons in favour of a GENERAL Associ AT10 N in this Commonwealth have received so much attention, and are more and more satisfactory to those who candidly examine them. Late events strengthen the hope, that the arsociation will become general, and that the important ends, contemplated by the friends of Zion, will be accomplished. Several Associations, not represented at the late meeting at Windsor, are well known to be friendly to the plan, and will doubtless act in its favour before the next meeting ; which, being appointed in such a central place, will, we trust, comprise a much larger number of associations, than any previous meeting. The costs of

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The disconnected state of the Associations within the limits of this imrtant section of New England ; the

ittle acquaintance which its ministers have with each other; and the hope, that by drawing closer the bonds of union, the cause of truth might be better promoted, suggested the expediency of forming a General Association. A convention of ministers was proposed to ascertain the general opinion on the subject. Delegates were chosen accordingly by several Associations, who met in Northampton, July, 1802. They united in the opinion, that it was expedient that a General Association be formed. They agreed “to admit as articles of faith the doctrines of Christianity, as they are generally expressed in the Assembly's Shorter Catechism, for the basis of union and fellowship.” On this ground they recommended to the several Associations, from which they came, to choose two delegates to represent them, who should meet and organize the General Association; the door being left open for other Associations to unite, if they should be disposed.

The objects to be kept in view they agreed should be, “to promote broth•rly intercourse and harmony, and their mutual assistance, animation and usefulness, as ministers of Christ ; to obtain religious information relative to the state of their churches, and of the Christian church in this country and through the world; and to cooperate with one another and with other Vol. III. No. 2. M

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ble number of the churches in the connexion are in a prosperous state, and to several, within two or three years past, there have been large additions; the Lord having been pleased to accompany the means of instruction with abundant influences of his Holy Spirit. In Hadley, Northampton, Southampton, Westhampton, Easthampton, Williamsburgh, Williamstown, Stockbridge, Sandisfield, Lee and Bradford several hundreds have made public profession of religion. It is noticed with peculiar pleasure, that the very serious attention, which has prevailed in Williamstown, has been extended into the college, and affords the churches a pleasing prospect from the institution. It is also communicated that there are hopeful appearances at the present time in Charlemont, Hawley, and several other places. It is further stated, and the Association deem it their duty to present the unpleasant fact to the public eye, that there is a tract of country of nearly twenty miles square in the northern part of the county of Berkshire, containing seven towns, with a numerous population, in which there is not one settled Congregational minister; and that all those towns, Williamstown excepted, are in a condition which yields no rational hopes, that by their own efforts any of then will be soon supplied with sound evangelical teachers. They are therefore earnestly recommended to the attention of those missionary Societies and Associations of ministers, which can most conveniently afford them that aid, which they so much need ; and the rather because this region is nearer

* According to the present plan, two delegates are chosen by each association. Epito Rs.

home, than any other which has been the scene of missionary labour. And for encouragement, it is further statcd, that when ministers have occasionally visited this almost forsaken people, they have been gratefully received. The General Association is founded upon the pure principles of Congregationalism. One design of it is to cherish, strengthen, and transmit these principles. It wholly disclaims ecclesiastical power or authority over the churches, or the opinions of individuals. ‘i he objects of this Association being in no respect incompatible with those of the Convention of ministers annually holden in Boston, no interference between them is designed, or can reasonably be apprehended, Having these views, the General Association continue to invite their brethren to unite with them in an institution, so evidently promotive of the all important interests of Christianity. And for their accommodation it is hereby notified, that the next meeting of the General Association is to be holden at the house of the Rev. Samuel Austin in Worcester, on the last Wednesday in June next, at 9 o'clock, A. M. STEPHEN WEST, Moderator. Attest, SAMUEL AUSTIN, Scribe. Windsor, June 25, 1807.

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* These eminent men both died before the Society was formed.

The result of their consultations was a persuasion, that the civil, moral, and everlasting interests of their fellowmen night be essentially promoted by united and systematic exertions for diffusing evangelical truth.” Accordingly, on the first of September of the year before mentioned, they associated by the name of “The Massachusetts Society for promoting Christian Knowledge,” and adopted a constitution for their government.S They have since been incorporated by anact of the Commonwealth. In the year 1804, this Society distributed books in Massachusetts Proper, in Rhode Island, Virginia, South-Carolina and Georgia, to the number of 6253, and in the year 1806, in a compass a sittle more extended, to the number of 9174. Among the books distributed are several of the works of Doddridge, Henry, Burder, Wilson, Lathrop, Vincent, Leslie, &c. In future Nos. of the Panoplist, we shall present our readers with interesting extracts from some of the numerous letters to the Directors of the Society, from their agents to whom books have been sent for distribution, containing strong approbation of the design of their institution, and emcouraging accounts of its usefulness. It is with much satisfaction we learn, that an institution of the same kind with the above has been lately formed at Providence, in the State of Rhode Island, by the name of “The Providence Association for promoting Christian Knowledge.” In their address, they say, “We have in view the promotion of no interest separate from that, which involves the highest happiness of our fellow creatures. Whatever be the religious sentiments, which we individually embrace and advocate, we are resolved to adopt no measures in our associated capacity. which will favour one denomination of Christians, in preference to anotherIn determining on books for distribution, we shall, agreeably to our constitution, carefully avoid all such, as are on points of controversy, and select those only, that contain sentiments in which all real Christians are cordially united.”

§ This Constitution we shall publish. at large in a future No. of the Panoptist

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