Skepticism and the Veil of Perception
Rowman & Littlefield, 2001 - 209 páginas
Since Descartes, one of the central questions of Western philosophy has been that of how we know that the objects we seem to perceive are real. Philosophical skeptics claim that we know no such thing. Representationalists claim that we can gain such knowledge only by inference, by showing that the hypothesis of a real world is the best explanation for the kind of sensations and mental images we experience. Both accept the doctrine of a 'veil of perception: ' that perception can only give us direct awareness of images or representations of objects, not the external objects themselves. In contrast, Huemer develops a theory of perceptual awareness in which perception gives us direct awareness of real objects, not mental representations, and we have non-inferential knowledge of the properties of these objects. Further, Huemer confronts the four main arguments for philosophical skepticism, showing that they are powerless against this kind of theory of perceptual knowledge
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accept actually answer appear apprehension argument from illusion BIV scenario brain brain-in-a-vat cause color common sense beliefs concepts conclusion depend Descartes determinable direct realism directly aware eight ball eight-ball epistemic epistemological event evidence example existence external objects external world facie justification fact false foundationalism foundationalist G. E. Moore hallucination Hume Hume's illusion indeterminate indirect realist inference internalist justification for believing justified in believing kind least light logically look means method mistaken object of awareness one's perceive perceptual beliefs perceptual experiences perceptual knowledge person phenomenal conservatism phenomenal space philosophical philosophical skepticism physical objects physical world plausible possible premises principle problem properties proposition quale qualia radical skepticism rational reason regress argument relation reliable representational content seems sense data sense datum sensory experiences shape simply skeptical arguments sort spacetime spatial spectral reflectance distributions stick suppose theory things tomato true unjustified visual experience
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