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them, and bring upon themselves swift deftru&tion; but it is not clear that our Lord Jesus Christ is there ineant, or the purchase of his blood there spoken of; but rather, that the God of Israel is intended, and his peculiar dealings in providence with that people, on account of which he is said to buy them: but supposing that Christ and his purchase are designed, this may be understood not of his real purchase of those who were eventually destroyed, but of their former profession of him as the Lord that had bought them, which they supposed and claimed, though it was not really so. The people of Christ are a distinct people; distinguished by the love of God to them, by his choice of them to eternal life, and by the covenant of grace into which they are peculiarly taken, and are interested in all the blessings and promises of it; and by the effectual vocation of them: and as they are a distinct people in Christ's intercession, for whom he prays, and not for the world; so in redemption by his blood, they are a peculiar people, whom he has redeemned from all iniquity; to whom he has a peculiar right, for whom he has a peculiar value; on whom he bestows peculiar blessings; and whom he admits to a peculiar nearness to himself: they are in. deed the church of God which he has purchased with his own bloods; that church of which he is the head, and for which he has given himself, that he might Jančtify, and cleanse it, and present it to himself a glorious church without spot or wrinkle, or any such thing; even the general assembly and church of the first-born, whose names are written in heaven; that is to say, the elect of God: these and every one of them are bought by Christ, and all of them, their souls and bodies; and though the redemption of them is of their souls principally and chiefly, yet of their bodies also; wherefore being not their own, but bought with a price, they are under obligation to glorify him that bought them, in their body and spirit, which are his ": these are they which are called the purchased polfeffion', not heaven, as some have thought, to which redemptiion cannot with any propriety be ascribed; but a people for the Lord's poffeflion, which he has bought for that purpose ; nor are any but persons ever said to be purchased by Christ; which leads me to observe,
2. That Christ, and he alone, is the purchaser of these people. The Son of God was appointed the redeemer of them in eternity, and was sent in the fulness of time to redeem them; and Christ has redeemed his people from sin, law, hell, and death; the Lamb has redeemed them, or bought them again by his blood; being God over all, blessed for ever, the King of kings, and Lord of lords; the only potentate, whose is the earth and the fulness thereof, the world, and they that dwell therein; he was able to make this purchase, and none but a divine perfon was equal to it; wherefore God is said to purchase the church with his blood. and as he was able to make this purchase, he was willing to do it; God in his infinite wisdom found him, and pitched upon him to be the ransom-price of his people; upon which he said concerning them, Deliver them from going down to the pito: and Christ voluntarily agreed to be that ransom, and said, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God'; and accordingly he did come in human nature, in the form of a fervant, not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and give his life a ranfom for many s; and indeed by his becoming man, and fo our Goel or near kinsman, the right of purchase and redemption belonged unto him. If a man, according to the Levitical law, could not redeem himself when sold, his uncle, or his uncle's fon, or any near of kin, might do it; and so the redemption and purchase of inheritances belonged to such, as in the cases of Boaz and Jeremiah. Thus Christ, partaking of the same fesh and blood with his people, and they being fold, and in a state of bondage ; the right of redemption or purchase devolved on him, as it was agreed it should in the counfel and covenant of grace and
and f 2 Peter ji. I. & Acts xx. 28.
do Cor, vi. 19, 20. · Ephes. i. 14.
