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THE MAN OF STRAW AND THE THREE EMPERORS.

From the same,

TAPOLEON, having become Em. as bighly prejudicial to the interests of

peror of France, was eager to se. Austria, which he observed would cure the throne to his own family; and henceforth be placed between two fires, yet he was fully aware that his broth- and compromised by any differences ers were in no way worthy to succeed that might arise between the two most him. He deemed it advisable that the formidable powers of Europe. Having crown should be transmitted to his di- entreated bis court to weigh these conrect heirs ; and as the age of Josephine siderations, he added that if the Empeprecluded the hope of his having issue ror of Austria were not averse to giving by her, he resolved to repudiate her, one of his daughters in marriage to the and to form an alliance with some Emperor Napoleon, be thought he of the great European powers. The could still, without difficulty, break off recollection that the blood of Austria the Russian marriage, and bring about had been shed on the Place de la . a union between Bonaparte and the volution, in the person of Marie An- daughter of his Sovereigo ; but, he adtoinette, perhaps deterred Napoleon ded, there was not a moment to lose, from addressing himself to the Empe- that he must forthwith be furnished with ror Francis to solicit the band of one of full powers, and a carte blanche, and his daughters ; for in the first instance that with these full powers, must be he turned his thoughts towards Russia. sent a man of straw, whom be might There can be no doubt that the Empe- own if the enterprise succeeded, and ror Alexander had resolved to grant disown if it failed. The man and the him the hand of one of bis sisters, when letter accordingly arrived with all the the negotiation was unexpectedly bro- expedition that could be wished. ken off by an intrigue of the Vienna But how was this map of straw, the court, of which Prince Schwartzenberg, Baron de to fulfil his preliminary then Ambassador from Austria to France, mission ? He could not speak to the was the principal promoter and actor. Emperor without being previously pre

Prince Schwartzenberg discovered sented, which on the one hand was not the rapid progress of the negotiations wished, and on the other would have between France and Russia, though occupied too much time. About this every precaution had been taken to period Buonaparte's sisters gave several keep the affair as secret as possibie ; brilliant sêtes, at which the Emperor and being convinced that the few obsta- was present. It was so arranged that cles which might arise in the mind of the German Baron should be invited to Alexander, would soon be smoothed one of these parties ; and choosing the by Napoleon, he without loss of time moment when Napoleon passed by him, transmitted a communication to the he hazarded the words : The Emperor Einperor of Austria. He despatched Napoleon cu marry the Emperor of several couriers to Vienna, at short in- Austria's iturghier. Napoleon turned, tervals the one from the other ; hut they looked at him, and passed on. The were all furnished with a copy of the man of straw then took his seat in same note, so that in case one had been another pari oi the saloon, and, watchtaken ill, or had died or been intercep. ing the moment when Buodeparte again ted on the road, another might reach his passed by, he repated : The Emperor destination.

Napoleon can mury the Emperor of In his despatch, M. de Schwartzen- Austria's d ughter. berg announced Napoleon's marridge At this second summons, Buonawith a Russian princess, as an affair parte looked stedfastly at him, and withnearly arranged, and perhaps already out making any reply, beckoned to M. concluded. le regarded this alliance de Schwartzenberg, who, as may tell VOL. 6.]

MacNab's New Work.

37

be supposed, was not far off. Napo- open their mouths. The King of Naleon pointed out the individual who ples, the Arch-Chancellor, the Duke of had addressed him, and asked the am- Otranto, and the Duke of Bassano were bassador whether the Baron was ac- in favour of the Russian alliance, and knowledged by Austria. He is, replied each supported his opinion as ably as the minister,if

what he has said be agree- he could. But Talleyrand thought able to your Majesty, not otherwise. differently, and M. de Fontanes second

On the following day, the Emperor ing bim, said :-Your alliance with a held a privy councii, at which were pre- daughler of the house of Austria will be sent Murat, King of Naples ; Cambae an act of erpiution on the part of cères, the Arch-Chancellor; Talley- France, and will be the fairest page rand, the Minister for Affairs ; Fouché, in your history. Perhaps so, M. de the Minister of Police ; Muret, the Se- Fontanes, replied the Emperor drily, cretary of State; the Duke de Bassano, if you are to be the historian. and M. de Fontanes.

