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VOL. 6.] King Robert the Bruce-Admiral Crown-Knit Picture. 401 this way may, while cold, be suddenly quently took shelter in Calais harbour. filled with boiling hot water without in the morning they weighed anchor any risk of their cracking. The gen- in order to depart, when they were imtleman who communicates the method, mediately surrounded by a great numsays, that he has often cooled such glas- ber of custom-house boats, and notice ses to the temperature of 10°, and was given them that not one of them poured boiling water into them without would be allowed to leave the port experiencing any inconvenience from without first paying the duties on the the suddendess of the change. If the cargoes, the same as if they had been glasses are to be exposed to a higher landed. This unexpected demand cretemperature than that of boiling water, ated amongst the victuallers the greatest boil them in oil.

consternation : they, liowever, contriva

ed to despatch a six-oar cutter to the SKULL OF KING ROBERT Admiral, to whom they communicated THE BRUCE.

the intelligence, and requested his interA few days ago, in the church of ference. Admiral Crown instantaneDunfermline, the grave of the celebra- ously despatched an officer on shore, ted warrior King Robert the Bruce was with a letter to the Governor, demand.. opened, in presence of a numerous asa ing the immediate liberation of his vicsem hlage of men of rank and science. tuallers, threatening, in the event of a The skull, and various parts of the skel- refusal, to bombard the town, and gave eton, were in a state of preservation : the Governor a quarter of an hour to Now that the opinions of Gall and consider of it. The Governor requested Spurzheim are not passed over as mere

an hour, in order to send a telegraphic pieces of quackery, the curiosity of an- despatch to Paris for instructions how atomists, and even of the public in gen- to act on so povel ao occasion. To eral, was excited by this invaluable op- this the Admiral would not agree, and portunity of inspecting and examining instantly made preparations for bomsuch a skull as that of Robert the Bruce. barding the town. The Goveroor perWe are told, that several of the propen-ceiving this, instantly ordered the vicsities of this great man, were strongly tuallers to be released. expressed in the envinences of the skull; in particular, that the organ of com.

COCHOT'S PICTURE. butiveness was the most prominent.

The French Journals speak highly

of a picture, the production of Madlle. ADMIRAL CROWN.

Cochot of Lyons, which is knit with This Admiral, by birth a Scotchman, strings of small coloured beads. It reis in the service of Russia, and had the presents the celebrated interview which command of the feet which transported

took place between the Emperor Alexthe Russian contingent in June 1818, ander and Buonaparte on the Niemen. from Calais to Petersburgh. On bis , The grand difficulty, of course, was arrival with his squadron in Calais roads, to produce, by means of knitting he sent large orders for provisions, good with beads, the effect of accurate drawporter in particular, to various contrac- ing, brilliant colouring, and perfect retors on the opposite coast, who had semblance of the figures to tbe origisupplied him while laying in the Downs nals. This three-fold object, it is said, in the year 1814.

The contractors, has been attained by Mademoiselle not forgetting the handsome manner in Cochot, in the most perfect way imagwhich, on that occasion, they had been inable. The picture may be called a paid,soon collected a flotilla ofsmallcraft knitted mosaic.' It is a work of extrato convey the provisions, and arrived ordinary patience and ingenuity. off the fleet the day on which the orders were given. As the weather was

AMBULANT HOT WATER. squally, they could not venture along- Reservoirs ambulants of Hot-Water for sale. side the respective ships, and conse

It must be acknowledged that this is the age

of inventious; and that these inventions 3B ATHENEUM VOL. 6.

have at least the accommodation of ihe pub.

