Imágenes de página
PDF
ePub

fect is produced by the locusts? 7. What effect is produced by the corals? 8. What parts of the world are troubled with the corals ? 9. What animals flourish in the temperate zone ? 10. What animals are found near the 60th degree of latitude ? 11. Wbat parts of the world produce the best furs ? 12. What ferocious animal inbahits the frigid zone ? 13. What remarkable fish in the polar seas?

TEMPERATURE. The two leading causes which affect the temperature of any region are distance from the equator, and elevation above the level of the sea. In proportion as you go from the equator towards the poles the cold increases, and in proportion as you ascend above the level of the sea the cold increases. Hence, under the equator, low count:ies are excessively hot and uphealthy, but regions elevated 6,000 or 8,000 feet enjny a delightful temperature, while at 13,000 or 14,000 feet, the climate is the same as in the frozen zone, and at 15,000 feet is the region of perpetual congelation, where ice never melts, and all mountains are covered above this height with eternal spow. The following table shows the mean tenperatnre at the level of the sea, in all the successive latitudes, and the height at which perpetual congelation takes place. Latitude. Mean Temperature.

Perpetual Gongelation,

Feet.
0
84° 2'

15,207
10
82° 6

14,764
20
78° 1'

13,478
30
7° 1'

11,484
40
62° 6'

9,001
50
53° 6'

6,334
60
45° 0'

3,818
70
38° 1'

1,778
80
33° 6'

457
90
32° 0'

0

Questions. 1. What are the two leading carises which affect the temperature of any place ? 2. In asceniling a lofty mountain does the climate become warmer or colder ? 3. What is the climate of low countries in the torrid zone ? 4. What is the climate of places near the equator, which are elevated 6,000 or 8,000 feet above the level of the sea ? 5. What is the climate at the height of 15,000 feet under the equator ? 6. What is the climate at 9,000 feet in the latitude of 40°? 7. How high must a mountain rise in latitude 80° before jis top will be covered with perpetual spow? 8. What is the mean temperature at the level of the sea, under the equator ?

INDEX.

[blocks in formation]

Aberdeen
324 Aral sea

482 Barbadoes island
Abyssinia

588 Ararat mountain 486 Barbary states
Acapulco
230 Araucanians

295 Barbuda island
Acre
490 Archangel

366 Barca
Adel
591 Arequipa

274 Barcelona
Adige

449 Arkansas river 72, 221 Bassora
Adrianople
477 Arkansas territory

221 Batavia
Afghans
510 Armenia

491 Bath, England,
Africa
559 Arno river

449 Bath, Maine,
Agades
596 Arracan

529 Bathurst
Agra
517 Aruba island

255 Bavaria
Aix la Chapelle 426 Asben

596 Bayonne
Ajan coast

591 Ascension island 599 Beaufort, S. C.
Alabama state 169 Ashantee

579 Bedouins
Alabama river
ib. Asia

481 Begherme
Aland isles
370 Assam

530 Belfast
Alatamaha river
166 Assumption

286 Belgrade
Albany
120 Astrachan

496 Bellows' falls
Aleppo

489 Atacama desert 284 Beloochistan
Alessandria
453 Athens

477 Benares
Aleutian islands 496 Atlas mountains 560 Bencoolen
Alexandria, D. C. 146 Ava

529 Benguela
Alexandria, Egypt, 563 Augsburg,

408 Benin
Algiers

571 Augusta, Maine, 81 Ben Nevis
Alleghany river

133 Augusta, Georgia, 167 Berbera
Alps 301, 395, 447 Austerlitz

468 Berbice
Altay mouutains 482 Australasia

553 Bergen
Altona

353
Austria

464 Bergoo
Amazon river
256 Axum

589 Berlin
Amboyna
553 Azores

601 Berwuda islands
America
52

Berne
Amherst college 100 Babylon

491 Beverly
Amsterdam
375 Badajos

436 Biafra
Amur river
484 Baden

415 Bilboa
Andes
255, 259 Bagdad

489 Biledulgerid
Andover institution 100 Bahama islands 246 Birman empire
Androscoggin river 79 Bahrein islands 502 Birmingham
Angola

