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VOL. 6.] Journal of a Scotch Soldier of the 71st Regiment.

391 grave, and heaped the mould over it in formidable nations of the interior, and a haste. The relations mourned for three sore scourge to the Spaniards, have perdays, but the name of the deceased was ished by their own accursed customs. Bever again pronounced ; and because Like the Mbayas, they fell into the they believed that Death, when he was practice of rearing only one child in a among them, had learnt the names of all family ; and in the year 1794, fourteen whom he left alive, that he might look males and eight females were all that for them another time, every one in the remained of the race. Two of these tribe took a new name, hoping that when were settled with a Spaniard; the othDeath returned and did not recognize ers had joined company with other savthese appellations, he would proceed ages, so that the Lenguas have disapfarther upon a vain search. These peared from the earth.” people, who were once among the most

TH

JOURNAL OF A COMMON SOLDIER
Of The 71st OR GLASGOW REGIMENT, FROM 1806 ro 1815. Edinburgh.

From the Literary Gazette.
THIS is an uncommonly interesting ugliness. The men are short of stature,

little book, though, perhaps, not stout made, and have large joints. so entirely so as it might have been They are brave but indolent to excess. made. The author has dressed up facts I have seen them galloping about on in the best way his learning and skill in horseback, almost naked, with silver composition enabled him ; but,not equal spurs on their bare heels, perhaps an to De Foe in this difficult task, he has old rug upon their shoulders. They not been equally felicitous in the preser• fear not pain. I have seen them with vation of verisimilitude aod keep- hurts ghastly to look at, yet they never iog. Our Soldier is often too senti- seemed to mind them. As for their mental ; too much of the modern French idleness, I have seen them lie stretched, philosophe; bis companions in arms for a whole day, gazing upon the river, cry as much and as frequently as green and their wives bring them their vicgirls reading the Sorrows of Werter at tuals ; and, if they were not pleased a boarding-school ; and embrace each, with the quantity, they would beat them other like beroines in a melodrama. furiously. This is the only exertion

We shall not trouble our readers with they ever make readily-venting their the hero's biograpby, further than to fury upon their wives. They prefer state, that he is described as the well- flesh to any other food, and they eat it educated son of parents in humble life almost raw, and in quantities which a at Edinburgh, who, after an abortive European would think impossible. attempt to appear on the stage, enlists “I bad little opportunity of seeing in the 71st regiment. From the depôt the better sort of Spanish settlers, as in the Isle of Wight, he is sent with they had all left the place before we the force against Buenos Ayres. The took it; and, during the siege, those I following seems a good general account bad any opportunity of knowing, were of the people

of the poorer sort, who used to visit “ The native women were the most Maria de Parides and her father, Don uncomely I ever bebeld. They have Santanos. They are ignorant in the broad noses, thick lips, and are of very extreme, and very superstitious. Maria small stature. Their hair, which is told me, with ihe utmost concern, that long, black, and hard to the feel, they the cause of her husband's death was wear frizzled up in front, in the most being bewitched by an old Indian, to hideous manner ; while it hangs down whom he had refused some partridges, their backs, below their waist. When as he returned from hunting, a few days they dress, they stick in it feathers and before the battle. flowers, and walk about in the pride of " As I became acquainted with the

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language, I observed many singular Then commenced a scramble for the traits of character. When Maria, or money, and about eighteen men were old Santanos yawned, they crossed shot, grasping at the gold they were their mouth with the utmost haste, to never to enjoy. They even snatched it prevent the Devil going down their from their dying companions, although throats. If Santanos sneezed, Maria thy themselves were to be in the same called, “ Jesus !” his answer was, situation the next moment. “Muchas gracias,” “Many thanks." “ We were all searched, and every When they knock at any door, they article that was Spanish taken from us ; say, Ave Maria purissima ;” they but we were allowed to keep the rest. open at once, as they think no one with During the search, one soldier, who an evil intent, will use this holy phrase. had a good many doubloons, put them When they meet a woman, they say, into bis camp-keitle, with desh and wa“ A sus pies senora," or, “ Beso los pies ter above them; placed all upon a fire, de Usted,” “ I lay myself at your feet,” and kept the safe. “ I kiss

your

feet. As they part, " There were about one hundred of he

says, “Me tengo a sus pies de Uso us, who had been taken in the churcb. ted,” or “ Baxo de sus pies,” “ I am marched out of prison to be slios, unat your feet," or, Keep me at your less we produced a gold crucifix of feet !" she replies, “ Beso a Usted la great value, that was missing.

