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PREFACE. '

THE present Volume of Sports, Pastimes, Games, Amusements, and Agreeable and Instructive Pursuits for Boys, is offered to each andevery one among the large mass of readers, great and small, who may take an interest in the subject, or in any one of the multifarious branches into which it divides itself. Books devoted to the description of boyish games and sports already exist among us in large numbers; and their numbers are daily swelled by new arrivals. But the great majority of these books, useful, and indeed admirable as they in many instances are, would seem to be confined to what appears only a portion, and not even the most important portion of the subject. They contain games and sports enough and to spare; but here many of them end. Little or no mention is made of the pursuits and amusements of a boy during the holiday weeks spent in the country or at the sea-side. The aquarium and its wonders—the marvels of the deep, and the nature and habits of its finny denizens—the green lanes and sunny meadows, with their thousand objects of curiosity and interest, all these are passed over, as if it were not worth while to call the attention of our boys to them. Gardening, too-a pursuit which, while highly amusing and healthful, calls forth all the best working faculties of a lad, exercising at once his industry, patience, and ingenuityis generally too cursorily treated, and in some books is wanting altogether. In other manuals, again, a large portion of space is found occupied by matter which can hardly be considered in place in a book designed for the amusement of boys. It may be well doubted whether science can ever be adequately taught in a play book, and “philosophy in sport" can hardly be satisfactorily made “science in earnest ” to a lad during his time of recreation. The space devoted in many works to mere crude outlines of science, and to arithmetical puzzles and matters of a similar kind, which not one boy in a hundred looks upon as at all amusing, has here been filled with what it is hoped will prove metal more attractive to our young readers; namely, particulars respecting the country, the wonders of the animal and vegetable kingdoms, details concerning the horse, &c. &c. In short, while it is believed that no subject legitimately within the scope of a book of sports, pastimes, and amusements, has been here left unrepresented, care has been taken to eliminate all those unnecessary and discordant elements which either fill space unprofitably, or do harm rather than good, by affecting to handle in jaunty, easy style, subjects which should be approached with seriousness, as they constitute a task, not an amusement, and are fitted for the hours of labour, but certainly not for those of play. In the working out of the design of this volume, no expense and no pains have been spared ; the great object has been to treat of each subject as it occurred with all possible completeness, without unnecessary detail; and it is conscientiously believed that in the space of nearly four hundred closely-printed pages, this task has to some extent been accomplished. The illustrations, it will be seen, are numerous, and carefully executed. And so, with the hope that it may find favour with those whom it has been their earnest endeavour to please, the Authors and Publishers commend this book to their young friends, the Boys of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and the British dependencies throughout the known world

CONTENTS.

INTRODUCTION ................... PAGE 1

PART I.-OUT-DOOR GAMES AND AMUSEMENTS, 4–32.
Prisoner's Base, 4.-Leap-frog, 5.-Spanish Fly, 6.-Fly the Garter, 6.-Juinp,

Little Nag-tail, 7.—Plain Touch, 7.-Cross Touch, 8.-Touch Wood, 8.-
Warning, 8.-I Spy, or Whoop, 9.- Follow my Leader, 9.-Hare and
Hounds, 10.-Paper Chase, 10.—Baste the Bear, 11.-Mr. Gorilla, 11.-Hide
and Seek, 11.-Hop Scotch, 11.–French and English, 13.-Hop, Step, and
Jump, 13.-King of the Castle, 13.-Puss in the Corner, 13.-Tip-Cat, 14.-
Ball Play, 14.- Catch Ball, 14.- Rounders, 15.-Strike Ball, 16.—Trap Ball,
17.-Strike up and Lay Down, 17.-Nine Holes, 18.-Fives, 19.–Balloon
Ball, 19.-- King Senio, 20.- Buck, Buck, 20.- Marbles, 21.- Odd and Eveu,
21.-Eggs in the Bush, 21.-Spans and Snops, 22.- Bonce About, 22.-
Pyramids, 23.—Back Hits, or Lag, 23.—Shoot in the Ring, or Ring Taw,
24.-Fortifications, 24.---Picking the Plums, 24.-Blind Man's Buff, 25.-
Kite Flying, 26.-Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, 26.— Walk, Madam, 27.-
Hoops, 27.-Turnpikes, 27.- Battle, 27.-Quoits, 27.-Tops, 28.-Peg in
the Ring, 28. - Whip Top, 29.—The Sling, 29. — The Boomerang, 30.-
Duck and Drake, 30.—Cock Fighting, 30.-Note on Old English Games
and National Festivals, 31, 32.

PART II.-GYMNASTIC EXERCISES, SWIMMING, AND ARCHERY, 33–64.
Utility of Gymnastic Exercises, 33.—The Gymnasia among the Greeks, 34.-

Roman Gymnastics, 34. — Athletic Sports among the Anglo-Saxons and
Romans, 35.- Revival of Gymnastics, 35.-M. Berard's Report to the
French Government, 35. — Introductory Drill, without Instruments or
Apparatus, 36.-Arm Exercises, 36.- Leg Exercises, 37.-Stepping, 37.-.
Jumping, 38.— The Long or Horizontal Leap, 38.—The Downward Leap,
38.-Upward Leap, 39.-Running Leap, 39.—.Walking and Running, 40.-
Exercises with Portable Instruments, 40.–Pole Leaping, 41.-Dumb Bells,
41.- Indian Club Exercise, 41.—Throwing the Javelin, or Bar, 42.- Exer-
cises performed with Fixed Apparatus, 42.—Parallel Bars, 42.-The Ladder,
43.--Climbing Ropes and Poles, 43.—The Horizontal Bar, 44.— The Vault-
ing Horse, 45.—The Trapeze, 45. - The Giant Stride, 47.-Stilts, 47.-

