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activity, solicitude and zeal. And to what point does all this tend ? To the acquisition of objects, which herish in the using, and to which, in a very few years at most, they will be as indifferent as the earth on which they tread. Shall these phantoms of wealth and pleasure be pursued with such avidity, be grasped with such ardour; and shall religion, that fearl of firice, that glorious and eternal reality, be treated with comparative listlessness and indifference : Shall those, who profess to be engaged in the service of the God of heaven, be the only torpid and inactive persons in the world 2 Shall those alone be careless and cold-hearted, who hope they have been redeemed by the blood of the benevolent Jesus 2 Shall the interests of an immortal soul, destined to happiness or misery supreme, be the only object which excites little concern ? Shall those, who claim to be the only thorough believers of the word of God, set the example to the world, of practically treating heaven and hell as mere chimeras and delusions? How astonishing, how lamentable must this bel Farther, let Christians be excited to zeal by all the regard they have for the honour of God, and the good of their fellow men. Would they wish all around them to know that they serve a generous Master, and that the service carries its own reward in its bosom Then let them be all animation and diligence in their work. Would they wish to let a careless world see what religion is ; how real, how lovely, how sublime, how happy : Then let them live it with spirit and consistency. No

argument like this, to convince sinners of its incalculable worth, and bring them to a stand in their thoughtless career. They can resist the evidence of the ear ; they can harden themselves against sermons, prayers and counsels; but what is visible carries its own demonstration with it. The example of a consistent and fervent Christian carries with it a kind of irresistible persuasion. Would we wish to see a reformation in the world around us 2 A reformation must begin with the children of God; and much have they to reform. O Christians ! you have too of. ten and too long wounded the cause of your blessed Master by your coldness, sloth and inconsistency. Is it not time that you should begin to lament, with tenderness and humility, the pernicious effects of such a spirit and conduct ; and earnestly endeavour to remove them, by exhibiting something which all thust see to be the reverse 2 Finally, consider the glorious rewards which await the sincere followers of Jesus. Raise your eyes above this earthly scene, to the celestial mansions. Behold there an innumerable company, of angels, and of saints now glorified, but once partakers in the same depravity, in the same toils, difficulties and temptations with which you are now beset. Behold Abel, Enoch, and Noah ; Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Behold the faithful prophets of Jehovah, and the holy apostles of our divine Redeemer. All their pious labours are crowned. Ali their toils and sufferings are forgotten and lost in the full and beatific vision of divine glory. Yet they forget not their fellowsaints on earth. See this glorious cloud of witnesses, bending from their celestial heights, to watch, to stimulate and encourage our progress heavenward. Do they not seem to assure us that the conflict will soon be past, and the victory won ; and that all the toils and tribulations of the present scene are not worthy to be comflared with the glory, which shall be revealed 2 Shall not such contemplations fire our cold hearts, and revive our dying resolutions & Shall we not blush to indulge the hope of heaven hereafter, and yet live here like the children of this world : Let us chide our sluggish spirits, that they are so backward to seize a celestial prize, and wear an immortal crown. Let us mourn the months and years we have lost ; the sloth and negligence we have so long indulged. And let the thought constrain us to the greatest activity and diligence, in future. Let us cherish a noble ambition to walk worthily our high profession and hopes. May God himself inspire our hearts with every holy resolution | May the Giver of all good impart to our minds that sacred flame of love and zeal, which his own Spirit alone can enkindle, and which shall never be extinguished ; Z.