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lic to boast of as their meritorious intention. of these islands called Tood, he found a gold A certain M. Valette cooceives that he has watch. The inhabitants of this island, called reduced the consumption of fuel to the least Mairy, possessed two sabres. The Lascar possible quantity required to produce a cere asked them what circumstance had thrown tain effect. He kinding a fire in a stove, these things into their hands; they replied. surrounded by a large mass of water; and by that about thirty years ago or thereabouts his dextrous inanagement he raises this mass (one old man, the oldest among them, alone to 90. of heat in a few minutes, and at little remembered it), a large ship was wrecked in expense. This machine being placed on sight of that island, and a great number of wherls, the proprietor loses no time, but his white meo having reached the shore in their water heats as he goes, and before be has got boats, were massacred. A part escaped to a street's length it is in a state of ebullition. the neighbouring islands, where they met He is willing to contract, on the lowest terms, with the same fate. with all persons wanting hot-water, whether “ A young child was spared; he liver serefor scrubbing houses, washing of linen, boil- ral years among them; but he escaped dering, brewing, or personal cleanliness. As irg ihe night in a canoe, with two young partial bathing is much practised at Paris, girls, and was never afterwnrds heard of, noiM. Valette carries with him a bagnoire, made withstanding the most diligent and extensive of varnished leather, supported by slight irou search. They seemed to me to have great bars; so that, hereafter, it will be nothing friendship for him, for they cannot speak of less than criminal if any Parisian be found him without shedding tears ; they carefully unclean ; since the means of cleanliness are preserve his clothes, often look at them. and offered him without the trouble of lighting a sigh. These white men were dressed in blue fire, without the cost of a penny for coals, clothes. May not this have been the ship of without the inconvenience of going out of La Perouse This is very probable, since the house, and without the risk of a smoky this circumstance answers the epoch when he chimory. M. Valette extends his mechanism quitted Port Jackson; the sabres and the and his beneficence still further. He con- clothes throw a great light on his fate. The structs marmites, porridge-pots, also ambu- boats of his ship may easily bave penetrated Jant; and indeed it is but just, that as human into the strait, and no other vessel that I life shortens, every moment of it should be know of, has been wrecked upon those saved ; and a mað may, by means of this coasts.” contrivance, stew, or cause to be stewed,

MUNGO PARK. boil, or cause to be boiled, his breakfast, his dinner, or his supper ;---or he may obtain bis

In one of our former numbers an article tea or his coffee fresh from the boiler, even

was inseried, (which had been originally while walking the streets about his business--- published in the Liverpool Mercury) inquind always supposing that he does not take a dif

into the probability of the celebrated Mungo ferent direction from that of the machine Park being still in existence. Some allusion ambulant. It may also, we suppose, be at

was therein inade to information stated to tached to stage coaches, and will save all the have been obtained from a conversation with time now losi by stoppage at inns, together Mr. Nathaniel Pearce, at Judda, in the Red with all the volleys of oaths and imprecations that some inaccuracies bad crept into the

Sea, Mr. Pearce, now at Cairo, perceiving but ton often vented against coachman, guard, waiter, cook, and even the landlord.' There statement, as already published, has given an is another application of this invention, in account of the conversation alluded to, which which, we are happy to think, M. Valette is may be considered as authentic. The followtoo late --that of furnishing broth, or soup;

ing is an extract from Mr. Pearce's letter on and bouillie, to armies on a march, in the field the subject :---" I am obliged to trouble you of battle, or in “ taking a new position."

with a story, an account of which I read in How far this machine may be useful in bad

the Malta Gazette. It appears that Captain weatser, at sea, if it will perform notwith- Fairwell wrote to his friend in Liverpool

, in standing the rocking of a vessel, we cannot

which letter be said that he found me at Jud. say; but the hint may possibly bear im

da ; that I told him Mungo Park was still provement. This at least is certain, that the alive, and that I was on my road to TombacAcademy of Sciences and the Society for the small account of our discourse at table, or

too to jion him, &c. I will give you some encouragement of Useful Arts, bave reported their conviction of the importance of M. board his ship. We talked a great deal about Valette's discovery---have attended experi: Coffin, who had been with me the last nige ments, and have announced the invention as

years in the country (Abyssinia.) He asked a new conquest achieved by the united efforts I told him one Greek and an Armenian

me if there were any other white men there, of ingenuity and industry.