We mano, Cavallero," “I kiss your band, stood in a large circle of Spaniards and Sir.” When they leave any one, they Indians. Their levelled pieces and say, • Vaya Usted con Dios,” or, savage looks gave us little to bope, ud“ Con la Virgen,” “ May God (or, the less the crucifix was produced. It was Holy Virgin) attend you. When found on the ground, on the spot where they are angry, it is a common phrase we stood ; but it was not knowo who with them, “ Vaya Usted con cien had taken it. The troops retired, and mil Demonios,” « Begone with a bun- we were allowed to go back to prison, dred thousand devils.'

without further molestation.” “Maria was concerned that I should We must now transport our readers be a heretic, and wished much I would at one sweep to old Spain, and, passing change my religion, and become a over Sir J. Moore's campaign, to the Catholic, as the only means of my sal- year 1810, when Colonel Cadogan led vation.” He, however,continued protes- the brave Glasgow highlanders to glory, tant, tho' the priest acted most generous- under the immortal Wellington. The ly towards him in the hour of defeat gallant Colonel's address to his men, and misfortune. There are a few an- on leading them into their first charge, ecdotes of the assault on the city, which, though not truly gråmmatical, is truly if true, are worthy of preserving, if fa- British, “ My Lads, this is the first afbulous, deserving of perusal :

fair I have ever been in with you; show “During the time we were charging me what you can do, now or never.” through the streets, many of our men There was hard fighting for several made sallies into the houses, in search days, and our author draws a sad picof plunder; and many were encum- ture of a soldier's life :bered with it, at the time of our surren- “ For five nights I had never been in der. One sergeant of the 38th had bed, and during a good part of that time, made a longish hole in his wooden can- it had rained hard. We were upon teen, like that over the money drawer in ploughed land, which was rendered so the counter of a retail shop; into it he soft, that we sunk over the shoes at eveslipped all the money he could lay his ry step. The manner in which I pas

As he came out of a sed the night, was thus : I placed my house he had been ransacking, he was canteen upon the ground, put my knapshot through the bead. In his fall the sack above, and sat upon it, supporting canteen burst, and a great many doub- my head upon my hands ; my musket, loons ran, in all directions, on the street. between my knees, resting upon my

hands upon.

men.

vol. 6.] Journal of a Scolch Soldier of the 71st Regiment.

393 shoulder, and my blanket over all,- came upon me; and, for a long time ready to start, in a moineot, at the least afterwards, I shuddered at the sight of alarm. The nights were chill : indeed, red wine. Tbe Portuguese soldiers in the morning, I was so stiff, I could never would drink red wine, if white not stand or move with ease for some could be got. When I asked the reatime ; my legs were benumbed to the son, their reply was, they knew how it knees. I was completely wet, three

was inade.” nights out of the five. A great num- We have mentioned the sentimentaber of the men took the fever and ague, lity which occasionally detects the auafter we retired behind the lines. I thorship, and injures this narrative. was not a whit the worse."

After the battle of Fuentes de They fell back.

Honore, we are treated with the appex“ This retreat brought to my mind ed morceau of sensibility wbich was efthe Coruona race. We could not ad- fused at Toro de Moro :vance 100 yards, without seeing dead “ Here I enjoyed the beauties of the soldiers of the enemy, stretched upon country more than at any former perithe road, or at a little distance from it, od. Often, when off duty, have I wanwho had lain dow to die, unable to dered into the woods to enjoy the cool proceed thro' hunger and fatigue. We refreshing shade of the cork trees, and could not pity them, miserable as they breathe the richly perfumed air, loaded were. Their retreat resembled more with the fragrance of innumerable arothat of fainished wolves than matic plants. One evening, as I lay Murder and devastation marked their in the wood, thinking upon home, way; every house was a sepulchre, a sweeter than all the surrouoding sweets, cabin of horrors! Our soldiers used to almost overcome by my sensations, I wonder why the Frenchmen were not heard, at a small distance, music. I swept by heaven from the earth, when listened some time ere I could be satthey witnessed their cruelties. lo a isfied it was so. It ceased all at once ; small town called Safrea, I saw twelve then began sweeter than before. I dead bodies lying in one house upon arose, and approached nearer, to avoid the floor! Every house contained ira- the noise of a small burn that ran ripces of their wanton barbarity. Often pliog near where I had been reclining. has a shade of doubt crossed iny mind, I soon knew the air ; I crept nearer, when reading the accounts of former and could distinguish the words ; I beatrocities ; often would I think they came rivetted to the spot : That moare exaggerated—thank God we live ment compensated for all I had suffered in more civilized times. How dread- in Spain. I fell that pleasure which fully were my doubts removed. I softens the heart, and overflows at the cease to describe, lest I raise doubts eyes. The words that first struck my similar to my own."

