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There was no worldly feeling in his eye,
Yet notwithstanding her pathetic reThe world to him. was as a thing gone by.'
monstrances, ambition conquers love The lessons of piety and resignation
he leaves “her sorrows and the scene by which he instructs his young con
behind,"—and for this be craves absovert Lautaro, and the relation of the
lution from the father. Though all tale of his inisfortunes
, are given with Anselmo's admonition is equally exthat sweetness and simplicity which cellent, we think these two lines all. the character demands, and which in
expressive : deed pervade the whole poem. • First by deep penitence the wrong atone,
The adopted daughter of the Mis- Then absolution ask from God alone :* sionary has become the wife of Lautaro, which is the tie that binds him to
The succeeding canto presents many the Spaniards. Another personage is sublime and terrific scenes. The dirDow introduced, and one, the sovelty ferent appearance of the several Indian of which is extremely pleasing-not that warriors, particularly Caupolicanwe mean to say that an inconstant lover their solemo invocation of their “COURis by any means new, but the mixture try.gods"—their denunciations of venof gayety and melancholy, of warmth of geance against the tyrants who invade heart and instability of principle, forms their rights,—is told in the most forcible the charm which envelopes Zarinel the manner, and bear the attention along minstrel. He comes to Anselmo to with eager impetuosity during the conrelieve his conscience by a confession tinuance of these mysterious ceremonies, of his cruelty to “ an Indian maid,” and examination of the unfortunate who trusted, and was by him deserted. Spanish captive, who, as he tremblingly This
, it will be readily conjectured, was pronounces the name of the hostile the daughter of Atacapac, and sister of commander, and casts the billet into the Lautaro, who found him in distress, trench, excites the renewed rage of the pitied and led him to her father's but.
Warrior. * The father spoke not :-by the pine-wond blaze, The daughter stood-and turn'd a cake of maize.
Cast in the lot.' And then as sudden shone the light, I saw
-Again, with looks aghast, Such features as no artist hand might draw.
The captive in the trench a billet cast. Her form, her face, her symmetry, her air
• Pronounce his name who here pollutes the plais, Father! thy age must such recital spare
The leader of the mailed hosts of Spain ?" She saved my life-and kindness, if not love
Captive. Might sure in time the coldest bosom move
• Valdivia ! Mine was not cold-she lov'd to hear me sing,
At that name a sudden cry And sometimes touch'd with playful hand the Burst forth, and every lance was lifted high. string
Warrior. And when I wak'd some melancholy strain,
• Valdivia ! -Earth upon the billet heap;
The dark woods echoed to the long acclaim,
Their appalling conference is inter-
It ceas'd ; when bursting from the thickest wood, She would go with me leave the lonely glade With lifted axe, two gloomy warriors stood; Where she grew up, but my stern voice forbade
Wan in the midst, with dark and streaming hair, She hid her face and wept-Go then away,
Blown by the winds upon her bosom bare, (Father, metbinks, even now I hear her say) A woman, faint from terror's wild alarms, Go to thy distant land--forget this tear
And folding a white infant in her arms, Forget these rocks ---forget I once was dear.-- Appeared. Each warrior stooped his lance to gaze Fly to the world, o'er the wide ocean fly,
On her pale looks, seen ghastlier through the blaze. And leave me unremembered here to die !
"Save ! she exclaimed, with harrowed aspect wild Yet to my father should I all relate,
Oh, save my innocent--my helpless child!' Death, instant death, would be a traitor's fate ! Then fainting fell, as from death's instant stroke.
387 To the inquiries of the Chiefs from ensues between him and the unhappy whence they come, the answer is, that Olola, whom at first he knows not ; the ship in which the Spanish woman but after she had fled, a sudden thought was, being wrecked, and the seamen flashes on bis mind that he has beheld having borne her and her child to shore, his sister. they were attacked and massacred by Zarinel, whose minstrelsy, meanthe Indians, leaving these two helpless, while, had delighted the revellers, now beings now brought there for the sacri- languid and weary from the past gayety, fice. They are saved by the interces- and with a mind at variance with itself, sion of the Mountain-chief. This is seeks the shore. the speech of Caupolican :
As thus, with shadow stretching o'er the sand, • White woman, we were free,
He mused and wandered on the winding strand, When first-thy brethren of the distant sea
At distance, tossed upon the foaming tide, Came to our shores! White woman, theirs the guilt! A dark and floating substance be espied. Theirs, if the blood of innocence be spilt ;
He stood, and where the eddying surges beat, Yet blood we seek not, though our arms oppose
An Indian corse was rolled beneath his feet: The hate of foreign and remorseless foes :
The hollow wave retired with sullen soundThou camest here a captives0 abide,
The face of that sad corse was to the ground; Till the Great Spirit shall our cause decide.'