• Did you never hear of Mungo Park? Is it

possible he can be alive " said be. I an. LA PEROUSE.

swered, “in all probability he may; a friend

of mine, who trades from Gondar io TombocThe September number of the “ Journal too, by way of Sanna, told me several times

, des Voyages,"contaios new probabilities on that within six years he had been four times the death of La Perouse. "Shaik Djamal, at Tombuctoo, and had always seen a white a Lascar in the service of the East Iodia man there, who was detained by the patives Company, after having lived three years in as a person able to write charms perhaps it Murray Island, in the straits de Torre, where may be Mungo Park; it certainly can be do the ship l'Etoile du Martin, on board of which other English traveller." Nothiog else pashe served, was wrecked, was taken up by the ed on the subject. Mr. Pearce is now pre: ship La Claudine. He relates what follows: paring, under Mr. Salt's eye, an account of

"He frequently accompanied the inhabi- his long residence in Abyssinia, which cannot tants to the neighbouring islands; he saw fail, when published, to prove highly interthere several muskets and a compass : in one esting.

London, Jan. 1, 1890,

VOL. 6.]

New Tales of My Landlord Pontefract Castle.'

403

TALES OF MY LANDLORD.

From Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, November 1819. Mr. Editor,

What has Mr.John Ballantyne to say to that? O ,

this day, signed by Jobo Ballantyne,* the curtain as he imagines. Who knows but Bookseller for Scotland to bis Royal High- it may be some known or unknown friend of ness the Prince Regent, affirming that a the author's who has takeo up his hint ? fourth series of Tales of my Landlord is a It is a great desideratum, that the Tales spurious work, and that though he has no should be contivued by somebody,and particEXPRESA authority for saying so, he is moral- ularly to connect the great drama of events ly assured that the author will at no period there in recorded, with similarscenes and acsend any farther work to the public, under tors in the sister-country: The New Tales the title of · Tales of my Landlord,' I think embrace this object, and in the opinion of it my duty, as publisher of the New Tales those who have seen them, with

