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No. 261.] 2. NOVEMBER 1, 1814.
[4 of Vol. 38
When the Monthly Magazine was first planned, two leading ideas occupied the minds of those who undertook to con
duct it. The first was, tbat uf laying before the Public various objects of information and discussion, both amusing and instructive; the second was that of Jending aid to the propaga:ion of those liberal principles respecting some of the most important concerns of mankind, which have en either deserted or virulently opposed by other Periodical Miscellanies ; and upon the manly aud rational support uf which the Fame and Fate
of the age must ultimately depend, Preface to Montbly Mag. Vol. I.
Influence and Celebrity, the most extensively circulated Miscellany will repay with the greatest Efect the
CONTINUATION of the ACCOUNT of the recent ERECTION OF PUBLIC
EUILDINGS in various PARTS of the BRITISH EMPIRE.
Me. FLAXMAN'S STATUE OF SIR JOHN MOORE.
British Lieutenant-General, in his inili-
300 Dr. Buxton's Proposed Infirmary for Asthma, &c. [Nov. 1, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. By the term hot climates, I mean all SIR,
countries within the tropics, excepting A ,
posed to the consideration of the situation, or from some other causes, public for the purpose of combating are rendered cooler than is usual in those some of the evils, which, in this country, latitudes. To prove this position, I most materially injure the health and shall cite a few authorities. "Dr. Chisdestroy the lives of its inhabitants. The holin published “ An Essay on the Mainstitution to which I refer is the Infire lignant Pestilential Fever, &c.” In this mary for Asthma, Consumption, and work, he observes, that he resided twelve, other Diseases of the Lungs. The prin years in Grenada, one of the windward ciple on which the establishment pro. islands, situated about 12° north latia ceeds is, that a regular high temperature tude; and, during his residence, kept a should be preserved within its wards journal of the weather. The island is during the winter, on the supposition that composed of two mountains, and is very these complaints are chiefly produced and hilly; and hence is produced a change continued by variable and severe wea of temperature at the end of every hun. cher, and that a most important remedy dred yards.”—Introduction, P. 2. "Unto oppose their progress is warmth of der their shelter, the heat is often insuptemperature. I have long been accus. portable, and the body is bathed in the tomed to consider these opinions as well most profuse sweat; beyond this, turning founded; I have heard iny medical friends au angle, and being suddenly exposed to express the same sentiments; I have read the prevailing winds, which here blow them in different professional books, and with violence proportioned to the narrow found them repeated in common lite by vallies which confine them, the body is those who were unconnected with the in an instant dried up, an aguish sensa. profession, but who judged from that ge- tion takes place, and not unfrequently neral observation which, in diseases of topical pains and inflammations of a such frequent occurrence, every indivi- most dangerous nature are instantanedual is capable of exercising. With such ously produced."-P. 3.
“ The atmos. impressions on my mind, I conceived phere of Grenada differs widely from that the usual origin of these disorders, that of the low islands, Barbadoes, Ane and the mode in which they were to be tigua, &c.;" that of the low islands being combated in the greater number of in. remarkably dry, that of Grenada very stances could not admit of a doubt. The moist even in the dry season, so that an principle, therefore, on which the infir- electrical machine can scarcely be worka inary was to be established, appeared to ed with advantage. Mists are almost meso decided, that I had conceived there constantly covering the ground, whilst was scarcely a possibility of its being dis
" the low islands are never thus enve. putod, whatever might be the fate of the loped in mist." The thermometer by inode in which that principle was to be which Dr. C.'s observations were made, applied in practice.
was placed in the shade, in a cool situa. positions to be established are the tion, and exposed to current of air. following:
The variations of this instrument, during 1. That asthma and consumption are the year 1793, are given more circumvery rare in hot climates,
stantially than during any other year; 2. That asthma is rare, but consump- the greatest height was 92°, the lowest tion not unfrequent in mild climates. 760, a difference of 16 degrees. But
3. That they are very prevalent in these are extremes which seldom occura this country, the climate of which is red; the variation very rarely exceeded cold and variable.
119 in one month; the most frequent 4. That in this country they are much range was from 889 to 77o. If the ihermore frequent in winter than in stidimer. mometer was exposed to the sun, it
5. That they have often been cured or re would frequently rise 30° higher than lieved by the assistance of a high tempera• the point at which it stood in the shade. ture preserved in chambers during winter. In summer and autumn, including the
It will be observed, that these posi- rainy and warm seasons, remittent tions are not tbeoretical reasonings, but fevers, dysenieries, slights colics, cholera positive facts, which, when establisiied, morbus, phremitic complaints,” and ulo lend direcily to the conclusion, that an cers of the legs, are the most prevalent infirmary founded on the principle be. . stiseases; and, in the marsliy districts, fore relerred 10; must be highly useful. obstinale iniermittents and hepatic dy1. Asthuna and consumption are very senterier.
In winter and spring, when rare in hot clupetes
she air is mout chilly and dry, * Pleu