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dealer in hair, collecting the commodity by traveling up and down the country, and then, after he had dressed it, selling it again to the wig-makers, with whom he very soon acquired the character of keeping a better article than any of his competitors. He had obtained possession, too, we are told, of the secret method of dyeing hair, by which he doubtless contrived to augment his profits.
3. 3rd Stage. — Residing in a district where a considerable manufacture linen goods, and of linen and cotton mixed, was carried on, he had ample opportunities of becoming acquainted with the various processes that were then in use ; and being endowed with a most original and inventive genius, and having sagacity to perceive what was likely to prove the most advantageous pursuit in which he could embark, his attention was naturally drawn to the improvement of the method of spinning practised in his neighbourhood. He stated that he accidentally derived the first hint of his great invention from seeing a red-hot iron bar elongated, by being made to pass between rollers; and though there is no mechanical analogy between that operation and his process of špinning, it is not difficult to imagine, that, by reflecting upon it, and placing the subject in different points of view, it might lead him to his invention. Not being himself a practical mechanic, Arkwright employed a person of the name of John Kay, a watchmaker at Warrington, to assist him in the pre. paration of the parts of his machine. His inventions having at length been brought into an advanced state, he was compelled, to avoid the attacks of a lawless rabble, to remove to Nottingham.
4. 4th Stage. —When in Nottingham, his operations were at first greatly fettered from want of capital. But Mr. Strutt, of Derby, a gentleman of great mechanical skill, and largely engaged in the stocking manufacture, having seen Arkwright's inventions, and satisfied himself of their extraordinary value, immediately entered, conjointly with his partner Mr. Need, into partnership with him. Arkwright's first mill was erected
in 1769. Some time after, having made several additional discoveries and improvements in the processes of carding, roving, and spinning, he took out a fresh patent for the whole in 1775; and thus completed a series of machinery so various and complicated, yet so admirably combined, and well adapted to produce the intended effect, in its most complete form, as to excite the astonishment and admiration of every one capable of appreciating the ingenuity displayed, and the difficulties overcome.
5. Traits of Character. - The most marked traits in the character of Arkwright were his wonderful ardour, energy, and perseverance. He commonly laboured in his multifarious concerns from five o'clock in the morning till nine at night; and when considerably more than fifty years of age, feeling that the defects of his education placed him under great difficulty and inconvenience in conducting his correspondence, and in the general management of his business, he encroached upon his sleep, in order to gain an hour each day to learn English grammar, and another hour to improve his writing and orthography! He was impatient of whatever interfered with his favourite pursuits ; and the fact is too strikingly characteristic not to be mentioned, that he separated from his wife not many years after their marriage, because she, being convinced that he would starve his family by scheming when he should have been shaving, broke some of his experimental models of machinery. Arkwright was a severe economist of time; and, that he might not waste a moment, he generally traveled with four horses, and at a very rapid speed. He had extensive concerns in Derbyshire, Lancashire, and Scotland ; and his speculative schemes, which were vast and daring, generally proved advantageous. The exertions which he put forth in establishing his machinery were the more remarkable, from being made while in bad health. During the whole of his career, he was labouring under a very severe asthmatic affection. A complication of disorders at length terminated his truly useful life, in 1792, at his works at Cromford, in the sixtieth
year of his age. He was high sheriff of Derbyshire in 1786 and having presented a congratulatory address to his Majesty on his escape from the attempt on his life by a maniac, re ceived the honour of knighthood.
LESSON 160. - Original. 444. SUBJECT. — A DESCRIPTION OF YOURSELF. The Pupil may now give a description of himself
, in which attention must be paid to the subjoined particulars. The incidents introduced must be real, and the reflections just and natural.
445. 1st Stage. — State some of your earliest impressionsupon what occasion or under what circumstances were they made, and by what means subsequently, modified. State the influence exercised over you at home at this time, and the religious training you underwent.
2nd Stage. - State your earliest school recollections - the subjects which you studied — the class of companions you met with there.
3rd Stage. — Mention the subjects you are now studyingto which you give the preference - state the grounds for this preference.
What are your times of rising — play – study ?
State your habits — your religious principles - and the grounds for these principles.
What really good actions do you recollect having done ?your feelings on that occasion.
How ought you to act when you are conscious of having done wrong? Prove this from Scripture.
What are your prospects ? Upon what do you ground these ?
LESSON 161. - Original. 446. SUBJECT.-A DESCRIPTION OF A FRIEND. Give a description of a Friend in which the subjoined particulars are developed :
1. Under what circumstances did your acquaintance commence ?
2. Describe his personal appearance, figure, and general
3. Detail his intellectual attainments, his moral principles, and general habits.
4. Notice any peculiarity or eccentricity which he may have.
5. Mention any incident which may have occurred. 6. Is your further acquaintance desirable or not?
LESSON 162.-- Original. 447. SUBJECT. A DESCRIPTION OF SOME GENTLEMAN OR
LADY EMINENT FOR PIETY, ETC. Give a description of some Gentleman or Lady eminent for piety, usefulness, or exemplary conduct.
1. Describe the personal appearance and manners of the individual.
2. State his condition in society, and the means by which he rose to this station.
3. State the actions or course of conduct for which he is eminent.
4. What habits and attainments are necessary for effecting any real good ?
5. Are these habits, principles, &c. the effect of chance or the result of a continued course of settled action? Prove this by other examples.
6. What he is, may you be? Why? II.
LESSON 163. — Original. 448. SUBJECT. TAE EXEMPLARY CLERGYMAN. Give a description of the Exemplary Clergyman, in which the following heads are pretty amply de veloped :
1. His moral and spiritual qualifications arise from his own deep impressions and earnest desire to extend the name and influence of Christianity, conjoined with the importance and responsibility of his office:— dwell upon these.
2. His attainments solid — practical - calculated to influence others.
3. His doctrine uncorrupt. – Q. All his principles derived from the standard of Christian truth — The Bible. - 6. His soul abhors the dishonest attempts of any party who shall presume to lower this standard, or twist it to their own sinister purposes. He loves the truth, the whole truth, and nothing short of the truth. - C. As a Minister, an Ambassador, he labours diligently to understand and execute his Master's will and injunctions, and not his own interest and pleasure. He dare not, and he will not add to, or diminish from, or alter, the plain import of his commission. - d. Hc properly fears the woe pronounced against those who by their teaching or example induce even the lowest disciple to offend, that is to err from the truth. - e. He studies rightly to divide the word — to be instant in season and out of season - finally to prove himself a workman that need not be ashamed.
4. His private life and conversation - coincident with his pulpit exhortations and public profession.
5. His associates like himself exemplifying a good old proverb. 6. His exertions
- a, not confined to public ministrations he visits his charge as much as possible to ascertain the effects of his preaching. – 6. He gives attention to the parochial