a master's of iny Landlord,' now in the press, to warp grasp. But perhaps Mr. Johu Ballantype, the public against being taken in, (as that bookseller for Scotland, wishes to monopolize gentleman elegantly expresses it )by the fla- the scene as well as the author to his own grant sophistry of Mr John Ballantyne. He country. The title which he assumes is cerargues all through ab ignoto. The name of tainly very magnificent, and very imposing ; Jedediab Cleishbotham is notoriously a fictie and the Scotch air of his residence may pertious name, and belongs to no one---to say, haps sharpen his power of discrimination, that there is any one of that name having endowing him with a kind of second sight,and property in any thing, is a fraudulent asser- enabling him to see, what other men cannot tion; it is open to any body to assume it, as see ; but it is rather too much to pronounce it is to write a continuation of the · Tales of by his ipse dixit only which is the real Simon my Landlord.' No damage can result to Pure, when the means of ending the question the publisher of the foregoing series; and if are in the hands of the two parties concerned, injuoctions could be obtained against con- the author and the bookseller. There is at all tinued works, the best continuers of history events something suspicious in this unnecessawould bave been in an awkward predica- ry shuffling out of the direct road. The dictament. But how does Mr. Johu Ballantyne torial tone he assumes, may suit the zenith of prove his case ? By admitting that the New his shop,and the nature of northero criticism; Tales may be genuine. The author at the but it is rather too presumptuous---rather too end of the Third Series, in so many words, great an insult to English common sense, to assures the public that he has done with pronounce that to be a catch-penny publicathem ; but this sagacious advocate comes for- tion whicb he has never seen. It is for the ward to shake the only strong point he had, public to decide, whether the New Tales are by confessing that he is not morally certain worthy of comparison with the old. It remains of this! And it was but the other day that to be seen whether they are inferior,or equal, one of the partners of Constable's house as- or superior; the public also will, no doubt, serted, in presence of the trade, that the au- pronounce whether they are spurious or not; thor would appear in several new skapes. certainly it will not take Mr. John Ballana Who is to pronounce that the forthcoming tyne's bare word in lieu of proof, on so nice a edition be not one of them ? The public, as matter, and will not readily believe that the well as the trade, bave been so useil of late to author is bound up from offering any portion ungentleman like trickeries, shifts, and co- of his mental labours to a London publisher, qoetries on the part of publishers, booksellers, without making bim his counsellor. Io the and authors, that it will be difficult for them meanwhile, that publisher laughs at the ridito decide who is, and who is not the author culous threat of punishment, which is another of a new work, and the greedy motive is thus indiscretion of Mr. John Ballantyne bookvery likely to produce its own surfeit--- to seller for Scotland. make a rod for its own back. There is one There is an old proverb, which he would do straight forward and manly way of settling well to remember---not to extend the arm forthe question. Let the author come forward ther than it can be withdrawn with safety. and claim his own pot as Jedediah Cleishbo- The work excommunicated by this Scotch tham, not as the dream of a dream, and sha- bull, ex cathedra is yet in nubibus. Perhaps it dow of a shade ; not under the wing of Mr. may suit Mr. Joon "Ballantyne's idea of law, John Ballantyne, Bookseller for Scotland, to punish an offence before it is committed ; who can ooly offer the brass of his assertions but I rather think, neither his law, nor his in lieu of current coin. I shall then be ep- reason, will acquire him many converts on abled to decide whether the MS. I hold is or this side of the Tweed. When the work apis not by the same person; certainly I can- pears, it will be time enough to pronounce not, till then, take upon me to pronounce. whether it is legal or illegal; it will not apBut my conviction is, that it is, and such is pear without the very best advice, as to its the opinion of others from the internal evi- perfect seeurity. I, as publisher, disclaim all deace of the work ; nevertheless, if it he not, ideas of acting io the least degree dishonourit is certainly legal for any person that chon- ably by the author ; whoever he may be, I ses to continue the subject, the more especial. have no means of judgiug what is his or what ly if it be true that the original author has is not his composition : were I sure that my droptit ; indeed that author particularly re- MS. were not his, and the publication concommends the continuation, and even points trary to his wish, I would drop the title, and out a particular individual for the purpose. trust, as I well might, to the intrinsic merit of • Ath. vol. 6, p. 368.

the work. But the case stands thus :---Ifitis

his, Mr. Ballantyne has been talking nonsense Public agaiost being taken in by this catchwithout authority, and throwing his brutum penny imposition, as his work? fulmen at a shadow ; if it is not, then I main- 3d, The poor man seems berest of bis tain, that it is not only legal and justifiable senses when he asserts, that I “prove my for another to continue any suspended work; case by admitting that the New Tales may but in tbis.case, it is at the express recom- be genuine." Tbe only reason I bad for mendation of the author himself.

addressing the public at all on the subject, I am, Sir, &c. WILLIAM FEARMAN. was to prove that they could not be genuine, 170, New Bond Street, Oct. 28, 1819. but were spurious.

4th, The poor mistaken---man! in order Trinity Grove, 15th Nov. 1819. to decide whether bis MS. is genuine, calls To the Editor of Blackwood's Magazine on the author of the actual Tales to aros Sir---Since I felt it my duty to the public to himself ; otherwise he (Fearman) caonot iosert, in the newspapers, a letter stating a take it upon him to pronounce: Thus, all * New Series Tales of my Landlord, con- the authority the public have for supposing taining Pontefract Castle," to be sparious; Pontefract Castle to be written by the auI bave had sent me a pamphlet entitled, thor of Tales of my Landlord, is his ( Wil“ A letter in reply to the ridiculous threats liam's) opinion, and conviction, from“ interof Mr. John Ballantyne, &c. &c. ;" signed pal evidence," on the subject; ia contradicby a William Fearman. If there exists such tion of the absolute fact, that they are not a person, a publisher, (for I find in Kept's that author's writing, stated by his agent Directory of last year but one Fearman, a under his authority. tallow chandler,) I would willingly, through In conclusion; I leave to Mr. Fearman your mediom, make to his pamphlet the the full credit of his waggery, his sarcasm, shortest reply possible.

