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by its profundity to the investigation of is stretching forth its arms 'on all the sage. But wbile we have full con- sides, summon us " to the help of the fidence in the gospel, as the instrument Lord, to the help of the Lord, against of the world's regeneration, there may the mighty." be other methods of bringing it into The resolution was put and carried contact with the popular mind; without unanimously. changing the remedy, we may adopt The Rev. C. STOVEL mored the second new means for promoting its application. resolution : Our church and chapel serviees, as ordi

That, notwithstanding the efforts made by narily conducted, are useless, if the this and kindred institutions to evangelize the parties will not attend them; por is the people, there remains an afflictive amount of preaching there always best adapted to ignorance, indifference, and practical as well as ihe peculiar modes of thought of our speculative infidelity, to be overcome; and that working men. If they will not come to as means, sagaciously adjusted to the corrupted hear the gospel, we must convey it to susceptibilities of human nature, are being

vigorously employed by the advocates of various them; and we must present it in a anti-Christian errors, which tend to the eternal manner most likely to overcome their undoing of our countrymen; it is highly imprejudices, to arrest their attention, and portant that the agents of the society should secure their belief. Let the gospel be be well qualified for their work, both by their presented thus, and we fear not for the general intelligence and as men of God, and results, whether bronght into contact operations by liberal supplies of tracts and

that they may he greatly assisted in their with the brutally profligate or the in- other publications distinguished hy wise and tellectually sceptical