peace; and accordingly he has actually made the purchase: he has purchased the church with his blood; the thing is done; ye are bought with a price; this has been testified in due time ; full proof is to be, and has been made of it. But I go on to observe,
3. The price with which these people are purchased by Christ; the purchasemoney that was laid down for them, or given as a valuable consideration on their account: and this is sometimes said to be the flesh of Christ, which he gave for the life of the world"; for the obtaining and securing the life of his chosen ones, even his whole human nature, which he took into union with his divine person; and fo is said to be made flesh'; or a partaker of the same files and blood with his people ; in which flesh or human nature he was put to death, and so obtained eternal redemption for them. Sometimes his blood is represented as the purchase-price; not corruptible things, as silver and gold, but the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without spot or blemish k: he is said to purchase the church with his own blood"; and to redeeni us unto God by his blood"; which was a sufficient price, since it was the same blood with ours; for he parcook of the same Aesh and blood with us: it was not the blood of bulls and goats which was given as the purchase price; but it was the blood of a man, and the blood of an innocent person, who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth. Iç was the blood of the harınless and innocent Lamb of God, without spot or blemish, either of original or actual sin, and so fit to be the ransom-price; and besides, what gave it its value, virtue, and efficacy, is, that it is the blood of him that is God as well as man, and both in one person; the blood of Jesus
Christ, Job xxxjii. 24. f Pfalm xl. 7, 8.
& Matt. xx. 28. h John vi. 51. john i. 14. Peter i. 18, 19.
1 Acts xx. 28.
m Rev. v.9.
Christ, the Son of God; and so as it has a'virtue to take away fin, and cleanse from it, has an intrinsic worth and value in it to make a purchase of all God's elect. Sometimes the life, which is in the blood, the life of Christ, is made to be the ransom-price: he laid down bis life for the sheep"; which his father gave . him, and made his care and charge; his life went for theirs, and for the redemption of them ; he gave his life a ransom for them ° : yea, he is faid to give bimself, artidurpov, “a ransom-price” for all his people, Jews and Gentiles, men of all nations, ranks and classes, and all sorts of Ginners, greater and lesser; even his whole human nature, soul and body, as in union with his divine person, which were given, as for a sacrifice and offering for the Gns of men, so for the ransom of thein. And how great must this be! we sometimes hear of a king's ransom, given either by a king, or for one”; such is the ransom of Christ, it is given by him the King of kings, and is no other than himself; and it is given for his people, who are made kings and priests to God by him; which must needs, be a great one. Now it may be proper to inquire,
4. To whom this price was paid for the purchase of these people. Not into the hands of Satan ; for though he is the god of this world, he is so by usurpation; and though he works effectually in the children of disobedience, and even leads captive God's own people, in a state of unregeneracy; yet he has no rightful claim unto them, nor just poffeffion of them; and therefore, as there was, no necessity of making a purchase of them from him, so neither has any been made : they are indeed ransomed from the hand of him who is stronger than they, even the strong man armed, in whose power they were whilft in a state of nature; but then this is done by power; and though in consequence of a price paid, yet not into his hands, but into the hands of another; and so the prey is taken from the mighty, and the lawful captive is delivered. But the price of Redemption is paid into the hands of God, into the hands of divine justice. Christ has redeemed his people unto God, by his blood; by giving himself an offering and a sacrifice unto him; by fulfilling his law, and satisfying his justice. God has a sovereign right unto them, and a sovereign disposal of them, and could give them to whom he will, and he gave them to his Son: thine they were, and thou gavest them me', on condition of his making his soul an offering for sin; or giving himself to redeem them from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people'. God is he against whom they have sinned, and whose law is broken by sin: for fin is the transgresion of the law'; and the dishonour done to that must be removed, and the honour of it repaired and restored; and Christ, by his obedience, sufferings and death, has magnified the law, and made it Vol. I.
PI Tim. ii. 6.
a John a. 55.
9 Rev. v. 9.
o Matt. XX. 28.
John xvii. 6.
Titus ii. 14.
! John iii. 4.
