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the effect of the abolition laws of Great Britain, America, and Denmark, produce nearly the entire cessation of that traffic along a line of coast extending between 2 and 3000 miles in length, and thereby afford a peculiarly favourable opportunity for giving a new direction to the industry and commerce of Africa: That, for these purposes, a Society be immediately formed, to be called The Africa N INs r1 Turlo N : That the nobility, clergy, and gentry of the United Kingdom, be generally invited to become members hereof, and that a subscription be opened in the metropolis, and all the cities and chief towns in Great Britain and Ireland, for supplying the expenses of the institution : That His Royal Highness the Duke of Gloucester be requested to do the Society the honour of accepting the office of patron : That a committee be immediately appointed to draw up laws and regulations for the government of the society, and to report the same to a General Meeting, to be held for that purse, at Free Masons' Hall, on the 12th of May next : That the following noblemen and entlemen be requested to be memers of the said committee: His Royal Highness the Duke of Gloucester : Earls Spencer, Moira, Euston; Viscount Howick; Lord Grenville; Bishops of London, Durham, Bath and Wells, St. David’s Lords Holland, Ellenborough, Erskine, Valentia, Teignmouth, Headly, H. Petty, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Right Hon. T. Grenville, G. Canning, J. C. Williers, Sir J. Newport, J. Foster, N. Vansittart, J. Smyth, Sir P. Francis, K. B. Sir Samuel Romilly, General Vyse, H. Bankes, Esq. M. P. T. Bernard, Esq. T. Babington, Esq. M. P. T. Baring, Esq. M. P. R. Barclay, Esq. Henry Brougham, Esq. J. H. Browne, Esq. M. P. Col. Barry, M. P. T. Clarkson, Esq. C. Grant, Esq. M. P. Rev. T. Gisborne, W. Huskisson, Esq. M. P. S. Lushington, Esq. M. P. J. B. S. Morritt, Esq. Z. Macauley, Esq. M. Martin, Esq. M. Montague, Esq. M. P. W. M. Pitt, Esq. M. P. Granville Sharp, Esq. R. Sharp, Esq.
M. P. J. Simeon, Esq. M. P. W. Smith, Esq. J. Stephen, Esq. R. Thornton, Esq. M. P. Rev. John Venn, S. Whitbread, Esq. M. P. W. Wilberforce, Esq. M. P. That the said Committee be empowered to solicit subscriptions, and to appoint a Treasurer and Secretary pro tempore, and bankers to receive subscriptions, subject to the approbation of the next General Meeting, at which the choice of officers, in such mode as may, upon the report of the said committee, be adopted, shall take place : That the thanks of this Meeting be given to W. Wilberforce, Esq. for his unwearied exertions, during many years, to expose the injustice and cruelty of the African Slave Trade, and to procure its abolition by the Legislature of Great Britain : That the thanks of this Meeting be given to Granville Sharp, Esq. for his zealous, early, and persevering ef. forts in opposition to the African Slave Trade ; and for his generous endeavours, at first unsupported, though at length successful, to establish the claims of Africans, resident in Great Britain, to the common rights of legal protection and personal freedom: That the thanks of this Meeting be given to Mr. Thomas Clarkson, for the zeal, activity, and perseverance which he has uniformly exerted in promoting the abolition of the African Slave Trade : That the thanks of this Meeting be given to his Royal Highness the Duke of Gloucester, for his zealous, able, and eloquent support of the cause of Africa, both in and out of Parliament.
Our readers will rejoice in the prospect which this new institution presents in behalf of Africa ; and though the object proposed is not strictly religious, yet we insert the proceedings of the meeting at iarge, because we not only highly approve of such a just and benevolent plan. but hope that the introduction of civilization will facilitate the progress of the glorions gospel in the cite risive regions of Africa.