581 Bahr el Azrek 588 Black riser
Angora
489 Baikal lake

494 Black sea
Anguilla island
248 Baku

496 Blakely
Aubalt
420 Balbec

491 Blue ridge
Annapolis
143 Bale

397 Bog river
Annobon island
599 Baltic sea

299 Bogdo mountains
Antigua island
250 Baltimore

142 Bokhara
Antilles
235 Barnbarra

594 Bologna
Antwerp
376 Bambouk

594 Bombay
Apennincs
448 Banca

551 Bona
Appalachicola riv.73, 223 Banda islands 553 Bonair island
Arabia
496 Bangor

81 Bonn

320
591
269

340
593
425

298
397
97

579

435

572
528
311
207
299
170
148
362
434
503
460
518
572
254

river} 224Caroline islands

Bootan
543 Cape of Good Hope 581 Cochin, China

533
Borneo
551 Cape Henry
241 Coimbra

445
Bornoa
595 Capetown
582 Cologne

426
Boshuanas
585 Cape Verde islands 600 Colombo

527
Bosphorus
473 Caraccas city

205 Colorado river 228
Boston

95 Caribbean islands 235. Columbia river 73, 224
Boulogne

389 Caribs, Indians, 267 Columbia college,
Bourbon
594 Carlisle

136)

N. Y. 124
Bourdeaux
388|Carlscrona

346 Columbia District 144
Bowdoin college 82 Carlsruhe

415 Columbia, S. C. 161
Brainerd
185 Carolina South 159 Columbus

195
Bravo del Norte

557 Como lake

449
Carpathian moun Cornorro islands

594
Brazil

2751
tains 301, 465 Conception

293
Brebers
669Carthage
571 Concord

86
Bremen
421 Carthagena
262 Congo river

575
Breslau

425 Carthagena, Spain 436Congo coast 580
Brest
389 Cashmere
524 Connecticot

106
Bristol, R.I.
105 Caspian sea

48:Connecticut river 72, 107
Bristol, Eng.
307|Cassel
416 Constance lake

395
British India 5:22 Castine

81 Constantina

572
Bromberg canal 424 Catania

458 Constantinople 476
Brown university 105 Cauca river

260 Copenhagen

352
Bruges
,376 Caucasian mountains 483 Copiapo

293
Brunn
46%|Cayenne
270 Copts

566
Brunswick, Germany,418|Celebes

552 Coquimbo

294
Brunswick, Maine, 89 Ceylon

527 Cordova, S. America 286
Brussels
370 Champlain lake
70, 89 Corea

544
Buda
469 Champlain canal 73, 123 Corinth

477
Buenos Ayres city 285 Chapala lake 228 Cork

334
Buffalo
112 Charlestown, Mass, 97 Corsica

393
Bukarest
477 Charleston, S. C. 16 1 Corydon

201
Bukaria
544 Chatahoochee river 166 Cossacks

303
Burlington, Vermont, 90 Cherbourg

388 Cosseir

564
Burrampooter 485 Cherokee Indians 184Cotopaxi volcano, 259

Cherson

366 Council bluff 221
Cabenda
581 Chesuncook lake 79 Cracow,

372
Cabul

509, 510 Chiapa de los Indios 234 Creek Indians 167
Cadiz
433 Chicago river 203 Cronstadt