It seemed a female, by the slender form; He spoke : the warriors of the night obey;
He touched the hand-it was no longer warm ; And, ere the earliest streak of dawning day,
He turned its face-oh! God, that eye though dim, They led her from the scene of blood away.
Seemed with its deadly glare as fixed on him.
How sunk his shudd'ring sense, how chang'd his bue, The Spanish woman is next repre- Lautaro, rushing from the rocks, advanced ;
When poor Olola in that corse he knew! sented bound, and pale, and weeping His keen eye, like a startled eagle's, glánced : over her slumbering child, when a fe.. 'Tis she dhe knew her by a mark impressed male voice resounds through the From earliest infancy beneath her breast.
"Oh, my poor sister ! when all hopes were past gloomy solitude, and an Indian maid of meeting, do we meet-thus meet at last ? appears, who, impelled by compassion, Then, full on Zarinel, as one amazed, has been induced to visit, and endea- With rising wrath and stern suspicion gazed; vour to relieve the captive; on hearing (For Zarinel still knelt upon the sand,
And to his forehead pressed the dead maid's hand.) whose story, when she is told that the
• Speak ! whence art thou ? wretched mother was following a belov
Pale Zarinel, his head ed busband, the tender recollections of Upraising, answered: the Indian are awakened, and finely Him dost thou seek who mjured thine and thee?
• Peace is with the dead ! shewn in her empassioned exclamation. Her-strike the fell assassin--I am he!
Die !' he exclaimed, and with convulsive start • Oh! did he love thee then? let death betide, Instant had plunged the dagger in his heart, Yes, from this cavern I will be thy guide.
When the meek father, with his holy book, Nay, do not shrink ! from Caracalla's bay,
And placid aspect, met his frenzied look Even now, the Spaniards wind their march this way. He trembled--struck his brow--and turning round, As late in yester eve I paced the shore,
Flung the uplifted dagger to the ground. I heard their signal-guns at distance roar.
Then murmured Father, Heaven bas heard thy Wilt thou not follow? He will shield thy child.
prayerThe Christian's God, through passes dark and wild But oh! the sister of my soul.lies there! He will direct thy way! Come, follow me,
The Christian's God has triumphed! Father, heap Oh yet be lov'd, be happy, and be free!
Some earth upon her bones, whilst I go weep!-But I, an outcast on my native plain, The poor Olola ne'er shall smile again !!
The seventh canto is taken up with So guiding from the cave, when all was still, And pointing to the farthest glimmering hill,
the warlike preparations of the SpanThe Indian led, till on Itata's side
iards, till the final engagement, all which The Spanish camp and night-fires they descried : is conducted with great spirit and dig. Then on the stranger's neck that wild maid fell,
The following is And said..Thy own gods prosper thee ...Farewell! Aity of expression.
the energetic account of the decisive Canto the sixtb. From the festivi- moment: ties of “the Castle Hall” Lautaro retires to “wander by the moonlight Lautaro watched the long and dubious fight :
With breathless expectation, on the beight sea,” his bosom torn with gad remem• Pale and resigned the meek man stood..and pressed brance. A scene of great interest there More close the holy image to his breast.
Now nearer to the fight Lautaro drew,
but to know and embrace his son. The When on the ground a Warrior met his view,
Missionary is preserved, and, in the Upon whose features Memory seemed to trace A faint resemblance of his Father's face ;
Spanish woman and her insani, Lautaro Over him a horseman, with collected might, finds his wife and child. Raised his uplifted sword in act to smite,
The last duties are paid to the reWhen the Youth springing on, without a word, Snatched from a so dier's wearied grasp the sword
mains of the Mountain-chief; and such And smote the horseman through the crest: a yell
is Anselmo's concluding prayer: Of triumph burst, as to the ground he fell. Lautaro shouted: On! brave brothers on!
* Here, too,' he cried my bones in peace shall rest! Scatter them like the snow !-the day is won! Few years remain to me and never more Lo, 1! Lautar0.-- Atacapac's son."
Shall I behold, oh Spain! thy distant shore !
Here lay my bones, that the same tree may wave The Indians rally inspired with fresh Over the pour Christian's and the Indian's grave. courage, attack the enemy anew, and
O may it--(when the sons of future days
Shail hear our tale, and on the hillock gaze) in a few moments the fate of the Span- Omas it teach that charity should bind, iards is decided. The shouts of victory Where'er they roam the brothers of mankind! ascend—Valdivia is made prisoner. The time shall come, when wildest tribes shall hear Anselmo, too, is carried away captive, Thy voice O Christ! and drop the slaughtering spear. and Zarinel expiates by death his in- To seal his country's freedom with his blood;
* Yet we condemn not him who bravely stood juries to Olola.