A short Account of the Act of Parliament lately passed, entituted, “An Act for the Abolition of the Slave Trade.” It is enacted, that from May 1, 1807, the African Slave Trade, and all manner of dealing and trading in slaves, at, to, or from, any part of the coast or countries of Africa, shall be utterly abolished, prohibited, and declared to be unlawful. If any British subject, or other person resident in the United Kingdom, or in any place belonging to his Majesty, shall be concerned in buying or selling, bartering or transferring, any person for a slave, he shall forfeit 100l. for every such offence. Any vessel fitted out in this kingdom, or in the colonies, or navigated or employed for carrying on the Slave Trade, shall be forfeited, with all its boats, guns, tackle, apparel, and furniture. All persons are prohibited from removing, as slaves, any inhabitants of Africa, the West Indies, or America, from one place to another, or being concerned in receiving them : and any vessel employed in such removal shall be forfeited, as also the property in the slaves; and the owners of such vessel shall forfeit 100l. for each slave. Any inhabitant of Africa, unlawfully carried away and imported into any British colony, shall be forfeited to his Majesty. All insurances on transactions eoncerning the Slave Trade, are now unlawful ; and any person making such an insurance, shall forfeit 100l. for every offence, and treble the amount of the premium. The Act not to affect the trading in slaves exported from Africa before the first of May, 1807; and landed in the West Indies by March 1, 1808. [Ev. Mag.
Extracts from the Report of the Directors of the London Missionary Society, read at the 13th General Meeting of the Society. May 14, 1807. ot a h eit e. Thr state of the Mission at Otaheite appears, from the last account received from thc labourers there,
dated July 29, 1805, to be much the same as was formerly reported. Unfortunately, the missionaries had not been able to receive letters or supplies from England; in consequence of which, they felt disappointed and discouraged; but we trust that, long ere this, that difficulty has been removed. A letter from the missionaries states, that the political state of the island remained the same as before. Otoo maintained his authority unmolested, ever since the death of his father, Pomarre, and continued to af. ford the brethren his favour and protection. He had also discovered a partiality for the English language, which he took some pains to acquire; and had made such a proficiency in writing, that he sent a short but friendly letter to the Directors, written by his own hand. It deserves notice also, that when Mr. Jefferson, one of the missionaries, expressed a desire to retire from the island on account of his health, and was expected to leave it, Otoo and his family discovered much concern, and earnestly requested that more missionaries, men, women, and children, might be sent from England to settle in their country. The general Journal of the brethren, which the Directors have received, commencing Dec. 12, 1804, and concluding July 30, 1805, together with separate Journals of tours made by the brethren Bicknell and Henry, Elder and Wilson, to preach the gospel in various parts of the island, evinces, in the most satisfactory manner, the faithfulness and assiduity of the missionaries, labouring amidst the most discouraging circumstances; and persevering to \ preach the gospel of Christ, in the spirit of the ancient prophets, “whether men would hear or forbear.” Referring to their journal, Mr. Eyre, in the name of his brethren, observes, “We are sorry to say that you will meet with nothing in it respecting the grand object of our mission more encouraging than what we have hitherto been able to communicate. Instructions continue to be given to the inhabitants of the island in the things of God, but, apparcntly, none are savingly profited
by them; so that, as we at first found them, they seem to remain gross idolaters, enemies to God by wicked works, without God, without Christ, and without hope : yet it must be confessed, that very many of them have obtained a very considerable, though, as yet, unsanctified, knowledge of the doctrines of Christianity.” From this observation, connected with that which our judicious friend Mr. Marsden made, when he convers9d with some of the natives who occasionally visited New South Wales, and which was mentioned in the last annual report, we cannot but think a pleasing ray of light penetrates the gloom which has long covered Otaheite. We cannot but hope, that when a number of poor heathens, born and educated in total ignorance of God, and of his Son Jesus Christ our Saviour, “ obtain a considerable knowledge of the doctrines of Christianity,” the seed of life may be considered as already sown, and a just expectation indulged, that the harvest will one day bless the eyes of the labourers and of the Society. Mr. Marsden’s observation derives additional confirmation from another circumstance. In the course of the last year, two young men, one a native of Owhyhee, and the other a native of Otaheite, were brought to England by the captain of a ship, for the purpose of assisting to navigate it, but who were, soon after their arrival, totally deserted by the captain and owners of the vessel. By the humane interference of Sir Joseph Banks, they were rescued from destruction, and recommended to the care of the Directors, who instantly took them under their protection. By such conversation as various persons were enabled to hold with them, it was plainly perceived that the native of Otaheite, who well knew the missionaries there, and had worked for then as a labourer, had received some knowledge of the great subjects of revelation, and expressed, in a forcible manner, what we doubt not is the common sentiment of the inhabitants, “that they were very good macn—men of God.”