. I am glad to say benevolent adaptation to the characteristic that your committee are fully alive to requirements of the times. the importance of such efforts, and He could have wished that the proceedwould gladly employ them to a much ings had closed, as far as speaking was greater extent than their means will concerned, with the admirable address allow. They wisely resolve not to wait of the last speaker, and the remainder for a perfect organization, but to do of the service been consecrated to dewhat they can with the means they have | votional exercises. Very true it was, in their power, in a spirit of humble, that even where the highest and richest surpliant, confiding dependence on God, fruits of intellect had been acquired, with whom is the residue of the Spirit, the heart was in as mueh need of the and who alone can give the increase. sanctifying influences of Divine mercy as Still, I can perceive in the expressions at it was before. The observations made the close of the report a tone of just com- in the preceding address respecting the plaint, or of sincere regret, that you popular literature of the day were do not supply them with the means of worthy of the most profound considerainstituting a more perfect organization, tion. The evil was not confined to and procuring men adapted for another books adapted to the lower orders, but kind of labour than that in which agents extended to works of a more cultirated are usually engaged ; a labour more character. An illustration of this reloudly called for by the wants of the mark might be found in Carlyle's "Metime, and for which little provision is moirs of Stirling," in which he seems to made by any denomination of Christians, have embodied in himself a practical but which is likely to be productive of development of his own Mephistopheles. the most gratifying results. I, for one, But there was not so much 'danger from do not believe in your inability ; there vulgar hostility or refined scepticism as may be exceptions, but, as a general from the religious operations of the rule, I solemnly deny it; and if more be churches themselves. He could not not done by you than has been done take his New Testament in his hand, and hitherto, I shall not attribute it to your walk through the region of his acquaintwant of ability, but to your want of ance, and say, “Here is a living emwillingness. I pray that God in. His bodiment of the great truths which are mercy may save us from the sin of written there." Still, in reviewing some shrinking from the post of duty, when of the operations of the society, there the voice of perishing thousands around was ground for encouragement. One of us calls upon us to bestir ourselves, the chief difficulties against which all when the efforts of the adversaries of the such labours as those connected with cross, the infidelity which is seeking in this society had to contend, was the sidiously to undermine the citadel well-organised system of Catholicism of our faith, and the Popery which and semi-Cathr licism that so extensively prevailed throughout the country, and it, and agzrandize, and bless them for time needed all their efforts to couateract the and for eternity. But they did not seek workings of that system. Especially it unless it was addressed poiatedly to were their labours required, as Mr. their minds; they were very much Griffiths bad shown, among working men, disposed to overlook it, because, with more particularly those in manufacturing all these high tendencies, it had, at the towns, where semi-politics, infidelity, same time, an aspect which to our fallen and sentimentalism, were presented in nature was very repulsive. It humbled, such awful shapes—where one was com and demanded the entire subjugation of pelled to hear coarse blasphemies uttered the will ; it insisted that a restraint at the corners of the streets, even on the should be put upon the passions ; it led sabbath-day. What was needed was men into communion with God, which some well-sustained effort to bring to- naturally they did not like ; and theregether all the collective thoughts which fore it must be patiently and powerfully many of these working men entertained addressed to them. The churches of in reference to religion, and to meet Christ had a commission to present that them by sound and scriptural arguments. appeal to man; and unless they fulfilled An earnest, hearty, fervent ministry was their mission the masses of men remained needed, adapted especially for the rural unblessed, because uninstructed the population of the country. It was not gospel. Never was that work wanted theory against theory which they should inore than in our own day; and the endeavour so much to set up; it was churches of Christ in this country had that not so much the amount of knowledge commission directly given them by our possessed by individuals, as the forma- Lord. Many churches of the establishiion of personal habits adapted to per- ment, with able and zealous pastors and sonal intercourse, which must constitute willing and earnest people, were doing the basis of all their advance in the work their part in the work; and so were the of God. We were apt to forget in our numerous churches within the Wesleyan demonstrations of doctrine, that homage and Independent communities; but which was due to those personal minis amongst these he conceived that the trations by which mercy was handed society whose claims were then advoout to man. Let it be reinembered that cated had the advantage. The churches God was doing that which was already within the establishment had numbers anticipating many of our movements, on their side, and the prestige of long and which would either second our right position; they had education, and talent, endeavours, or shake the whole structure and piety among them, and might acof our communions as with the force of complish, and he believed were accoman earthquake, and crumble all the plishing, a great work for God. The fabrics of our associations in the dust. Wesleyan churches, whose mission it There was now in this country a ten- was to preach to the masses of our coundency to a sweet, and spiritual, and trymen, in addition to having the gospel, vitalising religion which no power could which the evangelical churches of the repel. As in the days of our Lord it establishment also possessed, had the was said, “Where is the kingdom of advantage of being freed from the tramheaven?” and Jesus said, “ It is rising mels of government, and were not exin the midst of you ;" so even now, posed to that prejudice and dislike which while we were trying to press our little were often attached to efforts sustained schemes, God was showing, in the and ruled by the state. The Independent streaks that were seen upon the cloudy churches were, he thought, still happier horizon, indications of the morning. in their efforts, because they possessed Let it, then, come and fill the whole the gospel to preach to their fellow horizon of our conception, and bring the countrymen, as the Establishment and day of triumph to our blessed Lord. the Wesleyans had; like the Wesleyans,

The Hon. and Rev. BAPTIST Noel, in also. they were free from the trammels seconding the resolution, said: The of an establishment, and, better than that, varions speakers bad spoken with much they had that church order and disforce upon the adaptation of the gospel cipline which was calculated to strengthto the various classes of society. One en their hands and materially aid them had dwelt upon the tendency of the in their work. The Baptists, coming gospel to elevate and give force to the last, had an advantage in addition to working classes ; another insisted on the those which the Independents possessed, way in which it was calculated to save,' inasmuch, if he mistook not, they cor

