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by its profundity to the investigation of the sage. But while we have full confidence in the gospel, as the instrument of the world's regeneration, there may be other methods of bringing it into contact with the popular mind; without changing the remedy, we may adopt new means for promoting its application. Our church and chapel services, as ordinarily conducted, are useless, if the parties will not attend them; nor is the preaching there always best adapted to the peculiar modes of thought of our working men. If they will not come to hear the gospel, we must convey it to them; and we must present it in a manner most likely to overcome their prejudices, to arrest their attention, and secure their belief. Let the gospel be presented thus, and we fear not for the results, whether brought into contact with the brutally profligate or the intellectually sceptical. I am glad to say that your committee are fully alive to the importance of such efforts, and would gladly employ them to a much greater extent than their means will allow. They wisely resolve not to wait for a perfect organization, but to do what they can with the means they have in their power, in a spirit of humble, suppliant, confiding dependence on God, with whom is the residue of the Spirit, and who alone can give the increase. Still, I can perceive in the expressions at the close of the report a tone of just complaint, or of sincere regret, that you do not supply them with the means of instituting a more perfect organization, and procuring men adapted for another kind of labour than that in which agents are usually engaged; a labour more loudly called for by the wants of the time, and for which little provision is made by any denomination of Christians, but which is likely to be productive of the most gratifying results. I, for one, do not believe in your inability; there may be exceptions, but, as a general rule, I solemnly deny it; and if more be not done by you than has been done hitherto, I shall not attribute it to your want of ability, but to your want of willingness. I pray that God in His mercy may save us from the sin of shrinking from the post of duty, when the voice of perishing thousands around us calls upon us to bestir ourselveswhen the efforts of the adversaries of the cross, the infidelity which is seeking insidiously to undermine the citadel of our faith, and the Popery which
is stretching forth its arms on all sides, summon us "to the help of the Lord, to the help of the Lord, against the mighty."
The resolution was put and carried unanimously.
The Rev. C. STOVEL moved the second resolution:
That, notwithstanding the efforts made by this and kindred institutions to evangelize the people, there remains an afflictive amount of ignorance, indifference, and practical as well as speculative infidelity, to be overcome; and that as means, sagaciously adjusted to the corrupted vigorously employed by the advocates of various susceptibilities of human nature, are being anti-Christian errors, which tend to the eternal undoing of our countrymen; it is highly important that the agents of the society should be well qualified for their work, both by their general intelligence and as men of God, and that they may be greatly assisted in their operations by liberal supplies of tracts and other publications distinguished by wise and benevolent adaptation to the characteristic requirements of the times.
He could have wished that the proceedings had closed, as far as speaking was concerned, with the admirable address of the last speaker, and the remainder of the service been consecrated to devotional exercises. Very true it was, that even where the highest and richest fruits of intellect had been acquired, the heart was in as much need of the sanctifying influences of Divine mercy as it was before. The observations made in the preceding address respecting the popular literature of the day were worthy of the most profound consideration. The evil was not confined to books adapted to the lower orders, but extended to works of a more cultivated character. An illustration of this remark might be found in Carlyle's "Memoirs of Stirling," in which he seems to have embodied in himself a practical development of his own Mephistopheles. But there was not so much danger from vulgar hostility or refined scepticism as from the religious operations of the churches themselves. He could not take his New Testament in his hand, and walk through the region of his acquaintance, and say, Here is a living embodiment of the great truths which are written there." Still, in reviewing some of the operations of the society, there was ground for encouragement. One of the chief difficulties against which all such labours as those connected with this society had to contend, was the well-organised system of Catholicism and semi-Catholicism that so extensively
prevailed throughout the country, and it needed all their efforts to counteract the workings of that system. Especially were their labours required, as Mr. Griffiths had shown, among working men, more particularly those in manufacturing towns, where semi-politics, infidelity, and sentimentalism, were presented in such awful shapes-where one was compelled to hear coarse blasphemies uttered at the corners of the streets, even on the sabbath-day. What was needed was some well-sustained effort to bring together all the collective thoughts which many of these working men entertained in reference to religion, and to meet them by sound and scriptural arguments. An earnest, hearty, fervent ministry was needed, adapted especially for the rural population of the country. It was not theory against theory which they should endeavour so much to set up; it was not so much the amount of knowledge possessed by individuals, as the formation of personal habits adapted to personal intercourse, which must constitute the basis of all their advance in the work of God. We were apt to forget in our demonstrations of doctrine, that homage which was due to those personal ministrations by which mercy was handed out to man. Let it be remembered that God was doing that which was already anticipating many of our movements, and which would either second our right endeavours, or shake the whole structure of our communions as with the force of an earthquake, and crumble all the fabrics of our associations in the dust. There was now in this country a tendency to a sweet, and spiritual, and vitalising religion which no power could repel. As in the days of our Lord it was said, "Where is the kingdom of heaven?" and Jesus said, "It is rising in the midst of you;" so even now, while we were trying to press our little schemes, God was showing, in the streaks that were seen upon the cloudy horizon, indications of the morning. Let it, then, come and fill the whole horizon of our conception, and bring the day of triumph to our blessed Lord.