A r R.I.C.A. It was suggested in the lasti Report, that the colony of the Cape of
Good Hope having reverted into the possession of the British government, a more direct and powerful sanction would be given to the exertions of our missionaries among the African heathen ; and that our interceurse with them would be facilitated. The hopes of the Directors have been fully realized; and the information from the several missionary stations in that country have been very ample and satisfactory. It will be recollected, that just before the recapture of the Cape by our brave countrymen, the opposition of many ill disposed persons to the missions had risen to a great height; and the brethren Vanderkemp and Read were apprehensive that they should be obliged to relinquish their work, and withdraw from the colony. They had been summoned to the Cape, where they had vindicated their conduct to the satisfaction of the . Dutch governor; yet so malignant were their enemies, that he recommended it to the missionaries to suspend their raturn to Bethelsdorp to a more favourable opportunity. That opportunity was unexpectedly afforded by the capture of Cape Town, which was no sooner effected, than the general, Sir David Baird, sent for Dr. Vanderkemp, whom he received in the most cordial manner, and even consulted him upon the proper treatment of the Hottentot prisoners of war. Shortly after, full permission was granted to resume the care of the congregation at Bethelsdorp, where the doctor arrived on the 21st of March, 1806. Brother Read, who was desired by Sir David Baird to return by sea, was preserv. ed from the most imminent danger of being shipwrecked on the coast of Caffraria; but had the happiness of reaching the settlement in safety, and finding it in a flourishing stat? : the Lord having blessed the labours of the brethren Ullbricht, Tromp, and Erasmus Smith, in their absence ; Mrs. Smith also, who formerly lived at Rodezand, and who had devoted herself to the instruction of the heathen, having become a very great blessing to the institution. Brother Read was received by the congregation with universal joy and thankfulness, the poor Hottentots expressing, by their acclamations and caresses,
how much they prized the word of life, and this beloved minister of it." In addition to the protection and sanction now afforded to this mission by the English government, their privileges have been augmented by the spontaneous permission of the Landrost to plough and sow, for the present year, an excellent piece of ground belonging to government. Such was the pleasing state of Bethelsdorp, according to the last accounts received ; ...; such was the attachment of our worthy brother Vanderkemp to the people, that when he received a proposal from the directors to remove from thence, in case his further services in Africa should be prevented by the violence of opposition, and to devote his talents to the establishment of a mission in China, he replied, “I am convinced that God has called me to do bis work in the place of my present residence, and that it is my duty to continue in that station till it shall please him to call me out of it as evidently as he called me into it.”
Communications have been received during the past year from Mr. Kicherer, concerning the settlement at Zak River. When upon his journey to it from the Cape, in the month vf September, 1805, he was met by brother Botma, to whom the care of the congregation had been committed when Mr. Kicheter left it to visit Europe ; and who informed him that many of the people had been obliged
* “We found, to our joy, the work of converting grace going on prosperously : and we admired the success with which that exemplary sister, Smith, had set up a school, in which Hottentor children are instructed to knit stockings, &c. She is universally respected and beloved by all our people. Besides her conversation with the females, who seem to be concerned about their somls, she off. ar weekly meeting with our baptized sisters; and instructs them, by way of watechising, in the practical, as well as doctrinal, truths of the religion of Christ.” ` [Letter from Dr. Vanderkemp, July 10, 1806.
to leave it on account of the exces.
sive drought which had prevailed for a long time ; and which rendered
the support of their cattle impossible. On the eighth of October, he and his companions reached the settlement, and immediately repaired to
their little church, to offer up their
devout acknowledgments. In a few
days, they had another occasion of thanksgiving, on account of the copious showers which renewed the face of the earth; a blessing which they had not experienced during three preceding years. They sus
tained, however, a heavy loss, a great number of sheep being stolen by the
Boschemen. At the close of the year the settlement consisted but of about one hundred persons ; in the
school were thirty one children, and eleven adults.