and his five bits of Latin, uncontrsted. The 1st, The poor man sets out in error in title, he says I assume, I was bonoured with his

very title page. I did not threaten him; by the Prince bimself, through the medium I coly advised Constable & Co. to obtain an of Sir B. Bloomfield and Dr. Clarke; and it injunction against this publication under has been followed by orders, neither few nor their title, (io which the bookseller was, at small, for which I am grateful as in duty that time, either afraid or ashamed to put his bound. The question of law betwixt Conname,) and to prosecute the publishers, if it stable & Co. and him, I have no further incame out in defiance thereof.

terest in than the general one, wbich all 2d, The poor mao (for his case is pitiable) must feel, to witoess right established, and charges me with sophistry, and clenches this fraud punished as it deserves: But my second charge with his first bit of Latin: I would sigbt enables me to foresee, that Mr. William ask, is there sophistry in my assertion of the Fearman will sell very few of his books, if plain fact, that I have express authority he can make out no better case, than be from the author of the Tales of my Landlord has done in bis pamphlet, to prove that they to say he has nothing to do with “ Ponte- were written by the Author of the Tales of fract Castle ;"---or is there any sophistry, my Landlord.

lam, wc. under this fact, in my continuing to warn the

Joan BALLANTYNE.

ANTIENT METEOROLOGICAL PROGNOSTICS.

Froin Time's Telescope.

2. She Shepherd of Qanbury's Rules.

There is no biography extant of the Shepherd The sun, the moon, the stars, the clouds, of Banbury; who he was we know not, nor have we any proof that the rules called his the winds, the mists, the trees, the flowwere penned by a real shepherd; both these ers, the herbs, and almost every animal points however are immaterial. In the year with which be is acquainted, become, to copious observations, and from him the fol- such a person,instruments of real knowllowing curious prefatory remarks are taken. edge. There are people, who, from the THE shepherd,whose sole business distances of things, are apt to treat such

it is to observe what has a refer- prognostications with much contempt. ence to the flock under his care, who They can see no connection between a spends all bis days and many of his cat's washing her face, and the sky's benights in the open air, under the wide- ing overspread with clouds; and yet spread canopy of heaven, is in a manner the same people will readily owo, that obliged to take particular notice of the the fluttering of the flame of a candle is alterations of the weather, and it is ama

a certain token of wind. But a man zing to how great a certainty at last he who is acquainted with the pature and arrives, by mere dint of comparing signs qualities of the air, and knows wbat an and events, and correcting one remark effect any alterations in the weight, the by another. Every thing, in time, be- dryness, or the humidity of it has upon comes to bim a sort of weather-guage. all animal bodies, easily perceives the

VOL. 6.] The Shepherd of Banbury's twenty-five Rules.

405 reason why other animals are much VIII. If mists rise to the bill-tops, rain in sooner sensible of any alterations in

a day or two.

IX. A general mist before the sun rises, that element than men ; and therefore near the full Moon, fair weather. to him the cawing of ravens, the chat

X. If mists in the new Moon, rain in the old.

XI. If mists in the old, rain in the net. tering of swallows, &c. are not super- XII. Winds. Observe that in eight years' stitious signs, but natural tokens of a time there is as much south-west wind as change of weather, and as such they north-east, and consequently as many wet bave been thought worthy of notice by

years as dry.