The Hon. and Rev. BAPTIST NOEL, in seconding the resolution, said: The various speakers had spoken with much force upon the adaptation of the gospel to the various classes of society. One had dwelt upon the tendency of the gospel to elevate and give force to the working classes; another insisted on the way in which it was calculated to save,
and aggrandize, and bless them for time and for eternity. But they did not seek it unless it was addressed pointedly to their minds; they were very much disposed to overlook it, because, with all these high tendencies, it had, at the same time, an aspect which to our fallen nature was very repulsive. It humbled, and demanded the entire subjugation of the will; it insisted that a restraint should be put upon the passions; it led men into communion with God, which naturally they did not like; and therefore it must be patiently and powerfully addressed to them. The churches of Christ had a commission to present that appeal to man ; and unless they fulfilled their mission the masses of men remained unblessed, because uninstructed in the gospel. Never was that work wanted more than in our own day; and the churches of Christ in this country had that commission directly given them by our Lord. Many churches of the establishment, with able and zealous pastors and willing and earnest people, were doing their part in the work; and so were the numerous churches within the Wesleyan and Independent communities; but amongst these he conceived that the society whose claims were then advocated had the advantage. The churches within the establishment had numbers on their side, and the prestige of long position; they had education, and talent, and piety among them, and might accomplish, and he believed were accomplishing, a great work for God. The Wesleyan churches, whose mission it was to preach to the masses of our countrymen, in addition to having the gospel, which the evangelical churches of the establishment also possessed, had the advantage of being freed from the trammels of government, and were not exposed to that prejudice and dislike which were often attached to efforts sustained and ruled by the state. The Independent churches were, he thought, still happier in their efforts, because they possessed the gospel to preach to their fellow countrymen, as the Establishment and the Wesleyans had; like the Wesleyans, also. they were free from the trammels of an establishment, and, better than that, they had that church order and discipline which was calculated to strengthen their hands and materially aid them in their work. The Baptists, coming last, had an advantage in addition to those which the Independents possessed, inasmuch, if he mistook not, they cor
ministers of the various churches should
rectly appreciated and rightly admi- There was another thing which the
The resolution was then put and unanimously passed.
Mr. SAUNDERS moved the third resolution:
That the thanks of this meeting be presented to the Treasurer, the other officers of the Society, and the Committee, for their services during the past year; and that J. R. Bousfield, Esq., be the Treasurer; that the Rev. S. J. Davis be the Secretary; and that the following gentlemen be the Committee for the year ensuing. (The names of the Committee were then read.)
Mr. BARKER Seconded the resolution, which was passed unanimously
J. HADDON, FRINTER, CASTLE STREET, FINSBURY, LONDON.
MEMOIR OF THE LATE REV. THOMAS CRAMP,
HAVING received a copy of a small publication by our highly esteemed brother, the Rev. J. M. Cramp, D.D., President of Acadia College, Nova Scotia, containing a biographical sketch of his late venerable father, it affords us great pleasure to present our readers with an abridgment of it.