The Emperor

Having delivered their opinions, the observed that he had solicited the hand members of the council separated. Buoof the Emperor of Russia's sister, and Daparte determined to adopt Talleythat he could confidently declare, his raid's advice, though he did not imme. proposal had been favourably received; diately make known his resolution. but that, on the other hand, the Empe- Meanwhile, he despatched a messenger ror of Austria had offered him his daugh- to M. de Schwartzenberg. He was ter ; that, this circumstance considered, hunting in the forest of Saint Germain ; he wished them to decide which of the an express was sent to him ; he immetwo alliances would be most advanta- diately returned, and having made known geous to the interests of France.

the powers with which he was investCambacères and the Duke de Bassa- ed, the business was accordingly settled. no were confounded. Fouché, who Two couriers were inmediately disknew the state of the negotiations with patched, one to Germany, to announce Russia, concluded that the Emperor that the negotiation was concluded, and was passing a joke upon them. Tal- the other to Russia, to state that the legrand did not atter a word, and Mu- reason for breaking off the alliance was, rat knew not what to think. Having that the Emperor Alexander's sister stared at each other for some minutes, was not yet of a marriageable age. they at length thought it necessary to

MACNAB ON THE UNIVERSE !+

From Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine. THIS is one of the best systems of like Mr. MacNab, should pore upon T

universal knowledge that have parchments; and that the same ears lately fallen into our hands; and, when which have drank the harmony of the rightly understood, will go a long way spheres, should be tortured by the distowards rendering useless most books sonance of the Scottish bar. But such that have been published in modern is often the hard law of life ; and, after times. Mr. MacNab calls himself, on- all, there is something sublime in thus unithe title page, Solicitor of the Supreme ting activity with contemplation. A JerCourts of Scotland—a designation by emy Bentham is a less wonderful occurno means worthy or characteristic of rence than a Francis Maximus MacNab. the man who has explained, upon a It would not be acting fairly to this pripciple entirely new, the moral and gentleman were we to explain his physical system of the universe. It is painful 10 think, that he who has roam- + A Theory of the Moral and Physical ed through the gardens of Eden, and all System of the Universe, &c. &c. ; by Francis

Maximus MacNab, Solicitor of the Supreme the wonders of the antideluvian world Courts of Scotland. 8vo.

en

first parent.

theory to the world. Let them buy fruition, without fatigue, without satiehis work. It is no business of a jour- ty." At this period, Mr. MacNab is nal such as this, to deal in systems of of opinion “ that fire, which now desthe universe. They would cause our troys all things, was then the instrucontents to run into too great length, ment for their preservation, that all naand indeed give the whole miscellany ture was then bathed in a preserving a frowning and philosophical physiog- fîre.” Hy also believes that Adam nomy. At

same time, there is noth- could fly, and was an excellent diver. ing in our plan to hinder us from giving “ It is reasonable to think that man “ specimens” of such systems ; and we joyed a power of counteracting, to a have no doubt that a few extracts from certain extent, the laws of gravitation, that of Mr. MacNab will induce many so as to exercise to its fullest rational to study the great work itself. It is, meaning, his dominion over the fowls perhaps, impossible to compose any the- of the uir and the fish of the sea.' ory of the system of the universe that With equal good sense he holds, that shall be, in all points, correct and satis-“ in the solar system every thing was factory; and it would not be acting then perfectly balanced, and hence the candidly to Mr. MacNab, nor fairly to idea of libra or the scales of justice.” the world, to assert that he has over- “ No inequalities then disturbed the come all the difficulties inseparable from planetary nations, but they exhibited so great an undertaking. But it seems throughout the perfect figures of the highly probable that he will succeed in square and the circle, save where the rendering his theory more perfect before orbits of the comets displayed the variethere is a call for a second edition. ty of the oval. At that time (he adds)

Mr. MacNab seems to us to under- jt is probable that all the worlds were stand the character of Adam better far nearer the sun, being enveloped in than any one who has treated of our the blaze of that glorious luminary.”

“ In him," says he, “ that He afterwards adds, that "the viscera of natural sensibility which is first in the the different worlds were known by exscale of intelligence was brought to its ternal indications like those of animals.” ne plus ultra,” &c. “ From this source Mr. MacNab is equally at home with flowed an exquisitely perfect natural Eve as with her husband. When she taste, whereby Adam enjoyed a com- was created, “ Adam's promise no lonplete depictive or figurative knowledge ger lay in the depictive train of sensual of himself, of the universe, and of the pleasure, taste and sentiment, and all scheme of providence, down to the con- the delirium of exquisite enjoyment, for summation. He felt its harmony by a these were the province of woman, kind of innate tuct, extending in space whereby she was eminently fitted to as far as the visible universe, and in afford delight. But the pursuits of man time as far as the last day,” &c. “ But lay in the didactive train of practical all his knowledge was of natural facts judgment, speculation, and immortal expressed by sensible objects, for as yet glory. Then arose the province of man he knew the reason or finul cause of whereby be was fitted to afford instrucnothing. His capacity was consum- tion. Thus were they adapted to each mate, but as yet there was no improve- other, with perfect correspondence ; for ment of it.” This is quite the notion it was well observed by the ancients, we ourselves have long had of Adam's