366
Caffraria
584 Chickasaw Indians 185 Cuba

238
Cagliari
453 Chili
290 Cuiaba

280
Cahokia
204 Chillicothe
195 Cuidad Real

235
Cairo
563 Chiloe archipelago
296 Cumana

266
Calcutta
517 Chimborazo mount'n 259 Cumberland river

188
Caledonian canal 320 China

534 Curacoa island 254
Callao
273 Chippeways

219
Cusco

273
Cambodia
532 Choctaw Indians
174Cyprus

492
Cambridge university 315 Chowan river 156
Canada Lower 62 Christiania

340 Dahomey

580
Canada Upper
64 Christiansand 340 Dal river

344
Canaries
600 Church states of the 458|Damaras

585
Candabar
510 Cincinnati
194 Damascus

488
Candia
480 Circleville
196 Damietta

564
Candy
527 Cleveland

196 Dantzic
Cantabrian mount'ns 430 Cleves

427 Danube river 300, 466
Canton
537 Clyde river
319 Dardanelles

478
Cape Breton island 64 Cobbe

595 Darfur

595
Cape Cod peninsula 92 Cobi desert 485 Darmstadt

416
Cape Coast castle 579 Coblentz

427 Dartmouth college 86
Cape Fear river
156 Coburg
419 Dead sea

487

425

56

324 253

Delaware state 138 Forth river

318 Grand isle

216 Delaware river 72, 132 Fort Howard 215 Grand island, N. Y. 126 Delhi 518 Fort Gratiot 215 Grand river

276 Demerara 269 Foulahs

576 Grand river, Miss. 207 Denmark 351 Fox river

218 Grand river, U. C. 65 Derne 570 France

381 Great Britain 302 Deseada island 251 Francisco river 276 Greece

473 Detroit 214 Frankfort on the

Greeks

478 Diarbekir

483

Maine 422 Greenland Disqual swamp

155 Frankfort on the Green mountains 77, 89 Dnieper river 300

Oder 427 Green bay settlement 215 Dojester river 363 Frankfort, Kentucky, 189 Greenock Donboo

595, Franklin, Missouri, 210 Grenada island Dongola

586 Fredericksburg, Va. 151 Guadaloupe island 250 Dort

377 Frederickston, N. B, 61 Guadalquiver river 431 Dover, Delaware, 140 Frederickstown, Md. 143 Guadiana river 431 Dresden 413 Freyberg

414 Guanaxuato city 429 Drontheim 340 Friendly islands 558 Guanwarelica

274 Druses

491 Funen island 355 Guaraunos, Indians, 266 Dublin 333

Guatimala

233 Duero river 431 Galla

591 Guatimala city 234 Dundee 324 Gallam 577 Guayaquil

262 Dunkirk 389 Gallapagos islands 298 Guernsey island

317 Dusseldorf 427 Galway 335 Guiana

268 Dwight

222Gambia river 561 Guinea coast 579 Dwina 362 Ganges river 484, 514 Gypsies

471 Garda lake

449 Earth

49 Garonne river 384 Hæmus mountains Ebro river 430 Gasconade river 207 Hague

377 Edinburgh 30 Gefle

347 Hainan island 542 Edwardsville 204 Genesee river 117 Halifas

60 Egypt

562 Geneva lake Elba island 461 Geneva 397 Hallowell

81 Elbe river 402, 424 Genoa

452 Hamburg

421 Elliot 174 George lake

115 Hamilton college 124 Elsinore

353, Georgetown, D.C. 146 Hampden Sidney England 302 Georgetown, S. C.

