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Gold, silver, ivory, vases sculptured high,
Paint, marble, gems, and robes of Persian dye,
There are who have not--and thank Heaven, there are,
Who, if they have not, think not worth their care.

Talk what you will of taste, my friend, you'll find
Two of a face, as soon as of a mind.
Why, of two brothers, rich and restless one
Ploughs, burns, manures, and toils from sun to sun ;
The other slights, for women, sports, and wines,
All Townshend's turnips, and all Grosvenor's mines :
Why one like Bu-- with pay and scorn content,
Bows and votes on, in court and parliament;
One, driven by strong benevolence of soul,
Shall fly, like Oglethorpe, from pole to pole ::
Is known alone to that Directing Power
Who forms the genius in the natal hour;
That God of Nature, who, within us still,
Inclines our action, not constrains our will;
Various of temper, as of face or frame,
Each individual: His great end the same.'



Charles, second Viscount, the Oxford, in 1714, but soon afterwards rival of Sir Robert Walpole, whose entered the army and served under sister he married. He retired from Prince Eugene. When Pope puboffice in 1730, but refrained from all lished this Epistle, Oglethorpe was intrigues with the Tories and Opposi- * on the point of setting out for tion Whigs, and devoted himself en- . his third expedition to Georgia, tirely to agriculture. Lord Stanhope taking with him 600 emigrants. In says that England, and especially his 1745 he was promoted to the rank of own county of Norfolk, owes to him Major-General and had a command in the introduction of turnips from Scotland, where it was supposed that he Germany.

did not do his best against the rebels, Sir Thomas Grosvenor succeeded and as he was a decided Jacobite there Sir Richard, his brother, in 1733. may have been some ground for the

2 Bubb Doddington. See Moral suspicion. He sat in several ParliaEpistles, iv. 20; Prologue to Satires, ments, and died 30th June, 1785. 280 ; and Epilogue to Satires, Dia- He was a friend of Johnson's, and is logue i. 68.

frequently mentioned by Bosweli. 3 Employed in settling the Colony 4 Another allusion to the fatalistic of Georgia. — Pope.

doctrine developed in Essay on Man, James Edward Oglethorpe, born in ii. ver. 195–204. It is impossible to 1698, was admitted at CC. C., conceive that our actions can be in




Yes, sir, how small soever be my heap,
A part I will enjoy, as well as keep;
My heir may sigh, and think it want of grace
A man so poor would live without a place :
But sure no statute in his favour says,'
How free, or frugal, I shall pass my days :
I, who at some times spend, at others spare,
Divided between carelessness and care.
'Tis one thing madly to disperse my store;
Another, not to heed to treasure more ;
Glad, like a boy, to snatch the first good day,
And pleased, if sordid want be far away

What is 't to me (a passenger, God wot!)
Whether my vessel be first-rate or not?
The ship itself may make a better figure,
But I that sail, am neither less nor bigger;
I neither strut with every favouring breath,
Nor strive with all the tempest in my teeth.
In power, wit, figure, virtue, fortune, placed
Behind the foremost, and before the last.

“But why all this of avarice? I have none."
I wish you joy, sir, of a tyrant gone;
But does no other lord it at this hour,
As wild and mad ? the avarice of power ?
Does neither rage inflame, nor fear appal ?
Not the black fear of death, that saddens all ?
With terrors round, can reason hold her throne,
Despise the known, nor tremble at the unknown ?
Survey both worlds, intrepid and entire,
In spite of witches, devils, dreams, and fire ?




clined without any constraint of our will.

| Alluding to the statute made in England and Ireland, to regulate the succession of Papists. – WARBURTON.

By the Act of 1700 a Catholic who refused to take the oath of allegiance and supremacy, and to sign the decla

ration against transubstantiation, was incapacitated from purchasing, inheriting, or taking lands under any devise or limitation. The next-of-kin who was a Protestant, was granted possession of the lands during his life. This Act was not repealed till 1779.

Pleased to look forward, pleased to look behind,
And count each birthday with a grateful mind ?
Has life no sourness, drawn so near its end ?
Canst thou endure a foe, forgive a friend ?
Has age but melted the rough parts away,
As winter-fruits grow mild ere they decay ?
Or will you think, my friend, your business done,
When of a hundred thorns you pull out one ?

Learn to live well, or fairly make your will;
You've play'd, and loved, and eat, and drunk your fill :
Walk sober off, before a sprightlier age
Comes tittering on, and shoves you from the stage :
Leave such to trifle with more grace and ease,
Whom folly pleases, and whose follies please.'


It, perhaps, might have been better to have omitted these two last lines, the second of which has a quaint

and modern turn, and the humour consists in being driven off the stage "potuin largius æquo."—WARTON.




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