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rating smuggling—Dissent is, we know, a species of spiritual smuggling-in that case we should conclude, that thenceforward smuggling was a lawful trade. To tolerate by law, is to make lawful; in other words, to repeal the very prohibitions which made the thing unlawful. Dissent, then, being tolerated, cannot be a breach of the law.
Dissent, however, is not merely tolerated: it is established, recognised, and sanctioned. Dissenters are qualified to be senators, although they may not be constables. The Dissenting ministers of the Three Denominations in and near London, have enjoyed during successive reigns, an honorary privilege which no other body, we believe, except the two Úniversities and the London clergy enjoy; that of addressing the Throne and being admitted to kiss his Majesty's hands. A parliamentary grant is annually made in aid of poor Dissenting ministers; and lastly, Dissenting ministers, as such, are exempted from several public services. These circumstances are utterly irreconcileable with the notion that Dissent is barely tolerated. The King and the Parliament have alike taken the Dissenters by the hand; and what must they think of Mr. Sikes, who tells them, that they are countenancing men in breaking the laws and going wrong, that they are encouraging bad subjects. Call you this Jionouring the King, Mr. Sikes? Fie!
Still, it will be said, Dissenters do not go to the King's Church. No more did any Protestants in King James the Second's time: were they the worse subjects? Why should they go to the King's Church, when neither the King requires it, nor the Laws forbid their going to their own Church? Whence can arise the obligation when there is no law?
But the King has two Churches. He has got a Church of England, and a Church of Scotland; an Episcopalian Church and a Presbyterian Church, and, in Canada, à Roman Catholic Church. If the Episcopalian may go to his chapel in Scotland, which is not there the King's Church, why may not a Presbyterian in England attend his meeting-house ?
Why, we repeat the question, should we go to the Parish ..Church? We pay our tithe and poor's-rate : can we be required to do more? The laws do not require more: why should the Church? Because its ministers are lawfully ordained ? So
Theirs are licensed by the Bishop; ours by the magistrate. Both the Bishop and the magistrate derive their authority from the King; so that the ordained and the licensed minister stand at last on the same footing. Is it that the Church is governed by Bishops? So are our churches : every church among us has its Bishop. Instead of twenty four Bishops, we have several thousand ; and we think our Episcopacy the most ancient, for we carry it back as far as the Apostles. Have they the Succession ? So have we. Have they the Sacraments? So have we. We baptize in the same holy name ; and the bread and winelof which we partake, we believe to have the same significance and virtue as that which has been consecrated by a priest.' And then, as to the matter of a commission, we hold that our Ministers have a much better commission to shew than Mr. Sikes can boast of; a commission more Apostolic, an authority more Episcopal, a power more unequivocally attested than either his Patron's appointment or the Bishop's ordination could convey. Qualified alike by previous education and by the evidences of religious character, chosen and recognised by their flocks as ministers of the New Testament, and ordained by the laying on of the hands of the Presbytery, our Ministers have, in our view, a far better title than at least three fourths of the Episcopal clergy, to the office which they fill. Unedacated they are not; self-constituted they are not. These epithets, at least, apply to comparatively very few. On the contrary, Dissenting ministers have for the most part a better theological education than most of the clergy, though they know little, it may be, of the mathematics.
Now, if Mr. Sikes, or if our worthy friend whose tract is dated Worcester, wishes to make any impression on Separatists, he must take into account all these facts, and shew that he is not ignorant of the very elements of the question. Otherwise their arguments must needs fall short of the mark. Neighbour Twilight may be satisfied ; but a fourth, fifth, or sixth dialogue may be requisite to convince such a sturdy sectary as Thomas Johnson, who appears from his “Reasons,” to be much better acquainted with his New Testament than honest John. Twilight could not, it seems, tell his Parish Minister, what edification meant, although he used that word in giving his reasons for hearing the Rev. Mr. B.- He did not know that it meant
improvement in religion.' Poor John! And so his Parish Minister, naturally enough, takes advantage of his ignorance, to tell him, that he is not to be the judge of his own edifta cation; that he cannot judge of the progress he makes in Divine knowledge. This is rather severe upon Master Twi. light. We wish Mr. Sikes joy of his hopeful scholar.