1611

college 153 Enicei river 484 Georgetown, Demer

Hanover

410 Erie lake

701
ara, 270 Harrisburg

136 Erie canal 73, 122 Georgia

164 Hartford

108 Erzgebirge mts. 401 Ghauts

514 Hartz mountains 401 Essequebo 269 Ghent

377 Harvard college 99 Etna 457 Giants causeway

337 Havannah Euphrates river 485, 487 Gibraltar

441 Hayti Europe 298 Gila river

228 Hebrides Gilolo

553 Heckla mount Fahlun 347 Glasgow

323 Herat Farmington river 107 Gloucester

97 Herculaneum Faroe islands 355 Goabiros, Indians, 266 Herculaneum, Italy, 456 Farther India 528 Gold coast

578 Hermon mount Fayetteville 157 Gondar

589 Hesse Cassel Feloops 576 Goree

577 Hesse Darmstadt 415 Fernando Po isl. 599 Gotha

419 Hesse Homburg 417 Ferrol 436 Gotha Elf

344 Hildburghausen 419 Fez

573 Gothland island 349 Himmaleh bits. Fezzan 596 Gottenburg

346 Hindoo Coosb mts. 509 Florence 460 Gottingens 411 Hindoostan

512 Florida 222 Grain coast 578 Hispaniola

239 Flushing

378 Grampian nits. 32C Hoang-ho river 484 Formosa island 542 Granada

435/Hockbocking river 193

395 Halle

238

239 328 356 510

416

Hohenzollern 420 Knoxville 184 Madras

519
Honduras bay233 Konigsberg 425 Madrid

433
Hooesternuc river 103 Kordofan

596 Maese river

374
Hot springs
222 Kuban river 494 Magadoxa

592
Hottentots
583 Kur river

494 Magdalena river 260
Houssa
595 Kurds
492 Magdeburg

426
Hudson river 72, 116 Kurile islands 496 Magellan straits 297
Hudson city
121

Maggiore lake 449
Hull
308 Laccadives
528 Mabrattas

521
Humber river 305 Ladoga lake 361 Maine river

403
Huntsville
171 Ladrones
557 Maine state

79
Huron lake 70, 212 La Guayra

265 Majorca island 440
Hydra
481 Lancaster
136 Malacca

530
Landan
408 Malaga

435
Iceland
356 Lanquedoc canal
385 Malar lake

344
Illinois state
202 Laos
534 Malays

530
Illinois river 203 Lapland

349 Maldives

528
Indiana
199 Lassa
544 Malemba

581
Indus river 485, 515 Leeds

311 Malstrom

342
Inhambane
593 Leeward islands 247 Malta

463
Innspruck
468 Leghorn
461 Mamelukes

566
lonian islands
463 Leipzic
413 Man isle of

317
Ipsambul temple 586 Leith

323 Manchester

310
Ireland
330 Lemberg

476 Mandan village 221
Ispahan
505 Lena river
484 Mandi' goes

576
Italy
447 Lexington, Ky. 189 Manheim

415
Ivica island
441 Leyden

378 Mantchoos country 545
Ivory coast 578 Libanus mountain 487 Mantua

470
Lichtenstein 421 Maracaibo lake 264
Jaloffs
576 Licking river 188 Maracaibo city

266
Jamaica
242 Liege
377 Maranham

279
James river 72, 149 Liffy river

331 Marblehead

97
Japan

273 Margarita island

268
Java
550 Limerick

335 Mariegalante
Jedo
547 Lipari islands 458 Marietta

196
Jersey isle
317 Lippe Detmold 420 Marquesas

559
Jerusalem
490 Lisbon

444 Marseilles
Jordan river
488 Liverpool

308 Martha's Vineyard 102
Juan Fernandez

Loango

580 Martinico island 251
island 296 Loire river 384 Maryland

140
Jumna river 515 Lomond Loch 319 Mascat
Jura mountains 383 London

306 Massachusetts 92
Juruay river
257 Londonderry 335 Masuah

590
Jutay river 257 Long island, N. Y. 126 Mauritius island 599
Loochoo islands 542 Mayhew

174
Kaffers
584 Louisiana
175 Mayomba

580
Kamtschatka 496 Louisville

189 Meaco

547
Kaskaskia river 203 Lubeck 422 Mecca

500
Kaskaskia town 204 Lucca

462 Mecklenburg

417
Kassina
596 Luxor
565 Medina

500
Kelat

512 Lyme mountains 257 Mediterranean sea 299
Kenne
564 Lynchburg
151 Meinungen

419
Kennebeck river
79 Lynn
97 Melinda

592
Kentucky state 186 Lyons le bado 387 Melville island 601
Kentucky river 1881

Memphremagog lake 89
Kiachta
496 Macassar
552 Mendoza

286
Kiel canal
35 Macbias

81 Menomonees 219
Killarney lake 337 Mackenzie's river 55 Mergui

529
Kingston, U. C: 65 Madagascar 594 Merrimack river, N.H. 85
Kingston, Jamaica, 244 Madeira island 600Merrimack river,
Kirghises
503 Madeira river 257)

Missouri, 207
85

[graphic]

251

388

500

« AnteriorContinuar »