THE cort ANNAs,
In the last report of the directors it was noticed that no letter had then been received from the brethren Anderson and Kramer, respecting their mission among the Corannas on the Orange River; but that from doctor Vanderkemp's letter, it was understood that “ their labours were blessed in an extraordinary degree.” Since that period, however, very full and pleasing information has arrived from Mr. Anderson, who was summoned to the Cape by the late. Dutch government, with the other missionaries.
It appears from the journal, that these brethren, finding the ill effects of removing from place to place, determined on fixing themselves, with as many of the natives as were disposed to abide with them, in a stated residence. This, with some difficulty was effected in the year 1804. In the months of March and April the people were severely visited with the small pox; and Mr. Anderson himself was dangerously ill with a bilious fever, without any person at hand to afford him medical assistance. He determined to send some messengers to the brethren who were labouring among the Briquas; some of whom were, at that "very instant, on the road to visit him, and were met by
the messengers half way. When they arrived they found him delirious, and in a very dangerous state ; but by the blessing of God on the methods used by brother Koster, who is possessed of some medical skill, and the kind attention of the brethren Jansen and Vanderlingen, with their wives, he was speedily restored. Soon after which, the Landrost of Tulbary paid him a visit, and treated him with such respect, that from that time the people behaved far better than before, and the settlement assurned a far more promising aspect. They now proceeded to build a house, forty six feet by sixteen, and afterwards another. The number of persons collected at this place is 784; and as they are about 31 days’ journey from the Cape, though but about five from the Briquas, they would have no means of grace were it not for this station. The brethren began, about September, 1805, to form them into a state of order, and to introduce among them the arts of agriculture, in which they succeeded beyond their expectation, but by no means equal to their wishes ; for the situation is, on many accounts, unfriendly to such pursuits, as there is but little rain, except thunder showers at the latter end of the summer, which are generally partial. They are obliged therefore to centent themselves with the production of a few vegetables and corn for their own use, relying chiefly on their cattle and sheep. The brethren Anderson and Kramer have now been labouring among the poor Africans in that quarter, for about 6 years; and have practised much self denial in that course of time. They have apologized to the directors for not writing more frequently, by saying, that they were not willing, on uncertain grounds, to elevate the hopes of the Society too much ; but they now rejoice that they have not waited in vain. They have laboured to correct the immoralities practised among the Corannas, particularly their polygamy, and to introduce among them such regulations as to marriage as are adopted in Christian countric:. They have sometimes about 250 persons at a time, to bear the gospel, in the
school room, which is about a third of their whole number, most of whom attend in rotation ; about 84 of those who dwell sufficiently near them receive daily instruction, and are taught to read; but the missionaries were forbidden by government to teach them to write, without special orders. It was their intention, as soon as possible, to form those, who appear to be truly converted, into a church, having reason to hope that more than 30 persons were fit for that purpose. The general support of the people, it seems, is scanty, their principal dependence being on the chase ; but, by the laudable efforts of the fissionaries among them, they will now have an opportunity of further supplies from their gardens, corn fields, and tobacco, which they may cultivate, if they are but industrious, and exchange them among the Briquas and Namacquas for cattle and sheep. They had occasionally been annoyed by a destructive insect called a Tortoise, whose bite poisons every plant it touches. At one time, a vast body of locusts passed near their settlement about noon, by which the sky was rendered as dark for about an hour as if the sun had been eclipsed, and the noise of their wings resembled that of a mighty wind. They shot, in the course of a single year, fourteen lions, four tigers, and several wolves. For the sake of lessening the cxpense of the Society, they purchased, when at the Cape, a o of beads, to be exchanged or elephants’ teeth ; but they are aware of the danger of losing sight of their great object by engaging in concerns of a worldly nature, and therefore crave such assistance from the Society as may be necessary. In a word, they appear to be much owned of the Lord in their work ; “I do, not think,” says Mr. Anderson, “I have laboured in vain : many circom stances have occurred to establish my mind that I am in the place where the Lord Jesus would have me to be. I preach the gospel with more delight and liberty, although in a foreign language, than ever I did in my native tongue, and would not exchange my mission for any in Africa.” To be continued.