ear, were, “ At this time, I got a distaste, I could never overcome.

A few of us

Why did I leave my Jeanie, my daddy's cot, an'a', went into a wine-store, wbere there was

To wander from my country, sweet Caledonia ?" a large tun, with a ladder to get to the Soon as the voice ceased, I looked top, in which was a hole about two through the underwood, and saw four

There was not much or five soldiers seated on the turf, who wioe in it, so we buckled our canteen sung, io-their turn, Scotland's sweetest straps together, until a camp-kettle at songs of remembrance. When they tached to them reached the liquor. We retired, I felt as if I was bereft of all endrew it up once-we all drank : down joyment. I slowiy retired to the camp, it went again—it got entangled with to reflect, and spend a sleepless night. something at tbe bottom of the tun-a Every opportunity, I returned to the candle was lowered ;-to our great dis- scene of my bappiness; and had the appointment, the corpse of a French pleasure, more than once, to enjoy this soldier lay upon the bottom ! Sickness company unseen,

3A ATHENEUM VOL. 6.

feet square.

This is distinctly out of the assumed step. I dare pot embellish, lest this iocharacter of a soldier ; and the follow- cident should not be credited ; but I ing, at Boho, is little better :

feel ibis is a cold account of wbat pas" One afternoon, I had walked into sed. I have not taken away, neither the church-yard ; and, alter having bave I added a word that did not pass wandered through it, I lay down in between us. From Galves, I learned the shade of the wall, near a grave that that Francisco had fallen in a Guerilla appeared to have been lately made. party. It is the belief in Spain, that While lying thus, I beard a sob : I every drop of holy water sprinkled uplooked towards the place whence it on the grave, quenches a flame in purcame, and perceived beautiful female gatory." kneeling beside a grave, devoutly count- The subjoined, which must be our ing her rosary, her tears falling fast up- last extract, will afford a better and on the ground. I lay, afraid to move, more general idea of the mode in which lest the noise might disturb her. Sve the Journal is executed. It is a notice remained for some time, absorbed in of the victory of Vittoria, and is at once devotion ; then arose from her knees, picturesque, spirited, and circumstanand, taking a small jar of holy water, tially probable :sprinkled the grave, and retired undis- “Next morning we got up as usual. turbed by me. I mentioned the cir- The first pipes played for parade; cumstance to no one; but, day after the second did not play at the usual day, I was an unperceived witness of time. We began to suspect all was this scene, At length, she saw me as not right. We remained ibus until she approached, and was retiring in eleven o'clock ; then received orders to haste, I came near her. She stood, fall in, and follow the line of march. to let me pass. I said, "My presence During our march we fell to one side, shall give you no uneasiness ; Adieu !" to allow a brigade of guns to pass us at • Stay,' she said, are you Don Gal- full speed. “ Now," said my comves' good soldier ?' I replied, “I live rades, we will bave work to do before with him.” • Stay, you can feel for night.” We crossed a river ; and, as me: I have none 10 feel for, nor ad- we passed through a village, we saw, vise me. Blessed Virgin, be my friend! on the other side of the road, the French She looked to heaven, her eyes beam- camp, and their fires still burning just ing resignation and hope, the tears as they had left them. Not a shot had dropping on her hosom. I stretched been fired at this time. We observed out my hand to her ; my eyes, I be- a large Spanish column moving along lieve, were wet ; I did not speak. the heights, on our right. We halted, • None,' she said, mournfully, . can and drew up in column. Orders were again bave my hand : I gave it to giveo to brush out our locks, oil them, Francisco.' 6 "Tis the band of friend. and examine our flints. We being in ship.” 'I can have no friend but death. the rear, these were soon followed by -You do not pray for the dead; you orders to open out from the centre, to cannot pray with me.' I said, “ I will allow the 71st to advance. Forward listen to your's.” She then began her we moved up the bill. The firing was usual prayers ; then rose, and sprinkled now very heavy. Our rear bad not enthe grave with holy water. I inquired, gaged, before word came for the Doc“ Whose grave