And if in after times a ruthless band The last canto records the fate of the offell invaders sweep my native land devoted Valdivia, which Lautaro is May she, by Chili's stern example led, unable to prevent. The aged and
Hurlback his thunder on the assailant's head!
Sustained by freedom, strike the avenging blow mortally wounded Atacapac survives And learn one virtue
from her ancient fee !
THE LOST TRIBES OF ISRAEL-SOUTH AMERICAN CUS
Extracted from the Literary Gazette, November 1810. SOUTHEY'S HISTORY OF BRAZIL. vivor should raise up seed to his deLondon 1819.
ceased brother; and because their garPURSUING the history of the sava- ments, which were long enough to reach
ges who bordered on each other in the ground, were gathered up with a wilds and forests, the author relates some girdle. This garment was made of viextraordinary particulars respecting the cuna wool, and was girt about them with Calcbaquis.
great dexterity, when they wished to “On this side also were the fierce have their limbs at full liberty, for tribes comprehended under the general labour or for battle. They wore their name of Calchaquis, from the country hair long, and divided into tresses ; they inhabited,-a long valley between their arms were covered to the elbow mountains, which afforded them safe with silver or copper plates, worn on the places of retreat.
Their language was one as a guard against the bow-string, a dialect of the Quichua,and their origin and on the other for uniformity, or orhas been variously referred to some Pe- nament. Wives were dressed in only ruvians flying from the despotism of the one colour, maidens in many; and no Lucas ; to those who escaped from Al. sexual intercourse was tolerated till the magro on bis miserable expedition into youth bad undergone certain religious Chili; and to the adherents of the last ceremonies. Other vestiges of a civiliprinces of the Inca blood. Early wri- zation from which they had degraded, ters, fond of theory, after looking every were found among them.
They bad where for the lost tribes of Israel, sup- little idols wrought in copper, which pose these people to be of Jewish ori- they carried about them as their most gin, because names were found among precious things : and amid the internal them resembling David and Solomon ; disputes in which their strength was because it was their custom, that a sur- consumed, they frequently listened to the
VOL.6.] Southey's New Work-SingularCustoms of the Aborigines of Brazil. 389 mediation of the women,-iór barba- actions which they had performed. rous as they were, says Techo, they easi- These people behaved with ihe utmost ly granted any thing at the request of intrepidity against the Spaniards,whom those who bore and suckled them. The they detested with their whole bearts : Sun was the chief object of their wor- the women, who in other wars were so ship: they also worshipped Thunder often the ministers of peace, would, if and Lightning, and erected to their hon- they saw their busbands give way before our hunts as temples, upon which wands these execrated enemies, drive them were placed adorned with feathers and back to the baule with fire-brands; and sprinkled with vicuna blood. The rather than be made prisoners, they earthly objects to wbich a religious rev- would rush upon the swords of their op
was shown were certain trees, pressors, or throw themselves from the which were trimmed with feathers; and precipices. the stones which were beaped over the "Their bows were of the same wood, graves of their ancestors. Old feuds straight as a staff when unstrung, and were often revived in their cups, and in tall as the archer himself; the strings the frays which ensued it was a whimsi- were made of fox-gut, or of the fibres cal point of honour never to shrink from of a certain palm; the arrows were a blow, nor to ward it off. The low headed with wood, or bone, or iron; was the weapon which they then used the iron were the least dangerous, the for striking,--clumsy substitute for a bone the most so, because they always club, and therefore perhaps prescribed broke in the wound: before they went for such occasions as less dangerous. to battle they selected the best * arrows Ai their banquets, the Priest consecra- for especial service, Sometimes the ted to the Sun the skuli of a bind, stuck head of a warrior was ornamented with with arrows, and prayed for a good har- the wing of a large bird; all, indeed, vest: the person io whom he delivered except those of the most acknowledged it was to be master of the next revels. courage, strove to make themselves terAll the friends and kinsmen of a sick rible in appearance ;-for this purpose man repaired to his but, and continued one warrior wore upon bis head the there drinking as long as his disease last- skin of a stag with the horns, and anothed. They planted arrows in the ground er put the beak of a toucan over bis round the place where be lay, that Death nose. They used all kinds of noisy inmight be deterred from approaching : struments in war; the most sonorous they buried with him his dogs, his hor- was a trumpet made of ao armadillo's ses, and bis weapons, and abundance of tail fastened to the end of a reed. In garments which were presented as fu. battle they were incessantly in motion ; peral offerings; and they burnt the for it was absurd, they said, to stand house in which he died, as being a place still, like the Spaniards, and be shot at. to which Death knew the way, and The best security against them therefore might be likely to return. They inter- was to pre-nt a musquet, but never to red him with bis eyes open, that he discharge it; as long as they supposed might see his way to the other world. it to be loaded, the bearer was perfectly The mourning was continued a whole sase from any attack at close quarters, year, during which the mourners paint- for they were not so ambitious of victoed themselves black. It was their no- ry as they were solicitous to escape tion, that death was not in the course of death.” nature, but was always the effect of The author relates, that the women some malignant interference :--they among the Mbayas and Guaycurus were not the only people by whom this would
more than extraordinary notion was entertained ; child. They used violent means, ever and it necessarily produced heart-burnings, enmity, and hatred. Souls, they tice is alluded to by the prophet Isaiah. xlix. 2.