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ions. The one is, that all believers possess it, and receive the fulfilment of the promise here made. When those, who hold this opinion, are asked how it can be said, that pious prayers are always answered, they reply ; that pious prayers are offered with submission : certain blessings are prayed for, with this reserve, If they can be conferred consistently with God's perfect designs. When the blessing prayed for can be granted consistently with divine wisdom, it always is ; therefore every pious prayer is answered. Whatever truth there may be in these remarks, it is not that truth, which our Saviour meant to convey in the place under consideration. Luke has recorded his words thus; Whosoever shall say to this mountain, Be thou removed, and be thou cast into the sea ; and shall not doubt in his heart, but shall believe, that those things, which he saith, shall come to flass : he shall have whatsoever he saith. Here it is ex. pressly said, that the thing asked, though very extraordinary, shall be granted. The language is such, as we cannot suppose, would have been used, if the meaning had been any thing less, The faith here required must, it is conceived, be a miraculous faith ; i. e. a faith, which enables its possessor to work miracles. It is the faith which Peter had, When he said to the cripple at the beautiful gate ; “In the name of Jesus of Nazareth, rise up and walk.” The character of Peter and the credit of Christianity depended on the coincidence of the event with these words: he would not, therefore, have uttered them without full assurance

that the event would follow. To have uttered them on any other ground than this, that God weuld give soundness to the cripple if he thought fit, would by no means have corresponded with apostolic prudence. The same apostle, on another occasion, said, “Eneas, Jesus Christ maketh thee whole.” Surely there could be no doubt, in his mind, that the cure would take place. In the passage quoted, the disciples are required to believe, that the thing requested shall be received. Faith must have some foundation. Would Christ require his apostles to believe any proposition without good reasons for believing it Here a difficulty of no inconsiderable magnitude presents itself. The apostles could not, at all times, heal the sick. Could Paul have healed Trophimus, the latter had not been left sick at Miletum. From the perfections of God, they well knew, that he would interpose whenever the occasion should require. But how could they know when the occasion did require 2 How could they know, beforehand, that Trophimus was not to be cured by a miracle, and that Eneas the cripple were : The writer would, with diffidence, offer a conjecture on this subject. That God could give to the apostles some mark, whereby they might dintinguish those occasions, on which he would interpose by a miracle, is not to be questioned. He might, for hstance, fix on some particular sensation, which should infallibly indicate, that he was about to communicate to them the power of working a miracle. As a bod

ily sensation might serve for such a mark, so likewise might a particular known state of the mind. When this was perceived, an apostle might know, that he should receive whatever he should ask, and that a miraculous effect would attend his speaking. His faith would, in this case, have a foundation. It would rest on divine truth. God had assured him, that when such a sensation, or such a mark existed, divine power would be ready to operate. He perceives this mark, and therefore must conclude, if he believe God, that divine power is ready to be executed. A person, who in these circumstances, prayed, that a cripple might be healed, might have the best ground for believing, that he should receive that for which he prayed. When Peter said, Eneas, Jesus Christ maketh thee whole, he ventured his apostolic reputation not on precarious conjecture, but on the veracity of Almighty God.

LEighton.

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Messrs. Editors,

MANy of your readers are well acquainted with the zealous and indefatigable labours of Mr. WILBERForce, a member of the English House of Commons, to procure an abolition of the slave trade. In a debate on that subject, just before the late vote of abolition was carried, Sir Vicary Gibbs, the Solicitor General, paid a most dignified and eloquent compliment to that most worthy and benevolent man. Presuming that it will give pleasure to readers in general, and at the same time show in what high estimation this eminent Christian patriot is held by that honourable body of which he is a member, I transcribe it for insertion in the Panoplist. C. Y. A. The Solicitor General, in continuation, observed, that, “When he looked to the man at the head of the French Monarchy, surrounded as he was with all the pomp of power, and all the pride of victory, distributing kingdoms to his family, and principalities to his followers, seeming when he sat on his throne to have reached the sumInit of human ambition, and the pinnacle of earthly happiness, and he followed that man into his closet or to his bed, and considered the pangs with which his breast must be tortured, and his repose banished by the recollection of the blood he had spilled, and the oppressions he had committed ; and when he compared with those pangs of remorse, the feelings which must accompany his honourable friend (Mr. Wilberforce) from that house to his home, after the vote of this house shall have confirmed the object of his humane and unceasing labours; when he should retive into the bosom of his happy and delighted family, when he should lay himself down on his bed, reflecting on the innumerable voices that would be raised in every quarter of the world to bless him, how much more pure and perfect felicity must he enjoy in the consciousness of having preserved so many nations of his fellow creatures, than the man with whom he had compared him, on the throne to which he had waded through slaughter and oppression.” The feelings of the house were so much in unison with