General Directions, 48.
SWIMMING, 49—60.-Observations on Swimming, 49.–Benjamin Franklin's

Advice and Rules, 50.-Different Modes of Swimming, Floating, and Diving,
53.—The Swimming Movement, 53.-Swimming and Floating on the Back, 54.
-Swimming Hand over Hand, 54.–Swimming like a Dog, 55.-Swimming
on the Side, 55.–To Swim with one Arm out of the Water, 55.- Treading
Water, 56. - Perpendicular Rest, 56.–Plunging, Diving, and Entering the
Water Feet Foremost, 56.-Swimming under Water, 58.-Cramp, 58.-IIow

to Assist a Person in Danger of Drowning, 58.-How to Proceed in case of

Accident, 59.-General Directions to Young Swimmers, 60.
ARCHERY, 61–64.- Archery in Old Times, 61.- The Cross Bow, or Arbalast,
62.—The Long Bow, 62.-Stringing the Bow, 62.-Drawing the Bow, 62.-
The Arrows, 63.-The Shield, the Glove, Belt, Pouch, Quiver, and Targets,
64.–Roving, 64.–Flight Shooting, 64.-Clout Shooting, 64.

PART III.- PLAYROOM GAMES AND EVENING SPORTS, RIDDLES, FORFEITS,

&c., 65—96.
A Rainy Holiday, 65.–Battledore and Shuttlecock, 66.-Les Graces, 66.-

Cat and Mouse, 67.- Jingling, 67.- Frog in the Middle, 67.—Merelles, or
Nine Men's Morris, 67.–Fox and Geese, 68.-Loto, 68.—Dominoes, 70.-
Club and Jar, 71.-Dibs, or Knucklebones, 72.–Solitaire, 72.—Jack Straws,
or Jerk Straws, 72.—Dumb Motions, 73.-Bob Cherry, 73.—The Game of
Goose, 74.-The Race Game, 74.-Cup and Ball, 74.–Bandoleer, or Bandi-
lure, 74.-Shovel Board, 75.-Hot Cockles, 75.—Le Diable, 75.-Concluding

Remarks, 76.
EVENING GAMES, FORFEITS, &c., 7796.— Twirling the Trencher, 77.—How

d'ye Like your Neighbour? 78.-One Old Ox Opening Oysters, 78.- Magic
Music, 78.-How do you Like it? When do you Like it? and Where do you
Like it? 79.– What is my Thought Like? 79.-- Cupid's Coming, 79.-Cross
Questions and Crooked Answers, 80.--Consequences, 80.-I Love my Love
with an A, 80.-Ancient Game, 81.-Proverbs, 81.–The Emperor of Mo-
rocco, 82.-Buff, 82.—The Family Coach, 83.--Earth, Air, and Water, 83.-
Oranges and Lemons, 84.- Pigeons Fly, 84.-The Grand Panjandrum, 84.-.
Red Cap and Blue Cap, 85.—Concert, 85.- Prussian Exercise, 85.—My
Lady's Toilet, 85.—Yes and No, 85.-Crambo, or Copying Verses, 86.—
Cento Verses, 86.-Hunt the Ring, 87.-Transpositions, 87.-Tasks for
Redeeming Forfeits, 89.-Grecian Statue, 90.-The Spoilt Compliment, 90.-
To Brush off the Sixpence, 90.-Bow to the Wittiest, 90.-Various other
Tasks, 90, 91.-Poetical Enigmas and Answers, 92–96.

PART IV.—THE SEA-SIDE, ITS AMUSEMENTS AND PURSUITS, 97—128.
The Sea and its Wonders, 97.-Explanation of Maritime Phenomena, 98.-

Different kinds of Ships and Craft, 100—103.-Maritime Expressions, and
their Meanings, 103—105.-Description of the Parts of a Cutter Yacht, 106.
—The Aquarium, 106.-Principles of Construction, 106.—The Case for the
Aquarium, 107.—Where to place the Aquarium, 108.—How to lay the
Foundation for the Plants, 108.-How to Stock the Aquarium: the Plants,
108.- The Living Specimens in the Aquarium, 110.-Sea Anemones, 110.-
Star-fish, 110.- Sea Urchin, or Echinus, 111.-Limpets, 111.-Crabs, &c.,
111.—General Directions for Management, 113.- How to Bring your Speci-
mens to Town, 113.-Fresh Water Aquarium, 114.—The Tank, 114.- The

Rock Work, 114.- The Fish and Insects, 116.— Dredging, 118.
SEA FISHING, 119–128.-General Notice, 119.- The Whiting, 120.– The Cod,

121.-The Sturgeon, 122.-—The Lamprey, 123.-The Conger Eel and Com-
mon Eel, 123. - The Salmon, 124.-The Herring, 124.- The Pilchard, 125.-
The Mackerel, 125.-The Sun-fish, 125.– The Sprat, 126.-The Turbot, 126.-.
The Sole, 127.- The Plaice, 127.-Conclusion, 128.

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