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which has appeared in the gift of his Son, and in Christ's gift of himself, to be the Redeemer and Saviour of his people, and to be their atoning sacrifice and reconciler, teaches them most effectually to deny ungodliness and worldly lusts, and to live soberly, righteously, and godly in this evil world, 2 Cor. v. 14. i Cor. vi. 20. i Peter i. 17, 18. Titus ii. 11, 12. To close with a word or
1. We may learn from hence the vile nature of sin, the exceeding sinfulness of it, what an evil and bitter thing it is; that nothing can make atonement and give facisfaction for it, but the bloodshed, sufferings, and death of Christ.
2. We may observe the strictness of divine justice, that would make no abatement, but insisted upon Christ's doing and suffering all that the law could require to make satisfaction for the sins of his people ; and if it spared not the Son of God, standing in their room and stead, but demanded and had full satisfaction at his hands, it will not spare christless sinners, who have no interest in his satisfaction ; and what a fearful thing will it be to fall into the hands of the living God, the judge of the whole earth, who will do right?
3. Let us admire and adore the perfections of God, his wisdom, righteousness, and holiness, as well as his love, grace, and mercy, which shine so gloriously in this affair of satisfaction and reconciliation for sin made by the blood of Christ; for it became bim, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfeet through sufferings.
S. E R M ON XX.
Death to Glory.
Preached to a Congregation of Protestant-Dilsenters, in Carter-lane, Southwark.
EXODUS XV. 16.
Fear and dread Mall fall upon them ; by the greatness of thine arm, they
Shall be as still as a stone, till thy people pass over, O Lord; till the people pass over which thou hast purchased.
HESE words are part of the song which Mofes and the children of Israel
sung at the Red sea, after they had passed safely through it, and the Egyptians were drowned in it: a song worthy of notice, being the first and most ancient song that is on divine record; for though there were doubtleis songs of praise to God sung before this by the people of God, there being ever more or less occasion for them ; yet this is the first the scriptures give us any account of: a song that not only concerned the children of Israel, and their then present case and circumstances; but what was typical of other things, and had respect to times to come. Moses, the penman of it, and who was an instrument in the hand of God of the deliverance sung in it, was a type of Christ the Redeemer of his people. Israel, who shared in this deliverance, and joined with Moses in singing this song, were a typical people, a figure of the church of God, called the Israel of God”, consisting of whativever nation; whom God has cholen, Christ has redeemed, and the holy Spiric effectually calls and fanctifies; and the redemption and falvation, the subject - matter of this song, was typical of redemption and salvation by the precious blood of Chrift: a song this, that not only respects the then present situation of the people of Israel, but looks forward to fucure times, and reaches to the kingdom of Chritt in all ages of the world, to the end of time, even to eternity itself ; as appears from the close of it; The Lord shall reign for ever and ever: a song, the like to which will be fung by the church and people of God in the latter day, upon a fimilar occasion ; the destruction of Egypt, spiritually or mystically so called; the ruin of the antichristian Pharaoh; the conquest that will be made by the saints over the beast, his image, his mark, and the number of his name; when they will stand upon a sea of glass, as Israel of old by the Red sea, with the harps of God in their hands, and.ling the song of Moses, and the song of the Lamb b: and indeed this song of Moses and the children of Israel, at the Red sea, may with sufficient propriecy be called the song of the Lamb, or of Christ; since he is the principal person concerned in it, and to whom it is sung; he being the Redeemer of lfrael, in a literal sense, and the author of that falvation, the praise of which they now celebrated. He is the Angel of the Lord, (for Jehovah the Father is never so called) who appeared to Moses in the burning bully, and sent him to Pharaoh, to demand the dismission of the children of Israel; and it was he that did all the signs and wonders by him in the land of Egypt, and in the plains of Zoan; it was he that brought Israel from thence, and went before them in a pillar of cloud by day, and in a pillar of fire by night. He is the same Angel of the Lord, that went before the camp of Israel, who removed behind them at the Red sea, and looked through the pillar upon the Egyptians, troubled their host, took off their chariot-wheels, returned the waters of the sea upon them, and covered and drowned them in it; on account of all which this song is directed to him; and all the characters in it agree with him. He is the strength and song of his people, in whom they have peace and joy, righteousness and strength; he is become their Salvation, the author of spiritual and eternal salvation ; he is their Lord and God, and exalted by them; he is a Man of War, inured to it, expert in it, and has fought the battles of his people for them with all their spiritual enemies, and has got the victory over them. The Lord of Hofts, of armies above and below, is his name; his right hand has displayed its glorious power in the destruction of Pharaoh and his hoft; and will still more gloriously display the same in the ruin of antichrist and all his powers. He is preferable to all others for the boliness of his nature, both divine and human, in which he is glorious; and for the matter of his praise, the glories and excellencies of his person, the blessings of his grace, and the great things done by him ; in many of which he is fearful, tremendous and terrible, and in all to be feared and reverenced, and for his works which he did both before and in his incarnate state ; which are wonders, amazing and furprising, and especially the great work of our redemption : and he it is that had led forth the people of Israel out of Egypt, in mercy; and was leading them into Canaen's land, and guiding them thither in his strengib; and who brings forth al} his people out of worse than Egyptian bondage, and leads and guides them safely to his holy habitation in heaven.
a Gal. vi. 16.