But now, had he Thomas Johnson to deal with, and were he to tell him, as he tells Twilight,
• You have not a teacher to seek. The whole of this kingdom, with a very few exceptions, (and likewise the whole Christian church,) is already well supplied with proper teachers, whose authority to teach their different congregations come, directly from Christ himself; and you can have
no ministers to seek, till you have first cast of your obedience to this order of things appointed by your Saviour, and have deserted your minister and your brethren. Did you ever hear of people seeking their faller and mother? Is it not God Almighty that chooses your parents for you, sends you into the world just at what time he pleases, and causes you to be born of what parents he pleases ? Just so does he in the Church
Were he to say all this to Thomas Johnson; and then proceed to misapply to the parish minister, the passage in which St. Paul tells the Corinthians, that though they had ten thousand instructers in Christ, yet had they not many fathers, for he in Christ Jesus had begotten them through the Gospel ; were he to represent the parish minister as the father in Christ, given him by his Creator, who had begotten him in baptism, and now possessed a father's authority over him, he his character what it may ;-that sturdy sectary would respectfully inform Mr. Sikes, first, that the Apostle's language would not bear the gloss which his Reverence had put upon it; next, that St. Paul, who, in writing to these same Corinthians, thanks God that he had baptized none of them, could not have the same idea of regeneration as Mr. Sikes ; further, that the title of a father in God or spiritual father, is awfully inappropriate to the great mass of bishops, rectors, and curates; and that the assertion, that the whole of this kingdom is well supplied • with proper teachers' in the Establishment, sounds so much like a great-, that, had any body but Mr. Sikes said it, it could not have been believed. Then, as to his plea, that even a Judas is to be reverenced, if the Bishop has laid his hands upon him, because God hath “chosen the foolish things of " the world to confound the wise,"— Thomas Johnson would ask Mr. Sikes, whether St. Judas continued to preach and to exercise Apostolic authority after he was known to be a thief, and after he had betrayed his Master; for with men's undiscovered hypocrisy we can have nothing to do; and whether Mr. Sikes understands by "foolish things," wicked things, and that God chooses the wicked things of this world to confound the wise ones? If not, he is guilty again of perverting Scripture,—an art which the Church of Rome learned of the Devil; and he had need look to it lest he should be found betraying his Master. He tells us, indeed, that we are not to judge the character of a minister, but to look to his office.
• He is placed there for the purposes of our reformation and salvation, to take cognizance of the people's manners und conduct, and to persuade, exhort, reprore, rebuke as occasion requires. But if the people reject him upon a pretence of vicious character, they reverse the order of things.
We have heard of the Devil's rebuking Sin, but never before saw the office so distinctly attributed to him. A man of 'vi* cious character,' taking cognizance of the morals of his flock, and rebuking offenders, must be a most edifying spectacle. A most delightful order of things, which it would be impiety to reverse! A wicked man may, it seems, be a most efficient minister of the Church of England. Thank God, we do not belong to such a Church!
And now our readers know Mr. Sikes, and they will be able to account for his bitter abuse of the Gospel preachers in his Third Dialogue. "The Gospel preachers and their followers,' he says, “murdered Good Ring Charles, and preached the
poor clergy out of their livings and themselves into them.' And the Gospel preachers of the present day, (meaning the evangelical clergy), are the same sort of men: their arguments,
conduct, doctrines, and manners, are exactly the same as • theirs.' We know,' he adds, by sad experience, what.
Gospel preaching then meant, and what it came to, and we should not like to be so taken in again. Yet, guilty as these Gospel preachers are of palpable schism,' rebellion ! against Church authority,' systematic slander and delusion,'
cant,'' pride,' 'love of lucre, dishonesty,' and 'hypocrisy,' they are servants of Christ, fathers in God, and the rest of it, if you happen to live in the parish over which God Almighty has set any one of them; and Twilight is instructed to yield them, in that case, reverence and obedience accordingly.