XIII. When the wind turns to north-east, Aristotle, Virgil, Pliny, and all the wi.

wi. and it continues two days without rain, and sest and gravest writers of antiquity.

does not turn south the third day, nor rain the

third day, it is likely to continue north-east • The thermometer measures exactly for eighi or nine days, all fair ; and then to the degrees of heat, but the air must be

come to the south again.

XIV. If the wind turns again out of the hot to such or such a degree, before it south to the north-east with rain, and neither is discerned by this instrument. The turns south, nor rains the third day, it is likely barometer indicates the weight of the to continue north-east for two or three months. air, and the rising and falling of the wind for the most part two months or more, quicksilver expresses the alterations in and then coming south, there are usually three its weight with wonderful nicety, but

or four fair days at first, and then on the fourth

or fifth day comes ruin, or else the wind turns then those alterations are the cause of north again, and continues dry. this. In like maoner the hygrometer, within a day or two without rain, and turn

XVI. If the wind returns to the south or hygroscope, measures the dryness or northward with rain, and return to the south the humidity of the air very exactly, but in one or two days two or three times the weather must alter, must become together, after this sort, then it is likely to be

in the south or south-west, two or three months dryer or moister, before these alterations together, as it was in the north before. are visible : and, therefore, however in

XVII. Fair weather for a week, with a genious, however curious, however use

southern wind, will produce a great drought,

if there has been much rain out of the south ful, these instruments may be in other before. The wind usually turns from north respects, they undoubtedly contribute to south, with a quiet wind without rain, but

returns to the north with a strong wind and very little to the prognosticating a rain; the strongest winds are when it turns change of weather at a distance. from south, to north by west. • Our Shepherd's observations are of when the wind has been south two or three

XVIII. Clouds. In summer or harvest, quite another nature; most of them days, and it grows very hot, and you see give us a day's notice, many a week's, clouds rise with great white tops like towers,

as if one were upon the top of another, and and some extend to several months' joined together with black on the nether side, prognostication of the changes of the there will be thunder and rain suddenly. weather, and of how great use these may either hand, it is time to make haste to she!ler.

XIX. If two such clouds arise, one on be to the sedentary valetudinarian, as XX. If you see a cloud rise against the well as the active traveller to the wind or side wind, when that cloud comes up

to you, the wind will blow the same way sportsman who pursues his game, as that the cloud came. And the salpe rule holds well as to the industrious husbandman, of a clear place, when all the sky is equally in short, to every man in every situation thick, except one clear edge.

XXI. Sudden rains never last long; but is so very clear and intelligible, that it when the air grows thick by degrees, and tbe would be a mere waste of words to at- Sun, Mooo, and Stars shive dimmer and dimtempt the making it clearer.'

mer, then it is likely to rain six hours usually.

XXII. If it begin to rain from the south,

with a high wiod for two or three hours, and TIE SHEPAERD OF BANBURY's the wind falls, but the rain continues, 'it is TWENTY-FIVE RULES.

likely to rain twelve hours or more, and does

usually rain till a strong north wind clears the I. If the Sun rise red and fiery, wind and air. These long rains seldom hold above rain.

twelve hours, or happen above once a year. 11. If cloudy, and it soon decrease, certain XXUI. If it begin to rain an hour or two fair weather.

before sun rising, it is likely to be fair before 111. Clouds small and round, like a dap- noon, and so continue that day ; but if the rain ple-grey with a north wind, fair weather for bigin an hour or two after son rising, it is two or three days.

likely to rain all that day, except the rainIV. Large clouds like rocks, great showers. bow be seen before it rains. V. If small clouds increase, much rain. XXIV. Spring and Summer. If the last VI. If large clouds decrease, fair weather. eighteen days of February and ten days of

VII. Mists. If they rise in low ground March be for the most part rainy, then the and soon vanish, fair toeather.

spring and summer quarters will probabiy be

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