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He brandishes his pliant length of whip,
Thy vigorous pulse; and the unhealthful east,
Thy days roll on exempt from household care;
244. The preceding rendered into Prose.
In a thorny world as ours is, in which all are exposed to some annoyance, or feel, at times, some prickly sorrow, it is the part of wisdom frequently to contrast our own condition with that of others less distinguished, or less fortunate. We may thus learn to bear with patience what cannot be removed, and to sympathize with others whose sufferings exceed our
In a wintry snow-storm, ill fares the traveller; and equally so, the poor waggoner who stalks in ponderous boots beside his reeking team. The wain whose wheels are clogged by congregated loads adhering close goes heavily; and in its sluggish noiseless pace appears a moving hill of snow. The toiling steeds expand the nostrils wide, while every breath forced downward by respiration strong, is soon consolidated upon their jutting chests. He, formed to bear the pelting
brunt of the tempestuous night, plods on, with half-shut eyes and puckered cheeks, and teeth presented bare against the storm. One hand secures his hat, except when with both he brandishes his pliant length of whip which oft resounding is never heard in vain. Happy man! to whom has been denied that sensibility of pain which accompanies refinement, Thy robust and hardy frame feels indeed the piercing cold, but feels it unimpaired. Thy vigorous pulse no learned finger needs explore. The unhealthful east that breathes the spleen, and searches every bone of the infirm, is wholesome air to thee. Thy days roll on exempt from household care. Thy waggon is thy wife, and the poor beasts that drag the dull companion from place to place are thy helpless charge, dependent on thy care. Ah, treat them kindly, rude as thou appearest; and show that thou hast mercy, which the great with needless hurry whirled from place to place, though seemingly humane, do not always show.
1. The poet commences his subject by laying down the proposition, that since we are all more or less exposed to the sorrows and annoyances of life, we shall become better enabled to endure what cannot be avoided by contrasting our condition with that of others less favourably circumstanced. He then proceeds to notice a man who, from his occupation, is compelled to undergo every inclemency of weather. Hard as this condition appears to be, it is not entirely destitute of advantages. The human frame inured to toil gradually becomes vigorous and robust, so as ultimately neither to fear the pelting storm nor feel the withering blast. Nor does this condition of life exclude the exhibition of kindliness of feeling towards the animals committed to our care; a feeling not always manifested by those whose position in life is greatly above that of the humble waggoner.
2. In the phrases Thy waggon is thy wife," and "the poor beasts thy helpless charge," we have two metaphors.
"The learned finger," that is, the finger of the physician, is an instance of Metonymy.
3. The Epithets introduced by the poet are singularly appropriate and expressive of the ideas intended to be conveyed. The following, printed in italic, are a few instances,—“ reeking team," "congregated loads," "sluggish, noiseless pace,” “ toiling steeds," "pliant length."
246. 1. Render the following Extract into neat Prose, according to Directions No. 241.
2. Give a critical Analysis, and adduce Observations, according to Directions No. 242.
247. THE WOODMAN.
Forth goes the woodman, leaving unconcern'd
Shaggy and lean and shrewd, with pointed ears
248. 1. Render the following Extract into correct Prose, according to Directions No. 241.
2. Give an Analysis, and adduce critical Observations, according to Directions No. 242.
249. COUNTRY SCENERY.
How oft upon yon eminence our pace
Has slacken'd to a pause, and we have borne
And still unsated, dwelt upon the scene!
Thence with what pleasure have we just discern'd
Of hedge-row beauties numberless, square tower,
250. 1. Render the following Extract into correct Prose, according to Directions No. 241.
2. Give an Analysis and Remarks on the leading topics and arguments, according to No. 242.
3. Observations on the Figures of Speech and Epithets employed, according to No. 242.
251. RURAL SOUNDS.
Nor rural sights alone, but rural sounds,
The tone of languid nature. Mighty winds,
To soothe and satisfy the human ear.
Ten thousand warblers cheer the day and one
The livelong night; nor these alone, whose notes