Omne tulit punctum qui miscuit utile dulci. character, but to Mr. MacNab belongs the merit of having so well expressed it. The state of map and wife in paraHis opinion of paradise is also the same dise, differed from that in our days prinas our own. “ Paradise was a condi- cipally in this, “ that the wife was tion rather of exquisite passive enjoy- not required to obey her husband-she ment, than of active moral virtue. It did it nuturally, and by doing so, enwas but the infuncy of nature when she joyed the most exquisite pleasure.” We lay at rest on a bed of roses, undergo- regret extremely ihat our limits will

'ind of rapture, a state of natural not allow us to give the whole of MacTom. 6.]

MacNab on the Universe.

39

re

cesses

Nab on the Fall. He seems to under. pent's voice, is also deducible by antithesis, stand that unfortunate occurrence as

from the fatal perversion, changing that voice

into the hiss, the patural expression of deristhorougbly as if he had been one of the ion and shame. The powers of fascination parties. la particular, he mentions with possessed by the serpent, though affected by the exactness of an Aberdeen Alma- observable in some degree in the modern ratnack, the situation of the heavens, attlesnake; and there are many facts connectthe moment when the fatal apple was ing to throw additional light on the allegory.

ed with the natural bistory of serpents, tendout.

We very unwillingly skip over 4 or 314. The whole analogy indicates, that the temptation must bave succeeded at that

500 pages of Mac Nabism, and concritical moment, or never. For had the temp- clude our notice of this invaluable work ter lost that moment, Adam would bave with a short account of some part of the reacbed and tasted the tree of life, and to that side of the scale the balance would have chapter on the “ Jotermediate State of irreversibly inclined. Had Eve adhered to the Departed Soul.” Our author, ber bustard's side, notwithstanding the first attempt of the seducer, it is natural io suppose

aware that the earth is an “oblate she would have persevered to the end : and spheroid,” of which the mean diameter as nature then was perfect, what is now a is about 8000 miles, very reasonably natural supposition, must have been then a moral certainty.

For we all know the effect conceives, that if all this mass were a of habit, or reiteration, in blunting our solid body, “ there would be a prodipassive feelings, and quickening our active energies ;t so that the serpent could never

gious waste of material.He is of afterwards have succeeded, unless by offering opinion that there is an “interior rind a greater temptation.

or shell, upon which the terraqueous 315. But this could not possibly have been. For, in the first place, he could not

matter of the earth and sea are spread. hare told, without detection, a falsehood, in This shell is a bollow spbere; and, any thing falling within the scope of intelli- from analogy, it is obvious that its gence or reason; becagse it would have been repugnant to the analogy of nature, then

must have their inbabitants, consummately known by Eve,and would therefore bave shocked ber exquisite innate taste. all converse with the external universe.

though secluded by walls of iron from The same limitation required, that the falsehood which he should tell, even in regard to Who then can they be, if not the disthings transcending human reason, should embodied souls of the human race ?" seem to harmonize with the analogy of nature, and to the most desirable truth which man

Throughout this chapter are intercould know. All these requisites were spersed some philosophical opinions reessential to constitute a temptation, adequate to move the beart of a being perfectly happy, specting the poles, which, we are afraid, and infallibly secured from error, in any thing had not attracted the notice of the Adlying within the ken of created intelligence. miralty, when they sent cut the expedi

He dwells at great length upon the tions last year, under Captain Buchan. various accomplishments of the serpent

Mr. Mac Nab is of opinion, that at the --for all of which singing-walking- poles there is neither land nor sea. as well as wisdom-be finds an ade- The three central steps of the scale, the quate explanation in the probability of animal

, vegetable, and chemical kingthe animal having itself abstracted a few doms, vanish there, leaving exposed, apples from the tree of knowledge, for, something we know not what, connectsays be, “ This tree the serpent now

ed with iron, and intense preternatural

cold. occupied.”