do you water ?" My tor to assist Colonel Cadogan, who mother's.' “ How long has she been was wounded. Immediately we chargdead ?” • Five years.' “Five years ! ed up the hill, the piper playing, “ Hey have you done thus so long ?". Alas, Jobony Cope.” The French had posno! my mother had been released ;* session of the top, but we soon forced but, five weeks ago, my mournful task them back, and drew up in column on again began : 'tis for Francisco. Adieu,' the height ; sending out 4 companies to she sobbed, and retired with a hurried our left to skirmish. The remainder mo• From Purgatory.

ved on to the opposite height. As we ad

6

vol. 6.]

Present State of the Holy City.

395

vanced, driving them before us, a French again served with sixty rounds a man, officer, a pretty fellow, was pricking and and kept up our fire for some time, unforcing his men to stand. They heed- til the bugle sounded to cease firiog." ed him not-be was very harsh :- “ We lay on the height for some time. “ Down with bim !" cried one near Our drought was excessive ; there was me ; and down he fell, pierced by no water upon the beight, save one more than one ball."

small spring, which was rendered use“Scarce were we upon the height, less. One of our men, in the heat of the when a heavy column, dressed in great- action, called out be would have a coats, with white covers on their bats, drink, let the world go as it would. exactly resembling the Spanish, gave He stooped to driok; a ball pierced us a volley, which put us to the right- his head; he fell with it in the well, about at double quick time down the which was discoloured by brains and hill, the French close behind, through blood. Thirsty as we were, we could the whins. The four companies got not taste it." the word, the French were on them. " At this time, the Major had the They likewise thought then Spaniards, command, onr second Colonel being until they got a volley that killed or wounded. There were not 300 of us wounded alniost every one of them. on the height able to do duty, out of We retired to ibe height, covered by above 1000 who drew rations in the the 50th, who gave the pursuing column morning. The cries of the wounded a volley, which checked their speed. were most heart-rending.” We moved up the remains of our shat- We need scarcely repeat our comtered regiment to the height. Being mendations of this clever volume. in great want of ammunition, we were

THE CABINET.

From the London Magazines, November and December, 1819. PRESENT STATE OF JERUSALEM. seen devouring, with looging looks, I N order to arrive at Jerusalem, it is these rich articles, and the Turkish requisite to cross some well cultiva

merchant sits smoking bis pipe with the ted plains, about three miles long, and utmost indifference, without seeming at which are those belonging to ancient all occupied with his own interest. Arimathea and Lydia. These lead the

Jerusalem is thought to contain twentytraveller into deep vallies, where veger Jews, and Armenians : there are in it

five thousand inhabitants, Arabs, Turks, tation is weak and scarce, and which soon seems entirely to cease ; towards

no more than two bundred Christian

families. The interior of the town is Jerusalem the soil becomes unequal, reddish, and rugged : the

large enough to contain at least double discovers eye

the number of inhabitants : therefore a at a distance only immense buildings overthrown, the beds of torrents dried great many of the streets leading to the up, and winding intricate paths covered mountains, are unpaved, and totally

destitute of inhabitants; vast dwelling. with pointed stones. The streets of Jerusalem are all crooked and ill paved; houses, churches, and cloisters, are enthe houses are generally of freestone,

tirely desolate. and only receive light and air through The habitation of one of the dragoa little door and one or two windows mans of the holy sepulchre is very plain with wooden lattices. In a few shab- and modest ; the oldest of Albon-Souby looking shops are sold olives, fruits an’s sisters is eighteen. A feinale is albrought from Damascus, rice, corn, and lowed to marry at iwelve. All the a few dried up vegetables. A group young women of Albon-Souan's fauria of Arabs, half-starved, are generally ly were beautiful and agreeable. The

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