The former part of this song, to ver. 13. in the letter of it, respects things past, real facts, what were already done, for which praise is given. The latter part from thence is wholly prophetic, and contains a prediction of future events, of the dread of Israel that should fall on several nations as they passed along, who would hear what great things had been done for them, and by them; and of their quiet and easy passage over the river of Jordan into the land of Canaan ; and of their firm and sure settlement in it, ver. 14-17. all which had its certain accomplishment. It is said, the people shall bear and be afraid ; that is, the nations of the world in general; for the affair of the plagues of Egypt, and of the deliverance of the children of Israel from thence, their passage through the Red fea, and the drowning of Pharaoh and his army in it, were heard all over the world, and struck a panic in all the nations of it; fee Deut. ii. 25. Sorrow shall take hold on the inhabitants of Palestina ; the land of the Philistines adjoining to Canaan, and through which, in the common way, the road of the Israelites lay to it, and so they would be, and were in great concern left they should suffer by them : then the dukes of Edom shall be amazed ; the people of Idumea, then governed by dukes; who upon the tidings of the wonderful things done for Israel in Egypt, at the Red sea, and in the wilderness, were surprized, and astonished, and filled with fear, Deut. ii. 4. the mighty men of Moab, trembling Mall lake hold upon them; as it did on Balak king of Moab, and on his princes, which literally fulfilled this prophecy, Numb. xxii. 2, 3. all the inhabitants of Canaan Jhall melt away; as their heart did melt through fear when they heard what God did for Israel against the Egyptians and the Amorices; and understood they were on their march toward their land, to invade it, and dispossess them of it, as appears from Joshua ji. 9, 11, 12. with this compare the case of the kings of the earth, when Egypt, spiritually or mystically so called, will be destroyed, and the people of God saved out of it, Rev. xviii. 2, 4, 9, 10. next follow the words which have been read ; fear and dread shall fall upon them ; upon all the nations in general, and upon those before mentioned in particular, and especially on the Canaanites : By the greatness of thine arm, they shall be as still as a stone, till thy people pass over, O Lord; till thy people pass over which thou hast purchased; the people of Israel, to whom it is said of God, Is not be thy father that bath bought thee? They were a people in a sense purchased by him; being redeemed by him out of Egypt, and wonderfully taken care of by him in providence ; whilst these passed over the river Jordan, in order to go into Canaan's land and poffefs it; their enemies, awed by the power of God, visible in what he had done for them, were like stocks and stones, stood stupified and immoveable; had not power to act, nor stir a foot in their own defence, or against Israel, come to invade them ;, nor in the least to moleft them, nor to attempt to stop them in their passage through the river, nor dispute it with them; but were as stupid as stones, having no spirit or courage left in them; see Joshua iii. 15–17. and chap. v. I. which may be considered as an emblem of the quiet passage of Christ's purchased people through the ford or river of death, to the Canaan of everlasting rest and happiness. And in this view of things I shall endeavour a little to improve the words of our text, by observing,
O Rev. xv. 2, 3.
I. That Christ has a people, and these are a purchased people.
pass through it safely. III. That this their passage, as it is always safe from their spiritual enemies,
it is, generally speaking, quiet and easy from them; they are not
fuffered to disturb them. IV. That this is owing to the greatness of the arm of the Lord, or to his
I. That Christ has a people which are his purchase; concerning whom may be observed the following things.
1. Who the people are that are Christ's, and are purchased by him. These are men ; for as for angels, they cannot come into the account of purchased ones; the evil angels Christ has nothing to do with as a Saviour, nor they with him : the good angels, though they are the objects of electing, yet not of redeeming grace; though Christ is the head of election to them, yet not the author of the redemption of them : for as they never were in bondage, they cannot be said to be redeemned, or bought again; besides their nature is incapable of dying, or of such a passage as the purchased people of Christ are obliged unto: but the purchased people are men, the sons of men, with whom the de. lights of Christ were from everlasting; whose persons and cause he espoused, and for whom he undertook as a surety to obey, suffer and die in their room and stead, and by fo doing to redeem and save them. In order to which he took on him their nature, and not the nature of angels, and in that nature made a purchase of them; ye are bought with a price, be not ye the servants of mend; of whose race they are, and among whom they live, and to whom they are liable to be servants, whom Christ has bought with the price of his blood : but then these are not all men, or all the individuals of mankind; for they are redeemed from among men, and out of every kindred, tongue, people and nation'; and therefore cannot be all men, or all of every kindred, congue, people and nation; it Christ had made a purchase of all men, all would be saved, for his purchase cannot be lost: indeed we read of some, that deny the Lord that bought
di Cor. vii. 23.
c Rev. xiv. 4. and v.9.