We have no room to notice the Vicar of Swaffham, but must leave him in the competent hands of Mr. Jarrom.The Address to Separatists is chiefly distinguished by its singular imbecility. If we should be thought to have bestowed too much notice on Mr. Sikes, we must beg our readers to remember, that six editions of this trash have been forced into circulation ; and the Author is known to be held in high estimation in some quarters. One of the twelve Apostles at least, would, were he living, commend the labours of his Apologist
ART. XI. SELECT LITERARY INFORMATION:
Gentlenien and Publishers who have works in the Press, will oblige the Conductors of the Eclectic REVIEW, by sending information (post paid) of the subject, extent, and probable price of such works ; which they may depend upon being communicated to the public, if consistent with its plan.
In the press, (dedicated to Lord Da. cre,) Memoirs of the Rev. Thomas Brand, one of the silenced ministers in the reigo of Charles Il. By Dr. Annesley. Together with the funeral Sermon. A new edition, revised by the Rev. W. Chaplin.
Mr. Dunlop, Author of the History of Fiction, has a new work in the press, entitled, the History of Ronau Literature from the earliest Periods to the Augustan Ayc, in two volumes octavo.
Mr, Montgomery, the Poet, will publish in a few days, a work entitled,
Songs of Zion,” being imitations of the Psalms in verse.
Poems, by the Rev. Thomas Cherry, Jate Head Master of Merchant Tailors School, are printing in a quarto volume ; selected and edited by the Rev. J. W. Bellamy.
Mr. Geo. Downes will soon publish, Letters from Mecklenburg and Holstein, including an account of Hamburg and Lubeck.
Dr. Meyrick has been many years collecting scattered notices of Ancient Armour, found in old writings; and the result of his labours will soon appear in Ihree imperial quarto volumes.
Dr. Lucas is printing in an octavo volume, a Treatise on the Nature and Principles of Intlammation and Fever.
George Brodie, Esq. has in the press, a History of the British Empire, from the Accession of Charles I. to the Restoration, in four octavo volumes.
W. Wordsworth, Esq. will soon pub. lish, in a small octavo volume, a Description of the Scenery of the Lakes in the North of England.
Mr. Wood is preparing for publication, Figures of all the known Shells, intended to illustrate his Index Testaceologicus.
The Sixth Part of the Encyclopædia Metropolitana will appear early in next month.
Sir Aubrey Devere Hunt, Bart, bas in the press, Julian the Apostate, a dramatic poem, in an octavo volume.
Sir Gilbert Blane is printing in an octavo volume, Select Dissertations on various Medical Subjects.
Mrs. Scbiinmelpenninck has a second volume of Biblical Fragments nearly ready for publication.
Mr. John Tuck, brewer, has in the press, in an octavo volume, the Art of brewing Porter and Ale, particularly adapted to the use of families.
To be published in a few days in 8vo. The Curfew, or the Grave of the Last Saxon, a Poem. By the Rer. William Lisle Bowles, Author of the Missiouary, Letter to Lord Byron, &c. &c.
Speedily will be published, in 2 vols, 12mo. Hortus Anglicus; or, the Modern English Garden ; containing an easy description of all the Plants which are cultivated in the climate of South Britain, either for Use or Ornanieol, and of a Selection from the established Favourites of the Stove and Green-house ; arranged according to the System of Linnæus; including his Generic and Specific Characters; with remarks on the Properties of the more valuable Species. By the Author of the British Botanist.
Dr. Irving has made considerable progress in a new School Work on Roman Antiquities.
The River Derwent and other Poems, by W. B. Clarke, B. A. Jesus College, Cambridge, will appear next month.
Shortly will be published by subscription, with a portrait, Memoirs of the Life of Charles Alfred Stothard, F. S. A. Author of the monumental Effigies of Great Britain. With some account of à Journey in the Netherlands, by Mrs. Charles Stothard, Author of Letters writo ten during a Tour through Normandy, Britany, and other parts of France.
Mr. Bourn has in the press, an enlarged edition of " A Gazetteer of the Inost remarkable Places in the World, with Brief Notices of the Principal flistorical Events of the most Celebrated Persous connected with them."