rectly appreciated and rightly admi- | There was another thing which the nistered Christ's ordinance of baptism, society, ought to do even more systewhich, rescuing men from all the incon- matically than it had ever done. The veniences and mischiefs which in some ministers of the various churches should a superstitious and in others a latitudi- successively visit the small towns and narian interpretation of that ordinance villages where the work had been comhad led to, did appeal, when once their menced, so as to encourage the labourers attention could be gained, to the reason in their toil, that the people might see as well as to the conscience of mankind. that their pastor or evangelist did not At the same time, while there were these stand alone, but that there were many advantages, there were also obstacles in others who thought and felt with him. the way of these baptist churches en- Such a systematic visitation, he thought, deavouring to subjugate society to Christ. the society might well afford. Still While they were endeavouring to com- more needful, however, was it to bear municate the gospel to their countrymen, in mind the wants of those intelligent, they were met with stern prejudices, with moral, but irreligious artisans who never deep-rooted enmity, sometimes with entered into a place of worship passion, and not unfrequently with di- thoughtful, reading men, willing to disrect opposition and persecution. These cuss, and able to reason. Let them be disadvantages they inight, and he be- visited by such a brother as he who first lieved would, meet and successfully addressed the meeting, and who, while triumph over, because, liowever great he sketched the character of the work, was the loss to poor men of the gifts so fully proved how well he was adapted which parochial charities afforded, and for it. Let a number of Christian brethhowever trying the withdrawal even of ren be employed by the society for that that employment which was necessary express purpose, to address the workto enable them to support their families, men in public rooms and halls, to reason yet it was possible for men to conduct with them, to listen to their objections, themselves with so much prudence and and candidly weigh them, and answer thrifty wisdom as to raise themselves them. Let them only go in charity, and above the necessity of parochial chaa faith, and patience, aud without irritarities; and it was possible for men from tion argue with these men, and he bewhom employment might be withdrawn, lieved that many of them would be won under the blessed influence of true re- to the Gospel of Christ. He believed ligion, to become such excellent neigh- that a great impression might be made bours, such good workmen, and persons on the masses of men—those immortal so thoroughly and universally estimable, myriads who were hastening on to that self-interest might prompt men tó eternity—for whose welfare no efforts give them a better employment than should be spared. They were but a that which they had lost; and he be- small body; but let them bless God lieved it was found eventually that that there were others with similar feelthose who were faithful to conscience ings and principles who were helping and faithful to their Lord, outlived those them in the work, and that all their difficulties, and completely chased them labours combined would produce, notaway. It was obvious that there were withstanding the obstacles in their way, many districts in our land which no efforts a progressive influence on society which could reach except by means of an would leave this country better than organized body such as the Baptist they found it. Home Missionary Society. Churches T'he resolution was then put and did not originate themselves — they unanimously passed. must be planted by sonie evangelist or Mr. SAUNDERS moved the third resoluother, and all true_evangelists were tion :planted by Christ. But such men must That the thanks of this meeting be presented be maintained. How could men go to to the Treasurer, the other officers of the villages and towns where the gospel was Society, and the Committee, for their services not preached at all, or preached inade-during the past year, and that J. R. Bousfield,

Esq., be the Treasurer; that the Rev. S. J. quately, unless their brethren sustained Davis be the Secretary; and that the following them and this could not be efficiently gentlemen be the Committee for the year done except by means of a systematic ensuing. (The names of the Committee were agency, without which those openings then read.) which the providence of God presented Mr. Barker seconded the resolution, to us could not be adequately seized. 'which was passed unanimously

J. HADDON, FRINTER, CASTLE SIREET, FINSBURY, LONDON.

THE

BAPTIST MAGAZINE

JULY, 1852.

MEMOIR OF THE LATE REV. THOMAS CRAMP,

OF ST. PETER'S, ISLE OF THANET. Having received a copy of a small and was very desirous of gaining religipublication by our highly esteemed ous instruction. There was a yearning brother, the Rev. J. M. Cramp, D.D., after spiritual life which was not proPresident of Acadia College, Nova Scotia, duced by the teachings of the parish containing a biographical sketch of his minister, whose dry moral essays, late venerable father, it affords us great though listened to with utmost attenpleasure to present our readers with an tion, were entirely incomprehensible, abridgment of it.

