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LIVES

O F T H E

P O ETS

... . ° *

Great - Britain and Ireland*

By Mr. Cibber, and other Hands.

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LONDON:

Printed for R. G R I F F I T H E, in St. Paul's
Church-Yard. -M etc LUI.

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THE

LIVE S

OF THE

POE T S

^ , ' . .'

Eustace Budgell, Esq;

AS the eldest son of Gilbert Budgell, D. D. of St. Thomas near Eafc eter, by his sirst wife Mary, the only daughter of Dr. William Gulston, bishop of Bristol; whose sister Jane married dean Addison, and was mother to the famous Mr„ Addison the secretary of state. This family of Budgell is very old, and has been settled, and known in Devonshire above 200 years *.

* See Budgelf s Letter to Cleomenei. Appendix p. 79-:

Vol. V. N°. 21. B Eustace .•* 'Eustace-, wa: born about the year 1685, and distinguished him.cii very soon at school, from whence he was removed early to Christ's Church College in Oxford, where he was entered a gentleman commoner. He staid some years in that university, and a. terwards went to London, where, by hb father's directions, he was entered of the Inner Temple', "in order to be bred to the Bar, for which liis father had always intended him: but instead of the Law, he followed his own inclinations, which carried him to the study of polite literature, and to the company of the genteek-st people in towri. This' proved unlucky; for the father, by degrees, grew uneasy at his son's not getting Jumfelf called to the Ear, nor properly applying to the Law, according to his reiterated directions and request; and the ion complained of the strictness and insufficiency of his father's allowance, and constantly urged the necessity of his living lii^e a gentlenitan, and of his spending a great deal of money. JDuring this stay, however, at the Temple, Mr. Budgell made a strict intimacy and friendship with Mr. Addison, who was sirst cour sin to his mother; and this last gentleman being appointed, in the year 1710, secretary to lord Wharton, the lord lieutenant of Ireland, he made an offer to his friend Eustace of going with him as one of the clerks in his ofsice. The propofal iming advantageous, and Mr. Budgell being then en bad terms with his father, and absolutely unqualissied for the practice of the Law, it was readily accepted. Nevertheless, for fear of his father's difapprobation of it, he never communicated his design to him 'till the very night of his setting, out for Ireland, when he wrote him a feftocio inform him at once of his resolution and journey. This was in the beginning of April 1710, when he was about twenty sive years of age. He had by this time read the classics, the most reputed

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- . .i' waohistorians, and all the best French, English, or Italian writers. His apprehension was quick, his imagination fine, and his memory remarkably strong; thoughhis greatest commendations were a very genteel address, a ready wit and an excellent elocution, which shewed him to advantage wherever he went, notwithstanding, one principal des sition, and this was an insinite va him so insufferable a presumption, think that nothing was too much for his capacity, nor any preferment, or favour, beyond his deserts. Mr. Addisori's fondness for him perhaps increased this dispofition, as he naturally introduced him into all the company he kept, which at that time was the best, and most ingenious in the two kingdoms. In short, they lived and lodged together, and constantly followed the lord lieutenant into England at the fame time.

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It was now that Mr. Budgell commenced author, and was partly concerned with Sir Richard Steele arid Mr. Addison in writing the Tatler. The Spectators being set on foot in 1710-iiy Mr. Budgell had likewise a share in them, as all the papers marked with an X may easily inform'^hs reader, and indeed the eighth volume Was composed by Mr. Addison and himself*, without the assistance of Sir Richard Steele. The speculations of our author were generally liked, and Mr'. Addison was frequently complimented upon the ingenuity of his kinsman. About the fame time he wrote an epilogue to the Distress'd Mothers, which had a greater run than any thing of that kind ever had before, and has had this peculiar regard shewn to it since, that now, above thirty years afterwards, it is generally spoke at the representation of that

* See The Bee, vol. ii. p. 854.

+ 'Till then it was-usualto discontinue sixth sight. But this was called for by th. tinued for the whole run of this play : Budgell did not scruple to fit in the pit, and call for it himself,

B 2 play.

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