It is the empty place where the

north is stretched out.” (Job. xxvi. 7.) 316. The primitive serpent walked erect. Like man, his lofty crest pointed towards 1107. These things are strange; but heaven, and he scarcely seemed to touch the what is not strange?' Can our Sophists ex. earth with his lower extremity. That his plain the phenomena of magnetism, which voice was exquisitely melodious, is deducible evidently point at something connected with from many of the heathen traditions after this subject ? Excepting at the Poles, the mentioned, associating the serpent with ideas iron shell of the Globe is everywhere else of music and fascination. Instead of being deeply buried under the superincumbent terstartled or shocked, Eve was actually charmed raqueous mass of the Kingdoms of Nature, with it, thougb she was endowed with perfect the Earth, and the Abyss, or 'Waters under taste, and was herself the copsammation of the Earth,' like its flesh and blood, spread over rapture. The melody of the primitive ser- ils iron ribs. At the bottom of the Sea, there

is doubtless a thick sediment, which may + Wilberforce on Practical Christianity. impede the transmission of the magnetic ef* Bryant's Analysis of Ancient Mythology. Auvia, and by its variable density; account

in part for the variation of the compass. I frigorific influence at the poles is more than say in part, because that variation is also af- natural. It is essentially destructive of evefected by a periodical change, embracing a ry kind of life, animal or vegetable. But it long secular revolution, and by other ano- operates in a way the very reverse of deconemalies, the causes of which I cannot explain. position ; for it squeezes, compresses, or conBut the phenomena of the dipping needle, denses, every expansive effort of vitality. clearly shew that the cause,whatever it be, lies deep beneath the surface. It is connected, It is with reluctance that we part as I have said, with iron ; and had it not with Mr. MacNab; and seriously do been for the phenomena of the dipping needle, we might have suspected that the iron

we wish that his philosophical writings shell of the Globe, (which is every where may not, in this ignorant and prejudicelse covered) is exposed at the Poles, by the ed age, lessen his practice as a solicitor disappearance of Land and Sea. dipping indicates, that the great mass of iron of the Supreme Courts of Scotiand. is deeply sunk, even beneath the low level He tells us in his preface, that his work of the Poles. From all these circumstances, derives no recommendation from the I infer that the main body of the iron, lies below the terraqueous mass ; below the name, talents, erudition, rank or circum* Great Deep,' or · Abyss, whose waters, stances of the author. “ If I have spocommunicating with the main ocean, undero mine all the continents ; washing their way ken according to the word of God, my among the subterraneous rocks, and supply. work will stand in need of no human paing, by capillary attraction, that moisture, or humidity, which pervades the superincumbent tronage; if it be not according to ihe earth.

word, I myself will assist in suppressWe entreat Mr.Barrow to read, with ing it.” For our own parts, we wish attention, the following paragraph : to preserve a perfect neutrality--for

The intense cold which prevails near the Mr. Mac Nab, speaking of his opponpoles, and in the upper regions of the atmos- ents, says, “ when they met me full in phere, all round the earth, was introduced the front, and would have me turn back, by the deluge. The latitude, or mechanical position of a place, in relation to the direct or

or to the right or left, I have felled them oblique rays of the sun, is the most inconsid- to the ground, without respect of parerable of all the data which determine the ties or persons." We might find it, temperature of its climate ; for it depends like the Lord High Commissioner, much more on the chemical state of the atmosphere, at different degrees of elevation somewhat difficult to these “

parry from the level of the sea. A condensing frigorific influence, destructive of every species gumenta ad hominem," and as our motof life, and strangely opposed to all the other to has always been “ May ne'er waur laws of Nature, environs this globe at a cer- be amang us,” we beg leave to assure tain height from the ground. This height is Mr. MacNah, that we are, with the greatest at the equator, and descends inverse ly, as the latitude ; till, at the poles, it comes highest consideration, his most obediin contact with the earth, rendering those spots ent humble servants. inaccessible to any living creature. The

ar

VARIETIES.
From the Monthly Magazine.

nary character and genius furnish by CHALMERS, TIE PREACHER.

far the greatest object of interest and FROM PETER'S LETTERS.

attention. I had received a letter of ESTERDAY being Sunday, I threw introduction to him from Mr. Jeffrey,

myself into the midst of one of -(for the critic and he are great friends) these overwhelming streams, and allow- --30 I called at his house in a day or ed myself to float on its swelling waves two after my arrival in Glasgow, but he to the church of the most celebrated had gone to visit his friends in a parish preacher in this place ; or rather, I of which he was formerly minister, in should say, the most celebrated preacher the county of Fite, so that I was for of the day in the whole of Scotland, the time disappointed. My landlady, Dr. Chalmers

. I had heard so much however, who is one of his admirers, had of this remarkable man in Edinburgh, heard of bis return the evening before, that my curiosity in regard to him had and she took care to communicate this been wound-up to a high pitch, even piece of intelligence to me at breakfast. before I found myself in the midst of I was very happy in receiviog it,and de zbis population, to which bis extraordi- termined to go immediately; upon

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