* Dohrizhoffer observes that a similar practhought, were converted into stars, posuit me sicut sagittam electam: in pharewhich were bright in proportion to the irá suâ ab condit ime: this appears a more rank of the deceased, and to the brave probable interpretation than that of our version.
after the first, to proeure abortion; among them. Afterwards he created and the account adds :
two Mbayas, male and female ; and be " It necessarily happens, that some commissioned the Caracara ( Falco Bralose their lives in consequence of the siliensis) to them, he was very sorry crime ; and others, who escape death, that there was no part of the world left contract diseases which render life burth- for their portion, and therefore he had ensome. Still it is the fashion ; and only made two of them ; but they were they adhere to it obstinately. The to wander about the inheritance of othSpaniards have offered to purchase the ers, make eternal war upon all other children whom they do not choose to people, kill the adult males, and increase rear, if they will only suffer them to be their own numbers by adopting the woboro ; and they have often endeavour- men and children. Never, says Azara, ed to induce a pregnant woman, by large were divine precepts more faithfully obgists, to spare her unborn child : but it served! The Guanas were tbe only is averred that they have never succeed- tribe whom they exempted from their ed in any one instance. This practice, universal hostility, and the Guadas purin its consequence, bas entirely destroy- chased this exemption by performing ed that part of the Guaycurus, who personal services to them as their maswere for so many years ibe most for. ters and protectors.
The poorest midable enemies of the Spaniards of Mbaya had three or four slaves taken in Asumpcion. When Azara left Para- war, who did for bim every kind of work guay in the year 1801, there remained except hunting and fishing, for tbese only one individual of this stock,—a were lordly pastimes. But this slavery person remarkable in other respects as was so easy, and the Mbayas, ferocious well as for being the last survivor of his as they were in war, were so kind to nation : he was six feet seven inches in those whom they had thus adopted, that stature, beautifully proportioned in all none of the captives wished to leave their his limbs, and altogether, it is said, one state of servitude ; not even Spanish of the finest specimens of the human women, it is said, who were adults at animal that had ever been seen. Being the time of their capture, and bad even thus left alone, he had joined the Tobas, left children in their husband's house." and adopted their dress and fashion of Speaking of another Tribe, it is painting. But that branch of the Guay- said :curus with whom the Portuguese of “The most singular custom of the Cuyaba were engaged in war, still Lenguas, related to sickness and deatb. exists.
When any one appeared to be near bis " It is also said, that among the end, they dragged him by the legs out Guaycurus, baptism, by reason of their of his hút, lest he should die there, and many vices, was seldom performed till baled him some fifty paces off; made a they were in the last extremity. Per- hole there for the sake of decent cleankaps the haughtiness of the tribe was a liness, laid him on his back, kindled a stronger obstacle than any superstitious fire on one side, placed a pot of water persuasion. They believed that the on the other, and left him to expire. soul of a Guaycuru, armed with his bow Nothing more was given him : frequentand arrows, made the Land of the De- ly they came to look at him from a disparted tremble, and that the souls of all cance, not to administer assistance, not other people fled at his approach. The to perform any office of human charity, Abipones, who despised all other tribes not to express any sense of human symrespected these, and acknowledged pathy,—but to see whether he had their own inferiority; but they attribu- breathed his last. As soon as that was ted it to the greater skill of the Guaycu- ascertained, some hired persons, or more ru conjurors. Their tradition of their usually sonie old women, wrapt up the own origin is, that in the beginning God body with all that had belonged to it, created all other nations as numerous as dragged it as far as they were able for they are at present, and divided the earth weariness, then scratched a shallow