honourable. Justice by fin is injured and offended ; and the judge of all the earth will do righe, and infist upon a full satisfaction to his justice; and therefore Christ is set forth to be the propitiation for fin, to declare the justice and righteousness of God; which is glorified by Christ being made sin and a curse for bis people, and by laying down his life a ransom-price for them. Sins are so many debts, and they are exceeding numerous ; more than ten thousand talents are owing, and man has nothing to pay with; he has run into debe with God, and to him must the payment be made, either by himself, or by his surety; and now Christ, the surety of his people, in paying off their debes, has put a valuaöle consideration for them into the hands of God, to whom he has made the payment; and so he has blotted out the handwriting of ordinances that lay against them. To conclude this head of discourse, let us briefly consider,
5. The nature of this purchase. It is a special purchase ; a peculiar people Į that Christ has redeemed; a special people that he has purchased; a special price
which he has laid down for them, and which arises from his special love of them, and from whence Aow special blessings and favours to them. It is a proper purchase: there is a purchasing or buying things in an improper sense, which is done without money, and without price; so grace, and the blessings of it, are bought of Christ; that is, by making application to him, they are freely had and enjoyed: but this purchase is made with a price; ye are bought with a.price"; though not with the price of gold and filver, and such like corruprible things ; yet with the price of Christ's blood, with his fesh, his life, himself, as has been before observed. It is a legal purchase, good and valid, and against which no objection can be laid ; ic is a sufficient price that is given, what was agreed to by the parties concerned; by God, to whom it is paid, who is satisfied with it; by Christ, who engaged to give it, and has made payment of it; nor can any thing be alledged to invalidate the purchase either by law or justice; nor can any one, for the future, lay any claim to the persons purchased, but he to whom they of right belong; who has a most clear and indubitate right and title to them; as by his Father's gift, who gave them to him to be his portion and inheritance, so by his own purchase : wherefore he claims an interest in them on this account, saying, I have redeemed tbee ; I have called thee by thy name; tbou arh mine "; and they are neither their own, nor another's, but the Lord's; and as they are not the vallals of Satan, they ought not to be the servants of men, but ferve and glorify the Lord, and him only. As the purchase Jeremiah made of the field of his uncle's fon was firm and valid, when the evidence of the purchase was subscribed and sealed, the witnesses taken, and the money weighed and paid; so the purchase which Christ has made is much more fo, being sealed
1 Cor. vii, 23.
Ifai. xliii. l.
with his blood, and teftified in due time in the everlasting gospel, the evidence of this purchase; the scriptures are the writings which contain it, shew and prove it. It is a full and complete purchase; it is a purchase of the whole election of grace; of all the children of God scattered about in the world; of all the Lord's people that ever have been, are, or shall be, in it: these may truly be said to be the pearl of great price, which Christ the merchant-man came into this world to seek for, and found; and finding it, sold all that he had, shed his blood, parted with his life, and gave himself for it, and bought it: and it is the greatest purchase that ever was made, or can be made, and which none else could ever make; such as are possessed of the greatest riches, None of them can by any means redeem his brother, nor give to God a ransom for bim ; for the redemption of their soul is precious, and it ceaseth for ever*; it must do so, for any thing that they can give as a redemption-price for it; they are not able with all they have, and had they the whole world, and all that is in it in their pofsession, they would not be able to purchase one single soul, or give a sufficient ransom-price for it: whereas Christ has purchased the whole church of God, thousands and millions of the souls of men; even a great multitude out of all nations, kindred, people, and tongues, which no man can number. But I proceed to consider,
II. The passage of this purchased people over Jordan’s river, or through the ford of death; and the necessity of it, and their safety in it.
1. Death is a passage from this world to another, out of time into eternity. It is a going from hence elsewhere : says our Lord, the Son of man goeth; that is, he is about to die, as it is determined; which is going the way of all the earth; and he expresses his own death by departing out of the world, and going to the Father; and the apostle Paul signifies his desire to die in the same language; namely, to depart, and to be with Christ, which is far better than to stay in this world. Death is like taking a journey or a voyage, and it is a long one; it is a man's going to his long home “, and a long one it is; for he goes the way, and to the place whence he shall return no more; the place that knew him, or the people of it, shall know him no more there; he will not return to the same place, situation, and circumstances in which he was before. Death is sometimes represented as a passage through a low, lonesome, and dark valley; though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil b; and here the emblem is, pasing over a river, and crossing from shore to shore, wading in the midst of it, in order to get to land; particularly a palling over the river Jordan to get into Cancan's land. Now,
* Psalm xlix. 6-8.
y Luke xxii. 22.
Joha xiii. 1. Phil. i. 23.