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N E W T E S T A M E N T.
General Denominations of the Colletion of sacred Books, received by Chri an.
I. Oo of the general denominations of sacred books Scripture.
is Scripture, or Scriptures, literally, and primarily
signifying writing. But by way of eminence and distinétion the books in the highest esteem are called Scripture, or the Scriptures.
This word occurs often in the New Testament, in the Gospels, the Aëts, and the Fpistles. Whereby we perceive, that in the time of our Saviour and his Apostles this word was in common use, denoting the books received by the Jewish People, as the rule of their faith. To them have been since added by Christians the writings of Apostles and Evangelists, completing the colle&tion of books, received by them as sacred and divine.
Some of the places, where the word Scripture is used in the fingular number for the books of the Old Testament, are these. 2 Tim. iii. 16. All scripture is given by the inspiration of God. And Luke iv. 21. John ii. 22. Aćts i. 16. viii. 32.35. Rom. iv. 3. Gal. iii. 8. James ii. 18.23. 1 Pet. ii. 6. 2 Pet. i. 20. Scriptures, in the plural number, in these following, and many other places. Matth. xxi. 42. xxii. 29.xxvi. 54. Luke xxiv. 27. 32.45. John v. 39. Aćts xvii. 2, 11. xviii. 24. 28. 2 Tim. iii. 15. 2 Pet. iii. 16.
Vol. II. . . A St. Peter
those words of Paul, 2 Tim. iv. 13. The cloak that I left at Troas with Carpus, when thou comes, bring with thee, and the books, o rà. 8,324. For he believed, that thereby the ancient Christians underitood the sacred code. But he afterwards acknowledgeth, that he had not found any instance of that interpretation in ancient writers. It seems to me therefore, that this conjecture should be dropt, as destitute of foundation: and that it should be better for us to adhere to the forementioned origin of this name, which appears to have in it a good deal of probability. III. Canon is originally a Greek word, signifying a rule or Canon. standard, by which other things are to be examined and judged. “” As the writings of the Prophets and Apostles and Evangelists contain an authentic account of the revealed will of God, they are the rule of the belief and practice of those who receive them. .