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THE speech contained in this volume is published just as it was delivered, with the exception of corrections in language and style. One or two passages have been condensed and re-arranged. The four parts into which the speech is divided do not correspond with the days on which it was delivered. Part of the third part was delivered on the second day, and the remainder and the whole of the fourth part on the third day.
Of the numerous quotations in the second part from the writings of eminent divines on the subject of Inspiration, fifteen will be found in a pamphlet published by Dr. Samuel Davidson in his edition of the second volume of Horne's Introduction to the Scriptures; seven of them I borrowed from Dr. Davidson's pamphlet; the others I had collected before I met with it. I have verified all of them, and can testify, not merely to their accuracy, but to the fact that they fairly represent the views of the authors quoted.
In most cases I have given in the footnotes references to the edition as well as to the page of the authors referred to. I subjoin a list of the editions of a few authors whom I had frequent occasion to quote, and with whose works I did not take this course.
BURNET on the Thirty-nine Articles.
1 vol. 8vo. BUTLER'S Works. Oxford. 1844. 2 vols. 8vo. CHILLINGWORTH's Works. London. 1742. 1 vol. folio. HEY's Lectures on Divinity. Cambridge, 1816. 4 vols. 8vo.
HOMILIES of the Church of England. Oxford. 1840. 1 vol. 8vo.
HOOKER'S Works. Oxford. 1845. 2 vols. 8vo. JEREMY TAYLOR's Works, by Heber. Oxford. WARBURTON'S Divine Legation of Moses. London. 1765. 5 vols. 8vo.
In order to render the case intelligible, I have prefixed to the speech an abstract of the articles exhibited against Dr. Williams, two extracts from the Essays and Reviews themselves, and an abstract of my argument. The extracts from the Essays and Reviews are intended to enable the public to form some notion of the manner in which the articles against Dr. Williams were drawn up, and the degree of fairness with which the extracts given represented his opinions.
ARTICLES EXHIBITED AGAINST DR. WILLIAMS
ARCHES' COURT OF CANTERBURY.
N.B.-In order to avoid confusion between the ARTICLES of charge, the individual ARTICLES of which the articles of charge are made up, and the THIRTY-NINE ARTICLES of religion, the articles collectively are, throughout this work, described as THE INDICTMENT, and the individual articles as the COUNTS. The word ARTICLES is throughout applied to the Thirty-nine Articles of religion only.
THE charge against Dr. Williams was for having, in his Review of Bunsen's Biblical Researches contained in the Essays and Reviews, advisedly maintained and affirmed certain erroneous, strange, and heretical doctrines, positions and opinions, contrary and repugnant to the doctrine and teaching of the said United Church of England and Ireland, as by law established, contravening thereby the statutes, constitutions, and canons ecclesiastical of the realm, and against the peace and unity of the Church. The charge was contained in twenty-two counts.
The FIRST COUNT was as follows:-We article and object to you, the said Reverend Rowland Williams, that by the laws, statutes, constitutions, and canons ecclesiastical of the realm, all ecclesiastical persons, of what rank or condition soever, who have been admitted into Holy Orders of the United Church of England and Ireland, ought to adhere to and maintain with constancy and sincerity the doctrine and teaching of the Church; and that whosoever after having been so admitted, and having subscribed and declared his assent to the Articles of Religion agreed upon by the Archbishop and Bishops of both provinces and the whole clergy, in the convocation holden at London in the year of our Lord 1562, and ratified by royal authority, shall revolt from, or impugn, or promulgate doctrines or positions contrary to, or inconsistent with, the said Articles, or any of them, or any of the doctrines therein contained, or shall utter, publish, promulgate, or declare anything contrary to, or in derogation of, the doctrine and teaching of the said Church, as contained and set forth in the book entitled "The Book of Common Prayer, and Administration of the Sacraments and other "Rites and Ceremonies of the Church, according to the "use of the Church of England, together with the Psalter "or Psalms of David, pointed as they are to be said or
sung in Churches, and the form and manner of making, ordaining, and consecrating of Bishops, Priests, and "Deacons," ought to be punished and corrected according to the gravity of his offence and the exigency of the law.
The SECOND COUNT charged that Dr. Williams was Vicar of Broad Chalke.