those of the speaker, that the members could not refrain from indulging in an almost unanimous burst of applause. Let the young reader set Mr. Wilberforce before him as an example of persevering humanity and virtue, and reflect that the good man seldom fails to obtain high rewards even in this life.

of THE FAITH OF THE NEWENGLAND CHURCHES. .No. 2. (Concluded from p. 14.) Faom the creeds and confessions adopted, and afterward frequently confirmed, by the fathers of New England, assembled in Synods, we learn what were the essential articles of their religious faith. We find them summed up in the Westminister Confession of faith, and in that well known “form of sound words,” the Assembly's Shorter Catechism. I am aware, that it will be objected that creeds and confessions are unfriendly to the cause of truth, that they fetter the mind, prevent free inquiry, and foster bigotry. An abuse of them, I admit, may produce such effects, as the best onings are liable to be perverted to a bad use ; but we deny that these are their natural and legitimate effects. The opinion of the venerable Synods, who adopted these confessions, I apprehend, will be deemed by serious minds the correct opinion on this subject. “It must needs tend much to the honour of the blessed name of the Lord Jesus Christ,” say the members of the Synod who first adopted the Westminster Confession, “when many churches join together in their testimony for the truth. The Lord hath signally owned the Confessions of the four first general Councils, for the suppression of heresies in primitive times. The Confessions of the Bohemians, Waldenses, and other Protestant reformed churches, have been of singular use not only to those who then lived, but also to posterity, even to the present day. It must needs be a work pleasing to God, for his servants to declare to the world, what. those principles of truth are, which they have received, and Purpose to live and die in the profession of Nor are they worthy the name of Christians, who refuse to declare what they, believe.” They conclude in these prophetic words: “What hours of temptation may overtake these churches is not for us to say ; only the Lord doth sometimes so order things, that when his people have made a good confession, they shall be put upon the trial some way or other concerning their sincerity in it. The Lord grant that the loins of our minds may be so girt about with truth, that we may be able to stand in the evil day, and having done all to stand.” The synod of Connecticut, in 1708, declare their opinion of the nature and importance of confessions of faith, in the following words: “This confession we offer, as our firm persuasion, well and truly grounded on the word of God, and commend the same to the people of the colony, to be examined, accepted and constantly maintained. Having applied the rules of holy scripture to the articles of this Vol. III. No. 2. I

confession, and found the same to be the eternal truths of God, we recommend them (as such) to the people to remember them, and to hold them fast, and to contend for them, as containing the faith once delivered to the saints; to value them, as their great charter and instrument of their salvation ; to maintain them all their days with undaunted resolution, and to transmit them safe and pure to their posterity.” - a It is proper here to remark, to prevent misconception and misrepresentation, that the learned and pious compilers of these confessions did not undertake to make a religion, but only to declare what were their views of that religion revealed in the word of God. Nor did they intend that their faith should be the ground or standard of the faith of those who should come after them ; but they resolved all into the authority of God, speaking in his holy word. This word, not their confessions, was the standard of their faith, as it is of ours. Their confessions contained the doctrines which they received from this holy book. We bring them as evidences, that our understanding. of the scriptures is consonant to that of the great body of Christians, in all former ages. We appeal to them not as authorities, but as witnesses. I anticipate another objection. It may be said; “The religion of our fathers, and of the ancient Christians, was well enough, nay perhaps very suitable for them, in the times and under the circumstances in which they lived. But times and circum

-stances are:-nqw changed, and

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