"My father," says Dr. Cramp, "was a native of St. Peter's, Isle of Thanet, in which place he spent his whole life, and laboured there in the gospel during the long space of sixty-four years. He was born March 25, 1770. He died Nov. 17, 1851.
"At the time of his birth his parents were members of the church of England. Martin Cramp, his father, was a strong-minded, well-informed man, accustomed to independent thinking. For nearly forty years he filled the post of village schoolmaster, with great credit and success.
"My father was the subject of serious impressions in his early youth. He felt deep reverence for sacred things
VOL. XV.-FOURTH SERIES.
and was very desirous of gaining religi ous instruction. There was a yearning after spiritual life which was not produced by the teachings of the parish minister, whose dry moral essays, though listened to with utmost attention, were entirely incomprehensible, because they were destitute of heart. Most earnestly did the youthful hearer long to understand religion, and with great desire did he look forward to the seasons of Christmas and Easter, because in the sermons then delivered there was something about Christ:-that was intelligible.
"At length the time of enlightenment arrived. Within half a mile of the village, at Shallows, a secluded hamlet, a small baptist church met for worship. It had existed from the time of King William III. Jonathan Purchis was the pastor. He was a very grave, solid preacher-plain, yet powerfulrich in doctrine-and a man of holy life. He preached and prayed, and watched and tended the little flock, in
the spirit of the 'good Shepherd.' He He began to preach the gospel in the was universally esteemed and respected. autumn of 1787. His occasional efforts "In the autumn of 1785 my father proving acceptable, a room was hired was induced by a relative to attend the in St. Peter's, and there he preached meeting at Shallows one Lord's day every Lord's day morning and evening, afternoon. That was the turning point worshipping with the church at Shalof his life. He heard then as he had lows in the afternoon. Mr. Purchis never heard before. It was the gos- preached in like manner at Margate. pel-it was something that he could The room first engaged was found too understand. He was astonished and small, and a large one was procured, in delighted. From that time he became which my father preached till the year a regular attendant, and soon acquired 1797, when he obtained the use of a extensive knowledge of the system of meeting-house which had been built by Christianity; but as yet it was only the Wesleyan Methodists, and opened knowledge. About a year afterwards for worship by John Wesley, a few Mr. Purchis preached a rousing, alarm-years before, but was no longer needed, ing discourse from 1 Pet. iv. 5:-The the congregation having dwindled away. end of all things is at hand.' It occasioned deep anxiety, which was increased the following Lord's day, when the text was Heb. xii. 4:-'Striving against sin.' From that time the beginning of a new life might be dated. 'All was systematically new before,' as my father observed many years after, when furnishing the account to the writer-but then it began to be experimentally new.' After a period of considerable distress of mind, the word of the Lord brought relief. The Saviour's invitations and promises-'Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest,' and
Him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out,' remembered and believed, were as healing balm to the heart. Peace and joy were experienced. Christian life was developed.
"In the spring of the year 1800 'good Mr. Purchis' died. A division of the church into two separate and independent bodies was now judged advisable. The church at Margate chose for their pastor the late Rev. George Atkinson, who laboured there till his death in 1825. My father became pastor of the church at St. Peter's. His ordination took place July 1, 1800. The meeting-house at Shallows remained the common property of both churches, and was used by them for many years on baptismal occasions, till each was provided with a baptistery of its own. It is now unoccupied.
"The life of a country pastor seldom furnishes copious materials for the biographer. It is mostly an unvaried round of duties and services, which, though associated with the highest in"A public profession of repentance terests of those entrusted to his care, and faith followed. The young con- are not generally distinguished by vert's hesitation and diffidence were events sufficiently important to comovercome by a sermon preached by Mr.mand the publicity of human records. Purchis from Gen. xxiv. 31:-'Come in, thou blessed of the Lord; wherefore standest thou without?' He was baptized in March, 1787.
"The church scen recognised in him an aptness to teach, and encouraged him to engage in ministerial labour.
But the 'record is on high,' and the annals of conversion and piety will survive all other history. It is only necessary in this instance to state that for twenty-seven years my father bore he burden alone. He preached three times every Lord's day, and once, some