because they were destitute of heart. “My father," says Dr. Cramp, “was Most earnestly did the youthful hearer a native of St. Peter's, Isle of Thanet, long to understand religion, and with in which place he spent his whole life, great desire did he look forward to the and laboured there in the gospel during seasons of Christmas and Easter, bethe long space of sixty-four years. He cause in the sermons then delivered was born March 25, 1770. He died there was something about Christ :--that Nov. 17, 1851.

was intelligible. “At the time of his birth his parents “At length the time of enlightenwere members of the church of Eng- ment arrived. Within half a mile of land. Martin Cramp, his father, was a the village, at Shallows, a secluded strong-minded, well-informed man, ac- hamlet, a small baptist church met for customed to independent thinking. For worship. It had existed from the time nearly forty years he filled the post of of King William III. Jonathan Purchis village schoolmaster, with great credit was the pastor. He was a very grave, and success.

solid preacher-plain, yet powerful“My father was the subject of serious rich in doctrine—and a man of holy impressions in his early youth. He life. He preached and prayed, and felt deep reverence for sacred things watched and tended the little flock, in

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VOL. XV.FOURTH SERI 68.

the spirit of the 'good Shepherd.' He He began to preach the gospel in the was universally esteemed and respected. autumn of 1787. His occasional efforts

“In the autumn of 1785 my father proving acceptable, a room was hired was induced by a relative to attend the in St. Peter's, and there he preached meeting at Shallows one Lord's day every Lord's day morning and evening, afternoon. That was the turning point worshipping with the church at Shalof his life. He heard then as he had lows in the afternoon. Mr. Purchis never heard before. It was the gos- preached in like manner at Margate. pel-it was something that he could The room first engaged was found too understand. He was astonished and small, and a large one was procured, in delighted. From that time he became which my father preached till the year a regular attendant, and soon acquired 1797, when he obtained the use of a extensive knowledge of the system of meeting-house which had been built by Christianity; but as yet it was only the Wesleyan Methodists, and opened knowledge. About a year afterwards for worship by John Wesley, a few Mr. Purchis preached a rousing, alarm- years before, but was no longer needed, ing discourse from 1 Pet. iv. 5:—The the congregation having dwindled away. end of all things is at hand.' It occa- “In the spring of the year 1800 'good sioned deep anxiety, which was in- Mr. Purchis' died. A division of the creased the following Lord's day, when church into two separate and indethe test was Heb. xii. 4:—Striving pendent bodies was now judged adagainst sin.' From that time the be- visable. The church at Margate chose ginning of a new life might be dated. for their pastor the late Rev. George 'All was systematically new before,' as Atkinson, who laboured there till his my father observed many years after, death in 1825. My father became when furnishing the account to the pastor of the church at St. Peter's. writer— but then it began to be ex- His ordination took place July 1, 1800. perimentally new. After a period of The meeting-house at Shallows remained considerable distress of mind, the word the common property of both churches, of the Lord brought relief. The Savi- and was used by them for many years our's invitations and promises—Come on baptismal occasions, till each was unto me, all ye that labour and are provided with a baptistery of its own. heavy laden, and I will give you rest,' It is now unoccupied. and Him that cometh to me I will “The life of a country pastor seldom in no wise cast out,' remembered and furnishes copious materials for the believed, were as healing balm to the biographer. It is mostly an unvaried heart. Peace and joy were experienced. round of duties and services, which, Christian life was developed.

though associated with the highest in“A public profession of repentance terests of those entrusted to his care, and faith followed. The young con- not generally distinguished by vert's hesitation and difidence were events sufficiently important to comovercome by a sermon preached by Mr. mand the publicity of human records. Purchis from Gen. xxiv. 31 :—'Come But the 'record is on high,' and the in, thou blessed of the Lord; wherefore annals of conversion and piety will standest thou without ?' He was bap- survive all other history. It is only tized in March, 1787.

necessary in this instance to state that “The church scon recognised in him or twenty-seven years my father bore an aptness to teach, and encouraged the burden alone. He preached three him to engage in ministerial labour. times every Lord's day, and once, some

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